Invading Colombia

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Invading Colombia

Author : John Michael Francis
ISBN : 9780271029368
Genre : History
File Size : 90.27 MB
Format : PDF
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In early April 1536, Gonzalo Jim&énez de Quesada led a military expedition from the coastal city of Santa Marta deep into the interior of what is today modern Colombia. With roughly eight hundred Spaniards and numerous native carriers and black slaves, the Jim&énez expedition was larger than the combined forces under Hernando Cort&és and Francisco Pizarro. Over the course of the one-year campaign, nearly three-quarters of Jim&énez&’s men perished, most from illness and hunger. Yet, for the 179 survivors, the expedition proved to be one of the most profitable campaigns of the sixteenth century. Unfortunately, the history of the Spanish conquest of Colombia remains virtually unknown. Through a series of firsthand primary accounts, translated into English for the first time, Invading Colombia reconstructs the compelling tale of the Jim&énez expedition, the early stages of the Spanish conquest of Muisca territory, and the foundation of the city of Santa F&é de Bogot&á. We follow the expedition from the Canary Islands to Santa Marta, up the Magdalena River, and finally into Colombia&’s eastern highlands. These highly engaging accounts not only challenge many current assumptions about the nature of Spanish conquests in the New World, but they also reveal a richly entertaining, yet tragic, tale that rivals the great conquest narratives of Mexico and Peru.
Category: History

Colombia

Author : Richard D. Mahoney
ISBN : 9780190262761
Genre : History
File Size : 47.66 MB
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Colombia's recent past has been characterized by what its Nobel laureate Gabriel García Marquez once called "a biblical holocaust" of human savagery. Along with the scourge of drug-related massacres facing the country, politically-motivated assassinations (averaging 30 per day in the 1990s), widespread disappearances, rapes, and kidnappings have run rampant through the country for decades. For many Colombians, the violence oft-invoked in today's immigration debate is a bleak and inescapable reality. And yet, with only eleven years of military rule during its 200 some years of independence, Colombia's democratic tradition is among the richest and longest-standing in the hemisphere. The country's economic growth rate over the last 75 years is among the highest in South America, the overall living satisfaction of its citizens is on par with citizens of France, and it is home to some of the continent's best universities and most dazzling fine and industrial arts. With such contradictions, even to experts, Colombia is one of the most confusing countries in the Americas. In this new addition to the popular What Everyone Needs to Know® series, Richard D. Mahoney links historical legacies, cultural features, and the relentless dynamics of the illegal drug industry to unravel the enigma. He explores the many key issues running through Colombia's history, distinguishing its national experience, and fueling its unquenchable creativity. With concerns surrounding immigration from the US's southern neighbors mounting to new heights, understanding the history and evolution of Colombia has never been more vital.
Category: History

Invading Guatemala

Author : Matthew Restall
ISBN : 9780271027586
Genre : History
File Size : 62.68 MB
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The invasions of Guatemala -- Pedro de Alvarado's letters to Hernando Cortes, 1524 -- Other Spanish accounts -- Nahua accounts -- Maya accounts
Category: History

The Conquest On Trial

Author : Micael de Carvajal
ISBN : 9780271025131
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.88 MB
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"The first English translation of Michael de Carvajal's Spanish play Complaint of the Indians in the Court of Death, originally published in 1557. Translated by Carlos Jâauregui and Mark Smith-Soto. An annotated bilingual edition, with an introduction that discusses the origins and ideological significance of the play"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Social Science

Forgotten Franciscans

Author : Martin Austin Nesvig
ISBN : 9780271048727
Genre : History
File Size : 81.65 MB
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"Examines writings by three early modern Spanish Franciscans in Mexico. Alfonso de Castro, an inquisitional theorist, offers a defense of Indian education. Alonso Cabello, convicted of Erasmianism by the Mexican Inquisition, discusses Christ's humanity in a Nativity sermon. Diego Muñoz, an inquisitional deputy, investigates witchcraft in Celaya"--Provided by publisher.
Category: History

Defending The Conquest

Author : Bernardo de Vargas Machuca
ISBN : 9780271029375
Genre : History
File Size : 22.78 MB
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"An English translation and critical edition of a refutation, written about 1603 (revised in 1612) by the soldier Bernardo de Vargas Machuca, of Bartolome de las Casas's famous Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies (1558)"--Provided by publisher. First published in 1879 as Apologâias y discursos de las conquistas occidentales.
Category: History

Gods Of The Andes

Author : Blas Valera
ISBN : 9780271048802
Genre : Religion
File Size : 67.42 MB
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"An English translation of a sixteenth-century Spanish manuscript, by an Inca Jesuit, about Inca religion and the spread of Christianity in colonial Peru. Includes an introductory essay"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Religion

Of Cannibals And Kings

Author : Neil L. Whitehead
ISBN : 9780271037998
Genre : History
File Size : 58.98 MB
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"Translations of the earliest accounts, from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, of the native peoples of the Americas, including Columbus's descriptions of his first voyage. Documents the emergence of a primal anthropology and how Spanish ethnological classifications were integral to colonial discovery, occupation, and conquest"--Provided by publisher.
Category: History

Colombia Before Columbus

Author : Labbe
ISBN : UOM:39015012140391
Genre : Colombia
File Size : 62.97 MB
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Shows and describes examples of pre-Colombian pottery and figurines, and looks at the archaeological work going on in Colombia today.
Category: Colombia

Colombia

Author : David Downing
ISBN : 0761447598
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 23.61 MB
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"Discusses Colombia, its history, conflicts, and the reasons why it is currently in the news"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Potential Invasive Pests Of Agricultural Crops

Author : Jorge E. Peña
ISBN : 9781845938291
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.41 MB
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Invasive arthropods cause significant damage in agricultural crops and natural environments across the globe. Potentially threatened regions need to be prepared to prevent new pests from becoming established. Therefore, information on pest identity, host range, geographical distribution, biology, tools for detection and identification are all essential to researchers and regulatory personnel. This book focuses on the most recent invasive pests of agricultural crops in temperate subtropical and tropical areas and on potential invaders, discussing their spread, biology and control.
Category: Technology & Engineering