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Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author : J. Richard Elliott
ISBN : 9780132901093
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.72 MB
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A Practical, Up-to-Date Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems Learning objectives, problem-solving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and “important equations” for every chapter Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of non-ideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB® and spreadsheets Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources
Category: Science

Introduction To Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author : Joseph Mauk Smith
ISBN : 0072402962
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.17 MB
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Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6/e, presents comprehensive coverage of the subject of thermodynamics from a chemical engineering viewpoint. The text provides a thorough exposition of the principles of thermodynamics and details their application to chemical processes. The chapters are written in a clear, logically organized manner, and contain an abundance of realistic problems, examples, and illustrations to help students understand complex concepts. New ideas, terms, and symbols constantly challenge the readers to think and encourage them to apply this fundamental body of knowledge to the solution of practical problems. The comprehensive nature of this book makes it a useful reference both in graduate courses and for professional practice. The sixth edition continues to be an excellent tool for teaching the subject of chemical engineering thermodynamics to undergraduate students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 2nd Edition Elliott Lira 2012

Author : Prentice-Hall Pearson Education, Inc
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.74 MB
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PREFACE “No happy phrase of ours is ever quite original with us; there is nothing of our own in it except some slight change born of our temperament, character, environment, teachings and associations.” Mark Twain This textbook is designed for chemical engineering students from the sophomore level to the first year of graduate school. The approach blends molecular perspective with principles of thermodynamics to build intuitive reasoning regarding the behavior of species in chemical engineering processes and formulations. The molecular perspective is represented by descriptions encompassing: the relation of kinetic energy to temperature; the origin and consequences of intermolecular potentials; molecular acidity and basicity; methods used to incorporate molecular properties into molecular simulations; and the impact of molecular properties on macroscopic energy and entropy. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. This second edition offers enhanced coverage of biological, pharmaceutical, and electrolyte applications including osmotic pressure, solid solubility, and coupled reactions. Throughout the text, topics are organized to implement hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail. Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters. Less complex empirical model approaches have been moved forward to provide introductory practice with concepts and to provide motivation for understanding models more fully. The approach also provides more instructor flexibility in selecting topics to cover. Learning objectives have been clearly stated for each chapter along with chapter summaries including “important equations” to enhance student focus. Every chapter includes practice problems with complete solutions available online, as well as numerous homework problems. Online supplements include practice tests spanning many years, coursecasts describing difficult concepts or how to use computational tools, ConcepTests to quickly check comprehension, and objective lists that can be customized for greater detail. We also recommend the related resources available at the Unique features of the text include the level of pedagogical development of excess function models and electrolytes. For mixture models, the key assumptions and derivation steps are presented, stimulating readers to consider how the molecular phenomena are represented. For electrolytes and biological systems, the text makes connections between pH and speciation and provides tools for rapidly estimating concentrations of dissociated species. We emphasize speciation and problem solving in this introduction, instead of focusing on advanced theories of electrolyte activity. The material is written at an intermediate level to bridge students from the introductions in chemistry to the more complex models of electrolytes provided by process simulators. We have created a number of homework problems with many variants, intending that different parts can be assigned to different classes or groups, not intending that each student work all parts. NOTES TO STUDENTS Thermodynamics is full of terminology and defined properties. Please note that the textbook provides a glossary and a summary of notation just before Unit I. Also consider the index a resource. We consider the examples to be an integral part of the text, and we use them to illustrate important points. Examples are often cross-referenced and are therefore listed in the table of contents. We enclose important equations in boxes and we use special notation by equation numbers: (*) means that the equation assumes temperature-independent heat capacity; (ig) means the equation is limited to ideal gases. We include margin notes to highlight important concepts or supplemental information. Computer programs facilitate the solutions to homework problems, but they should not be used to replace an understanding of the material. Computers are tools for calculating, not for thinking. To evaluate your understanding, we recommend that you know how to solve the problem by hand calculations. If you do not understand the formulas in the programs it is a good indication that you need to do more studying before using the program so that the structure of the program makessense. It is also helpful to rework example problems from the text using the software. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS As the above quote from Mark Twain alludes, we are indebted to many others, from informal hallway conversations at meetings, to e-mail messages with suggestions and errata, to classroom testing. In many cases, we are merely the conveyors of others’ suggestions. In particular, for the first edition, Dave Hart, Joan Brennecke, Mike Matthews, Bruce Poling, Ross Taylor, and Mark Thies worked with early versions of the text. We have benefited from classroom testing of the second edition by Margot Vigeant, Victor Vasquez, and Joan Brennecke. We have benefited from reviews by Keith Johnston, Ram Gupta, John O’Connell, Mike Greenfield (electrolytes), Andre Anderko (electrolytes), and Paul Mathias (electrolytes). We have adapted some example problems developed by John O’Connell at the NSF BioEMB Workshop, San Jose, CA, 2010. CTL would like to thank Ryoko Yamasaki for her work in typing many parts of the first edition manuscript and problem solutions. CTL also thanks family members Gail, Nicolas, and Adrienne for their patience, as many family sacrifices helped make this book possible. JRE thanks family members Guliz, Serra, and Eileen for their similar forbearance. We acknowledge Dan Friend and NIST, Boulder, for contributions to the steam tables and thermodynamic charts. Lastly, we acknowledge the influences of the many authors of previous thermodynamics texts. We hope we have done justice to this distinguished tradition, while simultaneously bringing deeper insight to a broader audience. ABOUT THE AUTHORS J. Richard Elliott is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Akron in Ohio. He has taught courses ranging from freshman tools to senior process design as well as thermodynamics at every level. His research interests include: thermodynamics of polymer solutions and hydrogen bonding using molecular simulations and perturbation theory; thermodynamics of supercritical fluids and hydrocarbon processing; biorefining pretreatments; and experimental phase equilibrium measurements. He has worked with the NIST lab in Boulder and ChemStations in Houston. He holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineeringfrom Pennsylvania State University. [email protected] Carl T. Lira is Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at Michigan State University. He teaches thermodynamics at all levels, chemical kinetics, and material and energy balances. His research accomplishments include experimental measurements and modeling for liquid metals, supercritical fluids, adsorptive separations, and liquid-vapor, solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid phase equilibria. Currently, Professor Lira specializes in the study of thermodynamic properties of bio-derived fuels and chemicals via experiments and molecular simulations, and he collaborates in the MSU Reactive Distillation Facility. He has been recognized with the Amoco Excellence in Teaching Award, and multiple presentations of the MSU Withrow Teaching Excellence Award. He holds a B.S. from Kansas State University, and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, all in chemical engineering. [email protected]
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chemical Engineering Computation With Matlab

Author : Yeong Koo Yeo
ISBN : 9781351629010
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.44 MB
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Most problems encountered in chemical engineering are sophisticated and interdisciplinary. Thus, it is important for today’s engineering students, researchers, and professionals to be proficient in the use of software tools for problem solving. MATLAB® is one such tool that is distinguished by the ability to perform calculations in vector-matrix form, a large library of built-in functions, strong structural language, and a rich set of graphical visualization tools. Furthermore, MATLAB integrates computations, visualization and programming in an intuitive, user-friendly environment. Chemical Engineering Computation with MATLAB® presents basic to advanced levels of problem-solving techniques using MATLAB as the computation environment. The book provides examples and problems extracted from core chemical engineering subject areas and presents a basic instruction in the use of MATLAB for problem solving. It provides many examples and exercises and extensive problem-solving instruction and solutions for various problems. Solutions are developed using fundamental principles to construct mathematical models and an equation-oriented approach is used to generate numerical results. A wealth of examples demonstrate the implementation of various problem-solving approaches and methodologies for problem formulation, problem solving, analysis, and presentation, as well as visualization and documentation of results. This book also provides aid with advanced problems that are often encountered in graduate research and industrial operations, such as nonlinear regression, parameter estimation in differential systems, two-point boundary value problems and partial differential equations and optimization.
Category: Science

Exam Prep For Introductory Chemical Engineering

Author : David Mason
ISBN : PKEY:QA3112190
Genre : Education
File Size : 65.87 MB
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5,600 Exam Prep questions and answers. Ebooks, Textbooks, Courses, Books Simplified as questions and answers by Rico Publications. Very effective study tools especially when you only have a limited amount of time. They work with your textbook or without a textbook and can help you to review and learn essential terms, people, places, events, and key concepts.
Category: Education

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author : Pradeep Ahuja
ISBN : 9788120336377
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.52 MB
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.
Category: Science