HUMANITARIAN NEGOTIATIONS REVEALED

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Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed

Author : Claire Magone
ISBN : 9781849045261
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73.78 MB
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From international NGOs to UN agencies, from donors to observers of humanitarianism, opinion is unanimous: in a context of the alleged "clash of civilizations", our "humanitarian space" is shrinking. Put another way, the freedom of action and of speech of humanitarians is being eroded due to the radicalisation of conflicts and the reaffirmation of state sovereignty over aid actors and policies. The purpose of this book is to challenge this assumption through an analysis of the events that have marked MSF's history since 2003 (when MSF published its first general work on humanitarian action and its relationships with governments). It addresses the evolution of humanitarian goals, the resistance to these goals and the political arrangements that overcame this resistance (or that failed to do so). The contributors seek to analyse the political transactions and balances of power and interests that allow aid activities to move forward, but that are usually masked by the lofty rhetoric of "humanitarian principles". They focus on one key question: what is an acceptable compromise for MSF? This book seeks to puncture a number of the myths that have grown up over the forty years since MSF was founded and describes in detail how the ideals of humanitarian principles and "humanitarian space" operating in conflict zones are in reality illusory. How, in fact, it is the grubby negotiations with varying parties, each of whom have their own vested interests, that may allow organisations such as MSF to operate in a given crisis situation - or not.
Category: Political Science

Humanitarian Negotiations With Armed Groups

Author : Ashley Jonathan Clements
ISBN : 9781000768978
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.78 MB
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Humanitarians operate on the frontlines of today’s armed conflicts, where they regularly negotiate to provide assistance and to protect vulnerable civilians. This book explores this unique and under-researched field of humanitarian negotiation. It details the challenges faced by humanitarians negotiating with armed groups in Yemen, Myanmar, and elsewhere, arguing that humanitarians typically negotiate from a position of weakness. It also explores some of the tactics and strategies they use to overcome this power asymmetry to reach more favorable agreements. The author applies these findings to broader negotiation scholarship and investigates the implications of this research for the field and practice of humanitarianism. This book also demonstrates how non-state actors – both humanitarians and armed groups – have become increasingly potent diplomatic actors. It challenges traditional state-centric approaches to diplomacy and argues that non-state actors constitute an increasingly crucial vector through which international relations are replicated and reconstituted during contemporary armed conflict. Only by accepting these changes to the nature of diplomacy itself can the causes, symptoms, and solutions to armed conflict be better managed. This book will be of interest to scholars concerned with conflict resolution, negotiation, and mediation, as well as to humanitarian practitioners themselves.
Category: Political Science

Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed

Author : Claire Magone
ISBN : 0231703155
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.72 MB
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On the occasion of its fortieth anniversary, the international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has published a book exploring the practical realities of conducting humanitarian negotiations in complex situations. From international NGOs to UN agencies, from donors to observers of humanitarianism, opinion is unanimous: in a context of the alleged 'clash of civilizations,' our 'humanitarian space' is shrinking. Put another way, the freedom of action and of speech of humanitarians is being eroded due to the radicalization of conflicts and the reaffirmation of state sovereignty over aid actors and policies. Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed: The MSF Experience challenges this assumption through an analysis of the events that have marked MSF's history since 2003 (when MSF published its first general work on humanitarian action and its relationships with governments). It addresses the evolution of humanitarian goals, the resistance to these goals and the political arrangements that overcame this resistance (or that failed to do so). The contributors seek to analyze the political transactions and balances of power and interests that allow aid activities to move forward, but that are usually masked by the lofty rhetoric of 'humanitarian principles.' They focus on one key question: what is an acceptable compromise for MSF? This book seeks to puncture a number of the myths that have grown up over the forty years since MSF was founded and describes in detail how the ideals of humanitarian principles and 'humanitarian space' operating in conflict zones are in reality illusory. How, in fact, it is the grubby negotiations with varying parties, each of whom have their own vested interests, that may allow organizations such as MSF to operate in a given crisis situation -- or not.
Category: Medical

Yearbook Of International Humanitarian Law

Author : Terry D. Gill
ISBN : 9789462652132
Genre : Law
File Size : 50.97 MB
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The general theme of this volume of the Yearbook of International Humanitarian Lawis armed groups and the challenges arising from the participation of such groups incontemporary armed conflicts. It is elaborated upon in several chapters, addressingthe organisation criterion, respect for and compliance with international humanitarianlaw and international human rights law, targeted sanctions and accountability issues,among other things. Besides these chapters that can be connected to the general theme,the book also contains a chapter dedicated to the ‘knock on the roof ’ practice, a Year inReview, describing the most important events and legal developments that took place in2016, as well as the final report from the ILA Study Group ‘The Conduct of HostilitiesUnder International Humanitarian Law - Challenges of 21st Century Warfare’. The Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law is the world’s only annual publicationdevoted to the study of the laws governing armed conflict. It provides a truly internationalforum for high-quality, peer-reviewed academic articles focusing on this crucialbranch of international law. Distinguished by contemporary relevance, the Yearbookof International Humanitarian Law bridges the gap between theory and practice andserves as a useful reference tool for scholars, practitioners, military personnel, civilservants, diplomats, human rights workers and students.
Category: Law

Humanitarian Action

Author : Andrej Zwitter
ISBN : 9781107053533
Genre : Law
File Size : 64.34 MB
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The laws governing humanitarian action stand at the intersection of several fields of international law, regional agreements, soft law, and domestic law. Through in-depth case studies and analysis, expert scholars and practitioners shed light on the subject, and make sense of the various elements involved.
Category: Law

Saving Lives And Staying Alive

Author : Michael Neuman
ISBN : 1849046514
Genre :
File Size : 61.77 MB
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Much like the large commercial companies, most humanitarian aid organizations now have departments specifically dedicated to protecting the security of their personnel and assets. The management of humanitarian security has gradually become the business of professionals who develop data collection systems, standardized procedures, norms, and training meant to prevent and manage risks. A large majority of aid agencies and security experts see these developments as inevitable - all the more so because of quantitative studies and media reports concluding that the dangers to which aid workers are today exposed are completely unprecedented. Yet, this trend towards professionalization is also raising questions within aid organizations, MSF included. Can insecurity be measured by scientific means and managed through norms and protocols? How does the professionalization of security affect the balance of power between field and headquarters, volunteers and the institution that employs them? What is its impact on the implementation of humanitarian organizations' social mission? Are there alternatives to the prevailing security model(s) derived from the corporate world? Building on MSF's experience and observations of the aid world by academics and practitioners, the authors of this book look at the drivers of the professionalization of humanitarian security and its impact on humanitarian practices, with a specific focus on Syria, CAR and kidnapping in the Caucasus.
Category:

In The Cause Of Humanity

Author : Fabian Klose
ISBN : 3666370845
Genre :
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Die Frage, ob, wann und wie die internationale Gemeinschaft auf Verletzungen humanitärer Normen und damit verbundene humanitäre Krisen reagieren soll, gehört zweifellos zu den vieldiskutierten Themen auf der Agenda der heutigen internationalen Politik. Allerdings tauchte diese Problematik nicht erst am Ende des 20. und zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts plötzlich aus dem Nichts auf, sondern bereits im Verlauf des "langen 19. Jahrhunderts" setzte man sich kontrovers mit dieser Problematik auseinander. - Anhand ausgewählter Fallbeispiele wie dem Kampf gegen den Sklavenhandel (1807-1890), den Militärinterventionen der europäischen Großmächte zur humanitären Nothilfe für christliche Minderheiten im Osmanischen Reich (1827-1878) oder dem Eingreifen der Vereinigten Staaten in den kubanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg (1898) untersucht Fabian Klose die militärische Praktik und die völkerrechtlichen Debatten zum Schutz humanitärer Normen gewaltsam einzugreifen. Insgesamt etablierte sich in dieser Epoche die Idee der humanitären Intervention als ein anerkanntes Instrumentarium in der internationalen Politik. Eine zentrale Schlüsselrolle bei der Entstehung eines neuen humanitären Interventionsverständnisses übernahm der bewaffnete internationale Kampf gegen den Sklavenhandel als Urtyp der humanitären Intervention. Als Folge kam es zur Ausbildung völkerrechtlicher Leitlinien, die als Begründung für das militärische Eingreifen in verschiedenen Krisenregionen dieser Welt dienten. Das "lange 19. Jahrhundert" kann demnach als das genuine "Jahrhundert der humanitären Intervention" charakterisiert werden, in dem es zu einer signifikanten Verzahnung von militärischem Interventionismus unter dem Banner der Humanität mit kolonialen und imperialen Projekten kam.
Category:

The State Of The World S Refugees 2012

Author : United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR),
ISBN : UCSD:31822038711172
Genre : Law
File Size : 69.45 MB
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"The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees"--P. [1] of cover.
Category: Law

The Development Of Aid

Author : Gerard Van Bilzen
ISBN : UCLA:L0106373343
Genre : History
File Size : 83.80 MB
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Aid to developing countries started well before World War II, but was undertaken as an ad hoc activity or was delivered by private organizations. This changed after the War. In his Inaugural Address in 1949, the American President, Harry Truman, announced a bold new programme for making the benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of underdeveloped nations (the so-called Point IV Plan). At that time it was thought that this support would be needed only for a limited number of years, comparable to the Marshall Plan assistance to Europe. But reality proved to be different: providing aid was a very long-term affair. Since the Fifties, the aid provided has changed at different occasions. In the beginning, aid concentrated on constructing infrastructure, such as roads, railways, dams, and harbours, in order to promote industrial development. In the Sixties, aid to agriculture was added, and in the Seventies aid to social sectors (Basic Needs) was also provided. The Eighties brought worldwide debt problems. Major donors applied structural adjustment policies; some called this the lost decade (dcada perdida). The Nineties saw the arrival of the first environmental considerations, and asked for attention for the role of women and good governance. The form of aid changed from projects to programmes and budget support. Describing the different aid forms of the last 65 years and analysing why aid changed from time to time are the subjects of this book. Professionals and students in the area of international cooperation will benefit from studying this history, as, at this moment, old concepts are reappearing or applied by new donors like China. Is the pendulum really swinging back, as Louis Emmerij at one point suggested?
Category: History

Humanitarian Negotiation

Author : Deborah Mancini-Griffoli
ISBN : UCSD:31822035703172
Genre : Humanitarian assistance
File Size : 60.97 MB
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Category: Humanitarian assistance