Ions In Solution And Their Solvation

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Ions In Solution And Their Solvation

Author : Yizhak Marcus
ISBN : 9781118889145
Genre : Science
File Size : 57.21 MB
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The book starts with an exposition of the relevant properties of ions and continues with a description of their solvation in the gas phase. The relevant properties of prospective liquid solvents for the ions are dealt with. The process of the transfer of ions from the gas phase into a liquid where they are solvated is then taken care of. Various aspects of the solutions of the ions, such as structural and transport ones and the effects of the ions on the solvent dynamics and structure are then described. In cases where the solvent is a mixture selective solvation takes place and is discussed. The interactions of ions with one another that may lead to ion pairing and with other solutes in the solution as well as their dependence on the solvent are also dealt with. The book concludes with applications of the concepts expounded previously in fields such as electrochemistry, hydrometallurgy, separation chemistry, biophysics, and synthetic methods. The book contains a large amount of factual information in the form of extensive tables of critically examined data and illustrations of the points made throughout.
Category: Science

Liquid Liquid Interfacestheory And Methods

Author : Alexander G. Volkov
ISBN : 0849376947
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.99 MB
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Update your knowledge of the chemical, biological, and physical properties of liquid-liquid interfaces with Liquid-Liquid Interfaces: Theory and Methods. This valuable reference presents a broadly based account of current research in liquid-liquid interfaces and is ideal for researchers, teachers, and students. Internationally recognized investigators of electrochemical, biological, and photochemical effects in interfacial phenomena share their own research results and extensively review the results of others working in their area. Because of its unusually wide breadth, this book has something for everyone interested in liquid-liquid interfaces. Topics include interfacial and phase transfer catalysis, electrochemistry and colloidal chemistry, ion and electron transport processes, molecular dynamics, electroanalysis, liquid membranes, emulsions, pharmacology, and artificial photosynthesis. Enlightening discussions explore biotechnological applications, such as drug delivery, separation and purification of nuclear waste, catalysis, mineral extraction processes, and the manufacturing of biosensors and ion-selective electrodes. Liquid-Liquid Interfaces: Theory and Methods is a well-written, informative, one-stop resource that will save you time and energy in your search for the latest information on liquid-liquid interfaces.
Category: Science

Ions In Solution

Author : John Robbins
ISBN :
Genre : Electrochemistry
File Size : 42.28 MB
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Category: Electrochemistry

Steam Water And Hydrothermal Systems

Author : Peter R. Tremaine
ISBN : 9780660177786
Genre : Feed-water
File Size : 84.11 MB
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This work includes 140 papers on pure and applied research of physics and chemistry of hydrothermal systems. It includes papers on metastable states, nucleation, super-cooled water and high temperature aqueous solutions.
Category: Feed-water

Ion Solvation

Author : Y. Marcus
ISBN : UCSD:31822002232528
Genre : Ionic solutions
File Size : 37.65 MB
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Chemical reactions generally take place in solution and often involve ions. The behaviour of ions in solution, manifested through ion solvation, is therefore of prime interest in chemistry. This book considers in depth the phenomenology of ion solvation and the models and interpretations that have been proposed as the physical causes for the observed phenomena. It contains a thorough discussion of the statistical thermodynamic background of the solvation process from which a discussion of the actual thermodynamics is developed. This, in turn, serves as a background to the structural and kinetic features of ion solvation.
Category: Ionic solutions

Volume 1 Modern Electrochemistry

Author : John O'M. Bockris
ISBN : 0306455552
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.59 MB
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This book had its nucleus in some lectures given by one of us (J. O’M. B. ) in a course on electrochemistry to students of energy conversion at the University of Pennsyl- nia. It was there that he met a number of people trained in chemistry, physics, biology, metallurgy, and materials science, all of whom wanted to know something about electrochemistry. The concept of writing a book about electrochemistry which could be understood by people with very varied backgrounds was thereby engendered. The lectures were recorded and written up by Dr. Klaus Muller as a 293-page manuscript. At a later stage, A. K. N. R. joined the effort; it was decided to make a fresh start and to write a much more comprehensive text. Of methods for direct energy conversion, the electrochemical one is the most advanced and seems the most likely to become of considerable practical importance. Thus, conversion to electrochemically powered transportation systems appears to be an important step by means of which the difficulties of air pollution and the effects of an increasing concentration in the atmosphere of carbon dioxide may be met. Cor- sion is recognized as having an electrochemical basis. The synthesis of nylon now contains an important electrochemical stage. Some central biological mechanisms have been shown to take place by means of electrochemical reactions. A number of American organizations have recently recommended greatly increased activity in training and research in electrochemistry at universities in the United States.
Category: Science

Ionic Solvation

Author : Gennadiĭ Alekseevich Krestov
ISBN : UOM:39015032918081
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.65 MB
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This wide-ranging coverage complements the previous volume Thermodynamics of solution, and presents a comprehensive view of Russian and Western results and discussions of the chemical and physico-chemical properties of solutions and processes within them. Emphasis is given to the chemical aspects of solvation as determined by the nature of solvents and electrolytes, and by the influence of external conditions, solution composition, isotopy, admixtures etc. Practical applications are given across a large number of frequently encountered problems. The book contains a unique description of the relation between complex solvation processes and ion-solvent molecule interactions. The detailed analysis of quantitative characteristics of ions in solution will suggest new and effective approaches to studying reactivity and mechanism. Consideration is given to the character of intermolecular interaction in pure solvents and to the peculiarities of ionic solvation in protic and aprotic solvents in the IR spectra. Readership: Academic and technical libraries for postgraduate and professional researchers in biochemistry and in physical, industrial, environmental and organometallic chemistry.
Category: Science

Ionic Polymerization And Living Polymers

Author : M. Szwarc
ISBN : 9789401114783
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.42 MB
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More than simply an up-to-date review of ionic polymerization, this book presents an in-depth and critical comparison of the anionic and cationic polymerization of vinyl monomers and heterocyclic compounds. These different modes of ionic polymerization are examined with regard to their capacity for producing living polymers. The concept of living polymers is re-examined and redefined in light of current knowledge of ionic polymerization and possible side reactions. Throughout, the authors offer perceptive insights into the basic concepts of polymerization chemistry and polymerization reaction mechanisms. The book begins with a review of ionic and radical polymerizations, the development of ionic polymerization, living and dormant polymers, and polymerizability. It goes on to consider important aspects of the structure and properties of ionic species; initiation and propagation of ionic polymerization; polymerization steps other than initiation or propagation, such as termination, isomerization, transfer, backbiting, and degraduation; and ionic copolymerization. Ionic Polymerization and Living Polymers is a much needed advanced text that will be widely read and referred to by polymer scientists, macromolecular chemists, and materials scientists.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ions In Solution

Author : J Burgess
ISBN : 9781782420569
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.29 MB
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This outline of the principles and chemical interactions in inorganic solution chemistry delivers a course module in an area of considerable complexity. Problems with solutions and tutorial hints to test comprehension have been added as a feature to check readers' understanding and assist self-study. Exercises and projects are also provided to help readers deepen and extend their knowledge and understanding. Inorganic solution chemistry is treated thoroughly Emphasis is placed upon NMR, UV-VIS, IR Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and such topics as acid-base behaviour, stability constants and kinetics
Category: Science

Cleaning Printed Wiring Assemblies In Today S Environment

Author : L. Hymes
ISBN : 9789401169677
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 87.77 MB
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The impetus to create this book originated from several concerns. One of these was the perceived value to the industry of a collection in one volume of a wide range of information pertinent to the reasons and techniques for de fluxing printed wiring assemblies (PWAs). This book is expected to be of use not only to those engaged in the electronics packaging industry but also to those in related fields seeking information concerning viable methods of dealing with one of the en vironmental issues of our time: the destruction of the ozone layer surrounding and protecting the planet with which we have been entrusted. The volume of information relative to providing PW As free of residues ad versely impacting operation, reliability, and life of electronic products is grow ing, and it will continue to expand at an accelerated rate as we seek to match our technology needs and desires with our environmental responsibilities. At the time ofthis writing, which has spanned the latter portion of 1989 and early 1990, the issue of choosing a new approach to producing PW As free of detrimental residues while using environmentally acceptable manufacturing techniques ap peared to be the major concern of the vast majority of those involved in the printed wiring assembly industry. To many this meant the use of different clean ing media and/or process or equipment enhancements; to others it meant the elimination of the need to clean through materials or process changes.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Chemical Physics Of Solvation

Author : Revaz R. Dogonadze
ISBN : 0444429840
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.56 MB
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The importance of solvation as a concept which covers quite generally the interactions between a molecular solute particle and a macroscopic body of surrounding solvent is well recognized. Solvation plays a major role in the distribution of elements in the geo- and hydrosphere, and most chemical and biological processes involve solvated reactants and products, the electronic and molecular structure of which are strongly determined by solvation. This three-volume monograph has been written collectively by 50 authors from 14 countries who are specialists in different areas of solvation science. Part A deals with the theory of solvation; Part B is entirely devoted to spectroscopy of solvation; and Part C covers solvation phenomena in specific physical, chemical and biological systems. The volumes will be an invaluable reference source for physicists, physical chemists and biophysicists undertaking investigations into the diversified and fascinating areas of the physics and chemical physics of solvation at postgraduate and professional research levels.
Category: Science

Ionic Liquids In Chemical Analysis

Author : Mihkel Koel
ISBN : 9781420046472
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.1 MB
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An Overview of a Rapidly Expanding Area in Chemistry Exploring the future in chemical analysis research, Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis focuses on materials that promise entirely new ways to perform solution chemistry. It provides a broad overview of the applications of ionic liquids in various areas of analytical chemistry, in
Category: Science

Solvents And Solvent Effects In Organic Chemistry

Author : Christian Reichardt
ISBN : STANFORD:36105033084539
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.39 MB
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Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry Christian Reichardt From reviews of the first edition: This monograph can be recommended as a standard work to everyone who wants to be fully informed on the current knowledge of solvent effects in organic chemistry. It will be used successfully in research and industry to find the optimal reaction medium in the planning of a synthesis. Journal fúr praktische Chemie This is an extremely useful book which is well referenced (Chapter 5 alone lists 451 references) and it should find a place in the library of every practicing chemist who has occasion to call upon solvents to facilitate his reactions. Within hours of the book's arrival on my desk it had been confiscated by two of my students who have found it extremely useful. Journal of the American Chemical Society
Category: Science

Ions In Solution

Author : John Burgess
ISBN : UOM:39015016061544
Genre : Ionic solutions
File Size : 50.86 MB
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This outline of the principles and chemical interactions in inorganic solution chemistry delivers a course module in an area of considerable complexity.
Category: Ionic solutions

Solvent Effects On Chemical Phenomena

Author : Edward Amis
ISBN : 9780323148528
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.72 MB
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Solvent Effects on Chemical Phenomena, Volume I discusses the developments in the understanding of solvent effects on chemical phenomena in solution. This five-chapter volume begins with a discussion on the general concepts of various solvation types, including positive and negative, inner and outer sphere, and mixed component. The subsequent chapter deals with the determination of the actual solvation number for single ions. A short list of the total effective hydration numbers of electrolytes determined from temperature dependence of proton shifts is also provided in this chapter. Another chapter presents a number of examples of the unusual properties of certain mixed aqueous systems. The solvent effects on reaction rates and mechanisms are highlighted in the concluding chapter. This chapter also covers various types of solvents, such as protic and dipolar aprotic. The enthalpy and entropy of activation in salvation and the Finkelstein reactions are also discussed. Research chemists and scientists, teachers, and students with courses in solution chemistry will greatly benefit from this volume.
Category: Science

Doklady

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105009203048
Genre : Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
File Size : 41.9 MB
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Category: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical

Solvation Ionic And Complex Formation Reactions In Non Aqeuous Solvents

Author : K. Burger
ISBN : 9780444597519
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.37 MB
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Solvation, Ionic and Complex Formation Reactions in Non-Aqueous Solvents: Experimental Methods for their Investigation presents the available methods and their particular value in investigating solutions composed of non-aqueous solvents. This book is composed of 10 chapters and begins with a brief description of the complexity of the interactions possible n solutions. The subsequent chapters deal with a classification of the solvents and empirical solvent strength scales based on various experimental parameters, together with various correlations empirically describing the solvent effect. Other chapters present the methods for the purification of solvents and ways of checking their purity, as well as the individual results achieved during investigations of the solvent effect, particularly the general regularities recognized. The remaining chapters provide a review of the coordination chemistry of non-aqueous solutions. This book will prove useful to analytical and inorganic chemists.
Category: Science

Solutions And Solubilities

Author : Michael R. J. Dack
ISBN : UOM:39015016038666
Genre : Solubility
File Size : 46.49 MB
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Category: Solubility