IN SEARCH OF A PHILOSOPHICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

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In Search Of A Philosophical Anthropology

Author : Antoine Vergote
ISBN : 9042000147
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44.11 MB
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ISBN 9042000147 (paperback) NLG 50.00 What makes the person truly human? This is the question that is systematically investigated by Vergote in this fine collection of papers. The integrating themes of the various studies reported here are the exploration of human experience, and the achievement of humanity by the individual. issues in feminist theory.
Category: Philosophy

Rationality And Relativism

Author : I.C. Jarvie
ISBN : 9781317401179
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30.26 MB
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Anthropology revolves round answers to problems about the nature, development and unity of mankind; problems that are both philosophical and scientific. In this book, first published in 1984, Professor Jarvie applies Popper’s philosophy of science to understanding the history and theory of anthropology. Jarvie describes how the ancient view that the aim of science and philosophy was to get at the truth is challenged in anthropology by the doctrine of cultural relativism; that is, that truth varies with the cultural framework. He shows how philosophers as various as Peter Winch, W.V.O. Quine, W.T. Jones, Nelson Goodman and Richard Rorty were influenced by this doctrine. Yet these philosophers also accept the value of rational argument. Jarvie believes that there is a contradiction between relativism and any notion of human rationality that centres around argument. Forced by the contradiction to choose between rationality and relativism, he argues strongly that logical, scientific and moral considerations favour rationality and urge repudiation of relativism. The central argument of the book is that relativism is intellectually disastrous and has fostered intellectual attitudes from which anthropology still suffers.
Category: Social Science

A Philosophical Anthropology Of The Cross

Author : Brian Gregor
ISBN : 9780253006714
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.20 MB
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What does the cross, both as a historical event and a symbol of religious discourse, tell us about human beings? Brian Gregor draws together a hermeneutics of the self—through Heidegger, Gadamer, Ricoeur, and Taylor—and a theology of the cross—through Luther, Kierkegaard, Bonhoeffer, and Jüngel. He offers a bold and original view of what philosophical anthropology might look like if it took the cross seriously instead of breaking it down into competing philosophical concepts.
Category: Philosophy

African Philosophy In Search Of Identity

Author : D. A. Masolo
ISBN : 0253207754
Genre : History
File Size : 61.27 MB
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" . . . a great read. It is masterfully presented, and is an ideal text both for advanced undergraduates and graduate students." --International Journal of African Historical Studies " . . . a detailed, critical guide to fifty years of African philosophy . . . " --Teaching Philosophy "Masolo offers an expansive and lucidly panoramic view of the origin and developments in African philosophy." --Africa Today "The excellence of this book lies in the wealth of perspectives that it brings to the discussion on what constitutes philosophy, rationality, and meaningful reflection. It is both thought provoking and illuminating." --Ethics A Kenyan philosopher surveys themes and debates in African philosophy over the last five decades. Masolo's purview includes Francophone and Anglophone philosophers in both the analytic and phenomenological traditions.
Category: History

The Search For A Methodology Of Social Science

Author : S. Turner
ISBN : 9789401734615
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55.44 MB
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Stephen Turner has explored the ongms of social science in this pioneering study of two nineteenth century themes: the search for laws of human social behavior, and the accumulation and analysis of the facts of such behavior through statistical inquiry. The disputes were vigorously argued; they were over questions of method, criteria of explanation, interpretations of probability, understandings of causation as such and of historical causation in particular, and time and again over the ways of using a natural science model. From his careful elucidation of John Stuart Mill's proposals for the methodology of the social sciences on to his original analysis of the methodological claims and practices of Emile Durkheim and Max Weber, Turner has beautifully traced the conflict between statistical sociology and a science offactual description on the one side, and causal laws and a science of nomological explanation on the other. We see the works of Comte and Quetelet, the critical observations of Herschel, Buckle, Venn and Whewell, and the tough scepticism of Pearson, all of these as essential to the works of the classical founders of sociology. With Durkheim's essay on Suicide and Weber's monograph on The Protestant Ethic, Turner provides both philosophical analysis to demonstrate the continuing puzzles over cause and probability and also a perceptive and wry account of just how the puzzles of our late twentieth century are of a piece with theirs. The terms are still familiar: reasons vs.
Category: Philosophy

Theoretical Anthropology

Author : David Bidney
ISBN : 1412839777
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.23 MB
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Theoretical Anthropology is a major contribution to the historical and critical study of the assumptions underlying the development of modern cultural anthropology. In the new introduction, Martin Bidney discusses the present state of anthropology and contrasts it with the scene surveyed in Theoretical Anthropology. He discusses the relevance of David Bidney's work to our present concerns. Also included in this work is the second edition's introductory essay by David Bidney, written fifteen years after the first edition of Theoretical Anthropology. Here the author examines his original aims in writing this book. Theoretical Anthropology has helped to create among anthropologists the present climate of theoretical self-awareness and broad humanistic concerns. It has become a standard reference work for anthropologists as well as sociologists.
Category: Social Science

Foundations Of Morality Human Rights And The Human Sciences

Author : Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
ISBN : 9789400969759
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.43 MB
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The essays in this volume constitute a portion of the research program being carried out by the International Society for Phenomenology and the Human Sciences. Established as an affiliate society of the World Institute for Ad vanced Phenomenological Research and Learning in 1976, in Arezzo, Italy, by the president of the Institute, Dr Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, this particular society is devoted to an exploration of the relevance of phenomenological methods and insights for an understanding of the origins and goals of the specialised human sciences. The essays printed in the first part of the book were originally presented at the Second Congress of this society held at Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 12-14 July 1979. The second part of the volume consists of selected essays from the third convention (the Eleventh International Congress of Phenomenology of the World Phenomen ology Institute) held in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1981. With the third part of this book we pass into the "Human Rights" issue as treated by the World Phenomenology Institute at the Interamerican Philosophy Congress held in Tallahassee, Florida, also in 1981. The volume opens with a mono graph by Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka on the foundations of ethics in the moral practice within the life-world and the social world shown as clearly distinct. The main ideas of this work had been presented by Tymieniecka as lead lectures to the three conferences giving them a tight research-project con sistency.
Category: Science

P Dagogische Konzeptionen Zwischen Vergangenheit Und Zukunft

Author : Edvard Protner
ISBN : 3631592868
Genre : Education
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Dieses Buch zeigt, wie lebendig, (selbst-)kritisch und anregend historische Forschungen in der Pädagogik sind. Es setzt deutliche Akzente gegen das sukzessive Zurückdrängen von historisch-systematischen Themen in Forschung und Lehre. Die Auseinandersetzungen mit den (Dis-)Kontinuitäten in der Geschichte des Faches erhalten immer wieder neue Impulse, auch aus anderen Disziplinen. Moderne Begriffsverwirrungen lassen sich oftmals gewinnbringend durch einen aufmerksamen Blick in die Geschichte klären, und allzu übereilte Reformbestrebungen in der Gegenwart brechen sich in den Erinnerungen an frühere Versuche und Einsichten. Das alles zeigt sich länderübergreifend in Slowenien, Kroatien, Österreich und Deutschland.
Category: Education

Encyclopedia Of Phenomenology

Author : Lester Embree
ISBN : 9789401588812
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.40 MB
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This encyclopedia presents phenomenological thought and the phenomenological movement within philosophy and within more than a score of other disciplines on a level accessible to professional colleagues of other orientations as well as to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Entries average 3,000 words. In practically all cases, they include lists of works "For Further Study." The Introduction briefly chronicles the changing phenomenological agenda and compares phenomenology with other 20th Century movements. The 166 entries are a baut matters of seven sorts: ( 1) the faur broad tendencies and periods within the phenomenological movement; (2) twenty-three national traditions ofphenomenology; (3) twenty-two philosophical sub-disciplines, including those referred to with the formula "the philosophy of x"; (4) phenomenological tendencies within twenty-one non-philosophical dis ciplines; (5) forty major phenomenological topics; (6) twenty-eight leading phenomenological figures; and (7) twenty-seven non-phenomenological figures and movements ofinteresting sim ilarities and differences with phenomenology. Conventions Concern ing persons, years ofbirth and death are given upon first mention in an entry ofthe names of deceased non-phenomenologists. The names of persons believed tobe phenomenologists and also, for cross-referencing purposes, the titles of other entries are printed entirely in SMALL CAPITAL letters, also upon first mention. In addition, all words thus occurring in all small capital letters are listed in the index with the numbers of all pages on which they occur. To facilitate indexing, Chinese, Hungarian, and Japanese names have been re-arranged so that the personal name precedes the family name.
Category: Philosophy

Invisible Genealogies

Author : Regna Darnell
ISBN : 0803219156
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.79 MB
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Invisible Genealogies is a landmark reinterpretation of the history of anthropology in North America. During the past two decades, theorizing by many American anthropologists has called for an "experimental moment" grounded in explicit self-reflexive scholarship and experimentation with alternate forms of presentation. Such postmodern anthropology has effectively downplayed connections with past luminaries in the field, whose scholarship is perceived to be uncomfortably colonialist and nonreflexive. Ironically, as the American Anthropological Association nears its one hundredth anniversary and interest in the history of the discipline is at an all-time high, that history has been effectively presented as removed from and irrelevant to the new generation. Invisible Genealogies offers an alternative, compelling vision of the development of anthropology in North America, one that emphasizes continuity rather than discontinuity from legendary founder Franz Boas to the present. Regna Darnell identifies key interpretive assumptions and practices that have persisted, sometimes in modified form, since the groundbreaking work of A. L. Kroeber, Boas, Ruth Benedict, Edward Sapir, Elsie Clews Parsons, Paul Radin, Benjamin Lee Whorf, and A. Irving Hallowell during the founding decades of anthropology. Also highlighted are the Americanist roots of postmodern anthropology and the work of innovative recent scholars like Claude Lävi-Strauss and Clifford Geertz.
Category: Social Science