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Along with the traditional material concerning linear programming (the simplex method, the theory of duality, the dual simplex method), In-Depth Analysis of Linear Programming contains new results of research carried out by the authors. For the first time, the criteria of stability (in the geometrical and algebraic forms) of the general linear programming problem are formulated and proved. New regularization methods based on the idea of extension of an admissible set are proposed for solving unstable (ill-posed) linear programming problems. In contrast to the well-known regularization methods, in the methods proposed in this book the initial unstable problem is replaced by a new stable auxiliary problem. This is also a linear programming problem, which can be solved by standard finite methods. In addition, the authors indicate the conditions imposed on the parameters of the auxiliary problem which guarantee its stability, and this circumstance advantageously distinguishes the regularization methods proposed in this book from the existing methods. In these existing methods, the stability of the auxiliary problem is usually only presupposed but is not explicitly investigated. In this book, the traditional material contained in the first three chapters is expounded in much simpler terms than in the majority of books on linear programming, which makes it accessible to beginners as well as those more familiar with the area.

The key objectives in the series ''Texts in Operational Research'' are to provide concise introductions to the core topics in operational research focusing on the practical relevance of those topics to today's students and taking a non-mathematical orientation in favour of software applications.

Author : Robert Dorfman
ISBN : 9780486142111
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60.87 MB
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Clear, comprehensive exposition of interrelation of game theory and linear programming, interrelation of linear programming and modern welfare economics, Leontief theory of input-output, problems of dynamic linear programming, more.

Since the late 1940s, linear programming models have been used for many different purposes. Airline companies apply these models to optimize their use of planes and staff. NASA has been using them for many years to optimize their use of limited resources. Oil companies use them to optimize their refinery operations. Small and medium-sized businesses use linear programming to solve a huge variety of problems, often involving resource allocation. In my study, a typical product-mix problem in a manufacturing system producing two products (each product consists of two sub-assemblies) is solved for its optimal solution through the use of the latest versions of MATLAB having the command simlp, which is very much like linprog. As analysts, we try to find a good enough solution for the decision maker to make a final decision. Our attempt is to give the mathematical description of the product-mix optimization problem and bring the problem into a form ready to call MATLAB’s simlp command. The objective of this study is to find the best product mix that maximizes profit. The graph obtained using MATLAB commands, give the shaded area enclosed by the constraints called the feasible region, which is the set of points satisfying all the constraints. To find the optimal solution we look at the lines of equal profit to find the corner of the feasible region which yield the highest profit. This corner can be found out at the farthest line of equal profit, which still touches the feasible region. The most critical part is the sensitivity analysis, using Excel Solver, and Parametric Analysis, using computer software, which allows us to study the effect on optimal solution due to discrete and continuous change in parameters of the LP model including to identify bottlenecks. We have examined other options like product outsourcing, one-time cost, cross training of one operator, manufacturing of hypothetical third product on under-utilized machines and optimal sequencing of jobs on machines.

Author : G. V. Shenoy
ISBN : 8122410340
Genre : Linear programming
File Size : 62.28 MB
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Due To The Availability Of Computer Packages, The Use Of Linear Programming Technique By The Managers Has Become Universal. This Text Has Been Written Primarily For Management Students And Executives Who Have No Previous Background Of Linear Programming. The Text Is Oriented Towards Introducing Important Ideas In Linear Programming Technique At A Fundamental Level And Help The Students In Understanding Its Applications To A Wide Variety Of Managerial Problems. In Order To Strengthen The Understanding, Each Concept Has Been Illustrated With Examples. The Book Has Been Written In A Simple And Lucid Language And Has Avoided Mathematical Derivations So As To Make It Accessible To Every One.The Text Can Be Used In Its Entirely In A Fifteen Session Course At Programmes In Management, Commerce, Economics, Engineering Or Accountancy. The Text Can Be Used In One/Two Week Management/Executive Development Programmes To Be Supplemented With Some Cases. Practicing Managers And Executives, Computer Professionals, Industrial Engineers, Chartered And Cost Accountants And Economic Planners Would Also Find This Text Useful.

Author : Richard Kipp Martin
ISBN : 0792382021
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.99 MB
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There is a growing need in major industries such as airline, trucking, financial engineering, etc. to solve very large linear and integer linear optimization problems. Because of the dramatic increase in computing power, it is now possible to solve these problems. Along with the increase in computer power, the mathematical programming community has developed better and more powerful algorithms to solve very large problems. These algorithms are of interest to many researchers in the areas of operations research/management science, computer science, and engineering. In this book, Kipp Martin has systematically provided users with a unified treatment of the algorithms and the implementation of the algorithms that are important in solving large problems. Parts I and II of Large Scale Linear and Integer Programming provide an introduction to linear optimization using two simple but unifying ideas-projection and inverse projection. The ideas of projection and inverse projection are also extended to integer linear optimization. With the projection-inverse projection approach, theoretical results in integer linear optimization become much more analogous to their linear optimization counterparts. Hence, with an understanding of these two concepts, the reader is equipped to understand fundamental theorems in an intuitive way. Part III presents the most important algorithms that are used in commercial software for solving real-world problems. Part IV shows how to take advantage of the special structure in very large scale applications through decomposition. Part V describes how to take advantage of special structureby modifying and enhancing the algorithms developed in Part III. This section contains a discussion of the current research in linear and integer linear programming. The author also shows in Part V how to take different problem formulations and appropriately `modify' them so that the algorithms from Part III are more efficient. Again, the projection and inverse projection concepts are used in Part V to present the current research in linear and integer linear optimization in a very unified way. While the book is written for a mathematically mature audience, no prior knowledge of linear or integer linear optimization is assumed. The audience is upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students in computer science, applied mathematics, industrial engineering and operations research/management science. Course work in linear algebra and analysis is sufficient background.

Author : Daniel G. Williams
ISBN : UIUC:30112003930820
Genre : Linear programming
File Size : 55.59 MB
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Author : George Bernard Dantzig
ISBN : 0691059136
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.4 MB
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In real-world problems related to finance, business, and management, mathematicians and economists frequently encounter optimization problems. First published in 1963, this classic work looks at a wealth of examples and develops linear programming methods for solutions. Treatments covered include price concepts, transportation problems, matrix methods, and the properties of convex sets and linear vector spaces.

Author : Miguel A. Goberna
ISBN : 9781489980441
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64.43 MB
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Post-Optimal Analysis in Linear Semi-Infinite Optimization examines the following topics in regards to linear semi-infinite optimization: modeling uncertainty, qualitative stability analysis, quantitative stability analysis and sensitivity analysis. Linear semi-infinite optimization (LSIO) deals with linear optimization problems where the dimension of the decision space or the number of constraints is infinite. The authors compare the post-optimal analysis with alternative approaches to uncertain LSIO problems and provide readers with criteria to choose the best way to model a given uncertain LSIO problem depending on the nature and quality of the data along with the available software. This work also contains open problems which readers will find intriguing a challenging. Post-Optimal Analysis in Linear Semi-Infinite Optimization is aimed toward researchers, graduate and post-graduate students of mathematics interested in optimization, parametric optimization and related topics.

Author : Robert J Vanderbei
ISBN : 038774388X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55.72 MB
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This Third Edition introduces the latest theory and applications in optimization. It emphasizes constrained optimization, beginning with linear programming and then proceeding to convex analysis, network flows, integer programming, quadratic programming, and convex optimization. You’ll discover a host of practical business applications as well as non-business applications. With its focus on solving practical problems, the book features free C programs to implement the major algorithms covered. The book’s accompanying website includes the C programs, JAVA tools, and new online instructional tools and exercises.

Author : Gail Thornley
ISBN : 9781136438240
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.62 MB
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Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1968 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.

Author : Mokhtar S. Bazaraa
ISBN : 9781118211328
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.61 MB
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The authoritative guide to modeling and solving complex problemswith linear programming—extensively revised, expanded, andupdated The only book to treat both linear programming techniques andnetwork flows under one cover, Linear Programming and NetworkFlows, Fourth Edition has been completely updated with thelatest developments on the topic. This new edition continues tosuccessfully emphasize modeling concepts, the design and analysisof algorithms, and implementation strategies for problems in avariety of fields, including industrial engineering, managementscience, operations research, computer science, andmathematics. The book begins with basic results on linear algebra and convexanalysis, and a geometrically motivated study of the structure ofpolyhedral sets is provided. Subsequent chapters include coverageof cycling in the simplex method, interior point methods, andsensitivity and parametric analysis. Newly added topics in theFourth Edition include: The cycling phenomenon in linear programming and the geometry ofcycling Duality relationships with cycling Elaboration on stable factorizations and implementationstrategies Stabilized column generation and acceleration of Benders andDantzig-Wolfe decomposition methods Line search and dual ascent ideas for the out-of-kilteralgorithm Heap implementation comments, negative cost circuit insights,and additional convergence analyses for shortest path problems The authors present concepts and techniques that are illustratedby numerical examples along with insights complete with detailedmathematical analysis and justification. An emphasis is placed onproviding geometric viewpoints and economic interpretations as wellas strengthening the understanding of the fundamental ideas. Eachchapter is accompanied by Notes and Referencessections that provide historical developments in addition tocurrent and future trends. Updated exercises allow readers to testtheir comprehension of the presented material, and extensivereferences provide resources for further study. Linear Programming and Network Flows, Fourth Edition isan excellent book for linear programming and network flow coursesat the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also avaluable resource for applied scientists who would like to refreshtheir understanding of linear programming and network flowtechniques.

Author : Shi Yong
ISBN : 9810237383
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.11 MB
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This book introduces multiple criteria and multiple constraint levels linear programming (MC2LP), which is an extension of linear programming (LP) and multiple criteria linear programming (MCLP). In the last decade, the author and a group of researchers from the USA, China, Korea, Germany, and Hungary have been working on the theory and applications of MC2LP problems. This volume integrates their main research results ranging from theoretical bases to broad areas of real world applications. The theoretical bases include the formulation of MC2LP; integer MC2LP and MC2 transportation model; fuzzy MC2LP and fuzzy duality of MC2LP; optimal system designs and contingency plans; MC2 decision support system; and MC2 computer software development. The application areas are accounting, management information systems, production planning, and telecommunications management.The book serves as a seminar text for both undergraduates and graduates who have a linear algebra or equivalent background. For practitioners, it will help in handling LP type problems in multiple decision making environment.

Author : Paul R. Thie
ISBN : 9781118165454
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31.37 MB
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Praise for the Second Edition: "This is quite a well-done book: very tightly organized,better-than-average exposition, and numerous examples,illustrations, and applications." —Mathematical Reviews of the American MathematicalSociety An Introduction to Linear Programming and Game Theory, ThirdEdition presents a rigorous, yet accessible, introduction tothe theoretical concepts and computational techniques of linearprogramming and game theory. Now with more extensive modelingexercises and detailed integer programming examples, this bookuniquely illustrates how mathematics can be used in real-worldapplications in the social, life, and managerial sciences,providing readers with the opportunity to develop and apply theiranalytical abilities when solving realistic problems. This Third Edition addresses various new topics and improvementsin the field of mathematical programming, and it also presents twosoftware programs, LP Assistant and the Solver add-in for MicrosoftOffice Excel, for solving linear programming problems. LPAssistant, developed by coauthor Gerard Keough, allows readers toperform the basic steps of the algorithms provided in the book andis freely available via the book's related Web site. The use of thesensitivity analysis report and integer programming algorithm fromthe Solver add-in for Microsoft Office Excel is introduced soreaders can solve the book's linear and integer programmingproblems. A detailed appendix contains instructions for the use ofboth applications. Additional features of the Third Edition include: A discussion of sensitivity analysis for the two-variableproblem, along with new examples demonstrating integer programming,non-linear programming, and make vs. buy models Revised proofs and a discussion on the relevance and solution ofthe dual problem A section on developing an example in Data EnvelopmentAnalysis An outline of the proof of John Nash's theorem on the existenceof equilibrium strategy pairs for non-cooperative, non-zero-sumgames Providing a complete mathematical development of all presentedconcepts and examples, Introduction to Linear Programming andGame Theory, Third Edition is an ideal text for linearprogramming and mathematical modeling courses at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as avaluable reference for professionals who use game theory inbusiness, economics, and management science.

Author : P Rama Murthy
ISBN : 8122416195
Genre : Operations research
File Size : 59.50 MB
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The Subject Operations Research Is A Branch Of Mathematics. Many Authors Have Written Books On Operations Research. Most Of Them Have Mathematical Approach Rather Than Decision-Making Approach. Actually The Subject Deals With Applied Decision Theory, So I Have Dealt With The Subject With Decision-Theory Approach. The Book Has Fifteen Chapters.The First Five Chapters Deal With Linear Programming Problems, Such As Resource Allocation Problem, Transportation Problem And Assignment Problem Both Maximization And Minimization Versions. In The First Chapter, The Historical Background Of Operations Research (O.R.) And Definition And Objective Of The Subject Matter Along With Model Building Is Discussed To Help The Learners To Have Basic Knowledge Of O.R. Typical Problems Of Mathematical Orientation And Decision Making Orientation Have Been Solved. In Transportation Model And In Assignment Model, Problems Useful To Production And Operations Management Have Been Solved To Make The Students To Know The Application Part Of The Subject.The Sixth Chapter Deals With Sequencing Model, Where The Importance And Application Of The Models Is Dealt In Detail. The Problem Of Replacement Is Discussed In Chapter-7. Inventory Model With Certain Topics Like Abc, Ved, Fsn, P-System And Q-System Is Discussed To Make The Students Aware Of The Importance Of Inventory Model.Chapter-9 Deals With Waiting Line Model And Its Application With Certain Useful Problems And Their Solutions. Game Theory Or Competitive Theory Is Discussed In Chapter-10 With Certain Problems, Which Have Their Application In Real World Situation.Dynamic Programming Is Dealt In Chapter-11. The Problems Worked Out Have Practical Significance. Chapter-12 Deals With Decision Theory Where The Usefulness Of Decision Tree Is Discussed. Non-Linear Programming Is Briefly Discussed In Chapter-14 With Certain Useful Problems. In Chapter -15, The Two Network Techniques I.E. Pert And Cpm Have Been Discussed With Typical Worked Out Examples.At The End Of The Book, Objective Type Questions, Which Are Helpful For Competitive Examinations Are Given To Help The Students To Prepare For Such Examinations.

Author : K V Mital
ISBN : 8122408737
Genre : Linear programming
File Size : 33.4 MB
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The Mathematical Aspects Of Operations Research And Systems Analysis Concerned With Optimization Of Objectives Form The Subject Of This Book. In Its Revised, Updated And Enlarged Third Edition, Discussion On Linear Programming Has Been Expanded And Recast With Greater Emphasis On Duality Theory, Sensitivity Analysis, Parametric Programming, Multiobjective And Goal Programming And Formulation And Solution Of Practical Problems. Chapters On Nonlinear Programming Include Integer Programming, Kuhn-Tucker Theory, Separable And Quadratic Programming, Dynamic Programming, Geometric Programming And Direct Search And Gradient Methods. A Chapter On Theory Of Games Is Also Included. A Short Note On Karmarkars Projective Algorithm Is Given In The Appendix.The Book Keeps In View The Needs Of The Student Taking A Regular Course In Operations Research Or Mathematical Programming, And Also Of Research Scholars In Other Disciplines Who Have A Limited Objective Of Learning The Practical Aspects Of Various Optimization Methods To Solve Their Special Problems. For The Former, Illustrative Solved Examples And Unsolved Examples At The End Of Each Chapter, Small Enough To Be Solved By Hand, Would Be Of Greater Interest, While For He Latter, Summaries Of Computational Algorithms For Various Methods Which Would Help Him To Write Computer Programmes To Solve Larger Problems Would Be More Helpful. A Few Computer Programmes In Fortran Iv Have Also Been Given In The Appendix.

Author : B. Feiring
ISBN : 0803928505
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75.71 MB
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Feiring provides a well-written introduction to the techniques and applications of linear programming. He shows readers how to model, solve, and interpret appropriate linear programming problems. His carefully-chosen examples provide a foundation for mathematical modelling and demonstrate the wide scope of the techniques.

"Mathematical Optimization and Economic Analysis" is a self-contained introduction to various optimization techniques used in economic modeling and analysis such as geometric, linear, and convex programming and data envelopment analysis. Through a systematic approach, this book demonstrates the usefulness of these mathematical tools in quantitative and qualitative economic analysis. The book presents specific examples to demonstrate each technique’s advantages and applicability as well as numerous applications of these techniques to industrial economics, regulatory economics, trade policy, economic sustainability, production planning, and environmental policy. Key Features include: - A detailed presentation of both single-objective and multiobjective optimization; - An in-depth exposition of various applied optimization problems; - Implementation of optimization tools to improve the accuracy of various economic models; - Extensive resources suggested for further reading. This book is intended for graduate and postgraduate students studying quantitative economics, as well as economics researchers and applied mathematicians. Requirements include a basic knowledge of calculus and linear algebra, and a familiarity with economic modeling.

Author : Daniel Bienstock
ISBN : 9781402071737
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79.17 MB
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Potential Function Methods For Approximately Solving Linear Programming Problems breaks new ground in linear programming theory. The book draws on the research developments in three broad areas: linear and integer programming, numerical analysis, and the computational architectures which enable speedy, high-level algorithm design. During the last ten years, a new body of research within the field of optimization research has emerged, which seeks to develop good approximation algorithms for classes of linear programming problems. This work both has roots in fundamental areas of mathematical programming and is also framed in the context of the modern theory of algorithms. The result of this work, in which Daniel Bienstock has been very much involved, has been a family of algorithms with solid theoretical foundations and with growing experimental success. This book will examine these algorithms, starting with some of the very earliest examples, and through the latest theoretical and computational developments.

Author : George B. Dantzig
ISBN : 9780387948331
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76.9 MB
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Encompassing all the major topics students will encounter in courses on the subject, the authors teach both the underlying mathematical foundations and how these ideas are implemented in practice. They illustrate all the concepts with both worked examples and plenty of exercises, and, in addition, provide software so that students can try out numerical methods and so hone their skills in interpreting the results. As a result, this will make an ideal textbook for all those coming to the subject for the first time. Authors' note: A problem recently found with the software is due to a bug in Formula One, the third party commercial software package that was used for the development of the interface. It occurs when the date, currency, etc. format is set to a non-United States version. Please try setting your computer date/currency option to the United States option . The new version of Formula One, when ready, will be posted on WWW.