HOW HISTORY GETS THINGS WRONG

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How History Gets Things Wrong

Author : Alex Rosenberg
ISBN : 0262537990
Genre : History
File Size : 66.2 MB
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Why we learn the wrong things from narrative history, and how our love for stories is hard-wired. To understand something, you need to know its history. Right? Wrong, says Alex Rosenberg in How History Gets Things Wrong. Feeling especially well-informed after reading a book of popular history on the best-seller list? Don't. Narrative history is always, always wrong. It's not just incomplete or inaccurate but deeply wrong, as wrong as Ptolemaic astronomy. We no longer believe that the earth is the center of the universe. Why do we still believe in historical narrative? Our attachment to history as a vehicle for understanding has a long Darwinian pedigree and a genetic basis. Our love of stories is hard-wired. Neuroscience reveals that human evolution shaped a tool useful for survival into a defective theory of human nature. Stories historians tell, Rosenberg continues, are not only wrong but harmful. Israel and Palestine, for example, have dueling narratives of dispossession that prevent one side from compromising with the other. Henry Kissinger applied lessons drawn from the Congress of Vienna to American foreign policy with disastrous results. Human evolution improved primate mind reading--the ability to anticipate the behavior of others, whether predators, prey, or cooperators--to get us to the top of the African food chain. Now, however, this hard-wired capacity makes us think we can understand history--what the Kaiser was thinking in 1914, why Hitler declared war on the United States--by uncovering the narratives of what happened and why. In fact, Rosenberg argues, we will only understand history if we don't make it into a story.
Category: History

Justice And Popular Culture

Author : George A. Gonzalez
ISBN : 9781793602428
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.34 MB
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This book examines how humanity faces of the absence of a coherent, universal conception of justice. By analyzing Star Trek, this book argues that in order to obtain true democracy and justice the productive forces of society must be geared toward achieving a thriving society, the whole individual, and the ecology.
Category: Political Science

Sociobiology And The Preemption Of Social Science

Author : Alexander Rosenberg
ISBN : 9781421435435
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 88.77 MB
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Why have the social sciences in general failed to produce results with the ever-increasing explanatory power and predictive strength of the natural sciences? In seeking an answer to this question, Alexander Rosenberg, a philosopher of science, plunges into the controversial discipline of sociobiology. Sociobiology, Rosenberg asserts, deals in those forces governing human behavior that traditional social science has unsuccessfully attempted to slip between: neurophysiology, on the one hand, and selective forces, on the other. Unlike previous works in the two fields it straddles, Rosenberg's book brings thinking about the nature of scientific theorizing to bear on the most traditional issues in the philosophy of social science. The author finds that the subjects of conventional social science do not reflect the operation of laws that social scientists are equipped to discover. The author argues that much of the debate surrounding sociobiology is irrelevant to the issue of its ultimate success. Although largely conceptual, the book is an unequivocal defense of this new theory in the explanation of human behavior.
Category: Philosophy

Speaking In The Past Tense

Author : Herb Wyile
ISBN : 9781554588251
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 67.44 MB
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“Speaking in the Past Tense participates in an expanding critical dialogue on the writing of historical fiction, providing a series of reflections on the process from the perspective of those souls intrepid enough to step onto what is, practically by definition, contested territory.” — Herb Wyile, from the Introduction The extermination of the Beothuk ... the exploration of the Arctic ... the experiences of soldiers in the trenches during World War I ... the foibles of Canada’s longest-serving prime minister ... the Ojibway sniper who is credited with 378 wartime kills—these are just some of the people and events discussed in these candid and wide-ranging interviews with eleven authors whose novels are based on events in Canadian history. These sometimes startling conversations take the reader behind the scenes of the novels and into the minds of their authors. Through them we explore the writers’ motives for writing, the challenges they faced in gathering information and presenting it in fictional form, the sometimes hostile reaction they faced after publication, and, perhaps most interestingly, the stories that didn’t make it into their novels. Speaking in the Past Tense provides fascinating insights into the construction of national historical narratives and myths, both those familiar to us and those that are still being written.
Category: Literary Criticism

What Is Wrong With The Bible

Author : Charles Giuliani
ISBN : 9781387978762
Genre :
File Size : 28.85 MB
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The Bible is the number one best-selling book of all time. No other literary work in history has ever held so many people captive to its claims. It is viewed as "God's word," an infallible moral guidebook, and a timeless provider of hope and comfort. But is there really any truth to these views? Is the Bible really worthy of all this fanfare? This book will reveal the ugly truth that the Bible is not at all what its fans think it to be. In fact, it is the very antithesis thereof. And this book will prove all of this by using the bible itself as its own refuter.
Category:

Introduction To English As A Second Language Teacher S Book

Author : Peter Lucantoni
ISBN : 9781107532762
Genre : Education
File Size : 73.11 MB
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Introduction to English as a Second Language Teacher's Book is part of the series of resources which bring students to a level where they are ready to study Cambridge IGCSE® or equivalent courses and accompanies the Introduction to English as a Second Language Coursebook and Workbook. The series is written by an experienced ESL teacher and trainer, and includes answers to all of the exercises in the Coursebook and Workbook. This book features Top Tips to help teachers with the course and Differentiated Activities to stretch able students while supporting those that need more help.
Category: Education

A History Of Western Political Thought

Author : Dr J S Mcclelland
ISBN : 9781134812110
Genre : History
File Size : 37.84 MB
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A History of Western Political Thought is an energetic and lucid account of the most important political thinkers and the enduring themes of the last two and a half millennia. Written with students of the history of political thought in mind, the book: * traces the development of political thought from Ancient Greece to the late twentieth century * focuses on individual thinkers and texts * includes 40 biographies of key political thinkers * offers original views of theorists and highlights those which may have been unjustly neglected * develops the wider themes of political thought and the relations between thinkers over time.
Category: History

Terrible Beauty A Cultural History Of The Twentieth Century

Author : Peter Watson
ISBN : 9781780226736
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.57 MB
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A history of the twentieth century which covers all the ideas, people, great events, literary and artistic movements, scientific discoveries which have shaped the twentieth century. Terrible Beauty presents a unique narrative of the twentieth century. Unlike more conventional histories, where the focus is on political events and personalities, on wars, treaties and elections, this book concentrates on the ideas that made the century so rich, rewarding and provocative. Beginning with four seminal ideas which were introduced in 1900 - the unconscious, the gene, the quantum and Picasso's first paintings in Paris - the book brings together the main areas of thought and juxtaposes the most original and influential ideas of our time in an immensely readable narrative. From the creation of plastic to Norman Mailer, from the discovery of the 'Big Bang' to the Counterculture, from Relativity to Susan Sontag, from Proust to Salman Rushdie, and Henri Bergson to Saul Bellow, the book's range is encyclopedic. We meet in these pages the other twentieth century, the writers, the artists, the scientists and philosophers who were not cowed by the political and military disasters raging around them, and produced some of the most amazing and rewarding ideas by which we live. Terrible Beauty, endlessly stimulating and provocative, affirms that there was much more to the twentieth century than war and genocide.
Category: Philosophy

Voices Of France

Author : Sheila Perry
ISBN : 1855673940
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47.59 MB
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Comprising 15 contributions, this volume explores the many expressions of French culture, from the effects of opinion polls on democracy and oral histories to the expression of specific socio- cultural groups in French society. Avenues of communication explored include self-expression or collectively shared myths and metaphors; visual, linguistic or textual media including women's filmmaking and the rise of hip-hop and ragga in France; and political participation and practice, ranging from discussions about homelessness to the re-creating of collective identities in urban France. Distributed by Books International. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category: Political Science