Global Perspectives On Income Taxation Law

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Global Perspectives On Income Taxation Law

Author : Reuven Shlomo Avi-Yonah
ISBN : 9780195321364
Genre : Law
File Size : 37.64 MB
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In 'Global Perspectives on Income Taxation Law', Avi-Yonah covers basic, corporate and international tax law from a comparative perspective. The book both supplements readings in U.S. tax law courses and serves as a textbook for a comparative tax law class.
Category: Law

Global Perspectives On E Commerce Taxation Law

Author : Dr Subhajit Basu
ISBN : 9781409493433
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.83 MB
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In its most advanced form, e-commerce allows unidentified purchasers to pay obscure vendors in 'electronic cash' for products that are often goods, services and licenses all rolled into one. This book considers the implications for the domestic and international tax systems of the growth of e-commerce. It covers a wide variety of activities, from discussion of the principles governing direct and indirect taxation, to explanation of the implementation and use of e-commerce on the part of businesses as well as the application of existing tax principles in this field. With its focus on the broader issues surrounding the expansion of e-commerce and its attention to the problems arising internationally in this field, Global Perspectives in E-Commerce Taxation Law will appeal to scholars worldwide.
Category: Business & Economics

E Commerce And Source Based Income Taxation

Author : Dale Pinto
ISBN : 9789076078564
Genre : Electronic commerce
File Size : 71.7 MB
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The advent of electronic commerce has caused many to question the continued viability of sourced-based taxation. This thesis argues that source-based taxation is theoretically justifiable for income that arises from international transactions which are conducted in an electronic commerce environment.
Category: Electronic commerce

International Taxation Law In Sports Events

Author : Alara Efsun Yazıcıoğlu
ISBN : 9781000092646
Genre : Law
File Size : 33.99 MB
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This book is the first academic contribution that deals with international taxation of income sources from sports events. Using an interdisciplinary approach, with in-depth analysis of both sports law and international tax law, it is notably the first academic work to conduct a thorough analysis in the fields of international taxation of eSports, sports betting as well as illegal/unlawful income sources that may be obtained in relation to a sporting event, such as kickback payments. After describing the general methodologies of income tax and VAT from an international standpoint, defining key terms such as ‘eSports’ and ‘bidding procedure’, the book examines in detail the taxation of the services that are rendered and the goods that are sold, thereby the income obtained, in relation to an international sports event from both income tax and VAT perspectives. Also analysed are government funding in the sports sector, along with its taxation modalities, as well as specific tax exemption regulations enacted for the purposes of mega sporting events. Highlighting the absence of an acceptable level of certainty in the field of taxation of international sports events, the work makes pertinent suggestions as to the future of international sporting event taxation law. With international appeal, this comprehensive book constitutes essential reading for tax and sports law scholars.
Category: Law

Top Incomes

Author : A. B. Atkinson
ISBN : 9780191500886
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63.48 MB
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A rapidly growing area of economic research investigates the top of the income distribution using data from income tax records. This volume brings together studies of top incomes for twelve countries from around the world, including China, India, Japan, Argentina and Indonesia. Together with the first volume, published in 2007, the studies cover twenty two countries. They have a long time span, the earliest data relating to 1875 (for Norway), allowing recent developments to be placed in historical perspective. The volume describes in detail the source data and the methods employed. It will be an invaluable reference source for researchers in the field. Individual country chapters deal with the specific nature of the data for each of the countries, and describe the long-term evolution of top income shares. In the countries as a whole, dramatic changes have taken place at the top of the income distribution. Over the first part of the century, top income shares fell markedly. This largely took the form of a reduction in capital incomes. The different authors examine the impact of the First and Second World Wars, contrasting countries that were and were not engaged. They consider the impact of depressions and banking crises, and pay particular attention to the impact of progressive taxation. In the last 30 years, the shares of top incomes have increased markedly in the US and other Anglo-Saxon countries, reflecting the increased dispersion of earnings. The volume includes statistics on the much-discussed top pay and bonuses, providing a global perspective that discusses important differences between countries such as the lesser increase in Continental Europe. This book, together with volume 1, documents this interesting development and explores the underlying causes. The findings are brought together in a final summary chapter by Atkinson, Piketty and Saez.
Category: Business & Economics

Global Perspectives On Social Issues

Author : Rita James Simon
ISBN : 0739105884
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.5 MB
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This volume is a broad-ranging and useful reference tool for anyone interested in these social institutions."--BOOK JACKET.
Category: Social Science

Global Perspectives On The Rule Of Law

Author : James J. Heckman
ISBN : 9781135202675
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.83 MB
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Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law is a collection of original research on the rule of law from a panel of leading economists, political scientists, legal scholars, sociologists and historians. The chapters critically analyze the meaning and foundations of the rule of law and its relationship to economic and democratic development, challenging many of the underlying assumptions guiding the burgeoning field of rule of law development. The combination of jurisprudential, quantitative, historical/comparative, and theoretical analyses seeks to chart a new course in scholarship on the rule of law: the volume as a whole takes seriously the role of law in pursuing global justice, while confronting the complexity of instituting the rule of law and delivering its promised benefits. Written for scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers, Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law offers a unique combination of jurisprudential and empirical research that will be provocative and relevant to those who are attempting to understand and advance the rule of law globally. The chapters progress from broad questions regarding current rule of development efforts and the concept of rule of law to more specific issues pertaining to economic and democratic development. Specific countries, such as China, India, and seventeenth century England and the Netherlands, serve as case studies in some chapters, while broad global surveys feature in other chapters. Indeed, this impressive scope of research ushers in the next generation of scholarship in this area.
Category: Law

Comparative Income Taxation

Author : Hugh J. Ault
ISBN : 9789041132048
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65.91 MB
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The purpose of this book is to compare different solutions adopted by nine industrialized countries to common problems of income tax design. As in other legal domains, comparative study of income taxation can provide fresh perspectives from which to examine a particular national system. Increasing economic globalization also makes understanding foreign tax systems relevant to a growing set of transnational business transactions. Comparative study is, however, notoriously difficult. Full understanding of a foreign tax system may require mastery not only of a foreign language, but also of foreign business and legal cultures. It would be the work of a lifetime for a single individual to achieve that level of understanding of the nine income taxes compared in this volume. Suppose, however, that an international group of tax law professors, each expert in his own national system, were asked to describe how that system resolved specific problems of income tax design with respect to individuals, business organizations, and international transactions. Suppose further that the leaders of the group wove the resulting answers into a single continuous exposition, which was then reviewed and critiqued by a wider group of tax teachers. The resulting text would provide a convenient and comprehensive introduction to foreign approaches to income taxation for teachers, students, policy-makers and practitioners. That is the path followed by Hugh Ault and Brian Arnold and their collaborators in the development of this fascinating book. Henceforth, a reader interested in how other developed countries resolve such structural issues as the taxation of fringe benefits, the effect of unrealized appreciation at death, the classification of business entities, expatriation to avoid taxes, and so on, can turn to this volume for an initial answer. This book should greatly facilitate comparative analysis in teaching and writing about taxation in the US and elsewhere.
Category: Business & Economics

International Taxation Law In Sporting Events

Author : Alara Efsun Yazıcıoğlu
ISBN : 0367266253
Genre : International business enterprises
File Size : 43.92 MB
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Introduction -- Key concepts and main actors of international sports events -- Taxation methodology and principal concepts -- Taxation of commercial income sources deriving from international sports events -- Taxation of government funding -- Specific tax exemption regulations for mega sporting events -- Adoption of an 'International Sports Events Tax Exemptions Act' and/or an 'International Sports Events Taxation Act' : an effective solution -- Conclusion.
Category: International business enterprises

Tax Law Design And Drafting

Author : Mr. Victor Thuronyi
ISBN : 9781455233632
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.64 MB
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A comprehensive guide to income tax legislation, this book is the second of two volumes dealing with tax legislation from a comparative law perspective. Distilled from the IMF Legal Department's extensive experience, the book covers a wide range of issues in both domestic and international taxation. It also includes the most extensive bibliography currently available of the national tax laws of IMF member countries.
Category: Business & Economics

Tax Policy Challenges In The 21st Century

Author : Karoline Spies
ISBN : 9783709406045
Genre : Law
File Size : 58.85 MB
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The Major Developments in Tax Policy Steadily increasing globalization as well as the financial and economic crisis have brought major challenges for states in ensuring budgetary consolidation while maintaining sustainable economic growth. These developments have not only influenced political and economic discussions in the 21st century, but also raise new questions on the role of taxation in the economic policy environment. National taxation systems worldwide are subject to significant changes and it is assumed that they will develop in a more co-operative way in the near future. This book aims at identifying the major developments in tax policy in the 21st century on a national as well as on an international level and gives an in-depth analysis of the challenges and risks, but also of the opportunities connected to these developments. Ist covers numerous and discrete issues ranging from challenges in the VAT/GST area, the taxation of the financial sector, the fight against aggressive tax planning, tax abuse and tax evasion, tax integration within the EU, the development of transfer pricing rules, the increasing role of co-operative compliance and good governance and the changing tax policies of developing and newly industrialized countries. The contributions in this book build upon a legal comparison of the national tax systems in the relevant fields, propose tax policy solutions where required and give ideas on how to go forward.
Category: Law

Taxation And Migration

Author : Reuven S. Avi-Yonah
ISBN : 9789041161444
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.1 MB
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Migration has become an increasingly important phenomenon for societies, especially given its highly controversial political dimension. The complexity of the migrant integration process and its many varieties present challenges to policymakers who need high-quality information on which to base decisions. Nowhere is this necessity more pressing than in the development of relevant tax rules that meet the basic requirements of efficiency and equity. Moreover, the ascent of the so-called emerging economies coupled with the stagnation of the richest economies of the world implies reform of the current competition-based international tax regime and the adoption of a more cooperative paradigm. This important and timely book, for the first time in such depth, explores such aspects of the problem as the following: - migration for tax reasons, especially corporate "inversions" (change in corporate residence for tax purposes); - tax consequences related to individuals who receive free or subsidized education in one country and profit from it in another; - taxing cross-border retirement income; and - migration-related aspects of tax preferential treatment of the elderly. With particular emphasis on the effects and opportunities created by the changing international tax regime - and with attention to the role of tax treaties and recent court cases - chapters by well known tax experts present evidence on the consequences of migration in all its facets and simulate the effects of several recently enacted and proposed changes in tax law in European countries, the United States, and other jurisdictions. The grounded propositions and recommendations offered in this deeply informed book will allow policymakers to draft tax-residence rules that minimize distortion and promote fairness. The book will also be of interest to tax law practitioners and other tax specialists, migration experts, and academics investigating one of the crucial political issues of our time.
Category: Law

International Investment Perspectives 2005

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264011359
Genre :
File Size : 55.58 MB
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International Investment Perspectives is an annual report from the OECD on international investment developments. The focus of the 2005 edition is on policies affecting the investment climate.
Category:

Comparative Fiscal Federalism

Author : Reuven S. Avi-Yonah
ISBN : 9789041159809
Genre : Law
File Size : 31.56 MB
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Judicial review of taxation in the world’s two most economically significant multistate systems, the European Union and the United States, has exposed a remarkable divergence. Although there are important differences between the competences of the two tribunals, the fact remains that the European Court of Justice has been much more aggressive in striking down Member State income tax rules than has the United States Supreme Court in comparable cases. This book – the only full-scale comparative analysis of the tax jurisprudence of the two judicial systems, now in an updated second edition – asks: Why this divergence? And what can the two tribunals learn from each other about adjudicating issues that arise from the interaction of tax regimes in the context of a single market? Among the contributory issues and topics covered are the following: – conceptions of sovereignty and federalism; – discrimination in direct tax matters as an obstacle to a meaningful single market; – allocation of taxation competences; – nonresident versus resident taxation; – double burdens on cross-border economic activity; – retroactive recovery of unlawful state aid in the European Union; – role of competition law; – the revenue interests of states; – levels of corporate taxation; – the OECD Model’s nondiscrimination rules; and – the preliminary interpretation mechanism of the Court of Justice. An insightful and penetrating analysis of a topic of material importance to governments, tax policy makers, and tax lawyers on both sides of the Atlantic, this book clearly explains how the Supreme Court and the Court of Justice continue to struggle with the conflict between generally accepted tax principles and the effective prevention of discriminatory treatment of taxpayers. All tax professionals concerned with the interaction of sovereignty, tax assignment, legislation, and judicial decisions in tax law will benefit greatly from its clearsighted and comprehensive treatment, as well as from its perspectives on the practical implications of each tribunal’s decision making.
Category: Law

Value Added Tax

Author : Alan Schenk
ISBN : 9781139458269
Genre : Law
File Size : 48.78 MB
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This book integrates legal, economic, and administrative materials about value added tax. Its principal purpose is to provide comprehensive teaching tools - laws, cases, analytical exercises, and questions drawn from the experience of countries and organizations from all areas of the world. It also serves as a resource for tax practitioners and government officials that must grapple with issues under their VAT or their prospective VAT. The comparative presentation of this volume offers an analysis of policy issues relating to tax structure and tax base as well as insights into how cases arising out of VAT disputes have been resolved. The authors have expanded the coverage to include new VAT related developments in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. A chapter on financial services has been added as well as an analysis of significant new cases.
Category: Law

Private Sector Development In The Middle East And North Africa Making Reforms Succeed Moving Forward With The Mena Investment Policy Agenda

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264052826
Genre :
File Size : 76.14 MB
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Highlights key outcomes of the work of the MENA-OECD Investment Programme from 2005-2007, including reforms achieved to date in investment policies and promotion, corporate governance, financial-sector development, and tax policies.
Category:

Chinese Tax Law And International Treaties

Author : Lorenzo Riccardi
ISBN : 9783319002750
Genre : Law
File Size : 44.97 MB
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The People’s Republic of China’s tax policies and international obligations are as multifaceted and dynamic as they are complex, developing closely with the nation’s rise to the world’s fastest-growing major economy. Today, after decades of reform and the entry into the World Trade Organization, China has developed regulatory systems that enable it to provide stable administration, including a tax structure. China’s main tax reform can be attributed to the enactment of the Enterprise Income Tax Law, which came into effect on January 1, 2008. Chinese tax regulations include direct taxes, indirect taxes, other taxes, and custom duties and from a collection point of view, China’s tax administration adopts a very devolved system, with revenue collected and shared between different levels of government in accordance with contracts between the different levels of the tax administration system. With respect to international treaties, China has established a network of bilateral tax treaties and regional free trade agreements. This publication describes in detail China’s complex tax system and policies, as well as major bilateral treaties in which China has entered into using country-by-country analysis. Lorenzo Riccardi is Tax Advisor and Certified Public Accountant specialized in international taxation. He is based in Shanghai, where he focuses on business and tax law, assisting foreign investments in East Asia. He is an auditor and an advisor for several corporate groups and he is partner and Head of Tax of the consulting firm GWA, specializing in emerging markets.
Category: Law

The Interface Of International Trade Law And Taxation

Author : Jennifer E. Farrell
ISBN : 9789087221829
Genre : Foreign trade regulation
File Size : 75.17 MB
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This book explores the ill-defined and oft-underestimated relationship between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and taxation. By adopting a two-pronged approach, the relationship is examined in terms of the extent to which the WTO legal framework exerts influence upon domestic tax law and international tax policy, and whether it is appropriate for the WTO to play a regulatory role in the field of taxation. The book begins with an examination of the historical development of international trade law and international tax law, and demonstrates that these two separate areas of law are closely linked in terms of their underlying principles and historical evolution. The work then goes on to offer a doctrinal analysis of the tax content found in the WTO legal texts and highlights ambiguities therein.
Category: Foreign trade regulation