Ideology And Modern Culture

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Ideology And Modern Culture

Author : John B. Thompson
ISBN : 0804718466
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.16 MB
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In this major work, informed by materials from several disciplines and theoretical orientations, the author develops a distinctive new account of the theory of ideology and relates it to the analysis of culture and mass communication in modern societies. In the two centuries since is first appeared in France, the concept of ideology has undergone many transformations. It has been twisted, reformulated, recast, and finally filtered back into the everyday language of social and political life. Although there is much that is misleading and erroneous in the traditions of ideology, the author shows that it still defines a terrain of analysis that remains central to contemporary social sciences and continues to be the site of lively theoretical debate. The key to his analysis is what he terms the "mediazation" of the culture—the general process by which the transmission of symbolic forms becomes increasingly reliant on the technical and institutional apparatuses of the media industries. Building on the work of Geertz and others, the author asserts that symbolic forms are embedded in such structured social contexts as power relations, forms of conflict, and inequalities in the distribution of resources, and that any discussion of mass communication must embrace its political as well as epistemological content.
Category: Social Science

Image And Ideology In Modern Postmodern Discourse

Author : David B. Downing
ISBN : 0791407152
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58.24 MB
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This book addresses the function and status of the visual and verbal image as it relates to social, political, and ideological issues. The authors first articulate some of the lost connections between image and ideology, then locate their argument within the modernist/postmodernist debates. The book addresses the multiple, trans-disciplinary problems arising from the ways cultures, authors, and texts mobilize particular images in order to confront, conceal, work through, or resolve contradictory ideological conditions.
Category: Philosophy

Northrop Frye On Modern Culture

Author : Northrop Frye
ISBN : 0802036961
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 53.77 MB
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Preface xi Credits xv Abbreviations xvii Introduction xix The Modem Century 1 The Modern Century 3 I City of the End of Things 5 II Improved Binoculars 27 III Clair de lune intellectuel 48 The Arts 2 Current Opera: A Housecleaning 73 3 Ballet Russe 76 4 The Jooss Ballet 79 5 Frederick Delius 83 6 Three-Cornered Revival at Headington 87 7 Music and the Savage Breast 88 8 Men as Trees Walking 92 9 K.R. Srinivasa’s Lytton Strachey 96 10 The Great Charlie 98 11 Reflections at a Movie 103 12 Music in the Movies O08 13 Max Grafs Modern Music 112 14 Abner Dean’s It’s a Long Way to Heaven 113 15 Russian Art 114 16 Herbert Read’s The Innocent Eye 115 17 The Eternal Tramp 116 18 On Book Reviewing 123 19 Academy without Walls 126 20 Communications 134 21 The Renaissance of Books 140 22 Violence and Television 156 23 Introduction to Art and Reality 167 Politics, History, and Society 24 Pro Patria Mori 175 25 Wyndham Lewis: Anti-Spenglerian 178 26 War on the Cultural Front 184 27 Two Italian Sketches, 1939 I88 28 G.M. Young’s Basic 194 29 Revenge or Justice? 195 30 F.S.C. Northrop’s The Meeting of East and West 197 31 Wallace Notestein’s The Scot in History 201 32 Toynbee and Spengler 202 33 Gandhi 209 34 Ernst Jiinger’s On the Marble Cliffs 211 35 Dr. Kinsey and the Dream Censor 215 36 Cardinal Mindszenty 220 37 The Two Camps 222 38 Law and Disorder 224 39 Two Books on Christianity and History 226 40 Nothing to Fear but Fear 232 41 The Ideal of Democracy 235 42 The Church and Modern Culture 237 43 And There is No Peace 244 44 Caution or Dither? 246 45 Trends in Modern Culture 248 46 Regina versus the World 262 47 Oswald Spengler 265 48 Preserving Human Values 274 49 The War in Vietnam 282 50 The Two Contexts 283 51 The Quality of Life in the ‘7os 285 52 Spengler Revisited 297 53 The Bridge of Language 315 Notes 331 Emendations 381 Index 383
Category: Literary Criticism

State Ideology And Language In Tanzania

Author : Jan Blommaert
ISBN : 9780748675838
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87.67 MB
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This book is a thoroughly revised version of the 1999 edition, which was welcomed at the time as a classic. It now extends the period of coverage to 2012 and includes an entirely new chapter on current developments, making this updated edition an essentia
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Languages Of Witchcraft

Author : Stuart Clark
ISBN : 9780333985298
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 84.3 MB
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Different conceptions of the world and of reality have made witchcraft possible in some societies and impossible in others. How did the people of Early Modern Europe experience it and what was its place in their culture? The essays in this collection illustrate trends in witchcraft research and in cultural history in general. After decades in which the social analysis of witchcraft accusations has dominated the subject, this study looks at its significance and meaning as a cultural phenomenon - to the languages of witchcraft, rather than its causes.
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Early Modern Culture And Haskalah

Author : Dan Diner
ISBN : 9783525369333
Genre : History
File Size : 57.24 MB
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English summary: The focus is on the investigation of Jewish environments and social spaces in the early modern period. Of especial interest here is the tension between tradition and modernity. Other articles explore aspects of the history of Jewish institutions and Jewish aspects of the history of science from the 18th to 20th century. German description: Thematischer Schwerpunkt des Jahrbuchs ist die Erforschung fruhneuzeitlicher judischer Lebenswelten. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Spannung zwischen Tradition und aufkommender Moderne, die sich an Einstellung und Reaktion der Juden in besonderer Weise ablesen lasst. Gerade die Vielfalt der judischen Lebenswelten - geographisch und topographisch, sprachlich und kulturell - lasst mit dem Aufkommen moderner Neuerungen wie dem Buchdruck innerjudische Kommunikation zunehmen und so eine Einheit in der Unterschiedlichkeit erkennbar werden. Erganzt wird der Band durch Beitrage, die Einzelaspekte der Modernisierung des Judentums vom ausgehenden 18. bis in das 20. Jahrhundert thematisieren, sowie durch die Rubriken Aus der Forschung, Diskussion, Gelehrtenportrat, Dubnowiana und Literaturbericht.
Category: History

Key Concepts In Sociology

Author : Peter Braham
ISBN : 9781446290804
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.9 MB
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"A glossary of key concepts was just the sort of thing I needed when I was a sociology student. Peter Braham has written a lively, comprehensive guide to the most important concepts in our discipline. It will become an essential student resource." - David Silverman, Goldsmith's and King's College, University of London "A triumphant tour de force... will be a useful, even essential tool for students and faculty. It is actually fascinating reading even for non-sociologists since these ideas impact all of us all the time." - Anthony Synnott, Concordia University in Montreal "A crisp and comprehensive guide to the discipline. The thirty-eight entries, covering history, substance and evaluation, thereby describe both conventional and new topics that define the syllabus of modern sociology. A valuable guide to both teachers and students." - Bryan S. Turner, Presidential Professor of Sociology, CUNY USA Sociology consists of a myriad of frequently confusing concepts. Key Concepts in Sociology provides a comprehensive, lively and clearly-written guide to the most important concepts in the subject. It includes both what might be regarded as 'classic' sociological concepts, such as 'class', 'bureaucracy' and 'community', as well as subjects that have become increasingly prominent in recent times, such as 'celebrity', 'risk' and 'the body'. Each of the thirty-eight substantive entries: defines the concept provides a clear and compelling narrative clarifies the main debates, perspectives and disagreements gives advice on further reading Key Concepts in Sociology should be the first choice for sociology students at all levels of learning.
Category: Social Science

Nation Building And History Education In A Global Culture

Author : Joseph Zajda
ISBN : 9789401797290
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.30 MB
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This book examines the nexus between nation-building and history education globally and the implication for cultural diversity and social justice. It studies some of the major education reforms and policy issues in history education in a global culture, and regards them in the light of recent shifts in history education and policy research. In doing so, the volume provides a comprehensive picture of the intersecting and diverse discourses of globalisation, history education and policy-driven reforms. It makes clear that the impact of globalisation on education policy and reforms is a strategically significant issue for us all. The book focuses on the importance of nation-building and patriotism in history education, and presents up-to-date research on global trends in history education reforms and policy research. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information about the international concerns in the field of globalisation, history education and policy research.
Category: Education

Encountering Religion

Author : Tyler Roberts
ISBN : 9780231535496
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.68 MB
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Tyler Roberts encourages scholars to abandon rigid conceptual oppositions between "secular" and "religious" to better understand how human beings actively and thoughtfully engage with their worlds and make meaning. The artificial distinction between a self-conscious and critical "academic study of religion" and an ideological and authoritarian "religion," he argues, only obscures the phenomenon. Instead, Roberts calls on intellectuals to approach the field as a site of "encounter" and "response," illuminating the agency, creativity, and critical awareness of religious actors. To respond to religion is to ask what religious behaviors and representations mean to us in our individual worlds, and scholars must confront questions of possibility and becoming that arise from testing their beliefs, imperatives, and practices. Roberts refers to the work of Hent de Vries, Eric Santner, and Stanley Cavell, each of whom exemplifies encounter and response in their writings as they traverse philosophy and religion to expose secular thinking to religious thought and practice. This approach highlights the resources religious discourse can offer to a fundamental reorientation of critical thought. In humanistic criticism after secularism, the lines separating the creative, the pious, and the critical themselves become the subject of question and experimentation.
Category: Philosophy

New Makers Of Modern Culture

Author : Justin Wintle
ISBN : 9781136768828
Genre : History
File Size : 89.51 MB
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New Makers of Modern Culture is the successor to the classic reference works Makers of Modern Culture and Makers of Nineteenth-Century Culture, published by Routledge in the early 1980s. The set was extremely successful and continues to be used to this day, due to the high quality of the writing, the distinguished contributors, and the cultural sensitivity shown in the selection of those individuals included. New Makers of Modern Culture takes into full account the rise and fall of reputation and influence over the last twenty-five years and the epochal changes that have occurred: the demise of Marxism and the collapse of the Soviet Union; the rise and fall of postmodernism; the eruption of Islamic fundamentalism; the triumph of the Internet. Containing over eight hundred essay-style entries, and covering the period from 1850 to the present, New Makers of Modern Culture includes artists, writers, dramatists, architects, philosophers, anthropologists, scientists, sociologists, major political figures, composers, film-makers and many other culturally significant individuals and is thoroughly international in its purview. Next to Karl Marx is Bob Marley, next to John Ruskin is Salman Rushdie, alongside Darwin is Luigi Dallapiccola, Deng Xiaoping runs shoulders with Jacques Derrida as do Julia Kristeva and Kropotkin. Once again, Wintle has enlisted the services of many distinguished writers and leading academics, such as Sam Beer, Bernard Crick, Edward Seidensticker and Paul Preston. In a few cases, for example Michael Holroyd and Philip Larkin, contributors are themselves the subject of entries. With its global reach, New Makers of Modern Culture provides a multi-voiced witness of the contemporary thinking world. The entries carry short bibliographies and there is thorough cross-referencing. There is an index of names and key terms.
Category: History

Makers Of Modern Culture

Author : Justin Wintle
ISBN : 0415265835
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.74 MB
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With more than 500 contributions from over 240 specialists, this volume provides lively and clearly written expositions of those figures who have done most to shape our views in the period since 1914. Music, cinema, drama, art, fiction, poetry, philosophy, sociology and anthropology are just some of the fields covered in this indispensable volume. Figures covered include: Malinowski, Kafka, George Orwell, Lenin, Gaudi, Gramsci, Freud, Malcolm X, Henry Miller, Miles Davis, James Joyce, Ravel, Veblen and Edward Sapir.
Category: Social Science

Dominant Ideologies Rle Social Theory

Author : Bryan S. Turner
ISBN : 9781317652403
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50.51 MB
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In this volume leading international scholars elaborate upon the central issues of the analysis of ideology: the nature of dominant ideologies. The ways in which ideologies are transmitted; their effects on dominant and subordinate social classes in different societies; the contrast between individualistic and collectivist belief systems; and the diversity of cultural forms that coexist within the capitalist form of economic organization. This book is distinctive in its empirical and comparative approach to the study of the economic and cultural basis of social order, and in the wide range of societies that it covers. Japan, Germany and the USA constitute the core of the modern global economy, and have widely differing historical roots and cultural traditions. Argentina and Australia are white settler societies on the periphery of the capitalist world-system and as a result have certain common features, that are cut across in turn by social and political developments peculiar to each. Britain after a decade of Thatcherism is an interesting test of the efficacy of an ideological project designed to change the cultural values of a population. Poland shows the limitations of the imposition of a state socialist ideology, and the cultural complexities that result.
Category: Social Science

Encyclopedia Of Educational Theory And Philosophy

Author : D. C. Phillips
ISBN : 9781483364759
Genre : Education
File Size : 27.63 MB
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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
Category: Education

Modern Culture And Critical Theory

Author : Russell A. Berman
ISBN : 0299120848
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72.93 MB
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Are the arguments of the Frankfurt School still relevant? Modern Culture and Critical Theory investigates this question in the context of important issues in contemporary cultural politics: neoconservatism and new social movements, discontents with modernity and debates on postmodernism, the political hegemony of Ronald Reagan, and the cultural hegemony of structuralism and poststructuralism. Russell Berman thoughtfully explores the theories of Horkheimer, Adorno, Benjamin, Lyotard, and Foucault and their relevance to both historical and contemporary issues in literature, politics, and the arts.
Category: Philosophy

The Photographic Image In Digital Culture

ISBN : 0415121574
Genre : Art
File Size : 27.55 MB
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This book explores the technological transformation of the image and its implications for photography. Contributors investigate many issues, and also, they examine the cultural meanings of new surveillance images, history and biography, etc.
Category: Art

Western Culture In Gospel Context

Author : David J. Kettle
ISBN : 9781630874131
Genre : Religion
File Size : 82.97 MB
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Approaching us in sovereign freedom, God comes alive to us, we come alive to God, and all creation comes alive as a sign pointing to God. In the gospel of Jesus Christ, God gives and discloses himself in this immediate way as our ultimate context and host, within the provisional medium of creation. This life-giving gospel is met by blindness, however, among those who live today in a collapsing Western culture. This is because their imaginative world is shaped by habitual assumptions and practices that lie--largely unacknowledged--deep within that culture, and that preclude openness to the gospel. Moreover, Western Christians themselves widely share these assumptions, betraying the gospel into cultural captivity. God calls for the conversion of Western culture to the living gospel. Crucially this must include, as Lesslie Newbigin recognized, a repentance from modern Western assumptions about knowledge. Part One explores seeking, knowing, and serving God, as providing a true paradigm for understanding all human enquiry, knowledge, and action. Part Two examines ten resulting "hot spots" where conversion from prevailing cultural assumptions is vital for authentic mission to Western culture.
Category: Religion

Understanding Language Teaching

Author : B. Kumaravadivelu
ISBN : 9781135607616
Genre : Education
File Size : 75.64 MB
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This book traces the historical development of major language teaching methods in terms of theoretical principles and classroom procedures, and provides a critical evaluation of each. Drawing from seminal, foundational texts and from critical commentaries made by various scholars, Kumaravadivelu examines the profession's current transition from method to postmethod and, in the process, elucidates the relationship between theory, research, and practice. The chief objective is to help readers see the pattern that connects language, learning, teaching methods, and postmethod perspectives. In this book, Kumaravadivelu: *brings together a critical vision of L2 learning and teaching--a vision founded at once on historical development and contemporary thought; *connects findings of up-to-date research in L2 learning with issues in L2 teaching thus making the reader aware of the relationship between theory, research and practice; *presents language teaching methods within a coherent framework of language-, learner-, and learning-centered pedagogies, thus helping the reader to see how they are related to each other; *shows how the three categories of methods evolved historically leading ultimately (and inevitably) to the emergence of a postmethod condition; and *provides the reader with a solid background in several interconnected areas of L2 pedagogy, such as concepts of competence, input factors, intake processes, interactional modifications, and instructional design. Understanding Language Teaching: From Method to Postmethod is intended for an international audience of teacher educators, practicing teachers and graduate students, researchers, curriculum planners, and materials designers in the field of second and foreign language teaching.
Category: Education

Media And Modernity

Author : John B. Thompson
ISBN : 9780745656748
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.80 MB
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This wide-ranging and innovative book develops an original theory of the media and their impact on the modern world, from the emergence of printing to the most recent developments in the media industries.
Category: Social Science

Literacy And Power

Author : Hilary Janks
ISBN : 9781135197834
Genre : Education
File Size : 77.11 MB
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Hilary Janks addresses key questions about literacy and power in this landmark text that is both engaging and accessible. Her central argument is that competing orientations to critical literacy education − domination (power), access, diversity, design − foreground one over the other, but are crucially interdependent and need to work together to create possibilities for redesign and social action that serve a social justice agenda. She examines the theory underpinning each orientation, and develops new theory in the argument for interdependence and integration. Sitting at the interface between theory and practice, constantly moving from one to the other, the text is rich with examples of how to use these orientations in real teaching contexts, and how to use them to counterbalance one another. In the groundbreaking final chapter Janks considers how the rationalist underpinning of critical literacy tends to exclude the non-rational shows ways of working ‘beyond reason’ − pleasure and play, desire and the unconscious − and makes the case that these need to be taken seriously given their power to cut across the work of critical literacy educators working from any orientation.
Category: Education

Politics Ideology And Literary Discourse In Modern China

Author : Kang Liu
ISBN : 0822314169
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 58.61 MB
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This collection of essays addresses the perception that our understanding of modern China will be enhanced by opening the literature of China to more rigorous theoretical and comparative study. In doing so, the book confronts the problematic and complex subject of China's literary, theoretical, and cultural responses to the experience of the modern. With chapters by writers, scholars, and critics from mainland China, Hong Kong, and the United States, this volume explores the complexity of representing modernity within the Chinese context. Addressing the problem of finding a proper language for articulating fundamental issues in the historical experience of twentieth-century China, the authors critically re-examine notions of realism, the self/subject, and modernity and draw on perspectives from feminist criticism, ideological analysis, and postmodern theory. Among the many topics explored are subjectivity in Chinese cultural theory, Chinese gender relations, the viability of a Lacanian approach to Chinese identity, the politics of subversion in Chinese reportage, and the ambivalent status of the icon of paternity since Mao. At the same time this book offers a probing look into the transformation that Chinese culture as well as the study of that culture is currently undergoing, it also reconfirms private discourse as an ideal site for an investigation into a real and imaginary, private and collective encounter with history. Contributors. Liu Kang, Xiaobing Tang, Liu Zaifu, Stephen Chan, Lydia H. Liu, Wendy Larson, Theodore Huters, David Wang, Tonglin Lu, Yingjin Zhang, Yuejin Wang, Li Tuo, Leo Ou-fan Lee
Category: Literary Criticism