Introduction To Superconductivity V 1

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Introduction To Superconductivity

Author : Michael Tinkham
ISBN : 9780486134727
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.52 MB
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Well known for its accessibility to graduate students and experimental physicists, this volume emphasizes physical arguments and minimizes theoretical formalism. The second edition of this classic text features revisions by the author that improve its user-friendly qualities, and an introductory survey of latter-day developments in classic superconductivity enhances the volume’s value as a reference for researchers. Starting with a historical overview, the text proceeds with an introduction to the electrodynamics of superconductors and presents expositions of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory and the Ginzburg-Landau theory. Additional subjects include magnetic properties of classic type II superconductors; the Josephson effect (both in terms of basic phenomena and applications and of the phenomena unique to small junctions); fluctuation effects in classic superconductors; the high-temperature superconductors; special topics (such as the Bogoliubov method, magnetic perturbations and gapless superconductivity, and time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau theory); and nonequilibrium superconductivity. 1996 edition.
Category: Science

Introduction To Superconductivity And High Tc Materials

Author : Michel Cyrot
ISBN : 9789813103696
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.4 MB
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What sets this book apart from others on the introduction to super-conductivity and high-Tc materials is its simple and pragmatic approach. The authors describe all relevant superconducting phenomena and rely on the macroscopic Ginzburg-Landau theory to derive the most important results. Examples are chosen from selected conventional superconductors like NbTi and compared to those of high-Tc materials. The text should be of interest to students and researchers in all branches of science and engineering, with the possible exception of theoretical physicists, who may require a more mathematical approach.
Category: Science

Introduction To Superfluidity And Superconductivity

Author : Сергей Рябчун
ISBN : 9785041293567
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.2 MB
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These notes have appeared as a result of a one-term course in superfluidity and superconductivity given by the author to fourth-year undergraduate students and first-year graduate students of the Department of Physics, Moscow State University of Education. The goal was not to give a detailed picture of these two macroscopic quantum phenomena with an extensive coverage of the experimental background and all the modern developments, but rather to show how the knowledge of undergraduate quantum mechanics and statistical physics could be used to discuss the basic concepts and simple problems, and draw parallels between superconductivity and superfluidity.
Category: Science

Physical Properties Of High Temperature Superconductors V

Author : Donald M. Ginsberg
ISBN : 9810233582
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.23 MB
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The publication of Volume V of Physical Properties of High Temperature Superconductors is expected in March, 1996. It will have chapters of interest for both fundamental studies and applied research. The topics discussed are expected to include the electromagnetic response (penetration depth and surface resistance), local lattice distortions, the influence of vortex fluctuations on macroscopic behavior, the properties of superlattices, and the symmetry of the superconducting order parameter.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Condensed Matter Physics

Author : Feng Duan
ISBN : 9789813102194
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.84 MB
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This is volume 1 of two-volume book that presents an excellent, comprehensive exposition of the multi-faceted subjects of modern condensed matter physics, unified within an original and coherent conceptual framework. Traditional subjects such as band theory and lattice dynamics are tightly organized in this framework, while many new developments emerge spontaneously from it. In this volume, • Basic concepts are emphasized; usually they are intuitively introduced, then more precisely formulated, and compared with correlated concepts. • A plethora of new topics, such as quasicrystals, photonic crystals, GMR, TMR, CMR, high Tc superconductors, Bose–Einstein condensation, etc., are presented with sharp physical insights. • Bond and band approaches are discussed in parallel, breaking the barrier between physics and chemistry. • A highly accessible chapter is included on correlated electronic states — rarely found in an introductory text. • Introductory chapters on tunneling, mesoscopic phenomena, and quantum-confined nanostructures constitute a sound foundation for nanoscience and nanotechnology. • The text is profusely illustrated with about 500 figures.
Category: Science

Introduction To The Electron Theory Of Metals

Author : Uichiro Mizutani
ISBN : 0521587093
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.59 MB
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Electron theory of metals textbook for advanced undergraduate students of condensed-matter physics and related disciplines.
Category: Science

Introduction To Superconducting Circuits

Author : Alan M. Kadin
ISBN : UOM:39015047519007
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.66 MB
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Superconductivity made accessible-a unique introduction. Does superconductivity have to be hard to understand? No, says Alan Kadin, as he proceeds to make the field accessible to engineers, applied physicists, even undergraduate students in electrical engineering. Setting advanced theories aside, Dr. Kadin uses simple circuit models to develop an understanding of the physics of superconductors, then applies this knowledge to superconducting circuits and systems. He covers cutting-edge circuit applications and materials along with practical examples-giving readers insight into the pros and cons of various superconductors and what superconductivity has to offer for different disciplines. End-of-chapter problems as well as numerous conceptual line drawings, circuit schematics, and plots complement the following topics: * The central role of inductance and kinetic inductance. * Transmission line model for RF and dc properties. * Dual circuit transformations to follow vortex and fluxon motion. * A balanced coverage of low-temperature and high-temperature superconductors. * Both large-scale (power) and small-scale (electronic) applications. * Applications of superconducting devices to electromagnetic radiation detectors. * The use of SPICE to simulate Josephson junctions and circuits. *An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Stabilization Of Superconducting Magnetic Systems

Author : V. Al'tov
ISBN : 9781461341154
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 36.23 MB
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I am indeed pleased to prepare this brief foreword for this book, written by several of my friends and colleagues in the Soviet Union. The book was first published in the Russian language in Moscow in 1975. The phenomenon of superconductivity was discovered in 1911 and promised to be important to the production of electromagnets since superconductors would not dissipate Joule heat. Unfortunate ly the first materials which were discovered to be superconducting reverted to the normal resistive state in magnetic fields of a few tesla. Thus the development that was hoped for by hundredths of a the early pioneers was destined to be delayed for over half a century. In 1961 the intermetallic compound NbaSn was found to be superconducting in a field of about 200 teslas. This breakthrough marked a turning point, and 50 years after the discovery of superconductivity an intensive period of technological development began. There are many applications of superconductivity that are now being pursued, but perhaps one of the most important is super conducting magnetic systems. There was a general feeling in the early 1960s that the intermetallic compounds and alloys that were found to retain superconductivity in the presence of high magnetic fields would make the commercialization of superconducting magnets a relatively simple matter. However, the next few years were ones of disillusionment; large magnets were found to be unstable, causing them to revert to the normal state at much lower magnetic fields than predicted.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

High Temperature Cuprate Superconductors

Author : Nikolay Plakida
ISBN : 3642126332
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84.79 MB
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High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductors provides an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the properties of these fascinating materials. The essential properties of high-temperature cuprate superconductors are reviewed on the background of their theoretical interpretation. The experimental results for structural, magnetic, thermal, electric, optical and lattice properties of various cuprate superconductors are presented with respect to relevant theoretical models. A critical comparison of various theoretical models involving strong electron correlations, antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, phonons and excitons provides a background for understanding of the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity. Recent achievements in their applications are also reviewed. A large number of illustrations and tables gives valuable information for specialists. A text-book level presentation with formulation of a general theory of strong-coupling superconductivity will help students and researches to consolidate their knowledge of this remarkable class of materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fractional Statistics And Anyon Superconductivity

Author : Frank Wilczek
ISBN : 9810200498
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.75 MB
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Part I: Concepts in fractional statistics, part II: States of anyon matter, part III: Reprinted papers
Category: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings Of The Ninth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference Kobe Japan 11 14 May 1982

Author : K. Yasukochi
ISBN : 9781483164090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.34 MB
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Proceedings of the Ninth International Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Kobe, Japan, 11-14 May 1982 contains the papers presented during the entirety of the conference. The overall focus is on the presentation of technical developments and new applications in the field of cryogenics. The topics covered during the conference include high speed magnetic levitation train, magnetic fusion energy and its cryogenic applications, and cooling effects in a vortex cooler. Superconductivity and fusion, digital applications of the Josephson effect, thermally activated stirling cryocooler, and large cryogenic systems of the energy doubler are discussed as well. Physicists, chemists, engineers, and researchers in the field of cryogenics will find the compendium very insightful.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Physics Of Superconductors

Author : Vadim Vasilʹevich Schmidt
ISBN : 3540612432
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.54 MB
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The original Russian edition is based on a lecture course given by the author and provides a modern treatment of the physics of superconductors with special attention paid to the physical interpretation of the phenomena. This revised English translation has been enlarged by the inclusion of such new developments as High Temperature Superconductivity, and, as such, is the most up-to-date textbook on the subject available. The editor, Paul Müller, is himself a winner of the Walter Schottky Award for Solid State Research.
Category: Science

Introduction To Unconventional Superconductivity

Author : V.P. Mineev
ISBN : 9056992090
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.69 MB
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Unconventional superconductivity (or superconductivity with a nontrivial Cooper pairing) is believed to exist in many heavy-fermion materials as well as in high temperature superconductors, and is a subject of great theoretical and experimental interest. The remarkable progress achieved in this field has not been reflected in published monographs and textbooks, and there is a gap between current research and the standard education of solid state physicists in the theory of superconductivity. This book is intended to meet this information need and includes the authors' original results.
Category: Science

Nanostructured Superconductors

Author : Victor V. Moshchalkov
ISBN : 9789814343916
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.74 MB
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The main focus of the book is to present the effects of nanostructuring on superconducting critical parameters. Optimizing systematically flux and condensate confinement in various nanostructured superconductors, ranging from single nano-cells to their huge arrays, critical fields and currents can be increased up to their theoretical limits, thus drastically improving the potential for practical applications of nanostructured superconductors.
Category: Science

Magnetic And Superconducting Materials

Author : M. Akhavan
ISBN : 9810242441
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.14 MB
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The great breakthroughs in the science and technology of superconducting and magnetic materials in recent years promoted many outstanding representatives of various scientific disciplines (physics, chemistry and materials science) to present their latest findings in a scientific atmosphere of the highest standard at the MSM-99 conference. Over 200 eminent scientists from 50 countries gathered to discuss the physics, materials science and application of magnetic and superconducting materials, and to foster research and development collaborations between the scientists and technologists of the regional countries and also with the international scientific community. The main topics of this book are the physics, materials science and application of magnetic and superconducting materials having a close relationship between the strong correlated electron system and magnetism.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Magnetic Materials

Author : K.H.J. Buschow
ISBN : 044451144X
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.90 MB
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Magnetoelectronics is a novel and rapidly developing field. This new field is frequently referred to as spin-electronics or spintronics. It includes spin-utilizing devices that need neither a magnetic field nor magnetic materials. In semiconductor devices, the spin of the carriers has only played a very modest role so far because well established semiconductor devices are non-magnetic and show only negligible effects of spin. Nanoscale thin films and multilayers, nanocrystalline magnetic materials, granular films, and amorphous alloys have attracted much attention in the last few decades, in the field of basic research as well as in the broader field of materials science. Such heterogeneous materials display uncommon magnetic properties that virtually do no occur in bulk materials. This is true, in particular with respect to surface (interface) magnetic anisotropy and surface (interface) magnetostrictive strains and giant magnetoresistance. The local atomic arrangement at the interface differs strongly from that in the bulk. The local symmetry is lowered, so that some interactions are changed or are missing altogether. The interface atoms may envisaged as forming a new phase and some properties characteristic of this phase may become predominant for the entire system. This becomes particularly evident in the case of interfacial magnetostriction which can lead to a decrease (almost to zero) or to an increase(over the bulk value) of the resulting magnetostriction of the nanoscale system. There are various forms of the interplay of magnetism and superconductivity, which can be divided into competition and coexistence phenomena. For instance, a strong competition is found in high-Tc cuprates. In these materials, depending on the doping rate, either Neel-type antiferromagnetism moments (e.g. from 4f-elements) with superconductivity is known to occur in systems where the concentration of these moments is sufficiently small or where they are antiferromagnetically ordered and only weakly coupled to the conduction electrons. During the years, intermetallic gadolinium compounds have adopted a special position in the study of 4f electron magnetism. The reason for this is the fact that the gadolinium moment consists only of a pure spin moment, orbital contributions to the moment being absent. As a consequence, gadolinium compounds have been regarded as ideal test benches for studying exchange interactions, free from complications due to crystal effects. Volume 14 of the Handbook of Magnetic Materials, as the preceding volumes, has a dual purpose. As a textbook it is intended to be of assistance to those who wish to be introduced to a given topic in the field of magnetism without the need to read the vast amount of literature published. As a work of reference it is intended for scientists active in magnetism research. To this dual purpose, volume 14 of the Handbook is composed of topical review articles written by leading authorities. In each of these articles an extensive description is given in graphical as well as tabular form, much emphasis being placed on the discussion of the experimental material in the framework of physics, chemistry and material science.
Category: Science

Superconductivity Research Developments

Author : James R. Tobin
ISBN : 1600218482
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62.31 MB
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Superconductivity is a phenomenon occurring in certain materials at extremely low temperatures, characterized by exactly zero electrical resistance and the exclusion of the interior magnetic field (the Meissner effect). The electrical resistivity of a metallic conductor decreases gradually as the temperature is lowered. However, in ordinary conductors such as copper and silver, impurities and other defects impose a lower limit. Even near absolute zero a real sample of copper shows a non-zero resistance. The resistance of a superconductor, on the other hand, drops abruptly to zero when the material is cooled below its "critical temperature", typically 20 kelvin or less. An electrical current flowing in a loop of superconducting wire can persist indefinitely with no power source. Like ferromagnetism and atomic spectral lines, superconductivity is a quantum mechanical phenomenon. It cannot be understood simply as the idealisation of "perfect conductivity" in classical physics. Superconductivity occurs in a wide variety of materials, including simple elements like tin and aluminium, various metallic alloys and some heavily-doped semiconductors. Superconductivity does not occur in noble metals like gold and silver, nor in most ferromagnetic metals. In 1986 the discovery of a family of cuprate-perovskite ceramic materials known as high-temperature superconductors, with critical temperatures in excess of 90 kelvin, spurred renewed interest and research in superconductivity for several reasons. As a topic of pure research, these materials represented a new phenomenon not explained by the current theory. And, because the superconducting state persists up to more manageable temperatures, more commercial applications are feasible, especially if materials with even higher critical temperatures could be discovered. This new book presents leading research from around the world in this dynamic field.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thallium Based High Tempature Superconductors

Author : Allen Hermann
ISBN : 0824791142
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.6 MB
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Provides information on all chemical, physical and material aspects of this class of cuprates, and covers their applications. This work provides data on the chemistry, solid-state chemistry, handling and safety requirements of thallium.
Category: Technology & Engineering