Infancy And Earliest Childhood In The Roman World

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Infancy And Earliest Childhood In The Roman World

Author : Maureen Carroll
ISBN : 9780199687633
Genre : History
File Size : 38.38 MB
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Despite the developing emphasis in current scholarship on children in Roman culture, there has been relatively little research to date on the role and significance of the youngest children within the family and in society. This volume singles out this youngest age group, the under one-year-olds, in the first comprehensive study of infancy and earliest childhood to encompass the Roman Empire as a whole: integrating social and cultural history with archaeological evidence, funerary remains, material culture, and the iconography of infancy, it explores how the very particular historical circumstances into which Roman children were born affected their lives as well as prevailing attitudes towards them. Examination of these varied strands of evidence, drawn from throughout the Roman world from the fourth century BC to the third century AD, allows the rhetoric about earliest childhood in Roman texts to be more broadly contextualized and reveals the socio-cultural developments that took place in parent-child relationships over this period. Presenting a fresh perspective on archaeological and historical debates, the volume refutes the notion that high infant mortality conditioned Roman parents not to engage in the early life of their children or to view them, or their deaths, with indifference, and concludes that even within the first weeks and months of life Roman children were invested with social and gendered identities and were perceived as having both personhood and value within society.
Category: History

Jephthah S Daughter Sarah S Son

Author : Maria E. Doerfler
ISBN : 9780520304154
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30.87 MB
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Late antiquity was a perilous time for children, who were often the first victims of economic crisis, war, and disease. They had a one in three chance of dying before their first birthday, with as many as half dying before age ten. Christian writers accordingly sought to speak to the experience of bereavement and to provide cultural scripts for parents who had lost a child. These late ancient writers turned to characters like Eve and Sarah, Job and Jephthah as models for grieving and for confronting or submitting to the divine. Jephthah's Daughter, Sarah’s Son traces the stories these writers crafted and the ways in which they shaped the lived experience of familial bereavement in ancient Christianity. A compelling social history that conveys the emotional lives of people in the late ancient world, Jephthah's Daughter, Sarah's Son is a powerful portrait of mourning that extends beyond antiquity to the present day.
Category: Religion

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology Of Childhood

Author : Sally Crawford
ISBN : 9780191649714
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31.14 MB
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Real understanding of past societies is not possible without including children, and yet they have been strangely invisible in the archaeological record. Compelling explanation about past societies cannot be achieved without including and investigating children and childhood. However marginal the traces of children's bodies and bricolage may seem compared to adults, archaeological evidence of children and childhood can be found in the most astonishing places and spaces. The archaeology of childhood is one of the most exciting and challenging areas for new discovery about past societies. Children are part of every human society, but childhood is a cultural construct. Each society develops its own idea about what a childhood should be, what children can or should do, and how they are trained to take their place in the world. Children also play a part in creating the archaeological record itself. In this volume, experts from around the world ask questions about childhood - thresholds of age and growth, childhood in the material culture, the death of children, and the intersection of the childhood and the social, economic, religious, and political worlds of societies in the past.
Category: Social Science

Children In The Roman Empire

Author : Christian Laes
ISBN : 9780521897464
Genre : History
File Size : 47.66 MB
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Illuminates the lives of the 'forgotten' children of ancient Rome and draws parallels and contrasts with contemporary society.
Category: History

The Roman Empire

Author : Peter Garnsey
ISBN : 9781472534903
Genre : History
File Size : 81.60 MB
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During the Principate (roughly from 27 BC to AD 235), when the empire reached its maximum extent, Roman society and culture were radically transformed. But how was the vast territory of the empire controlled? Did the demands of central government stimulate economic growth or endanger survival? What forces of cohesion operated to balance the social and economic inequalities and high mortality rates? How did the official religion react in the face of the diffusion of alien cults and the emergence of Christianity? These are some of the many questions posed here, in an expanded edition of the original, pathbreaking account of the society, economy and culture of the Roman empire. As an integrated study of the life and outlook of the ordinary inhabitants of the Roman world, it deepens our understanding of the underlying factors in this important formative period of world history. Additions to the second edition include an introductory chapter which sets the scene and explores the consequences for government and the governing classes of the replacement of the Republic by the rule of emperors. A second extra chapter assesses how far Rome's subjects resisted her hegemony. Addenda to the chapters throughout offer up-to-date bibliography and point to new evidence and approaches which have enlivened Roman history in recent decades.
Category: History

A Companion To Families In The Greek And Roman Worlds

Author : Beryl Rawson
ISBN : 1444390759
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 71.37 MB
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A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds draws from both established and current scholarship to offer a broad overview of the field, engage in contemporary debates, and pose stimulating questions about future development in the study of families. Provides up-to-date research on family structure from archaeology, art, social, cultural, and economic history Includes contributions from established and rising international scholars Features illustrations of families, children, slaves, and ritual life, along with maps and diagrams of sites and dwellings Honorable Mention for 2011 Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences PROSE award granted by the Association of American Publishers
Category: Literary Criticism

Kids And Kingdom

Author : James Murphy
ISBN : 9781621898726
Genre : Religion
File Size : 68.53 MB
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Kids and Kingdom challenges the traditional view that Jesus was deeply concerned over children. Instead, it is argued that despite the Synoptic authors' attempts to convince us that children are fully included in the kingdom of God--that Jesus loves the little children--their presentations fail to conceal images of household disruption and alienation of children brought about by Jesus' eschatological movement. After establishing what Greco-Roman and Jewish sources reveal about children by the end of the first century, a deconstructive literary approach is applied to the Synoptic Gospels, foregrounding children over other characters in relation to Jesus' adult ministry. Murphy scrutinizes prominent healing narratives involving children, and teachings involving children such as The Child in the Midst (Mark 9:36-37 and parallels), One of These Little Ones (Mark 9:42 and parallels), and Let the Young Children Come to Me (Mark 10:13-16 and parallels). These are examined against sayings of Jesus relativizing family ties and the lifestyle indicative of the radical call to discipleship in the Synoptic narratives. Fundamentally, this study does not seek to resolve but to highlight the tensions in the Synoptic Gospels between attempts at child inclusivity and the radical demands of discipleship.
Category: Religion

Fanaroff And Martin S Neonatal Perinatal Medicine E Book

Author : Richard J. Martin
ISBN : 9780323081115
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63.34 MB
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Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine covers everything you need to improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh, along with a multi-disciplinary team of contributors guide you through the sweeping developments in diagnosis and treatment of the mother fetus, and neonate. The completely updated 9th edition keeps you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. See nuances and details in over 800 illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Find the information you need easily with indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns thanks to completely new section on this topic. Tackle the health problems associated with preterm births through a new chapter on The Late Preterm Infant. Understand the fetal origins of adult disease through a new chapter that focuses on conditions that originate in the womb. Stay current on the developments and research surrounding neonatal anemia from the entirely new chapter on Blood and Hematopoietic System highlights. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices from an increased number of international contributions in this edition.
Category: Medical

The Sovereignty Of God In Salvation

Author : E. Earle Ellis
ISBN : 9780567606648
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80.61 MB
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In his new work The Sovereignty of God in Salvation E. Earle Ellis sets out to explore God's sovereign purpose both in individual salvation and in the salvation history within which the Bible has been authored, transmitted, interpreted and communicated. In the process he touches on such themes as the nature of free will; the manifestation God's sovereignty in the life and ministry of the Apostle Paul; the presence of God's hand in the transmission and interpretation of the biblical texts; and new perspectives on both the modern inclination to emphasise Paul's use of Graeco-Roman rhetoric as well as the contemporary reception of the biblical message. The sovereignty of God forms an overarching theme throughout.
Category: Religion

Encyclopedia Of Children And Childhood

Author : Paula S. Fass
ISBN : UOM:49015002947597
Genre : Children
File Size : 56.96 MB
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This volume, covering entries A-E, examines the social and cultural history of childhood through articles on education, parenting, child labor, economics, children's literature, play, toys and games, health, physiology, law, the criminal justice system, and social welfare.
Category: Children

Constructions Of Childhood In Ancient Greece And Italy

Author : Ada Cohen
ISBN : 9780876615416
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 32.65 MB
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This volume contains 20 papers that explore ancient notions and experiences of childhood around the Mediterranean, from prehistory to late antiquity.
Category: Architecture

The Spiritual Condition Of Infants

Author : Adam Harwood
ISBN : 9781621892984
Genre : Religion
File Size : 23.48 MB
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What is the spiritual condition of infants? According to the Augustinian-Calvinist view, all people inherit from the first Adam both a sinful nature and his guilt. The result is that all infants are subject to the judgment of God against their nature before they knowingly commit any sinful actions. But is this the clear teaching of Scripture? In The Spiritual Condition of Infants, Adam Harwood examines ten relevant biblical texts and the writings of sixteen theologians in order to clarify the spiritual condition of infants. Although no passage explicitly states the spiritual condition of infants, each text makes contributions by addressing the doctrines of man, sin, the church, and salvation. If this biblical-historical analysis exposes the traditional Augustinian-Calvinist view to be inadequate, then is it possible to construct an alternate view of the spiritual condition of infants? Such a view should remain faithful to the biblical emphasis on humankind's connection to Adam and his sin but also recognize the guilt and condemnation of an individual only in the manner and time that God does in Scripture. That is the aim of this book.
Category: Religion

Let The Little Children Come To Me

Author : Cornelia B. Horn
ISBN : 9780813216744
Genre : Religion
File Size : 41.51 MB
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Focuses on how Christianity changed the lives of children in the ancient world. This book explores the hidden lives of children at the origins of Christianity. It draws on insights gained from comparisons of children's experiences in ancient Judaism and the Graeco-Roman world.
Category: Religion

Children Childhood And Society

Author : Sally Elizabeth Ellen Crawford
ISBN : UOM:39015070949105
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29.84 MB
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This interdisciplinary volume gathers together papers on the history and archaeology of childhood with a wide geographical and chronological remit.
Category: Social Science

Christianity In The Later Roman Empire A Sourcebook

Author : David M. Gwynn
ISBN : 9781441137357
Genre : Religion
File Size : 69.61 MB
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This sourcebook gathers into a single collection the writings that illuminate one of the most fundamental periods in the history of Christian Europe. Beginning from the Great Persecution of Diocletian and the conversion of Constantine the first Christian Roman emperor, the volume explores Christianity's rise as the dominant religion of the Later Roman empire and how the Church survived the decline and fall of Roman power in the west and converted the Germanic tribes who swept into the western empire. These years of crisis and transformation inspired generations of great writers, among them Eusebius of Caesarea, Ammianus Marcellinus, Julian 'the Apostate', Ambrose of Milan, John Chrysostom, Jerome and Augustine of Hippo. They were also years which saw Christianity face huge challenges on many crucial questions, from the evolution of Christian doctrine and the rise of asceticism to the place of women in the early Church and the emerging relationship between Church and state. All these themes will be made accessible to specialists and general readers alike, and the sourcebook will be invaluable for students and teachers of courses in history and church history, the world of late antiquity, and religious studies.
Category: Religion

The Ecology Of The Ancient Greek World

Author : Research Fellow in Biomolecular Sciences Robert Sallares
ISBN : 0801426154
Genre : History
File Size : 46.31 MB
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A pioneering study in historical population biology, this book offers the first comprehensive ecological history of the ancient Greek world. It proposes a new model for treating the relationship between the population and the land, centering on the distribution and abundance of living organisms.
Category: History