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Islamic State

Author : Abdel Bari Atwan
ISBN : 9780520964037
Genre : History
File Size : 65.8 MB
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Islamic State (also known as ISIS, ISIL, and Daesh) stunned the world when it overran an area the size of Great Britain on both sides of the Iraq-Syria border in a matter of weeks and proclaimed the birth of a new Caliphate. In this timely and important book, Abdel Bari Atwan draws on his unrivaled knowledge of the global jihadi movement and Middle Eastern geopolitics to reveal the origins and modus operandi of Islamic State. Based on extensive field research and exclusive interviews with IS insiders, Islamic State outlines the group's leadership structure, as well as its strategies, tactics, and diverse methods of recruitment. Atwan traces the Salafi-jihadi lineage of IS, its ideological differences with al Qaeda and the deadly rivalry that has emerged between their leaders. He also shows how the group's rapid growth has been facilitated by its masterful command of social media platforms, the "dark web," Hollywood blockbuster-style videos, and even jihadi computer games, producing a powerful paradox where the ambitions of the Middle Ages have reemerged in cyberspace. As Islamic State continues to dominate the world's media headlines with horrific acts of ruthless violence, Atwan considers the movement's chances of survival and expansion and offers indispensable insights on potential government responses to contain the IS threat.
Category: History

The Risk Of Skilled Scientist Radicalization And Emerging Biological Warfare Threats

Author : M. Martellini
ISBN : 9781614998020
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.19 MB
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Skilled scientists are not immune to the appeal of terrorist groups, indeed recent studies indicate that engineers and medical doctors are over-represented within terrorist organizations. Also of particular concern with regard to the potential radicalization of scientists is the issue of the ‘lone wolf’; an individual who prepares and commits violence alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group. This book presents papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled ‘The Risk of Skilled Scientist Radicalization and Emerging Biological Warfare Threats’, held in Como, Italy, from 29 November to 2 December 2016. The aim of this ARW was to assess the risks surrounding the ability of radical terrorist groups to recruit highly skilled scientists. The ARW was unique in that it brought together acknowledged experts from the social science community and the scientific technical community to discuss their perspectives on the risk of radicalization of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) skilled scientists. Countering terrorist organizations requires a comprehensive approach characterized by international cooperation across the military, intelligence, policy-making and scientific communities. The book provides an overview of the situation, as well as recommendations for how such cooperation can be achieved, and will be of interest to all those involved in the counter-terrorism process
Category: Political Science

The Media World Of Isis

Author : Rosemary Pennington
ISBN : 9780253045942
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.92 MB
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From efficient instructions on how to kill civilians to horrifying videos of beheadings, no terrorist organization has more comprehensively weaponized social media than ISIS. Its strategic, multiplatformed campaign is so effective that it has ensured global news coverage and inspired hundreds of young people around the world to abandon their lives and their countries to join a foreign war. The Media World of ISIS explores the characteristics, mission, and tactics of the organization's use of media and propaganda. Contributors consider how ISIS's media strategies imitate activist tactics, legitimize its self-declared caliphate, and exploit narratives of suffering and imprisonment as propaganda to inspire followers. Using a variety of methods, contributors explore the appeal of ISIS to Westerners, the worldview made apparent in its doctrine, and suggestions for counteracting the organization's approaches. Its highly developed, targeted, and effective media campaign has helped make ISIS one of the most recognized terrorism networks in the world. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of its strategies—what worked and why—will help combat the new realities of terrorism in the 21st century.
Category: Political Science

Islamic State Isis Recruiting In The West

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1983157449
Genre :
File Size : 33.78 MB
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This study investigates Dabiq magazine's messaging strategy to recruit foreign fighters from Western nations to fight in Islamic State (IS)-controlled areas. Dabiq magazine uses three main messages to appeal to Westerners: 1) loss aversion stresses that Muslims worldwide need to travel to IS-controlled areas to fight, or they risk losing Islam as a religion, culture, and identity; 2) selective incentives stress that potential recruits can gain tangible and intangible rewards in an effort to increase participation; and 3) sense of duty stresses that every Muslim is obligated to aid other suffering Muslims. This study evaluates the 15 issues of Dabiq magazine released from July 2014 to July 2016 to quantitatively analyze which of the three messages is presented most often throughout the magazine. Also, it draws correlations to real-world events that could possibly explain what drives IS's messaging approach. The study finds that Dabiq almost equally stresses the loss aversion and sense-of-duty message, and the trends follow three distinct phases. Initially, Dabiq stressed the sense-of-duty argument, then faced a transition period, and eventually switched to stressing the loss aversion argument in the last five issues. The recruiting message's emphasis changes dynamically based on real-time antiterrorism efforts. I. INTRODUCTION * A. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION * B. INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC SIGNIFICANCE * C. HYPOTHESES AND ASSOCIATED LITERATURE REVIEW * D. RESEARCH DESIGN * E. STUDY OVERVIEW AND DRAFT CHAPTER OUTLINE * II. ISLAMIC STATE IDEOLOGY AND BACKGROUND * A. PEOPLE * 1. Abu Mus'ab az-Zarqawi * 2. Osama bin-Laden, al-Qaeda and the Taliban * B. PLACES * 1. Targets of Opportunity-Potential Strongholds * 2. Targets of Opportunity-Potential Victims * 3. Iraq * 4. Syria * 5. Dabiq * C. EVENTS * 1. Sykes-Picot Agreement * 2. Paper State, Digital Caliphate, the Islamic State * D. CONCLUSION * III. DABIQ MESSAGING STRATEGY * A. THE LOSS AVERSION ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Loss Aversion Articles * 2. The Far Enemy * 3. The Near Enemy * 4. The Unbelievers * B. THE SELECTIVE INCENTIVES ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Selective Incentive Articles * 2. Tangible Rewards * 3. Intangible Rewards * 4. Afterlife Rewards * C. THE SENSE-OF-DUTY ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Sense of Duty Articles * 2. Shame * 3. Guilt * 4. Honor * D. CONCLUSION * IV. ASSESSMENT AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS * A. THREE PHASES OF DABIQ RECRUITING MESSAGE * 1. Phase 1: Sense of Duty * 2. Phase 2: Transition * 3. Phase 3: Loss Aversion * APPENDIX A. DABIQ ARTICLES AND ISSUES * APPENDIX B. DABIQ ISSUE-DATE OVERVIEW

The Mind Of The Islamic State

Author : Robert Manne
ISBN : 9781633883727
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.94 MB
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Award-winning Australian intellectual Robert Manne presents an incisive analysis of the historical background and current ideology that motivates ISIS and their quest for domination in the Middle East and beyond. In the ongoing conflict with ISIS, military observers and regional experts have noted that it is just as important to understand its motivating ideology as to win battles on the ground. This book traces the evolution of this ideology from its origins in the prison writings of the revolutionary jihadist Sayyid Qutb, through the thinking of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, who planned the 9/11 terrorist attack, to today's incendiary screeds that motivate terrorism via the Internet. Chief among these recent texts are two documents that provide the foundation for ISIS terrorism. One is called The Management of Savagery, essentially a handbook for creating mayhem through acts of violence. The other is the online magazine of horror called Dabiq, which combines theological justifications with ultraviolent means, apocalyptic dreams, and genocidal ambitions. Professor Manne provides close, original, and lucid readings of these important documents. He introduces readers to a strange, cruel, but internally coherent and consistent political ideology, which has now entered the minds of very large numbers of radicalized Muslims in the Middle East, North Africa, and the West. However disturbing and unsettling, this book is essential reading for anyone concerned about terrorist violence.
Category: Political Science

Al Britannya

Author : J. Jay Dupre
ISBN : 1092329609
Genre :
File Size : 64.85 MB
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It is A.D.2042 and the Islamic caliphate renamed Britain, Al-Britannya. Zoe and her non-Muslim family struggle for survival in the perilous world of the Islamic state. From the relative safety of their small community, the conflicts imposed by the Islamic authorities and from the Muslim youths that terrorised the streets, Zoe's family could only watch as the country around them rocked under chaos. It was after Zoe and her boyfriend were attacked by Morality police that her world, and that of her family changed for ever. If you want to know what life can be like for a non-Muslim living under Islamic rule, then study the social history of Christians and Jews and other non-believers who lived or still live in countries subjugated by Islam. Alternatively read this story.

Undercover Jihadi Bride Inside Islamic State S Recruitment Networks

Author : Anna Erelle
ISBN : 9780008139575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.81 MB
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Previously published as ‘In the Skin of a Jihadist’ Twenty year-old “Mélodie”, a recent convert to Islam, meets the leader of an ISIS brigade on Facebook. In 48 hours he has ‘fallen in love’ with her, calls her every hour, urges her to marry him, join him in Syria in a life of paradise – and join his jihad.
Category: Political Science

Down But Not Out

Author : U S Military
ISBN : 1070730661
Genre :
File Size : 44.14 MB
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As the physical territory held by the group known as the Islamic State diminished in 2016-2017, concern about of the status of the group's "virtual" caliphate increased. This report focuses on one aspect of that virtual caliphate: the production of visual propaganda by the group's official media bureaus. Using a dataset of more than 13,000 pieces of official visual propaganda distributed from January 2015 to June 2018, this report examines how the production of such pieces has changed over this timeframe in terms of the number of pieces distributed, the geographic dynamics associated with the production of propaganda, and the content featured in these products. Through the course of this examination, several key findings emerge: Official visual propaganda production has decreased significantly: According to the CTC's collection criteria, August 2015 represented the high-water mark for the production of official visual propaganda, -with 754 releases. The low-point occurred in June 2018, -with 44 releases. This represents a 94-percent decrease in visual propaganda production. It is important to note that this decrease does not account for non-visual production such as text-only tweets. Despite the decrease, fluctuation in visual propaganda production is likely to continue: At the macro level, production rebounded slightly in January 2018 before falling off again. This follows a more sustained rebound in production that occurred in late 2016. At the local media bureau level, increases and decreases have occurred quite frequently.This compilation includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.1. Introduction * 2. Trendlines from 30,000 Feet: Overall Statistics of Official Media Releases * 3. Media Martyrs: The Impact of Personnel Losses * 4. The Issue of "Quality" * 5. Geographic Dynamics * 6. Conclusion

The Islamic Caliphate

Author : Carolyn DeCarlo
ISBN : 9781538300473
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 80.6 MB
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For approximately six hundred years after the death of Muhammad, the founder of Islam, the Muslim community formed a cohesive state called the Caliphate. This book follows the four distinct Caliphates (Rightly Guided, Umayyad, 'Abbasid, and Fatimid) through their periods of leadership, to the state's prolonged downfall at the hands of the Seljuqs and the Crusaders, and its ultimate defeat by the Ottoman Empire. This text includes a focus on contributions made to the arts, literature, medicine, astronomy, science and mathematics, among other disciplines, particularly during the golden age of the Caliphate spanning the eighth and ninth centuries.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Caliph And Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 019980382X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.53 MB
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit
Category: Social Science