Introduction To Distributed Algorithms

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Introduction To Distributed Algorithms

Author : Gerard Tel
ISBN : 0521794838
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.87 MB
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Introduction : distributed systems - The model - Communication protocols - Routing algorithms - Deadlock-free packet switching - Wave and traversal algorithms - Election algorithms - Termination detection - Anonymous networks - Snapshots - Sense of direction and orientation - Synchrony in networks - Fault tolerance in distributed systems - Fault tolerance in asynchronous systems - Fault tolerance in synchronous systems - Failure detection - Stabilization.
Category: Computers

An Introduction To Distributed Algorithms

Author : Valmir C. Barbosa
ISBN : 0262024128
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.28 MB
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An Introduction to Distributed Algorithms takes up some of the main concepts and algorithms, ranging from basic to advanced techniques and applications, that underlie the programming of distributed-memory systems such as computer networks, networks of workstations, and multiprocessors. Written from the broad perspective of distributed-memory systems in general it includes topics such as algorithms for maximum flow, program debugging, and simulation that do not appear in more orthodox texts on distributed algorithms. Moving from fundamentals to advances and applications, ten chapters—with exercises and bibliographic notes—cover a variety of topics. These include models of distributed computation, information propagation, leader election, distributed snapshots, network synchronization, self- stability, termination detection, deadlock detection, graph algorithms, mutual exclusion, program debugging, and simulation. All of the algorithms are presented in a clear, template- based format for the description of message-passing computations among the nodes of a connected graph. Such a generic setting allows the treatment of problems originating from many different application areas. The main ideas and algorithms are described in a way that balances intuition and formal rigor—most are preceded by a general intuitive discussion and followed by formal statements as to correctness complexity or other properties.
Category: Computers

Introduction To Distributed Algorithms Second Edition

Author : Gerard Tel
ISBN : OCLC:1137347568
Genre :
File Size : 78.72 MB
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Distributed algorithms have been the subject of intense development over the last twenty years. The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date introduction both to the topic, and to the theory behind the algorithms. The clear presentation makes the book suitable for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses, whilst the coverage is sufficiently deep to make it useful for practising engineers and researchers. The author concentrates on algorithms for the point-to-point message passing model, and includes algorithms for the implementation of computer communication networks. Other key areas discussed are algorithms for the control of distributed applications (wave, broadcast, election, termination detection, randomized algorithms for anonymous networks, snapshots, deadlock detection, synchronous systems), and fault-tolerance achievable by distributed algorithms. The two new chapters on sense of direction and failure detectors are state-of-the-art and will provide an entry to research in these still-developing topics.
Category:

Distributed Algorithms For Message Passing Systems

Author : Michel Raynal
ISBN : 9783642381232
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30.17 MB
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Distributed computing is at the heart of many applications. It arises as soon as one has to solve a problem in terms of entities -- such as processes, peers, processors, nodes, or agents -- that individually have only a partial knowledge of the many input parameters associated with the problem. In particular each entity cooperating towards the common goal cannot have an instantaneous knowledge of the current state of the other entities. Whereas parallel computing is mainly concerned with 'efficiency', and real-time computing is mainly concerned with 'on-time computing', distributed computing is mainly concerned with 'mastering uncertainty' created by issues such as the multiplicity of control flows, asynchronous communication, unstable behaviors, mobility, and dynamicity. While some distributed algorithms consist of a few lines only, their behavior can be difficult to understand and their properties hard to state and prove. The aim of this book is to present in a comprehensive way the basic notions, concepts, and algorithms of distributed computing when the distributed entities cooperate by sending and receiving messages on top of an asynchronous network. The book is composed of seventeen chapters structured into six parts: distributed graph algorithms, in particular what makes them different from sequential or parallel algorithms; logical time and global states, the core of the book; mutual exclusion and resource allocation; high-level communication abstractions; distributed detection of properties; and distributed shared memory. The author establishes clear objectives per chapter and the content is supported throughout with illustrative examples, summaries, exercises, and annotated bibliographies. This book constitutes an introduction to distributed computing and is suitable for advanced undergraduate students or graduate students in computer science and computer engineering, graduate students in mathematics interested in distributed computing, and practitioners and engineers involved in the design and implementation of distributed applications. The reader should have a basic knowledge of algorithms and operating systems.
Category: Computers

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Nancy A. Lynch
ISBN : 0080504701
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.36 MB
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In Distributed Algorithms, Nancy Lynch provides a blueprint for designing, implementing, and analyzing distributed algorithms. She directs her book at a wide audience, including students, programmers, system designers, and researchers. Distributed Algorithms contains the most significant algorithms and impossibility results in the area, all in a simple automata-theoretic setting. The algorithms are proved correct, and their complexity is analyzed according to precisely defined complexity measures. The problems covered include resource allocation, communication, consensus among distributed processes, data consistency, deadlock detection, leader election, global snapshots, and many others. The material is organized according to the system model—first by the timing model and then by the interprocess communication mechanism. The material on system models is isolated in separate chapters for easy reference. The presentation is completely rigorous, yet is intuitive enough for immediate comprehension. This book familiarizes readers with important problems, algorithms, and impossibility results in the area: readers can then recognize the problems when they arise in practice, apply the algorithms to solve them, and use the impossibility results to determine whether problems are unsolvable. The book also provides readers with the basic mathematical tools for designing new algorithms and proving new impossibility results. In addition, it teaches readers how to reason carefully about distributed algorithms—to model them formally, devise precise specifications for their required behavior, prove their correctness, and evaluate their performance with realistic measures.
Category: Computers

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Fourré Sigs
ISBN : 1795464429
Genre :
File Size : 60.54 MB
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AN ELABORATE YET BEGINNER-FRIENDLY GUIDE TO DISTRIBUTED ALGORITHMS Distributed Algorithms, a non-trivial and highly evolving field of active research, is often presented in most publications using a heavy accompaniment of mathematical techniques and notations. Aimed squarely at beginners as well as experienced practitioners, this book attempts to demystify and explicate the subject of distributed algorithms using a highly expansive and verbose style of treatment. Covering scores of landmark algorithms in the field of distributed computing, the approach is to present and analyse each topic using a minimum of mathematical exposition, reverting instead to a fluid style of description in plain English. A mathematical presentation is avoided altogether whenever such a move does not reduce the quality of the analysis at hand. Elsewhere, the effort always is to talk and guide the reader through the relevant math without resorting to a series of equations. To backup such a style of treatment, each topic is accompanied by a multitude of examples, flowcharts, and diagrams. The book is divided into three parts; the first part deals with fundamentals, the second and largest of the three is all about algorithms specific to message passing networks, while the last one focuses on shared memory algorithms. The beginning of the book dedicates a few chapters to the basics - including a quick orientation on the underlying platform, i.e. distributed systems, their characteristics, advantages, challenges, and so on. Some of the earlier chapters also address basic algorithms and techniques relevant to distributed computing environments before moving on to progressively complex algorithms and results - en route to the later chapters in the second part which deal with widely used 'industrial-strength' protocols such as Paxos and Raft. The third part of the book does assume a basic orientation towards computer programming, and presents numerous shared memory algorithms where each one is accompanied by a detailed description, analysis, pseudo code, and in some cases, code (C or C++). Whenever actual code is used, the syntax is kept as basic as possible - incorporating only elementary features of the language - so that newbie programmers can follow the presentation smoothly. Lastly, the target audience of the book is wide enough to cover beginners such as students or graduates joining the industry, experienced professionals wishing to migrate from monolithic frameworks to distributed ones, as well as readers with years of experience on the subject of distributed computing. The style of presentation is selected with the first two classes of readers in mind: those who wish to quickly ramp up on the subject of distributed algorithms for professional reasons or personal ones. While staying true to the stated aim, the book does not shy away from dealing with complex topics. A concise list of content information follows: Introduction to distributed systems Properties of distributed data stores and Brewer's theorem Building blocks: unicast, broadcast, algorithms in cubes Leader election algorithms: for ring/generic networks Consensus algorithms: synchronous/asynchronous variants for message passing and shared memory systems Distributed commits, Paxos, Raft Graph algorithms Routing algorithms Time and order Mutual exclusion: for message passing networks Debug algorithms: snapshot, deadlock/termination detection Shared memory: practical problems, mutual exclusion, consensus, resource allocation About the author Fourré Sigs is an industry veteran with over 25 years of experience in systems programming, networking, and highly scalable and secure distributed service architectures.
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Parallel And Distributed Computing Architectures And Algorithms

Author : BASU, S. K.
ISBN : 9788120352124
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.41 MB
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This concise text is designed to present the recent advances in parallel and distributed architectures and algorithms within an integrated framework. Beginning with an introduction to the basic concepts, the book goes on discussing the basic methods of parallelism exploitation in computation through vector processing, super scalar and VLIW processing, array processing, associative processing, systolic algorithms, and dataflow computation. After introducing interconnection networks, it discusses parallel algorithms for sorting, Fourier transform, matrix algebra, and graph theory. The second part focuses on basics and selected theoretical issues of distributed processing. Architectures and algorithms have been dealt in an integrated way throughout the book. The last chapter focuses on the different paradigms and issues of high performance computing making the reading more interesting. This book is meant for the senior level undergraduate and postgraduate students of computer science and engineering, and information technology. The book is also useful for the postgraduate students of computer science and computer application.
Category: Computers

Distributed Control Of Robotic Networks

Author : Francesco Bullo
ISBN : 9781400831470
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.12 MB
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This self-contained introduction to the distributed control of robotic networks offers a distinctive blend of computer science and control theory. The book presents a broad set of tools for understanding coordination algorithms, determining their correctness, and assessing their complexity; and it analyzes various cooperative strategies for tasks such as consensus, rendezvous, connectivity maintenance, deployment, and boundary estimation. The unifying theme is a formal model for robotic networks that explicitly incorporates their communication, sensing, control, and processing capabilities--a model that in turn leads to a common formal language to describe and analyze coordination algorithms. Written for first- and second-year graduate students in control and robotics, the book will also be useful to researchers in control theory, robotics, distributed algorithms, and automata theory. The book provides explanations of the basic concepts and main results, as well as numerous examples and exercises. Self-contained exposition of graph-theoretic concepts, distributed algorithms, and complexity measures for processor networks with fixed interconnection topology and for robotic networks with position-dependent interconnection topology Detailed treatment of averaging and consensus algorithms interpreted as linear iterations on synchronous networks Introduction of geometric notions such as partitions, proximity graphs, and multicenter functions Detailed treatment of motion coordination algorithms for deployment, rendezvous, connectivity maintenance, and boundary estimation
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distributed Computing

Author : Ajay D. Kshemkalyani
ISBN : 1139470310
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.61 MB
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Designing distributed computing systems is a complex process requiring a solid understanding of the design problems and the theoretical and practical aspects of their solutions. This comprehensive textbook covers the fundamental principles and models underlying the theory, algorithms and systems aspects of distributed computing. Broad and detailed coverage of the theory is balanced with practical systems-related issues such as mutual exclusion, deadlock detection, authentication, and failure recovery. Algorithms are carefully selected, lucidly presented, and described without complex proofs. Simple explanations and illustrations are used to elucidate the algorithms. Important emerging topics such as peer-to-peer networks and network security are also considered. With vital algorithms, numerous illustrations, examples and homework problems, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of electrical and computer engineering and computer science. Practitioners in data networking and sensor networks will also find this a valuable resource. Additional resources are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521876346.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distributed Graph Algorithms For Computer Networks

Author : Kayhan Erciyes
ISBN : 9781447151739
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.99 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive review of key distributed graph algorithms for computer network applications, with a particular emphasis on practical implementation. Topics and features: introduces a range of fundamental graph algorithms, covering spanning trees, graph traversal algorithms, routing algorithms, and self-stabilization; reviews graph-theoretical distributed approximation algorithms with applications in ad hoc wireless networks; describes in detail the implementation of each algorithm, with extensive use of supporting examples, and discusses their concrete network applications; examines key graph-theoretical algorithm concepts, such as dominating sets, and parameters for mobility and energy levels of nodes in wireless ad hoc networks, and provides a contemporary survey of each topic; presents a simple simulator, developed to run distributed algorithms; provides practical exercises at the end of each chapter.
Category: Computers

Introduction To Reliable And Secure Distributed Programming

Author : Christian Cachin
ISBN : 3642152600
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.44 MB
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In modern computing a program is usually distributed among several processes. The fundamental challenge when developing reliable and secure distributed programs is to support the cooperation of processes required to execute a common task, even when some of these processes fail. Failures may range from crashes to adversarial attacks by malicious processes. Cachin, Guerraoui, and Rodrigues present an introductory description of fundamental distributed programming abstractions together with algorithms to implement them in distributed systems, where processes are subject to crashes and malicious attacks. The authors follow an incremental approach by first introducing basic abstractions in simple distributed environments, before moving to more sophisticated abstractions and more challenging environments. Each core chapter is devoted to one topic, covering reliable broadcast, shared memory, consensus, and extensions of consensus. For every topic, many exercises and their solutions enhance the understanding This book represents the second edition of "Introduction to Reliable Distributed Programming". Its scope has been extended to include security against malicious actions by non-cooperating processes. This important domain has become widely known under the name "Byzantine fault-tolerance".
Category: Computers

Algorithms

Author : Kenneth A. Berman
ISBN : UVA:X004860399
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79.65 MB
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Provides in-depth coverage of traditional and current topics in sequential algorithms, and also gives a solid introduction to the theory of parallel and distributed algorithms reflecting the emergence of modern computing environments such as parallel computers, the Internet, cluster and grid computing.
Category: Computers

Elements Of Distributed Computing

Author : Vijay K. Garg
ISBN : 0471036005
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.76 MB
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A lucid and up-to-date introduction to the fundamentals of distributed computing systems As distributed systems become increasingly available, the need for a fundamental discussion of the subject has grown. Designed for first-year graduate students and advanced undergraduates as well as practicing computer engineers seeking a solid grounding in the subject, this well-organized text covers the fundamental concepts in distributed computing systems such as time, state, simultaneity, order, knowledge, failure, and agreement in distributed systems. Departing from the focus on shared memory and synchronous systems commonly taken by other texts, this is the first useful reference based on an asynchronous model of distributed computing, the most widely used in academia and industry. The emphasis of the book is on developing general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems. Its examples-clocks, locks, cameras, sensors, controllers, slicers, and synchronizers-have been carefully chosen so that they are fundamental and yet useful in practical contexts. The text's advantages include: Emphasizes general mechanisms that can be applied to a variety of problems Uses a simple induction-based technique to prove correctness of all algorithms Includes a variety of exercises at the end of each chapter Contains material that has been extensively class tested Gives instructor flexibility in choosing appropriate balance between practice and theory of distributed computing
Category: Computers

Distributed Shared Memory

Author : Jelica Protic
ISBN : 0818677376
Genre : Computers
File Size : 25.94 MB
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The papers present in this text survey both distributed shared memory (DSM) efforts and commercial DSM systems. The book discusses relevant issues that make the concept of DSM one of the most attractive approaches for building large-scale, high-performance multiprocessor systems. The authors provide a general introduction to the DSM field as well as a broad survey of the basic DSM concepts, mechanisms, design issues, and systems. The book concentrates on basic DSM algorithms, their enhancements, and their performance evaluation. In addition, it details implementations that employ DSM solutions at the software and the hardware level. This guide is a research and development reference that provides state-of-the art information that will be useful to architects, designers, and programmers of DSM systems.
Category: Computers

Concurrent Programming Algorithms Principles And Foundations

Author : Michel Raynal
ISBN : 9783642320279
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47.26 MB
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This book is devoted to the most difficult part of concurrent programming, namely synchronization concepts, techniques and principles when the cooperating entities are asynchronous, communicate through a shared memory, and may experience failures. Synchronization is no longer a set of tricks but, due to research results in recent decades, it relies today on sane scientific foundations as explained in this book. In this book the author explains synchronization and the implementation of concurrent objects, presenting in a uniform and comprehensive way the major theoretical and practical results of the past 30 years. Among the key features of the book are a new look at lock-based synchronization (mutual exclusion, semaphores, monitors, path expressions); an introduction to the atomicity consistency criterion and its properties and a specific chapter on transactional memory; an introduction to mutex-freedom and associated progress conditions such as obstruction-freedom and wait-freedom; a presentation of Lamport's hierarchy of safe, regular and atomic registers and associated wait-free constructions; a description of numerous wait-free constructions of concurrent objects (queues, stacks, weak counters, snapshot objects, renaming objects, etc.); a presentation of the computability power of concurrent objects including the notions of universal construction, consensus number and the associated Herlihy's hierarchy; and a survey of failure detector-based constructions of consensus objects. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students in computer science or computer engineering, graduate students in mathematics interested in the foundations of process synchronization, and practitioners and engineers who need to produce correct concurrent software. The reader should have a basic knowledge of algorithms and operating systems.
Category: Computers

Distributed Algorithms And Protocols

Author : Michel Raynal
ISBN : UOM:39015013050466
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63.24 MB
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The use of distributed algorithms offers the prospect of great advances in computing speed. This book provides a clear, practical, and up-to-date guide to distributed algorithms and protocols in the area of control. Much of the material has been heretofore unavailable in English. Each chapter considers a specific aspect of control, with an analysis of the problem, a description of the algorithm for solving it, and proofs of correctness. Chapters can be studied independently to find solutions to particular problems.
Category: Computers

Guide To Graph Algorithms

Author : K Erciyes
ISBN : 9783319732350
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50.34 MB
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This clearly structured textbook/reference presents a detailed and comprehensive review of the fundamental principles of sequential graph algorithms, approaches for NP-hard graph problems, and approximation algorithms and heuristics for such problems. The work also provides a comparative analysis of sequential, parallel and distributed graph algorithms – including algorithms for big data – and an investigation into the conversion principles between the three algorithmic methods. Topics and features: presents a comprehensive analysis of sequential graph algorithms; offers a unifying view by examining the same graph problem from each of the three paradigms of sequential, parallel and distributed algorithms; describes methods for the conversion between sequential, parallel and distributed graph algorithms; surveys methods for the analysis of large graphs and complex network applications; includes full implementation details for the problems presented throughout the text; provides additional supporting material at an accompanying website. This practical guide to the design and analysis of graph algorithms is ideal for advanced and graduate students of computer science, electrical and electronic engineering, and bioinformatics. The material covered will also be of value to any researcher familiar with the basics of discrete mathematics, graph theory and algorithms.
Category: Computers

Distributed Algorithms

Author : Sam Toueg
ISBN : UCSC:32106010505649
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60.19 MB
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Category: Computers