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What Is It Like To Be A Bat Wie Ist Es Eine Fledermaus Zu Sein

Author : Thomas Nagel
ISBN : 9783159609997
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.15 MB
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Radikal, provokativ und erhellend zugleich: Nagels berühmter Essay von 1974 ist einer der am häufigsten zitierten philosophischen Aufsätze des 20. Jahrhunderts. Kann ein Mensch wirklich verstehen, wie es ist, eine Fledermaus zu sein? Natürlich nicht. Er kann sich nur vorstellen, wie es sich anfühlen könnte. Doch die spezifischen Empfindungen und Erlebnisse von Fledermäusen haben einen so anderen Charakter, dass der uns grundsätzlich verborgen bleibt. Letztendlich zeigt Nagel damit dem Menschen in seiner Fähigkeit zu erkennen und mitzuempfinden seine Grenzen auf. Ulrich Diehl erklärt in einem Nachwort die besondere Bedeutung und spannende Wirkungsgeschichte des Textes.
Category: Philosophy

Bat Ecology

Author : Thomas H. Kunz
ISBN : 9780226462073
Genre : Nature
File Size : 90.28 MB
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Bats display astonishing ecological and evolutionary diversity and serve as important models for studies of a wide variety of topics, including food webs, biogeography, and emerging diseases. In Bat Ecology, world-renowned bat scholars present an up-to-date, comprehensive, and authoritative review of this ongoing research. The first part of the book covers the life history and behavioral ecology of bats, from migration to sperm competition and natural selection. The next section focuses on functional ecology, including ecomorphology, feeding, and physiology. In the third section, contributors explore macroecological issues such as the evolution of ecological diversity, range size, and infectious diseases (including rabies) in bats. A final chapter discusses conservation challenges facing these fascinating flying mammals. "Kunz and Fenton have enlisted an outstanding group of bat biologists, who, without exception, have done a superb job summarizing and synthesizing the material in their respective chapters. . . . This is a very valuable book."—John O. Whitaker Jr., Ecology
Category: Nature

Bats Of Puerto Rico

Author : Michael R. Gannon
ISBN : 0896725510
Genre : Nature
File Size : 89.12 MB
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"An interesting and enjoyable read. . . . Rich detail presented in well-written, logical fashion about the bat fauna of this interesting island." —Acta Chiropterologica The Caribbean islands are home to some of the most unusual species of bats. A number of them are endemic, living in no other region of the world. On Puerto Rico alone, thirteen different species have been found. Bats are the only naturally occurring mammals there; all others were introduced after settlement of the island, first by the Taíno Indians and later by the Spanish. Puerto Rico is important for study because of its human history, tropical climate, size, relief, and isolation from the mainland. It is a useful model for understanding how historical, geographic, and environmental factors interact in a controlled environment to affect the diversity and complexity of its resident species. This volume is the first complete compilation of the distribution, natural history, taxonomy, and ecology of the bats of Puerto Rico. The coauthors, all experienced researchers, introduce the book with a discussion of Puerto Rican ecosystems and an overview of facts and misconceptions about bats in general. The main text provides detailed descriptions of each of the thirteen Puerto Rican species, as well as illustrations of their faces and skulls. The book concludes with keys to the characters of these bats and a complete glossary. Maps show the distribution of each species on the island. Bats of Puerto Rico is designed to be an easily used source of information for the general public as well as a complete descriptive record for ecologists, mammalogists, and wildlife biologists.
Category: Nature

Encyclopfdia Of Superstitions Folklore And The Occult Sciences Of The World

Author : Cora Linn Daniels
ISBN : 1410209156
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 89.20 MB
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Originally published in 1903, this is an excellent source for an historical perspective on superstitions and folklore. Hundreds of entries are arranged alphabetically within broad subject categories. The original subtitle reads: "A comprehensive library of human belief and practice in the mysteries of life through more than six thousand years of experience and progress including the fundamental intuitions and instincts underlying the structure of civilization, theology, mythology, demonology, magic, witchcraft, esoteric philosophy, signs, omens, oracles, sorceries, auguries, divinations, prophecies, methods and means employed in revealing fortune and fate, systems and formulas for the use of psychical forces, hypnotism, clairvoyance, telepathy, spiritualism, character reading and character building with all the known powers and wonders of mind and soul, illustrated with numerous ancient and modern designs and thoroughly indexed."
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Physics Of Baseball Softball

Author : Rod Cross
ISBN : 1441981136
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.67 MB
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This book describes the physics of baseball and softball, assuming that the reader has a basic background in both physics and mathematics. The physics will be explained in a conversational style, with words and illustrations, so that the explanations make sense. The book provides an excellent opportunity to explain physics at a relatively simple level, even though the primary objective is to explain the many subtle features concerning the physics of baseball. For those readers who already know quite a bit of physics and who will be comfortable with mathematical equations, additional material of this nature will be provided in appendices. The latest research findings and statistical data have been incorporated by the author. The book also contains many simple experiments that the reader can perform to convince themselves that the effects described do indeed exist.
Category: Science

Information Systems Correctness And Reusability Selected Papers Form The Is Core Workshop

Author : Wieringa Roel J
ISBN : 9789814549332
Genre :
File Size : 84.74 MB
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This volume contains papers on formal system specification. The chapters treat algebraic specification, temporal logic specification, default specifications and deontic logic specification. Applications include information systems, distributed systems, and real-time systems. One of the major themes in the book is the motivation to bring formal specification techniques one step further towards realistic applications.

Wisden S The Laws Of Cricket

Author : Don Oslear
ISBN : 9781446406717
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 53.96 MB
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WISDEN'S THE LAWS OF CRICKET sets out in full the text of the new laws of cricket, 42 in number (with permission of the MCC which own the copyright in them). For each law it provides a commentary covering the reasons for any changs, explaining the background, and highlighting how they are likely to affect the way the game is played at every level. Full discussion is devoted to the major contentious issues, such as the introduction of penalty runs for various misdemeanours, and the revisions to the 'no ball' law. Don Oslear, the distinguished umpire, has been intimately involved over several years in the process of drafting the new laws, and explains why they needed changing, what views his committe recieved from the governing bodies of all the cricketing nations and from players, spectators and the media, how these were resolved, and what effect they are expected to have on the future of the game. No one who plays cricket, or is seriously interested in the game, can afford to miss this book.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Why Is The Foul Pole Fair

Author : Vince Staten
ISBN : 0743269454
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 86.51 MB
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Chicken soup for the baseball lover's soul -- the inimitable Vince Staten takes you out to the ol' ballgame and answers all the baseball questions your dad hoped you wouldn't ask.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Why Is The Foul Pole Fair Or Answers To The Baseball Questions Your Dad Hoped You D Never Ask

Author : Vince Staten
ISBN : 9780743233842
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 87.8 MB
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The All-American game is highlighted in a collection of offbeat baseball lore, from player's tales and statistical delights to crazy groundskeepers and famous onlookers, humorously recounted by author during a day at the ballpark with his son.
Category: Sports & Recreation

Impossible Minds

Author : Igor Aleksander
ISBN : 9781783265718
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.10 MB
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Impossible Minds: My Neurons, My Consciousness has been written to satisfy the curiosity each and every one of us has about our own consciousness. It takes the view that the neurons in our heads are the source of consciousness and attempts to explain how this happens. Although it talks of neural networks, it explains what they are and what they do in such a way that anyone may understand. While the topic is partly philosophical, the text makes no assumptions of prior knowledge of philosophy; and so contains easy excursions into the important ideas of philosophy that may be missing in the education of a computer scientist. The approach is pragmatic throughout; there are many references to material on experiments that were done in our laboratories. The first edition of the book was written to introduce curious readers to the way that the consciousness we all enjoy might depend on the networks of neurons that make up the brain. In this second edition, it is recognized that these arguments still stand, but that they have been taken much further by an increasing number of researchers. A post-script has now been written for each chapter to inform the reader of these developments and provide an up-to-date bibliography. A new epilogue has been written to summarize the state-of-the art of the search for consciousness in neural automata, for researchers in computation, students of philosophy, and anyone who is fascinated by what is one of the most engaging scientific endeavours of the day. This book also tells a story. A story of a land where people think that they are automata without much in the way of consciousness, a story of cormorants and cliffs by the sea, a story of what it might be like to be a conscious machine … Contents:Who's Afraid of Magnus?Neurons and ThoughtAutomata and BrainsThe Inner Eye of ConsciousnessWho Am I?Beginnings and WordsGive me a Teddy ...Qualia, Instinct and EmotionWhat's the Use of Artificial Minds?Magnus 2030 AD: An Interview Readership: General. For members of the public with an interest in understanding human intelligence and artificial intelligence; and cross disciplinary learning across computing theory, philosophy and neuroscience (undergraduate through to research level). Key Features:The topic of the conscious neural brain in IM is treated from first principles, without assuming prior knowledge of neural systems whether artificial or real. It is intended to take the reader to a level at which she or he can appreciate what is done in research laboratories and material written in the journal literature. This pedagogic approach is rare in competing volumesWhile the topic is partly philosophical, IM makes no assumptions of prior knowledge of philosophy. So it contains easy excursions into the important ideas of philosophy that may be missing in the education of a computer scientist. Competing books often exclude those not versed in philosophyThe approach is pragmatic throughout. There are many references to material on experiments that were done in our laboratories. Competitors rarely refer to working modelsKeywords:Artificial Consciousness;Conscious Neural Systems;Philosophy for Computer ScientistsReviews: Reviews of the First Edition: ”Here is the philosophy of a creative engineer. Igor Aleksander is a pioneer looking for keys to consciousness in intelligent machines he designs and builds. He shares his discoveries and hopes for future developments in this interesting, highly readable book.” Richard L Gregory Emeritus Professor of Neuropsychology University of Bristol ”Machine intelligence is one of the most vital subjects for the future, perhaps the most important of all. No one is better at explaining it than Igor Aleksander, one of the leaders in the field.” Sir Clive Sinclair “… his book provides a popular account of the problem of consciousness. It is a personal view, from the perspective of a plain-speaking and clear-sighted engineer, articulated with all the optimism and confidence that engineers need to pursue the audacious goal of designing intelligent and conscious robots … it is more of an ‘ideas’ book, and was fun to read. It should be an adventure and an inspiration for the human, if not yet the robotic, mind.” Nature “… no one could deny that Aleksander is doing a good job in this book of rehabilitating and making accessible some of the more unreasonable, some might say unfathomable, of AI's tenets: would recommend Aleksander's book as if nothing else, an excellent primer on matters of AI consciousness and philosophy.” New Scientist “… reading ‘Impossible Minds’ is a lot of fun, both for the variety of topics and for the controversies it touches upon. For the beginner it is a good introduction to a fast-growing discipline; for every reader it is a good starting point of healthy argument with the author's views.” International Journal of Neural Systems
Category: Computers