Handbook Of Particle Detection And Imaging

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Handbook Of Particle Detection And Imaging

Author : Claus Grupen
ISBN : 9783642132711
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.14 MB
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The handbook centers on detection techniques in the field of particle physics, medical imaging and related subjects. It is structured into three parts. The first one is dealing with basic ideas of particle detectors, followed by applications of these devices in high energy physics and other fields. In the last part the large field of medical imaging using similar detection techniques is described. The different chapters of the book are written by world experts in their field. Clear instructions on the detection techniques and principles in terms of relevant operation parameters for scientists and graduate students are given.Detailed tables and diagrams will make this a very useful handbook for the application of these techniques in many different fields like physics, medicine, biology and other areas of natural science.
Category: Science

The Particle Detector Briefbook

Author : Rudolf K. Bock
ISBN : 3540641203
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.29 MB
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This BriefBook is a much extended glossary or a much condensed handbook, depending on the way one looks at it. It deals with detectors in particle and nuclear physics experiments. The authors describe, in encyclopedic format, the physics, the application, and the analysis of data from these detectors. Ample reference is made to the published literature. An introduction for newcomers, a reference for scientists.
Category: Science

Applied Superconductivity

Author : Paul Seidel
ISBN : 9783527670659
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.66 MB
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This wide-ranging presentation of applied superconductivity, from fundamentals and materials right up to the details of many applications, is an essential reference for physicists and engineers in academic research as well as in industry. Readers looking for a comprehensive overview on basic effects related to superconductivity and superconducting materials will expand their knowledge and understanding of both low and high Tc superconductors with respect to their application. Technology, preparation and characterization are covered for bulk, single crystals, thins fi lms as well as electronic devices, wires and tapes. The main benefit of this work lies in its broad coverage of significant applications in magnets, power engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will find information on superconducting magnets for diverse applications like particle physics, fusion research, medicine, and biomagnetism as well as materials processing. SQUIDs and their usage in medicine or geophysics are thoroughly covered, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, aspects on superconductor digital electronics, leading readers to quantum computing and new devices.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Particle Detection With Drift Chambers

Author : Walter Blum
ISBN : 3540766847
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.26 MB
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This second edition is a thoroughly revised, updated and expanded version of a classic text, with lots of new material on electronic signal creation, amplification and shaping. It’s still a thorough general introduction, too, to the theory and operation of drift chambers. The topics discussed include the basics of gas ionization, electronic drift and signal creation and discuss in depth the fundamental limits of accuracy and the issue of particle identification.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Particle Physics

Author : M.K. Sundaresan
ISBN : 9781420042054
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.92 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Literally thousands of elementary particles have been discovered over the last 50 years, their properties measured, relationships systematized, and existence and behavior explained in a myriad of cleverly constructed theories. As the field has grown so impressively, so has its jargon. Until now, scientists in other fields have had no single resource from which they can quickly reference an idea, acronym, or term and find an accessible definition and explanation. The Handbook of Particle Physics fills that void. This unique work contains, in encyclopedic form, terms of interest in particle physics, including its peculiar jargon. It covers the experimental and theoretical techniques of particle physics along with terms from the closely related fields of astrophysics and cosmology. Designed primarily for non-specialists with a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and relativity, the entries preserve a degree of rigor by providing the relevant technical and mathematical details. Clear and engaging prose, numerous figures, and historical overviews complement the handbook's convenience both as a reference and as an invitation into the fascinating world of particle physics.
Category: Science

Handbook On Radiation Probing Gauging Imaging And Analysis

Author : E.M. Hussein
ISBN : 9780306484025
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.88 MB
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The need for this book arose from my teaching, engineering, and - search experience in the non-power aspects of nuclear technology. The lack of a comprehensive textbook in industrial applications of radiation frustrated my students, who had to resort to a multitude of textbooks and research publications to familiarize themselves with the fundam- tal and practical aspects of radiation technology. As an engineer, I had to acquire the design aspects of radiation devices by trial-and-error, and often by accidental reading of a precious publication. As a researcher and a supervisor of graduate students, I found that the needed literature was either hard to find, or too scattered and diverse. More than once, I discovered that what appeared to be an exciting new idea was an old concept that was tried a few decades earlier during the golden era of “Atom for Peace”. I am hoping, therefore, that this book will serve as a single comprehensive reference source in a growing field that I expect will continue to expand. This book is directed to both neophytes and experts, and is written to combine the old and the new, the basic and the advanced, the simple and the complex. It is anticipated that this book will be of help in - viving older concepts, improving and expanding existing techniques and promoting the development of new ones.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Charged Particle Optics

Author : Jon Orloff
ISBN : 0849325137
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.76 MB
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This timely handbook contains chapters on the essential elements of high resolution charged particle optics and is written by many of the world's leading research scientists. It is a complete guide to understanding, designing, and using high resolution instrumentation such as transmission electron microscopes (TEMs), scanning electron microscopes (SEMs), scanning transmission electron microscopes (STEMs), and focused ion beam (FIB) systems. This handbook is evenly balanced between theory and application, and covers all the most important topics in this growing area. Handbook of High Resolution Charged Particle Optics explains how and why high resolution instruments work and how to apply this information when designing or using them.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Radioactivity Analysis

Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
ISBN : 9780323137881
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.33 MB
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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text. Key Features * Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes * Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na
Category: Science

Research On Particle Imaging Detectors

Author : Georges Charpak
ISBN : 9810219032
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.48 MB
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Much instrumentation has been developed for imaging the trajectories of elementary particles produced in high energy collisions. Since 1968, gaseous detectors, beginning with multiwire chambers and drift chambers, have been used for the visualisation of particle trajectories and the imaging of X-rays, neutrons, hard gamma rays, beta rays and ultraviolet photons.This book commemorates the groundbreaking research leading to the evolution of such detectors carried out at CERN by Georges Charpak, Nobel Prizewinner for Physics in 1992. Besides collecting his key papers, the book also includes original linking commentary which sets his work in the context of other worldwide research.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Imaging In Biological Mechanics

Author : Corey P. Neu
ISBN : 9781466588141
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.61 MB
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Emerging imaging techniques have opened new fronts to investigate tissues, cells, and proteins. Transformative technologies such as microCT scans, super-resolution microscopy, fluorescence-based tools, and other methods now allow us to study the mechanics of cancer, dissect the origins of cellular force regulation, and examine biological specimens
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Microscopy For Nanotechnology

Author : Nan Yao
ISBN : 9781402080067
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.33 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Nanostructured materials take on an enormously rich variety of properties and promise exciting new advances in micromechanical, electronic, and magnetic devices as well as in molecular fabrications. The structure-composition-processing-property relationships for these sub 100 nm-sized materials can only be understood by employing an array of modern microscopy and microanalysis tools. Handbook of Microscopy for Nanotechnology aims to provide an overview of the basics and applications of various microscopy techniques for nanotechnology. This handbook highlights various key microcopic techniques and their applications in this fast-growing field. Topics to be covered include the following: scanning near field optical microscopy, confocal optical microscopy, atomic force microscopy, magnetic force microscopy, scanning turning microscopy, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, orientational imaging microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy, environmental transmission electron microscopy, quantitative electron diffraction, Lorentz microscopy, electron holography, 3-D transmission electron microscopy, high-spatial resolution quantitative microanalysis, electron-energy-loss spectroscopy and spectral imaging, focused ion beam, secondary ion microscopy, and field ion microscopy.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Particle Image Velocimetry

Author : Markus Raffel
ISBN : 9783540723073
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.80 MB
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This immensely practical guide to PIV provides a condensed, yet exhaustive guide to most of the information needed for experiments employing the technique. This second edition has updated chapters on the principles and extra information on microscopic, high-speed and three component measurements as well as a description of advanced evaluation techniques. What’s more, the huge increase in the range of possible applications has been taken into account as the chapter describing these applications of the PIV technique has been expanded.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Spectroscopy

Author : G¿nter Gauglitz
ISBN : 9783527654727
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.71 MB
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This second, thoroughly revised, updated and enlarged edition provides a straightforward introduction to spectroscopy, showing what it can do and how it does it, together with a clear, integrated and objective account of the wealth of information that may be derived from spectra. It also features new chapters on spectroscopy in nano-dimensions, nano-optics, and polymer analysis. Clearly structured into sixteen sections, it covers everything from spectroscopy in nanodimensions to medicinal applications, spanning a wide range of the electromagnetic spectrum and the physical processes involved, from nuclear phenomena to molecular rotation processes. In addition, data tables provide a comparison of different methods in a standardized form, allowing readers to save valuable time in the decision process by avoiding wrong turns, and also help in selecting the instrumentation and performing the experiments. These four volumes are a must-have companion for daily use in every lab.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Infrared Detection Technologies

Author : M. Henini
ISBN : 1856173887
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.38 MB
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Introduction -- Comparison of Photon and Thermal Detectors Performance -- GaAs/AIGaAs Based Quantum Well Intra-red Photodetector Focal Plane Arrays -- GaInAs(P) Based Qwips on GaAs, InP and Si Substrates for Focal Plane Arrays -- InAs/(Galn)Sb Superlattices: A Promising Material System for Infra-red Detection -- GaSb/InAs Superlattices for Infra-red FPAs -- MCT Properties, Growth Methods and Characterization -- HgCdTe 2D Arrays -- Technology and Performance Limits -- Status of HgCdTe MBE Technology -- Silicon Infra-red Focal Plane Arrays -- PolySiGe Uncooled Microbolometers for Thermal Infra-red Detection -- Infra-red Silicon/Germanium Detectors -- Fundamentals of Spin Filtering in Ferromagnetic Metals with Application to Spin Sensors.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Condition Monitoring

Author : A. Davies
ISBN : 0412613204
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34.68 MB
Format : PDF
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The purpose of this book is to inform readers about techniques currently available in the field of condition monitoring, and the methodology used in their application. It addresses the four major technique areas in condition monitoring, in addition to the latest developments in condition monitoring research. It is an essential reference book for maintenance technicians, engineers, manager and researchers, as well as graduate students involved in manufacturing and mechanical engineering, and condition monitoring.
Category: Medical

Acute Care Handbook For Physical Therapists E Book

Author : Jaime C. Paz
ISBN : 9781416069485
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66.89 MB
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Familiarize yourself with the acute care environment and confidently develop patient rehabilitation plans with this essential guide to physical therapy practice in a clinical setting. Acute Care Handbook for Physical Therapists, Third Edition helps you understand and interpret hospital protocol, medical terminology, and the medical–surgical aspects of acute care. Each chapter focuses on a body system and includes a review of basic structure and function, an overview of a medical–surgical workup, a review of pathophysiology, information on pharmacology, and guidelines for physical therapy intervention. This edition features a larger, slimmer design that highlights clinical tips, decision-making aids, and practice patterns throughout the text so that you can easily locate these tools and apply them to your practice. If you are unfamiliar with the complex acute care environment, this comprehensive resource is just what you need to become more comfortable and better able to manage the specific needs of your patients. Review of body system basics and disease processes in each chapter provides concise information to help you better manage patients in a hospital setting. Familiarizes you with the acute care environment by explaining medical terminology, hospital protocol, and surgical workups Includes updated information on medications, laboratory and diagnostic tests, and surgical and invasive procedures pertinent to physical therapy practice Clinical tips throughout the text show you how to maximize safety, quality, and efficiency of care. Over 350 illustrations, tables, and boxed text highlight essential concepts and procedures for quick reference. Uses terminology consistent with the Guide to Physical Therapist Practice, Second Edition Focuses on evidence-based practice to help you determine the best interventions including recent literature regarding rehabilitation in the critical care setting. NEW! Pertinent practice patterns from the Guide to Physical Therapist Practice, Second Edition are included in each chapter. NEW! Additional illustrations to improve comprehension of the material NEW! More pharmacologic implications for physical therapists, specifically concerning side effects and use of combination drugs. NEW! Additional decision-making algorithms facilitate critical thinking in the clinical setting. NEW! Updated surgical and invasive procedures include minimally invasive orthopedic surgery, bariatric procedures, and complete insight into circulatory assist devices. NEW! Expanded neurological chapter including vestibular dysfunction tests and measures, a discussion of dementia, and the latest in stroke evaluation and management. NEW! Revised appendices discuss the latest concepts in documentation standards, palliative care, and patient safety. NEW! Slimmer, larger format allows the book to lie open for easier reading. NEW! Improved design highlighting clinical tips and other key features lets you locate important information quickly in a busy clinical setting.
Category: Medical