Islamic State The Digital Caliphate

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Islamic State

Author : Abdel Bari Atwan
ISBN : 9780520964037
Genre : History
File Size : 61.10 MB
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Islamic State (also known as ISIS, ISIL, and Daesh) stunned the world when it overran an area the size of Great Britain on both sides of the Iraq-Syria border in a matter of weeks and proclaimed the birth of a new Caliphate. In this timely and important book, Abdel Bari Atwan draws on his unrivaled knowledge of the global jihadi movement and Middle Eastern geopolitics to reveal the origins and modus operandi of Islamic State. Based on extensive field research and exclusive interviews with IS insiders, Islamic State outlines the group's leadership structure, as well as its strategies, tactics, and diverse methods of recruitment. Atwan traces the Salafi-jihadi lineage of IS, its ideological differences with al Qaeda and the deadly rivalry that has emerged between their leaders. He also shows how the group's rapid growth has been facilitated by its masterful command of social media platforms, the "dark web," Hollywood blockbuster-style videos, and even jihadi computer games, producing a powerful paradox where the ambitions of the Middle Ages have reemerged in cyberspace. As Islamic State continues to dominate the world's media headlines with horrific acts of ruthless violence, Atwan considers the movement's chances of survival and expansion and offers indispensable insights on potential government responses to contain the IS threat.
Category: History

The Risk Of Skilled Scientist Radicalization And Emerging Biological Warfare Threats

Author : M. Martellini
ISBN : 9781614998020
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.79 MB
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Skilled scientists are not immune to the appeal of terrorist groups, indeed recent studies indicate that engineers and medical doctors are over-represented within terrorist organizations. Also of particular concern with regard to the potential radicalization of scientists is the issue of the ‘lone wolf’; an individual who prepares and commits violence alone, outside of any command structure and without material assistance from any group. This book presents papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled ‘The Risk of Skilled Scientist Radicalization and Emerging Biological Warfare Threats’, held in Como, Italy, from 29 November to 2 December 2016. The aim of this ARW was to assess the risks surrounding the ability of radical terrorist groups to recruit highly skilled scientists. The ARW was unique in that it brought together acknowledged experts from the social science community and the scientific technical community to discuss their perspectives on the risk of radicalization of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) skilled scientists. Countering terrorist organizations requires a comprehensive approach characterized by international cooperation across the military, intelligence, policy-making and scientific communities. The book provides an overview of the situation, as well as recommendations for how such cooperation can be achieved, and will be of interest to all those involved in the counter-terrorism process
Category: Political Science

The Media World Of Isis

Author : Rosemary Pennington
ISBN : 9780253045935
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.22 MB
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From efficient instructions on how to kill civilians to horrifying videos of beheadings, no terrorist organization has more comprehensively weaponized social media than ISIS. Its strategic, multiplatformed campaign is so effective that it has ensured global news coverage and inspired hundreds of young people around the world to abandon their lives and their countries to join a foreign war. The Media World of ISIS explores the characteristics, mission, and tactics of the organization's use of media and propaganda. Contributors consider how ISIS's media strategies imitate activist tactics, legitimize its self-declared caliphate, and exploit narratives of suffering and imprisonment as propaganda to inspire followers. Using a variety of methods, contributors explore the appeal of ISIS to Westerners, the worldview made apparent in its doctrine, and suggestions for counteracting the organization's approaches. Its highly developed, targeted, and effective media campaign has helped make ISIS one of the most recognized terrorism networks in the world. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of its strategies—what worked and why—will help combat the new realities of terrorism in the 21st century.
Category: Political Science

Exporting Global Jihad

Author : Tom Smith
ISBN : 9781838607562
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.75 MB
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This timely 2 volume edited collection looks at the extent and nature of global jihad, focusing on the often-exoticised hinterlands of jihad beyond the traditionally viewed Middle Eastern 'centre'. As ISIS loses its footing in Syria and Iraq and al-Qaeda regroups, this comprehensive account will be a key work in the on-going battle to better understand the dynamics of jihad's global reality. The two volumes critically examine the various claims of connections between jihadist terrorism in the 'periphery', remote Islamist insurgencies of the 'periphery' and the global jihad. Each volume draws on experts in each of the geographies in question.
Category: Political Science

Islamic State Isis Recruiting In The West

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1983157449
Genre :
File Size : 80.77 MB
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This study investigates Dabiq magazine's messaging strategy to recruit foreign fighters from Western nations to fight in Islamic State (IS)-controlled areas. Dabiq magazine uses three main messages to appeal to Westerners: 1) loss aversion stresses that Muslims worldwide need to travel to IS-controlled areas to fight, or they risk losing Islam as a religion, culture, and identity; 2) selective incentives stress that potential recruits can gain tangible and intangible rewards in an effort to increase participation; and 3) sense of duty stresses that every Muslim is obligated to aid other suffering Muslims. This study evaluates the 15 issues of Dabiq magazine released from July 2014 to July 2016 to quantitatively analyze which of the three messages is presented most often throughout the magazine. Also, it draws correlations to real-world events that could possibly explain what drives IS's messaging approach. The study finds that Dabiq almost equally stresses the loss aversion and sense-of-duty message, and the trends follow three distinct phases. Initially, Dabiq stressed the sense-of-duty argument, then faced a transition period, and eventually switched to stressing the loss aversion argument in the last five issues. The recruiting message's emphasis changes dynamically based on real-time antiterrorism efforts. I. INTRODUCTION * A. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION * B. INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC SIGNIFICANCE * C. HYPOTHESES AND ASSOCIATED LITERATURE REVIEW * D. RESEARCH DESIGN * E. STUDY OVERVIEW AND DRAFT CHAPTER OUTLINE * II. ISLAMIC STATE IDEOLOGY AND BACKGROUND * A. PEOPLE * 1. Abu Mus'ab az-Zarqawi * 2. Osama bin-Laden, al-Qaeda and the Taliban * B. PLACES * 1. Targets of Opportunity-Potential Strongholds * 2. Targets of Opportunity-Potential Victims * 3. Iraq * 4. Syria * 5. Dabiq * C. EVENTS * 1. Sykes-Picot Agreement * 2. Paper State, Digital Caliphate, the Islamic State * D. CONCLUSION * III. DABIQ MESSAGING STRATEGY * A. THE LOSS AVERSION ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Loss Aversion Articles * 2. The Far Enemy * 3. The Near Enemy * 4. The Unbelievers * B. THE SELECTIVE INCENTIVES ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Selective Incentive Articles * 2. Tangible Rewards * 3. Intangible Rewards * 4. Afterlife Rewards * C. THE SENSE-OF-DUTY ARGUMENT * 1. Coding Sense of Duty Articles * 2. Shame * 3. Guilt * 4. Honor * D. CONCLUSION * IV. ASSESSMENT AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS * A. THREE PHASES OF DABIQ RECRUITING MESSAGE * 1. Phase 1: Sense of Duty * 2. Phase 2: Transition * 3. Phase 3: Loss Aversion * APPENDIX A. DABIQ ARTICLES AND ISSUES * APPENDIX B. DABIQ ISSUE-DATE OVERVIEW

The Story Of The Caliphate

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1729086527
Genre :
File Size : 36.82 MB
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In the summer of 2014, the Islamic State catapulted into the international spotlight with its gruesome execution videos and savvy use of social media. Ever since, the United States and its allies have struggled to clearly articulate both the nature of the threat posed by the Islamic State and a coherent strategy for managing it. The author argues that the United States can do neither effectively without first understanding the Islamic State's strategic narrative. First, this paper describes the evolution of the Islamic State. Second, it defines strategic narrative in the context of doctrine, literary narrative, and propaganda, along with methods of interpretation. Third, this paper presents a theme-based content analysis of the Islamic State's official magazine, Dabiq, arguing that it advances the Islamic State's strategic narrative by promoting the following five themes: Islamic legitimacy, statehood, belonging, righteousness, and engagement. Finally, this paper concludes by summarizing the Islamic State's strategic narrative and offering insights as to how an understanding of it could influence U.S. policy and strategy.As the Islamic State has grown and evolved in terms of physical size, membership, and the threat it poses, the debate within the United States over its nature has evolved as well. One school of thought has labeled the Islamic State a terrorist organization that is neither Islamic nor a state. This is a core tenet of the United States' counter-narrative.6 Other schools of thought emphasize the conventional threat posed by the Islamic State and caution against downplaying the role of religion and the group's quasi-statehood. This view is more common among academics not functioning in official government capacities. Its proponents include national security scholars such as Audrey Cronin, who has repeatedly argued that the Islamic State is not a terrorist organization at all, but a pseudo-state complete with defined territory and a conventional military. The choice of names also conveys a contrast between what appears to be a disjointed Western strategic narrative versus a coherent enemy strategic narrative. Whereas the self-named Islamic State consistently refers to itself as either that or the caliphate, Western organizations vary widely in using the names Islamic State (IS), the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (also ISIS), and Daesh. One could argue that using ISIL or Daesh instead of Islamic State represents a pointed rejection of the group's claim to be either Islamic or a state. However, this inconsistency in branding risks perpetuating a strategic narrative of confusion and disjointedness that contrasts sharply with the organization being branded.1. Introduction 2. The Islamic State 3. Strategic Narrative 4. Recurring Themes of Dabiq Magazine 5. Conclusion

The Mind Of The Islamic State

Author : Robert Manne
ISBN : 9781633883727
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.35 MB
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Award-winning Australian intellectual Robert Manne presents an incisive analysis of the historical background and current ideology that motivates ISIS and their quest for domination in the Middle East and beyond. In the ongoing conflict with ISIS, military observers and regional experts have noted that it is just as important to understand its motivating ideology as to win battles on the ground. This book traces the evolution of this ideology from its origins in the prison writings of the revolutionary jihadist Sayyid Qutb, through the thinking of Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri, who planned the 9/11 terrorist attack, to today's incendiary screeds that motivate terrorism via the Internet. Chief among these recent texts are two documents that provide the foundation for ISIS terrorism. One is called The Management of Savagery, essentially a handbook for creating mayhem through acts of violence. The other is the online magazine of horror called Dabiq, which combines theological justifications with ultraviolent means, apocalyptic dreams, and genocidal ambitions. Professor Manne provides close, original, and lucid readings of these important documents. He introduces readers to a strange, cruel, but internally coherent and consistent political ideology, which has now entered the minds of very large numbers of radicalized Muslims in the Middle East, North Africa, and the West. However disturbing and unsettling, this book is essential reading for anyone concerned about terrorist violence.
Category: Political Science

The Islamic Caliphate

Author : Carolyn DeCarlo
ISBN : 9781538300473
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 53.24 MB
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For approximately six hundred years after the death of Muhammad, the founder of Islam, the Muslim community formed a cohesive state called the Caliphate. This book follows the four distinct Caliphates (Rightly Guided, Umayyad, 'Abbasid, and Fatimid) through their periods of leadership, to the state's prolonged downfall at the hands of the Seljuqs and the Crusaders, and its ultimate defeat by the Ottoman Empire. This text includes a focus on contributions made to the arts, literature, medicine, astronomy, science and mathematics, among other disciplines, particularly during the golden age of the Caliphate spanning the eighth and ninth centuries.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Undercover Jihadi Bride Inside Islamic State S Recruitment Networks

Author : Anna Erelle
ISBN : 9780008139575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.46 MB
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Previously published as ‘In the Skin of a Jihadist’ Twenty year-old “Mélodie”, a recent convert to Islam, meets the leader of an ISIS brigade on Facebook. In 48 hours he has ‘fallen in love’ with her, calls her every hour, urges her to marry him, join him in Syria in a life of paradise – and join his jihad.
Category: Political Science

Boko Haram

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1973197278
Genre :
File Size : 87.77 MB
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This study examines the threat Boko Haram poses to Nigeria and its neighbors in West Africa, and determines the extent to which ensuing regional instability may or may not threaten United States (U.S.) national interests in the region. Among our conclusions, from the examination of U.S.-Nigerian relations over time, is that the United States generally acts in response to the media's ability to incite a public outcry and less in regard to threats to perceived national interests. Boko Haram, initially viewed as a problem internal to Nigeria given its Nigeria-focused agenda, has since developed relations with influential transnational and international terrorist organizations, such as Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS). It is our position that sponsorship from other terror organizations will make Boko Haram more dangerous and capable of threatening regional stability, ergo impacting U.S. security interests. On the basis of whether a terrorist group seeks state-level sovereignty or inclusion into an existing state, we propose several stop-gaps that, if applied effectively, could serve as countermeasures to hinder Boko Haram's ability to move from being a peripheral to an important or even vital threat to United States interests in West Africa. To examine this question in greater detail requires treating Boko Haram as a Sovereignty-Seeking Terror Organization (SSTO) as opposed to an Inclusion-Seeking Terror Organization (ITO). We define SSTOs as organizations that seek ethnic or theological primacy through the acquisition of sovereign territory. Specifically, an SSTO seeks to acquire territory, and in exchange for their support, populations within captured territories can expect the "sanctity of the social contract"37 to be upheld. Conversely, ITOs recognize a degree of ethnic, political or sectarian underrepresentation and seek to utilize a variety of means to gain wider political recognition, or societal inclusion in a pre-existing state. In sum, ITOs seek a degree of inclusion in the established government or state structure while SSTOs seek autonomy or separation, ranging from partial to full independence. Given this dynamic, we suggest that the BH insurgency, and that of IS, represent yet another form of sovereignty-seeking organization, which is not novel in its goals but rather in its approach to achieving autonomy.

Al Britannya

Author : J. Jay Dupre
ISBN : 1092329609
Genre :
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It is A.D.2042 and the Islamic caliphate renamed Britain, Al-Britannya. Zoe and her non-Muslim family struggle for survival in the perilous world of the Islamic state. From the relative safety of their small community, the conflicts imposed by the Islamic authorities and from the Muslim youths that terrorised the streets, Zoe's family could only watch as the country around them rocked under chaos. It was after Zoe and her boyfriend were attacked by Morality police that her world, and that of her family changed for ever. If you want to know what life can be like for a non-Muslim living under Islamic rule, then study the social history of Christians and Jews and other non-believers who lived or still live in countries subjugated by Islam. Alternatively read this story.

Caliph And Caliphate Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 019980382X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.92 MB
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit
Category: Social Science

In The Skin Of A Jihadist

Author : Anna Erelle
ISBN : 9780062417091
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.46 MB
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A young French journalist’s riveting and unprecedented look at how today’s most ruthless terrorists use social media and technology to reach disaffected youth—witnessed through the undercover investigation that led to her deep involvement with a key member of ISIS. On Facebook, “Melodie”—a twenty-year-old-convert to Islam living with her mother and sister in Toulouse—meets Bilel, a French-born, high-ranking militant for the Islamic State in Syria. Within days, Bilel falls in love with Melodie, Skypes her repeatedly, and adamantly urges her to come to Syria, marry him, and do jihad. The honey-tongued suitor promises the innocent, fatherless young girl a life of material comfort and spiritual purpose. But “Melodie” is actually Anna Erelle, a Parisian based journalist investigating the recruitment channels of the Islamic state, whose digital propaganda—Jihad 2.0—constitutes one of its most formidable and frightening weapons, successfully mobilizing increasing numbers of young Europeans. In this taut and riveting true story, Erelle chronicles her intense, month-long relationship with Bilel—who turns out to be none other than the right hand man of Abou Bakr al-Baghadi, the self-proclaimed caliph of ISIS. Impatient for Melodie to join him, Bilel tells her that, according to an imam, they are already all but married, and will be officially when she arrives in Syria. As she embarks on the final, most dangerous stage of her investigation, Melodie leaves for Amsterdam to begin her journey to the Middle East. But things go terribly wrong. A gripping and often harrowing inquiry into the factors that motivate young people to join extremist causes, and a shocking exploration of how technology and social media are spreading radicalism, The Mind of a Jihadist is a riveting page-turner that helps us better understand the appeal of extremism—and how an Islamic militant attempts to brainwash, seduce, and manipulate a vulnerable young woman.
Category: Political Science

Al Qaeda S Global Crisis

Author : V. G. Julie Rajan
ISBN : 9781317645375
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73.3 MB
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This book focuses on the crises facing Al Qaeda and how the mass killing of Muslims is challenging its credibility as a leader among Islamist jihadist organizations. The book argues that these crises are directly related to Al Qaeda’s affiliation with the extreme violence employed against Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the decade since 9/11. Al Qaeda’s public and private responses to this violence differ greatly. While in public Al Qaeda has justified those attacks declaring that, for the establishment of a state of ‘true believers’, they are a necessary evil, in private Al Qaeda has been advising its local affiliates to refrain from killing Muslims. To better understand the crises facing Al Qaeda, the book explores the development of Central Al Qaeda’s complex relationship with radical (mis)appropriations and manifestations of takfir, which allows one Muslim to declare another an unbeliever, and its unique relationship with each of its affiliates in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The author then goes on to consider how the prominence of takfir is contributing to the deteriorating security in those countries and how this is affecting Al Qaeda’s credibility as an Islamist terror organization. The book concludes by considering the long-term viability of Al Qaeda and how its demise could allow the rise of the even more radical, violent Islamic State and the implications this has for the future security of the Middle East, North Africa and Central/South Asia. This book will be of much interest to students of political violence and terrorism, Islamism, global security and IR.
Category: Political Science

Isis Exposed

Author : Erick Stakelbeck
ISBN : 9781621573777
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.92 MB
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The terror masters of ISIS are determined to get America's attention. They’ve humiliated the Iraqi Army we trained and seized territory in Iraq that we had secured at the cost of so many American lives. They’ve beheaded American journalists on camera in a direct challenge to the power and resolve of the United States. And now ISIS is calling for "city wolves" across the United States to act on their dedication to the Islamic State’s blood-drenched ideology and murder innocent American citizens at random. Who is ISIS? Where did it come from, and what is driving its successful campaign of murder and conquest? Our government and our media alike seemed to be blindsided by the Islamic State’s blitzkrieg-like advance, which forced American troops back into Iraq. ISIS has conquered a territory roughly the size of the state of Indiana, rules over eight million terrorized souls, and has even revived the practice of legal slavery. And yet the true motivations, inner workings, and future plans of this terror state and its mysterious caliph seem almost as obscure as when ISIS first burst onto the world scene. In ISIS Exposed, veteran investigative reporter Erick Stakelbeck gets inside the story of the new caliphate and reveals just how clear and present a threat it is.
Category: Political Science

Antiquities Destruction And Illicit Sales As Sources Of Isis Funding And Propaganda

Author : Andrew Terrill
ISBN : 1097538907
Genre :
File Size : 56.9 MB
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The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) has embarked on a campaign to destroy or sell priceless world heritage relics throughout the area under its control. While images of the outrageous destruction of priceless artifacts have been seen throughout the world, the strategic and military implications of comprehensive antiquities looting and ISIS propaganda about antiquities are of vital importance and correspondingly are considered throughout this Letort Paper. In particular, ISIS funding from the illicit sales of antiquities (and high quality fakes) is a serious problem and may help ISIS remain functional even after other sources of revenue are increasingly disrupted or eliminated. Should ISIS experience additional defeats and further loss of territory in Iraq and Syria, an ongoing stream of revenue could fund a nucleus of the organization while it searches for opportunities to rebuild itself and prove its continued relevance through spectacular acts of terrorism. Antiquities, if hidden and trafficked later, along with reproductions marketed as original masterpieces, could give the organization the financial lifeline it needs to stay operational and relevant, even if it is forced to transform itself from a "caliphate" controlling territory to a more simplified type of terrorist organization operating out of portions of the areas it once ruled.

The Homegrown Jihadi Terrorist

Author : U. S. Military
ISBN : 1730894542
Genre :
File Size : 60.28 MB
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As this study establishes, the influence of Islamist extremists has expanded into the United States. The terrorist organization known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has attracted many U.S. citizens to support its radical perspective of Islam. The ultimate goal of ISIS is to rule the Muslim world. Although establishing a caliphate or unleashing holy war on U.S. soil is clearly not in ISIS's immediate plans, its current goal is to recruit as many American supporters as possible. Since ISIS's declaration of its caliphate, American citizens have supported ISIS by attempting to become foreign fighters, soliciting jihadist material online, or plotting attacks in the United States. Homegrown jihadi terrorist ideology thus poses a threat, due to its inherently violent Islamic extremism. This threat needs to be defeated by a comprehensive approach that ensures the safety and security of the United States.The threat of terrorism born of radicalization is a critical issue that challenges the world today, and homegrown Islamic terrorists who become foreign fighters pose a substantial threat to our national security. The conflict in Syria and Iraq has attracted Western extremists eager to wage battle and violence against the United States. Although their number is minimal compared to the number of European Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) recruits, they remain a security concern that the government must resolve.Some theorists argue that the domestic terrorist threat is not a significant issue and that it arises due only the public's fear of a perceived, albeit exaggerated, risk that underscores the problem. However, others see the threat as real and agree with terrorism experts, such as Will McCants, Peter Bergen, and Bruce Hoffman, that radicalization, and recruitment of ISIS supporters in the United States are on the rise and that attacks are becoming concurrently more complicated to prevent due to the diversification and evolution of the threat.This thesis looks at the increase in the number of U.S. homegrown ISIS-inspired terrorists from 2014 to 2017. Estimates indicate that more than 250 Americans became foreign fighters in that period. Furthermore, over 161 have been arrested and convicted of being ISIS supporters, and currently, there are approximately 900 active investigations of individuals that may be ISIS supporters in the United States. This thesis reviews research using court records and open-source information to analyze ISIS radicalization and recruitment in the United States. It endeavors to explain the possible patterns of who supports ISIS, pledges an oath to it, and why.

Combating Internet Enabled Terrorism Emerging Research And Opportunities

Author : Stacey, Emily
ISBN : 9781522521914
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44.63 MB
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The internet has become a vital part of modern society, with its impact reaching from private lives into the public sphere. However, along with its positive effects, the dissemination of this technology has created opportunities for increased cyber terrorism activities. Combating Internet-Enabled Terrorism: Emerging Research and Opportunities is an informative resource that highlights developments that will aid in combating internet-based hostility and violence. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant topics that include social media, military tactics, and counterterrorism, this publication will provide insight into the world of internet terrorism to researchers, academicians, and graduate students in this field.
Category: Political Science

Tolerance Democracy And Sufis In Senegal

Author : Mamadou Diouf
ISBN : 9780231530897
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43.4 MB
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This collection critically examines "tolerance," "secularism," and respect for religious "diversity" within a social and political system dominated by Sufi brotherhoods. Through a detailed analysis of Senegal's political economy, essays trace the genealogy and dynamic exchange among these concepts while investigating public spaces and political processes and their reciprocal engagement with the state, Sunni reformist and radical groups, and non-religious organizations. The anthology provides a rich and nuanced historical ethnography of the formation of Senegalese democracy, illuminating the complex trajectory of the Senegalese state and reflecting on similar postcolonial societies. Offering rare perspectives on the country's "successes" since liberation, the volume identifies the role of religion, gender, culture, ethnicity, globalization, politics, and migration in the reconfiguration of the state and society, and it makes an important contribution to democratization theory, Islamic studies, and African studies.
Category: Political Science