How Memory Shapes Narrative

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How Memory Shapes Narratives

Author : Theodore Plantinga
ISBN : 0773495754
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56.97 MB
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This is an exploration of how the narratives people construct during everyday living are shaped by certain limitations and regular patterns in individual memory. The book draws on themes in Walter Ong's analysis of memory and oracy. It also explores the relations between memory aids/supports and memory itself. The recognition of records as playing a role in memory adds a collective dimension and raises questions about the nature of historical truth. The ethical theme is based on the thesis that the past can be redeemed or changed not just on the level of narrative, but also on the level of additional actions that can be related to prior actions in such a way as to justify a new narration of the events taken together. This means that the past can be changed, and this notion of redeeming the past is inspired by Christian thought.
Category: Philosophy

Always At War

Author : Thomas Colley
ISBN : 9780472131440
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71.36 MB
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Compelling narratives are integral to successful foreign policy, military strategy, and international relations. Yet often narrative is conceived so broadly it can be hard to identify. The formation of strategic narratives is informed by the stories governments think their people tell, rather than those they actually tell. This book examines the stories told by a broad cross-section of British society about their country’s past, present, and future role in war, using in-depth interviews with 67 diverse citizens. It brings to the fore the voices of ordinary people in ways typically absent in public opinion research. Always at War complements a significant body of quantitative research into British attitudes to war, and presents an alternative case in a field dominated by US public opinion research. Rather than perceiving distinct periods between war and peace, British citizens see their nation as so frequently involved in conflict that they consider the country to be continuously at war. At present, public opinion appears to be a stronger constraint on Western defense policy than ever.
Category: Political Science

Dimensions Of Storytelling In German Literature And Beyond

Author : Kristy R. Boney
ISBN : 9781640140400
Genre : History
File Size : 42.58 MB
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Explores the storytelling of Anna Seghers and other 20th-century writers who faced the tensions between aesthetics and politically conscious writing, between conformity and resistance.
Category: History

Memory And Salvation

Author : Charles Elliott
ISBN : UOM:39015034902182
Genre : Atonement
File Size : 83.42 MB
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Category: Atonement

Memory And Identity In The Narratives Of Soledad Pu Rtolas

Author : Tamara L. Townsend
ISBN : 9781498500302
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 46.54 MB
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This study provides a comprehensive look at the writings of Soledad Puértolas, 2010 inductee into the Real Academia Española, and the ways in which the contemporary individual in Spain constructs meaning and identity through memory.
Category: Literary Criticism

Martyrdom And Memory

Author : Elizabeth Castelli
ISBN : 9780231503440
Genre : Religion
File Size : 53.69 MB
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Martyrs are produced, Elizabeth Castelli suggests, not by the lived experience of particular historical individuals but by the stories that are later told about them. And the formulaic character of stories about past suffering paradoxically serves specific theological, cultural, or political ends in the present. Martyrdom and Memory explores the central role of persecution in the early development of Christian ideas, institutions, and cultural forms and shows how the legacy of Christian martyrdom plays out in today's world. In the pre-Constantinian imperial period, the conflict between Roman imperial powers and the subject Christian population hinged on competing interpretations of power, submission, resistance, and victory. This book highlights how both Roman and Christian notions of law and piety deployed the same forms of censure and critique, each accusing the other of deviations from governing conventions of gender, reason, and religion. Using Maurice Halbwachs's theoretical framework of collective memory and a wide range of Christian sources—autobiographical writings, martyrologies and saints'lives, sermons, art objects, pilgrimage souvenirs, and polemics about spectacle—Castelli shows that the writings of early Christians aimed to create public and ideologically potent accounts of martyrdom. The martyr's story becomes a "usable past" and a "living tradition" for Christian communities and an especially effective vehicle for transmitting ideas about gender, power, and sanctity. An unlikely legacy of early Christian martyrdom is the emergence of modern "martyr cults" in the wake of the 1999 shootings at Columbine High School. Focusing specifically on the martyr cult associated with one of the victims, Martyrdom and Memory argues that the Columbine story dramatically expresses the ongoing power of collective memory constructed around a process of rendering tragic suffering redemptive and meaningful. In the wake of Columbine and other contemporary legacies of martyrdom's ethical ambivalence, the global impact of Christian culture making in the early twenty-first century cannot be ignored. For as the last century's secularist hypothesis sits in the wings, "religion" returns to center stage with one of this drama's most contentious yet riveting stars: the martyr.
Category: Religion

Autobiographical Memory And The Construction Of A Narrative Self

Author : Robyn Fivush
ISBN : 9781135651855
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31.48 MB
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It is a truism in psychology that self and autobiographical memory are linked, yet we still know surprisingly little about the nature of this relation. Scholars from multiple disciplines, including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, anthropology, and philosophy have begun theorizing and writing about the ways in which autobiographical memory is organized, the role that narratives play in the development of autobiographical memory, and the relations between autobiographical memory, narrative, and self concept. If narratives are a critical link between memory and self, then it becomes apparent that the roles of language and social interaction are paramount. These are the issues addressed in this volume. Although individual authors offer their own unique perspectives in illuminating the nature of the link between self and memory, the contributors share a perspective that both memory and self are constructed through specific forms of social interactions and/or cultural frameworks that lead to the formation of an autobiographical narrative. Taken together, the chapters weave a coherent story about how each of us creates a life narrative embedded in social-cultural frameworks that define what is appropriate to remember, how to remember it, and what it means to be a self with an autobiographical past.
Category: Psychology

Time Maps

Author : Eviatar Zerubavel
ISBN : 9780226981536
Genre : History
File Size : 48.89 MB
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"As Eviatar Zerubavel demonstrates in Time Maps, we cannot answer questions such as these without a deeper understanding of how we envision the past. In a pioneering attempt to map the structure of our collective memory, Zerubavel considers the cognitive patterns we use to organize the past in our minds and the mental strategies that help us string together unrelated events into coherent and meaningful narratives, as well as the social grammar of battles over conflicting interpretations of history. Drawing on fascinating examples that range from Hiroshima to the Holocaust, from Columbus to Lucy, and from ancient Egypt to the former Yugoslavia, Zerubavel shows how we construct historical origins; how we tie discontinuous events together into stories; how we link families and entire nations through genealogies; and how we separate distinct historical periods from one another through watersheds, such as the invention of fire or the fall of the Berlin Wall.".
Category: History

The Poetics Of Memory

Author : Thomas Wägenbaur
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023439164
Genre : Literature and history
File Size : 39.41 MB
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The contributors to this volume share a Poetics of Memory as the constant shift between representation in different kinds of cultural archives and its performance in various acts of cultural recollection. They are engaged in four main projects of mnemonic inquiry: The first deals with the history of the subject and the moment of recollection. The second opens the scope of an aesthetic reading of literary texts towards cultural memory in general. The third examines the nature of (literary) memory as such. The final group of contributors delimits the literary text towards intertextuality and electronic hypertext which challenges but also confirms the proposed Poetics of Memory
Category: Literature and history

Intelligent Information Technologies

Author : Vijayan Sugumaran
ISBN : 1599049414
Genre : Artificial intelligence
File Size : 20.19 MB
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"This collection compiles research to drive further evolution and innovation of these next-generation technologies and their applications, of which the scientific, technological, and commercial communities have only begun to scratch the surface. It is an essential reference acquisition for any library seeking to cover the leading edge of technological innovations"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Artificial intelligence

Blending And The Study Of Narrative

Author : Ralf Schneider
ISBN : 9783110291230
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 36.82 MB
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The theory of Blending, or Conceptual Integration, proposed by Gilles Fauconnier and Marc Turner, is one of most promising cognitive theories of meaning production. It has been successfully applied to the analysis of poetic discourse and micro-textual elements, such as metaphor. Prose narrative has so far received significantly less attention. The present volume aims to remedy this situation. Following an introductory discussion of the connections between narrative and the processes of blending, the contributions demonstrate the range of applications of the theory to the study of narrative. They cover issues such as time and space, literary character and perspective, genre, story levels, and fictional minds; some chapters show how such phenomena as metalepsis, counterfactual narration, intermediality, extended metaphors, and suspense can be fruitfully studied from the vantage point of Conceptual Integration. Working within a theoretical framework situated at the intersection of narratology and the cognitive sciences, the book provides both fresh readings for individual literary and film narratives and new impulses for post-classical narratology.
Category: Literary Criticism

Mapping Memory

Author : Angela May Carlson-Lombardi
ISBN : MINN:31951P00801820G
Genre :
File Size : 69.50 MB
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Asian American Literature In The International Context

Author : Alicia Otano
ISBN : UOM:39015056434056
Genre : History
File Size : 81.93 MB
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In their different and yet complementary perspectives, all of the essays in this collection reiterate the universal lesson of pluralism. They are divided into sections that deal with biraciality and biculturality, interethnic negotiations, poetic creations, narrative experiments, and (re)constructing self. The wide variety of approaches reflects the contributors' training in different cultures and across cultures. The book showcases refreshing new perspectives in reading that combine the views of literary scholars from three different continents. This collection creates a space for discussion and commentary, of heightened appreciation and increased creativity, a forum that turns the discipline of Asian American Studies into a truly intercultural debate.
Category: History

Working The Past

Author : Charlotte Linde
ISBN : 0199722684
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71.98 MB
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Stories told within institutions play a powerful role, helping to define not only the institution itself, but also its individual members. How do institutions use stories? How do those stories both preserve the past and shape the future? To what extent does narrative construct both collective and individual identity? Charlotte Linde's unique and far-reaching study addresses these questions by looking at the interplay of narratives, memory, and identity in a large insurance company. Her detailed ethnography looks at the role of stories within the institution and how they are employed by its members in both private and group settings. Analyzing the re-telling of certain key stories, she shows how the formation of "core" stories and their multiple re-tellings and modifications provide a means of formulating and promoting a cohesive group identity -- which in turn shapes the stories and identities of the individuals within the collective. Linde also looks at silences, and how stories not told also convey their version of the past. Working the Past shows how stories that might otherwise be seen as part of mundane daily life are in fact utterly essential to the formation and maintenance of individual and group identity. Her original research will appeal to those interested in narrative studies, linguistics, anthropology, sociology, and institutional memory.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Stories We Are

Author : William Randall
ISBN : 9781442617674
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.59 MB
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From time to time we all tend to wonder what sort of “story” our life might comprise: what it means, where it is going, and whether it hangs together as a whole. In The Stories We Are, William Lowell Randall explores the links between literature and life and speculates on the range of storytelling styles through which people compose their lives. In doing so, he draws on a variety of fields, including psychology, psychotherapy, theology, philosophy, feminist theory, and literary theory. Using categories like plot, character, point of view, and style, Randall plays with the possibility that we each make sense of the events of our lives to the extent that we weave them into our own unfolding novel, as simultaneously its author, narrator, main character, and reader. In the process, he offers us a unique perspective on features of our day-to-day world such as secrecy, self-deception, gossip, prejudice, intimacy, maturity, and the proverbial “art of living.” First published in 1995, this second edition of The Stories We Are includes a new preface and afterword by the author that offer insight into his argument and evolution as a scholar, as well as an illuminating foreword by Ruthellen Josselson.
Category: Social Science

Negotiating Identities

Author : Helen Grice
ISBN : UOM:39015056172193
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 73.99 MB
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A selective study of Asian American women's writing in the 20th century, emphasizing the cultural contexts in which these works have been produced, as well as Asian American history and the ethnic and feminist theories of women's writing. Chapters cover mother-daughter writing of the 1970s and 1980s; genre and identity; recent Chinese American and British narratives on "Red China"; five Eurasian/Amerasian women's texts about biraciality; citizenship and national identity; and homes and homecomings. Distributed by Palgrave. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Psychology Of Narrative Thought

Author : Lee Roy Beach
ISBN : 9781453542736
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54.93 MB
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This book is about how we think and how what we think shapes our attempts to manage the ongoing course of our lives. Our primary mode of thought is in the form of stories, called narratives, which help us make sense of what is going on around us and provide context for it by linking it to what has happened in the past. Moreover, narratives allow us to use the past and present to make educated guesses, called forecasts, about what will happen in the future. When the forecasted future is undesirable, we intervene to ensure that the actual future, when it arrives, is more to our liking. Narrative thought has its limits, particularly when logical rigor is required. The implications of these limits are discussed, as are the ways in which people have attempted to overcome them.
Category: Psychology

Developing Narrative Structure

Author : Allyssa McCabe
ISBN : UOM:39076001017008
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 74.52 MB
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Effective narration, the telling of stories or recounting of personal experiences, is an art requiring skills that appear crucial for children's language development and literacy acquisition. This volume serves an important purpose because it pulls together the widely scattered literature in the field, exploring the ways in which oral narrative structure develops in children and how it may be facilitated. It presents new empirical studies on genres of narrative, the role narrative structure plays in emergent literacy, the relationship between narrative language and autobiographical memory, and ways in which teachers and parents facilitate or hinder children's narrative development. The empirical research presented here draws from diverse groups, including Hispanic, African-American, and Anglo-American children from rural and urban America and Canada.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Acts Of Memory

Author : Mieke Bal
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023127587
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.31 MB
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A theoretically grounded interdisciplinary study of "cultural memory" in sites ranging from Chile, Bolivia, & South Africa to Germany & the US.
Category: Social Science

Memory Nationalism And Narrative In Contemporary South Asia

Author : J. Edward Mallot
ISBN : 9781137007063
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 84.7 MB
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This book investigates the ambivalent responses to the opposing compulsions of memory and forgetting in cultural production in South Asia. Mallot reveals how writers such as Salman Rushdie, Michael Ondaatje, and Amitav Ghosh indict nationalism's sins by accessing and encoding the past.
Category: Literary Criticism