GOVERNING THE COMMONS

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Governing The Commons

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 9781107569782
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68.10 MB
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Tackles one of the most enduring and contentious issues of positive political economy: common pool resource management.
Category: Political Science

Governing Knowledge Commons

Author : Brett M. Frischmann
ISBN : 9780199972036
Genre : Law
File Size : 42.58 MB
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"Knowledge commons" describes the institutionalized community governance of the sharing and, in some cases, creation, of information, science, knowledge, data, and other types of intellectual and cultural resources. It is the subject of enormous recent interest and enthusiasm with respect to policymaking about innovation, creative production, and intellectual property. Taking that enthusiasm as its starting point, Governing Knowledge Commons argues that policymaking should be based on evidence and a deeper understanding of what makes commons institutions work. It offers a systematic way to study knowledge commons, borrowing and building on Elinor Ostrom's Nobel Prize-winning research on natural resource commons. It proposes a framework for studying knowledge commons that is adapted to the unique attributes of knowledge and information, describing the framework in detail and explaining how to put it into context both with respect to commons research and with respect to innovation and information policy. Eleven detailed case studies apply and discuss the framework exploring knowledge commons across a wide variety of scientific and cultural domains.
Category: Law

The Governance Of Urban Green Spaces In The Eu

Author : Judith Schicklinski
ISBN : 9781315403809
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52.34 MB
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Across European cities the use of urban space is controversial and subject to diverging interests. On the one hand citizens are increasingly aware of the necessity for self-organising to reclaim green spaces. On the other hand local authorities have started to involve citizens in the governance of urban green spaces. While an increased level of citizen participation and conducive conditions for citizens’ self-organisation are a desirable development per se, the risk of functionalising civil society actors by the local authority for neoliberal city development must be kept in mind. Drawing on qualitative and quantitative data collected in 29 European cities from all four European geographic regions, this book examines the governance of urban green spaces and urban food production, focusing on the contribution of citizen-driven activities. Over the course of the book, Schicklinski identifies best practice examples of successful collaboration between citizens and local government. The book concludes with policy recommendations with great practical value for local governance in European cities in times of the growth-turn. This book will be of great relevance to students, scholars, and policy-makers with an interest in environmental governance, urban geography, and sustainable development.
Category: Business & Economics

Governing Medical Knowledge Commons

Author : Katherine J. Strandburg
ISBN : 9781107146877
Genre : Law
File Size : 53.10 MB
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This book collects fifteen new case studies documenting successful knowledge and information sharing commons institutions for medical and health sciences innovation. Also available as Open Access.
Category: Law

The Drama Of The Commons

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309169984
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89.9 MB
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The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.
Category: Social Science

Uncommons In The Commons

Author : Rucha Ghate
ISBN : 8180690997
Genre : Community forests
File Size : 80.13 MB
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It Is A Study Of Five Truly Forest Dependent Communities. Analyses The Process Of Formations And Working Of Community Forest Associations And Identities The Factors Responsible For The Success Of Community Efforts In Some Places, Partial Success In Some, Failure In Some Others And Lack Of Initiative In Still Others. Has Seven Chapters The Last Being On Lessons Learnt. An Appendix.
Category: Community forests

The Sage Handbook Of Governance

Author : Mark Bevir
ISBN : 144620975X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47.72 MB
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The study of governance has risen to prominence as a way of describing and explaining changes in our world. The SAGE Handbook of Governance presents an authoritative and innovative overview of this fascinating field, with particular emphasis on the significant new and emerging theoretical issues and policy innovations. The Handbook is divided into three parts. Part one explores the major theories influencing current thinking and shaping future research in the field of governance. Part two deals specifically with changing practices and policy innovations, including the changing role of the state, transnational and global governance, markets and networks, public management, and budgeting and finance. Part three explores the dilemmas of managing governance, including attempts to rethink democracy and citizenship as well as specific policy issues such as capacity building, regulation, and sustainable development. This volume is an excellent resource for advanced students and researchers in political science, economics, geography, sociology, and public administration. Mark Bevir is a Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley.
Category: Political Science

Managing The Commons

Author : John Baden
ISBN : 0253211530
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.36 MB
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"... an impressive collection of essays that provide a wide-ranging look at the question of how best to manage our common-pool resources.... a thought-provoking read... " -- The Journal of Environmental Education This is a new edition of a pioneering work on the origins, developments, and recent innovations in the debate on managing commonly-owned lands and resources. It includes both new and updated essays which focus on alternate institutional approaches to managing these resources to prevent environmental tragedy.
Category: Business & Economics

Environment And Society

Author : Paul Robbins
ISBN : 9781118451557
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.96 MB
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Substantially updated for the second edition, this engaging and innovative introduction to the environment and society uses key theoretical approaches to explore familiar objects. Features substantial revisions and updates for the second edition, including new chapters on E waste, mosquitoes and uranium, improved maps and graphics, new exercises, shorter theory chapters, and refocused sections on environmental solutions Discusses topics such as population and scarcity, commodities, environmental ethics, risks and hazards, and political economy and applies them to objects like bottled water, tuna, and trees Accessible for students, and accompanied by in-book and online resources including exercises and boxed discussions, an online test bank, notes, suggested reading, and website links for enhanced understanding Offers additional online support for instructors, including suggested teaching models, PowerPoint slides for each chapter with full-color graphics, and supplementary images and teaching material
Category: Political Science

Governance In World Affairs

Author : Oran R. Young
ISBN : 0801486238
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44.72 MB
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In this book Oran Young extends and generalizes his earlier work on international environmental regimes to present a comprehensive account of the current status and future prospects of regime theory as a way of thinking about governance in world affairs.Young organizes his assessment around two overarching issues. The first emphasizes the idea that regimes are dynamic systems. An understanding of regime formation is thus a springboard for inquiries into the effectiveness of these arrangements once they become operational and into the processes through which regimes change over time. The second stresses the importance of fostering a dialogue between scholars who espouse distinct ways of thinking about international institutions: the collective-action perspective arising from the fields of economics and public choice and the social-practice perspective associated with the fields of sociology and anthropology.Within this framework, the book offers cutting-edge contributions regarding the tasks institutions perform, the effectiveness of regimes, institutional change, and linkages among distinct regimes.
Category: Political Science