HANDBOOK OF THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SCIENCE

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The Handbook Of Stress Science

Author : Andrew Baum, PhD
ISBN : 0826117716
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56.54 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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"[F]or those who are entering the field or who want to broaden their perspective, Ibelieve that this Handbook is indispensible. More than just a contribution to the field, theHandbook may well become a classic."--PsycCRITIQUES "The editors fully achieved their goal of producing a state-of-the-science stress reference for use by investigators, educators, and practitioners with clinical and health interests."--Psycho-Oncology "This is an important book about the scientific study of stress and human adaptation. It brings together both empirical data and theoretical developments that address the fundamental question of how psychosocial variables get inside the body to influence neurobiological processes that culminate in physical disease." From the Foreword by David C. Glass, PhD Emeritus Professor of Psychology Stony Brook University Edited by two leading health psychologists, The Handbook of Stress Science presents a detailed overview of key topics in stress and health psychology. With discussions on how stress influences physical health-including its effects on the nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, and immune systems-the text is a valuable source for health psychologists, as well as researchers in behavioral medicine, neuroscience, genetics, clinical and social psychology, sociology, and public health. This state-of-the-art resource reviews conceptual developments, empirical findings, clinical applications, and investigative strategies and tools from the past few decades of stress research. It represents all major approaches to defining stress and describes the themes and developments that characterize the field of health-related stress research. The five sections of this handbook cover: Current knowledge regarding the major biological structures and systems that are involved in the stress response Social-contextual contributions to stress and to processes of adaptation to stress, including the workplace, socioeconomic status, and social support The concept of cognitive appraisal as it relates to stress and emotion psychological factors influencing stress such as, personality, gender, and adult development The evidence linking stress to health-related behaviors and mental and physical health outcomes Research methods, tools, and strategies, including the principles and techniques of both laboratory experimentation and naturalistic stress research
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Aging

Author : James E. Birren
ISBN : 0121012638
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.14 MB
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The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging has become the definitive reference source for information on the psychology of adult development and aging. The Fifth Edition provides comprehensive reviews of research on biological and social influences on behavior and age-related changes in psychological function. In addition to covering environmental influences on behavior and aging and gender differences in aging, new chapters in the Fifth Edition discuss wisdom, creativity, and technological change and the older worker. This handbook is an essential reference for researchers in adult development and gerontology and suitable as an advanced textbook for courses on the psychology of aging.
Category: Medical

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Religion And Spirituality Second Edition

Author : Raymond F. Paloutzian
ISBN : 9781462510061
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73.87 MB
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Widely regarded as the definitive reference, this volume comprehensively examines the psychological processes associated with religion and spirituality. Leading scholars from multiple psychological subdisciplines present developmental, cognitive, social psychological, cultural, and clinical perspectives on this core aspect of human experience. The forms and functions of religious practices and rituals, conversion experiences, and spiritual struggles are explored. Other key topics include religion as a meaning system, religious influences on prosocial and antisocial behavior, and connections to health, coping, and psychotherapy. New to This Edition *Two chapters on cross-cultural issues. *Chapters on spiritual goals, emotional values, and mindfulness. *Reflects significant theoretical and empirical developments in the field. *Many new authors and extensively revised chapters. *Robust index amplifies the volume's usefulness as a reference tool.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Religion And Spirituality

Author : Raymond F. Paloutzian
ISBN : 9781572309227
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 37.59 MB
Format : PDF
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This comprehensive volume synthesizes the breath of current knowledge on the psychological processes underlying spirituality, religious behavior, and religious experience.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Aging

Author : K Warner Schaie
ISBN : 0123808839
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.86 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, Seventh Edition, provides a basic reference source on the behavioral processes of aging for researchers, graduate students, and professionals. It also provides perspectives on the behavioral science of aging for researchers and professionals from other disciplines. The book is organized into four parts. Part 1 reviews key methodological and analytical issues in aging research. It examines some of the major historical influences that might provide explanatory mechanisms for a better understanding of cohort and period differences in psychological aging processes. Part 2 includes chapters that discuss the basics and nuances of executive function; the history of the morphometric research on normal brain aging; and the neural changes that occur in the brain with aging. Part 3 deals with the social and health aspects of aging. It covers the beliefs that individuals have about how much they can control various outcomes in their life; the impact of stress on health and aging; and the interrelationships between health disparities, social class, and aging. Part 4 discusses the emotional aspects of aging; family caregiving; and mental disorders and legal capacities in older adults. Contains all the main areas of psychological gerontological research in one volume Entire section on neuroscience and aging Begins with a section on theory and methods Edited by one of the father of gerontology (Schaie) and contributors represent top scholars in gerontology
Category: Medical

The Oxford Handbook Of The Science Of Science Communication

Author : Kathleen Hall Jamieson
ISBN : 9780190497620
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81.91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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The proposal to vaccinate adolescent girls against the human papilloma virus ignited political controversy, as did the advent of fracking and a host of other emerging technologies. These disputes attest to the persistent gap between expert and public perceptions. Complicating the communication of sound science and the debates that surround the societal applications of that science is a changing media environment in which misinformation can elicit belief without corrective context and likeminded individuals are prone to seek ideologically comforting information within their own self-constructed media enclaves. Drawing on the expertise of leading science communication scholars from six countries, The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication not only charts the media landscape - from news and entertainment to blogs and films - but also examines the powers and perils of human biases - from the disposition to seek confirming evidence to the inclination to overweight endpoints in a trend line. In the process, it draws together the best available social science on ways to communicate science while also minimizing the pernicious effects of human bias. The Handbook adds case studies exploring instances in which communication undercut or facilitated the access to scientific evidence. The range of topics addressed is wide, from genetically engineered organisms and nanotechnology to vaccination controversies and climate change. Also unique to this book is a focus on the complexities of involving the public in decision making about the uses of science, the regulations that should govern its application, and the ethical boundaries within which science should operate. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers in the communication fields, particularly in science and health communication, as well as to scholars involved in research on scientific topics susceptible to distortion in partisan debate.
Category: Psychology

Handbook Of The History Of Social Psychology

Author : Arie W. Kruglanski
ISBN : 9781848728684
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84.96 MB
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"This is the first ever handbook to comprehensively cover the historical development of the field of social psychology, including the main overarching approaches and all the major individual topics. Contributors are all world-renowned scientists in their subfields who engagingly describe the people, dynamics, and events that have shaped the discipline"--
Category: Psychology

The Handbook Of Communication Science

Author : Charles R. Berger
ISBN : 9781412918138
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.59 MB
Format : PDF
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In 1987, publication of the Handbook of Communication Science signaled the "coming of age" for one of the most exciting interdisciplinary fields in the social sciences. With the 2nd edition of The Handbook of Communication Science almost twenty years later, editors Charles R. Berger and David Roskos-Ewoldsen bring together again a stellar cast of communication scholars to contribute to this volume. Opening chapters address the methods of research and the history of the field. In subsequent parts, the authors examine the levels of analysis in communication (individual to macrosocial), the functions of communication (such as socialization and persuasion), and the contexts in which communication occurs (such as couples, families, organizations, and mass media).
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Science Of Reading

Author : Margaret J. Snowling
ISBN : 9780470757635
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73.60 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The Science of Reading: A Handbook brings together state-of-the-art reviews of reading research from leading names in the field, to create a highly authoritative, multidisciplinary overview of contemporary knowledge about reading and related skills. Provides comprehensive coverage of the subject, including theoretical approaches, reading processes, stage models of reading, cross-linguistic studies of reading, reading difficulties, the biology of reading, and reading instruction Divided into seven sections:Word Recognition Processes in Reading; Learning to Read and Spell; Reading Comprehension; Reading in Different Languages; Disorders of Reading and Spelling; Biological Bases of Reading; Teaching Reading Edited by well-respected senior figures in the field
Category: Psychology

The International Handbook Of Psychology

Author : Kurt Pawlik
ISBN : 9781847876645
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58.93 MB
Format : PDF
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The International Handbook of Psychology is an authoritative resource covering all the main areas of psychological science and written by an outstanding set of authors from around the world. The 31 chapters cover not only scientific but also applied cross-disciplinary aspects. Supervised by an International Editorial Advisory Board (IEAB) of 13 eminent psychologists and edited by Professors Kurt Pawlik and Mark R Rosenzweig, it is being published under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS) by SAGE Publications Ltd in London. The International Handbook of Psychology will be invaluable to advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in psychology, and will also be of interest to students of education, sociology, political science, humanities, philosophy, informatics, cognitive sciences, neuroscience, legal sciences and criminology, and will serve as a general resource reference text, written at a level comparable to Scientific American. `This impressive volume covers a tremendous amount of work. It is well organized: authors have generally kept to a standard brief. It is also truly international both in authorship and the origin of the work referenced. This will provide a very useful reference book for undergraduate and post-graduate students' - British Journal of Educational Psychology
Category: Psychology