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Inclusive Humanism

Author : Christoph Antweiler
ISBN : 9783847100225
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.11 MB
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The diversity of interconnected cultures on a bounded planet requires more shared orientations. The humanities and politics have to face fundamental questions. What does a humanism look like that does not move too rapidly to universalize the views and historical experiences of the European or American world? How can we conceive of globality as a new entity without playing unity and diversity off against one another? Does a world culture that is becoming ever closely related in fact need common values or only rules of human exchange? How can we succeed at civilizing an ever-present ethnocentrism? How do we keep the terms "culture" and "humanity" from being misused as weapons in identity wars? Any realistic cosmopolitanism must proceed from an understanding of humankind as one entity without requiring us to re-design cultures to fit on with some sort of global template. Answers can be gained by deploying shared characteristics of humans as well as pan-cultural commonalities. This book offers an anthropologically informed foundation for addressing pertinent questions of intercultural exchange.
Category: Social Science

Personhood Beyond Humanism

Author : Tomasz Pietrzykowski
ISBN : 9783319788814
Genre : Law
File Size : 25.86 MB
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This book explores the legal conception of personhood in the context of contemporary challenges, such as the status of non-human animals, human-animal biological mixtures, cyborgisation of the human body, or developing technologies based on artificial autonomic agents. It reveals the humanistic assumptions underlying the legal approach to personhood and examines the extent to which they are undermined by current and imminent scientific and technological advances. Further, the book outlines an original conception of non-personal subjecthood so as to provide adequate normative solutions for the problematic status of sentient animals and other kinds of entities. Arguably, non-personal subjects of law should be regarded as holding one right, and only one right - the right to be taken into account.
Category: Law

The Confucian Philosophy Of Harmony

Author : Chenyang Li
ISBN : 9781134600410
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.93 MB
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Harmony is a concept essential to Confucianism and to the way of life of past and present people in East Asia. Integrating methods of textual exegesis, historical investigation, comparative analysis, and philosophical argumentation, this book presents a comprehensive treatment of the Confucian philosophy of harmony. The book traces the roots of the concept to antiquity, examines its subsequent development, and explicates its theoretical and practical significance for the contemporary world. It argues that, contrary to a common view in the West, Confucian harmony is not mere agreement but has to be achieved and maintained with creative tension. Under the influence of a Weberian reading of Confucianism as "adjustment" to a world with an underlying fixed cosmic order, Confucian harmony has been systematically misinterpreted in the West as presupposing an invariable grand scheme of things that pre-exists in the world to which humanity has to conform. The book shows that Confucian harmony is a dynamic, generative process, which seeks to balance and reconcile differences and conflicts through creativity. Illuminating one of the most important concepts in Chinese philosophy and intellectual history, this book is of interest to students of Chinese studies, history and philosophy in general and eastern philosophy in particular.
Category: Philosophy

Humanism The Untold Tale

Author : Chirag Patel
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 25.11 MB
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Humanism has a history and tradition as long and complex as any major religion, and older than most religions. It has traced a conceptual path around Eurasia, holding onto remnants of each place. Secular humanism has hidden much of this history from us. In insisting that humanism is a science-based, post-enlightenment European project, it has left us without the core spiritual and social components that humanism's rich history has left us. This book aims to redress the balance by exploring Humanism's path from China, through India, the Middle East, northern Africa and finally Europe. Humanism has a history and tradition as long and complex as any major religion, and older than most religions. It has traced a conceptual path around Eurasia, holding onto remnants of each place. This book aims to redress the balance by exploring Humanism's path from China, through India, the Middle East, northern Africa and finally Europe. From the preface: By the time family friend of Rishabh persuaded to look seriously at Buddhism, I realised that the problem was in a misconception of religion. Buddhism wasn’t a religion at all. It was the bits of religion that greased the wheels of people’s lives, without the gods and rules. Buddhism is one of the first real humanist philosophies, but it was excluded from all discussion of humanism in the popular realm. It was about seeing the divine in the world, just like the Christian Gnostics (but very unlike any church). When I realised this, a lot of things fell into place. Reading around, I found a wide range of practices and behaviours that originated somewhere in humanism’s journey around the globe, but which were either ignored or redefined within humanist discourse. I found that Confucianism shares a lot more with Debrett's Etiquette and Modern Manners than it does to the Bible. Taoism doesn’t have any rituals or deities, but is basically an attitude. Even within Islam, the Sufis and Ulema were scholars of the human condition, not arbiters of divine law. Humanism was suddenly everywhere. From the Islamic legal code that was the source of all modern law, to the motivating Confucian virtue of ren, from Buddhism’s insistence that all life must be respected to the north African and Spanish mathematical and philosophical scholars who kick started the renaissance, we found a story that far transcended the narrow European, post-enlightenment focus we’d been told it had, and traced a story that went all the way back to the culture of our forebears, thousands of years before and half the world away. Humanism is the one strand of belief that’s never had a real home, but instead has travelled across cultures, ending up trapped within the narrow blinders of scientific humanism. This is its real path and tale. Chapter summary 1: The Real History of Humanism (600BCE – 1600CE): there is a common and continuous Eurasian tradition of humanism from around 600 BCE. Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, and fiqh form a traceable conceptual lineage that shows the evolution of humanism from spiritual to ethical and legal, persisting in modern notionally Secular Humanism. 2: Spiritual Humanism (600BCE – 200CE): The first humanist cultures were born under Buddhism and Daoism, rejecting the metaphysical but retaining the spiritual. This creates a model for humanism that is largely lacking in secular humanist discourse. 3: Confucianism As The Source Of Humanist Ethics (200-700CE): The first practical, coherent humanist ethical system was Confucianism, which still forms a baseline for humanist ethical practice. 4: The Influence Of Abbasid Law And Culture On Post-Renaissance Europe (700-1200CE): The culture that was born in the renaissance, and in which humanism is deeply embedded, in fact originated in the Middle East. This extended to academic, legal and ethical strictures that persist in modern Europe. 5: Mindfulness, Modern Medicine, And The Debt To Humanist History (modern era): Modern medical practice, amongst many other fields, could benefit from looking to humanism’s past for codifications on legal, ethical and spiritual matters.
Category: Philosophy

Pragmatic Humanism

Author : Marcus Morgan
ISBN : 9781317612353
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.3 MB
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Is sociology best understood as simply chipping away at our ignorance about society, or does it have broader roles and responsibilities? If so, to what—or perhaps to whom—are these responsibilities? Installing humanity as its epistemological and normative start and endpoint, this book shows how humanism recasts sociology as an activity that does not merely do things, or effect things, but is also self-consciously for something. Rather than resurrecting problematic classical conceptions of humanism, the book instead constructs its arguments on pragmatic grounds, showing how a pragmatic humanism presents an improved picture of both the nature and value of the discipline. This picture is based less around the claim that sociology is capable of providing authoritative revelations about society, and more upon its capacity to offer representations of the social in epistemologically open, transformative, ethical, and hopeful ways. Ultimately, it argues that sociology’s real value can only be disclosed by replacing its image as a discipline aimed towards disinterested social enlightenment with one of itself as a practice both dependent upon, and at its best self-consciously aimed towards, human ends and imperatives. It will appeal to scholars and students across the social sciences, and to those working in social theory, sociology, and philosophy of the social sciences in particular.
Category: Social Science

Toward An African Theology Of Fraternal Solidarity

Author : Ikenna U. Okafor
ISBN : 9781630875275
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75.70 MB
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In this book, Ikenna Okafor tackles an interesting and timely topic and demonstrates competence and maturity in developing his insight into Igbo humanism--to make liberation theology from an African perspective into a theology of solidarity and fraternity. With a good narrative style, Okafor critiques the Latin American liberation theological project. And inspired by the hermeneutical implications of "UBE NAWANNE," the evangelical positioning of material poverty and pathos for the poor as defining Christian discipleship is persuasively presented. The potent nwanne idiom guides his critical evaluation of the social teachings and praxis of the Catholic Church. In fact, it is clear that Okafor embarked on a subject matter that is of theological moment and has creative pastoral implications for the Church of Nigeria, the Churches of Africa, and the World Church.
Category: Religion

Empowering Humanity

Author : Annemie Halsema
ISBN : IND:30000086825589
Genre : Humanism
File Size : 53.21 MB
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Category: Humanism

Toward A New Political Humanism

Author : Barry F. Seidman
ISBN : UOM:39015059280290
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.25 MB
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In an age when religious (and other) fundamentalisms have made powerful inroads into the political arena secular humanism has an especially important role to play, not just in promoting its ideas but also in converting those ideas into political action. This is the unifying theme of this thoughtful collection of articles by leading humanists, all of whom are already engaged in putting humanist ideals into practice. The editors and contributors alike contend that the time is ripe to go beyond traditional humanist issues regarding religion and superstition to develop an all-encompassing political platform based on the humanist life stance. This should include both political and economic agendas. Toward this goal the authors in this volume offer real-world humanist solutions born out of progressive politics. Among the topics discussed are: the beginnings of modern political humanism, rediscovering Enlightenment ideals, humanist ethics as a basis for activism, secular humanism and liberal perspectives, separation of church and state, a humanist economics, the role of political humanism in America, identity politics from a humanist perspective, humanism’s influence on woman’s changing role, gay rights, George W. Bush’s antihumanist policies, patriotism and humanism, humanism as an antidote to nationalism and as the backbone of a new United Nations, prospects for a global humanism, humanist movements in New Zealand, Nigeria, and the Middle East, humanist solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, humanism as the foundation for human rights and international peace, policy implications of the humanist commitment to science, and other stimulating topics. Unique in its focus on the need for political, economic, and social action, this outstanding collection contains many new ideas and lays the groundwork for a humanist agenda in the 21st century.
Category: Political Science


Author : P. McLaughlin
ISBN : 9781137034823
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70.17 MB
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Confusion, controversy and even fear surrounds the political phenomenon of radicalism. This book attempts to make conceptual and historical sense of this phenomenon, both as a kind of practice and as a kind of thought, before defending it in a traditional if unfashionable form: a form that is historically progressive and politically humanistic.
Category: Political Science