Infinitely Demanding

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Infinitely Demanding

Author : Simon Critchley
ISBN : 9781781680179
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 47.68 MB
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A new political ethics that confronts the injustices of liberal democracy.
Category: Philosophy

Difficult Atheism

Author : Christopher Watkin
ISBN : 9780748677276
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.62 MB
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Drawing primarily on the work of Alain Badiou and Jean-Luc Nancy, plus Quentin Meillassoux and Slavoj Zizek, Watkin explores the theme of atheism through the ideas of the death of God and nihilism in contemporary French philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Opera And The Political Imaginary In Old Regime France

Author : Olivia Bloechl
ISBN : 9780226522753
Genre : History
File Size : 59.46 MB
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From its beginnings in the 1670s through the eve of the Revolution, French serious opera (tragedie en musique, or lyric tragedy) was closely associated with absolutist monarchical power and with the representation of that power on the operatic stage. Real-life monarchs, legendary rulers and gods, images of sovereign glory abound in operas from Lully to Rameau and Gluck. Spectacle and allegory were at the core of this repertory: from the visual splendor of sumptuous costumes and decors, including the use of elaborate stage machines, to the presence of extensive choral and choreographic sequences. And yet, this book argues that there was more to pre-revolutionary French serious operas than a contemplation of absolute rule and sovereignity. The operas also presented a more complex and aspirational 'political imaginary', shared by composers and audiences, which included themes of justice, freedom, the public good, the rule of law, and available modes of participation in public life. They did so primarily by staging recurring scenes of mourning, confession, punishment, and judicial pardon. As the author guides us through the musical and dramatic handling of these scenes by composers from Lully to Gluck, we are able to detect glimpses of the collective political experience and aspirations of French society during the long decades of the ancien regime. The book is a study of political representation in serious French opera ('lyric tragedy') from the reign of Louis XIV through the decades prior to the Revolution. It offers a critical analysis of political themes--as seen pragmatically in staged political interactions--in the repertory spanning Lully's tragedies en musique of the 1670s and '80s through the resurgence of tragic opera with Gluck's works for Paris in the 1770s." The book's central aim is "to expand our understanding of the presence of the political in pre-Revolution French opera by going beyond its long-recognized absolutist orientation. If absolutism furnished the immediate political context and discursive framework for this quasi-official operatic form, it did not exhaust the period's political thought or its political cultural imaginary. Lyric tragedy engaged meaningfully with political ideas beyond absolutist sovereignty, including themes of justice, freedom, the public good, and the rule of law. The book argues that it did so most pervasively and compellingly not in its ideological prologues or its veiled allegories, but in dramatized political relations among its characters and choruses."
Category: History

The Limit Of Responsibility

Author : Esther D. Reed
ISBN : 9780567679352
Genre : Religion
File Size : 55.7 MB
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This volume frames the question of responsibility as a problem of agency in relation to the systems and structures of globalization. According to Ricoeur responsibility is a “shattered concept” when considered too narrowly as a problem of act, agency and individual freedom. To examine this Esther Reed develops a short genealogy of modern liberal and post-liberal concepts of responsibility in order to understand better the relationship dominant modern framings of the meanings of responsibility. Reed engages with writings by major modern (Schleiermacher, Hegel, Marx, Weber) and post-liberal (Buber, Levinas, Derrida, Badiou, Butler, Young, Critchley) theorists to illustrate the shift from an ethnic responsibility built on notions of accountability and attributions to an ethic responsibility that starts variously from the 'other'. Reed sees Dietrich Bonhoeffer as the most promising partner of this theological dialogue, as his learning of responsibility from the risen Christ present now in the (global) church is a welcome provocation to new thinking about the meaning of responsibility learned from land, distant neighbour, (global) church and the bible. Bonhoeffer's reflections on the centre, boundaries and limits of responsibility remain helpful to Christian people struggling with an increasingly exhausted concept of accountability.
Category: Religion

Worldly Ethics

Author : Ella Myers
ISBN : 9780822353997
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22.41 MB
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What is the spirit that animates collective action? What is the ethos of democracy? Worldly Ethics offers a powerful and original response to these questions, arguing that associative democratic politics, in which citizens join together and struggle to shape shared conditions, requires a world-centered ethos. This distinctive ethos, Ella Myers shows, involves care for "worldly things," which are the common and contentious objects of concern around which democratic actors mobilize. In articulating the meaning of worldly ethics, she reveals the limits of previous modes of ethics, including Michel Foucault's therapeutic model, based on a "care of the self," and Emmanuel Levinas's charitable model, based on care for the Other. Myers contends that these approaches occlude the worldly character of political life and are therefore unlikely to inspire and support collective democratic activity. The alternative ethics she proposes is informed by Hannah Arendt's notion of amor mundi, or love of the world, and it focuses on the ways democratic actors align around issues, goals, or things in the world, practicing collaborative care for them. Myers sees worldly ethics as a resource that can inspire and motivate ordinary citizens to participate in democratic politics, and the book highlights civic organizations that already embody its principles.
Category: Philosophy

Levinas Subjectivity Education

Author : Anna Strhan
ISBN : 9781118312377
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29.27 MB
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Levinas, Subjectivity, Education explores how thephilosophical writings of Emmanuel Levinas lead us to reassesseducation and reveals the possibilities of a radical newunderstanding of ethical and political responsibility. Presents an original theoretical interpretation of EmmanuelLevinas that outlines the political significance of his work forcontemporary debates on education Offers a clear analysis of Levinas’s centralphilosophical concepts, including the place of religion in hiswork, demonstrating their relevance for educational theorists Examines Alain Badiou’s critique of Levinas’swork Considers the practical implications of Levinas’ theoriesfor concrete educational practices and frameworks
Category: Philosophy

Levinas And The Cinema Of Redemption

Author : Sam B. Girgus
ISBN : 9780231519496
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 67.42 MB
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In his philosophy of ethics and time, Emmanuel Levinas highlighted the tension that exists between the "ontological adventure" of immediate experience and the "ethical adventure" of redemptive relationships-associations in which absolute responsibility engenders a transcendence of being and self. In an original commingling of philosophy and cinema study, Sam B. Girgus applies Levinas's ethics to a variety of international films. His efforts point to a transnational pattern he terms the "cinema of redemption" that portrays the struggle to connect to others in redeeming ways. Girgus not only reveals the power of these films to articulate the crisis between ontological identity and ethical subjectivity. He also locates time and ethics within the structure and content of film itself. Drawing on the work of Luce Irigaray, Tina Chanter, Kelly Oliver, and Ewa Ziarek, Girgus reconsiders Levinas and his relationship to film, engaging with a feminist focus on the sexualized female body. Girgus offers fresh readings of films from several decades and cultures, including Frank Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), Federico Fellini's La dolce vita (1959), Michelangelo Antonioni's L'avventura (1960), John Huston's The Misfits (1961), and Philip Kaufman's The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988).
Category: Performing Arts

Politics Of Religion Religions Of Politics

Author : Alistair Welchman
ISBN : 9789401794480
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.62 MB
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The liberal enlightenment as well as the more radical left have both traditionally opposed religion as a reactionary force in politics, a view culminating in an identification of the politics of religion as fundamentalist theocracy. But recently a number of thinkers—Agamben, Badiou, Tabues and in particular Simon Critchley—have begun to explore a more productive engagement of the religious and the political in which religion features as a possible or even necessary form of human emancipation. The papers in this collection, deriving from a workshop held on and with Simon Critchley at the University of Texas at San Antonio in February 2010, take up the ways in which religion’s encounter with politics transforms not only politics but also religion itself, molding it into various religions of politics, including not just heretical religious metaphysics, but also what Critchley describes as non-metaphysical religion, the faith of the faithless. Starting from Critchley’s own genealogy of Pauline faith, the articles in this collection explore and defend some of the religions of politics and their implications. Costica Bradatan teases out the implications of Critchley’s substitution of humor for tragedy as the vehicle for the minimal self-distancing required for any politics. Jill Stauffer compares Critchley’s non-metaphysical religiosity with Charles Taylor’s account of Christianity. Alistair Welchman unpacks the political theology of the border in terms of god’s timeless act of creation. Anne O’Byrne explores the subtle dialectic between mores and morality in Rousseau’s political ethics. Roland Champagne sees a kind non-metaphysical religion in Arendt’s category of the political pariah. Davide Panagia presents Critchley’s ethics of exposure as the basis for a non-metaphysical political bond. Philip Quadrio wonders about the political ramifications of Critchley’s own ‘mystical anarchism’ and Tina Chanter re-reads the primal site in the Western tradition at which the political and the religious intersect, the Antigone story, side-stepping philosophical interpretations of the story (dominated by Hegel’s reading) by means of a series of post-colonial re-imaginings of the play. The collection concludes with an interview with Simon Critchley taking up the themes of the workshop in the light of more recent political events: the Arab Spring and the rise and fall of the Occupy movement.
Category: Philosophy

Tolstoy

Author : Edward Crankshaw
ISBN : 9781448204779
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 42.68 MB
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Tolstoy was not always an old man-not always a bearded patriarch fixing the world with the eye of an angry ancient mariner. He started War and Peace when he was thirty five, and Anna Karenina was finished before he was fifty. By then he had fulfilled his genius and deployed all those elements of his titanic temperament which made him world famous. In a richly detailed and sympathetic book on the most creative years of Russia's greatest writer, Edward Crankshaw explores the world of Count Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy, the elements in it that contributed to his great art, and the nature of the creative processes involved. Accompanied by evocative illustrations of Tolstoy's life, Mr. Crankshaw's text presents a development of this extraordinary man-his idyllic country childhood and his painful schooling, the wild years of conscience-stricken dissipation, the sojourn among the Cossacks in the Caucasus, the army service in the Crimean War, his entry into Moscow and St. Petersburg literary circles, his fateful marriage. It is an absorbing account which helps us to a fuller understanding of Tolstoy's towering genius-and the limitations that went with it.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Impossible Objects

Author : Simon Critchley
ISBN : 9780745653211
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81.90 MB
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Impossible objects are those about which the philosopher, narrowly conceived, can hardly speak: poetry, film, music, humor. Such "objects" do not rely on philosophy for interpretation and understanding; they are already independent practices and sites of sensuous meaning production. As Elvis Costello has said, "writing about music is like dancing about architecture." We don't need literary theory in order to be riveted by the poem, nor a critic's analysis to enjoy a film. How then can philosophy speak about anything outside of itself, namely all of those things which actually matter to us in this world? In Impossible Objects, Simon Critchley - one of the most influential and insightful philosophers writing today - extends his philosophical investigation into non-philosophical territories, including discussions on tragedy, poetry, humor, and music. In a series of engaging and enlightening conversations, Critchley reflects on his early work on the ethics of deconstruction; the recurring themes of mortality and nihilism; his defense of neo-anarchism; and his recent investigation into secular faith, or "a faith of the faithless". Essential reading for artists, academics, and general readers alike, this book explores the relationship between the philosophical world and those complex and fascinating "impossible objects" which give life meaning.
Category: Philosophy

Adventures Of The Symbolic

Author : Warren Breckman
ISBN : 9780231512893
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.76 MB
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Marxism's collapse in the twentieth century profoundly altered the style and substance of Western European radical thought. To build a more robust form of democratic theory and action, prominent theorists moved to reject revolution, abandon class for more fragmented models of social action, and elevate the political over the social. Acknowledging the constructedness of society and politics, they chose the "symbolic" as a concept powerful enough to reinvent leftist thought outside a Marxist framework. Following Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Adventures of the Dialectic, which reassessed philosophical Marxism at mid century, Warren Breckman critically revisits these thrilling experiments in the aftermath of Marxism. The post-Marxist idea of the symbolic is dynamic and complex, uncannily echoing the early German Romantics, who first advanced a modern conception of symbolism and the symbolic. Hegel and Marx denounced the Romantics for their otherworldly and nebulous posture, yet post-Marxist thinkers appreciated the rich potential of the ambiguities and paradoxes the Romantics first recognized. Mapping different ideas of the symbolic among contemporary thinkers, Breckman traces a fascinating reflection of Romantic themes and resonances, and he explores in depth the effort to reconcile a radical and democratic political agenda with a politics that does not privilege materialist understandings of the social. Engaging with the work of Claude Lévi-Strauss, Cornelius Castoriadis, Claude Lefort, Marcel Gauchet, Ernesto Laclau, Chantal Mouffe, and Slavoj i ek, Breckman uniquely situates these important theorists within two hundred years of European thought and extends their profound relevance to today's political activism.
Category: Philosophy

A Guide To Research Ethics For Arts Therapists And Arts Health Practitioners

Author : Giorgos Tsiris
ISBN : 9780857007995
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27.81 MB
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This practical guide aims to inspire ethically-aware practitioners to become ethically-aware researchers, evaluators and participants. Conducting a research project, whatever the setting, requires not only knowledge of research methods but also an in-depth understanding of research ethics. Embedded in 'real life' experiences of research ethics applications, this guide navigates the reader through research ethics procedures, drawing from legislation and a range of research ethics committee regulations. Although the emphasis is on research, ethical considerations presented in this guide are equally relevant and applicable to other types of enquiry, including monitoring and evaluation projects. Whether leading a research project, being part of a research team or taking part as a research participant, this book is essential reading for all arts & health practitioners and arts therapists.
Category: Psychology

Samuel Beckett

Author : Laura Salisbury
ISBN : 9780748649709
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 83.80 MB
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Ranging widely over Beckett's fiction, drama and critical writings, the book demonstrates that it is through Beckett's comic timing that we can understand the double gesture of his art: the ethical obligation to represent the world how it is while, at the
Category: Literary Criticism

The Dark Side Of Prosperity

Author : Mark Horsley
ISBN : 9781472436597
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.73 MB
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This book offers a critical analysis of consumer credit markets and the growth of outstanding debt, presenting in-depth interview material to explore the phenomenon of mass indebtedness through the life trajectories of self-identified debtors struggling with the pressures of owing money. A rich and original qualitative study of the close relationship between financial capitalism, consumer aspirations, social exclusion and the proliferation of personal indebtedness, The Dark Side of Prosperity examines questions of social identity, subjectivity and consumer motivation in close connection with the socio-cultural ideals of an ‘enjoyment society’ that binds the value of the lives of individuals to the endless acquisition and disposal of pecuniary resources and lifestyle symbols. Critically engaging with the work of Giddens, Beck and Bauman, this volume draws on the thought of contemporary philosophers including Žižek, Badiou and Rancière to consider the possibility that the expansion of outstanding consumer credit, despite its many consequences, may be integral to the construction of social identity in a radically indeterminate and increasingly divided society. A ground-breaking work of critical social research this book will appeal to scholars of social theory, contemporary philosophy and political and economic sociology, as well as those with interests in consumer credit and cultures of indebtedness.
Category: Social Science

Persistence Of The Negative

Author : Benjamin Noys
ISBN : 9780748655205
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 59.27 MB
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An original and compelling critique of contemporary Continental theory through a rehabilitation of the negative.
Category: Philosophy

Radical Cosmopolitics

Author : James D. Ingram
ISBN : 9780231536417
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21.84 MB
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While supporting the cosmopolitan pursuit of a world that respects all rights and interests, James D. Ingram believes political theorists have, in their approach to this project, compromised its egalitarian and emancipatory principles. Focusing on recent debates without losing sight of cosmopolitanism's ancient and Enlightenment roots, Ingram confronts the philosophical difficulties of defending universal ideals and the implications for ethics and political theory. In morality as in politics, theorists have generally focused first on discovering universal values and second on their implementation. Ingram argues that only by prioritizing the development and articulation of universal values through political action in the fight for freedom and equality can theorists do justice to these efforts and cosmopolitanism's universal vocation. Only by proceeding from the local to the global, from the bottom up rather than from the top down, on the basis of political practice rather than moral ideals, can we salvage moral and political universalism. In this book, Ingram provides the clearest, most systematic account yet of this schematic reversal and its radical possibilities.
Category: Political Science

Politics Of Postanarchism

Author : Saul Newman
ISBN : 9780748654161
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.53 MB
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Articulates the intersection of anarchism and poststructuralism in order to frame a new approach to politics: 'postanarchism'.
Category: Political Science

Reading Theories In Contemporary Fiction

Author : Lisa McNally
ISBN : 9781441190260
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 59.92 MB
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Even after the upheavals wrought by Theory, literary criticism has generally ignored the act and experience of reading itself, proceeding as though something so fundamental to our experience of texts could be taken for granted. Reading Theories in Contemporary Fiction draws on deconstruction and the thought of Jacques Derrida to explore the ways in which contemporary fiction engages with reading, its power, the elusive nature of its experience and the failures of understanding inherent in it. Along the way, the book proceeds through close readings of such authors as J.M. Coetzee, David Mitchell, Toni Morrison and Philip Roth.
Category: Literary Criticism

Saratoga

Author : Richard M. Ketchum
ISBN : 9781466879522
Genre : History
File Size : 84.11 MB
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In the summer of 1777 (twelve months after the Declaration of Indepence) the British launched an invasion from Canada under General John Burgoyne. It was the campaign that was supposed to the rebellion, but it resulted in a series of battles that changed America's history and that of the world. Stirring narrative history, skillfully told through the perspective of those who fought in the campaign, Saratoga brings to life as never before the inspiring story of Americans who did their utmost in what seemed a lost cause, achieving what proved to be the crucial victory of the Revolution. A New York Times Notable Book, 1997 Winner of the Fraunces Tavern Museum Award, 1997
Category: History