Geographical Information Systems In Archaeology

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Geographical Information Systems In Archaeology

Author : James Conolly
ISBN : 9780521793308
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.63 MB
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Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.
Category: Social Science

Archaeology And Geographic Information Systems

Author : Gary R Lock
ISBN : 074840208X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.47 MB
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Geographic information systems GIS applications are viewed with increasing interest by the archaeology community and this book, with its diversity of topics and authorship, should be a useful resource. Complementing the volume "Interpreting Space" Taylor & Francis, 1990, which focused on North American archaeology, this title further develops themes within a specifically - though not exclusively - European context.; It is apparent that there are fundamental differences between North American and European archaeological uses of GIS. Primarily these differences lie in the types of evidence for past landscapes that are available for study in the two continents, and secondly in the different approaches to archaeology and specifically the theory and practice of landscape archaeology. This title centres on the role of archaeological theory in cultural resource management CRM and in GIS applications generally. It showcases the important debate which takes the emphasis away from the technology of GIS and places it back within the central concerns of archaeology and particularly European archaeology.; "Archaeology and GIS" includes material on such concerns as CRM applications, landscape archaeology, intra-site applications and explicitly theoretical concerns, thus representing the state of GIS applications in European archaeology. Contributions come from countries such as France, Italy, Hungary, UK, USA, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Spain, Slovenia and Finland.
Category: Social Science

Geographical Information Systems And Landscape Archaeology

Author : Mark Gillings
ISBN : UOM:39015050295099
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.23 MB
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This monograph focuses on the use of GIS modelling as applied to the collection and interpretation of data relating to the archaeology of the Mediterranean landscape.
Category: Social Science

Anthropology Space And Geographic Information Systems

Author : Mark Aldenderfer
ISBN : 0195358953
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.88 MB
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Major advances in the use of geographic information systems have been made in both anthropology and archaeology. Yet there are few published discussions of these new applications and their use in solving complex problems. This book explores these techniques, showing how they have been successfully deployed to pursue research previously considered too difficult--or impossible--to undertake. Among the projects described here are studies of land degradation in the Peruvian Amazon, settlement patterns in the Pacific northwest, ethnic distribution within the Los Angeles garment industry, and prehistoric sociopolitical development among the Anasazi. Following an introduction that discusses the theory of geographic information systems in relation to anthropological inquiry, the book is divided into sections demonstrating actual applications in cultural anthropology, archaeology, paleoanthropology, and physical anthropology. The work will be of much interest within all these communities.
Category: Social Science

Spatial Technology And Archaeology

Author : David Wheatley
ISBN : 9781466576612
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.41 MB
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Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and related spatial technologies have a new and powerful role to play in archaeological interpretation. Beginning with a conceptual approach to the representation of space adopted by GIS, this book examines spatial databases; the acquisition and compilation of data; the analytical compilation of data; the analytical functionality of GIS; and the creation and utilization of critical foundation data layers such as the Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The ways in which GIS can most usefully facilitate archaeological analysis and interpretation are then explored particularly as a tool for the management of archaeological resources. Formal analysis of archaeological material, and the use of trend surface, contouring and interpolation procedures are considered along with predictive modeling analysis of visibility and intervisibility. Finally there is a discussion of leading-edge issues, including three-dimensional GIS, object-oriented GIS, the relationship between GIS and 'Virtual Reality' technologies, and the integration of GIS with distributed systems and the Internet. The approach is light, and technical detail is kept to a minimum, recognizing that most readers are simply interested in using GIS effectively. The text is carefully illustrated with worked case-studies using archaeological data. Spatial Technology and Archaeology provides a single reference source for archaeologists, students, professionals, and academics in archaeology as well as those in anthropology and related disciplines.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fundamentals Of Geographic Information Systems

Author : Michael N. DeMers
ISBN : UOM:39015043000275
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.67 MB
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This comprehensive look at GIS doesn't overwhelm with details, equations, or computer codes. Instead the author interweaves the ideas of geographic inquiry and spatial discovery, inviting readers to join in the excitement of discovery as it takes place within the computerized world of the digital GIS databases. After discussing spatial and mapping concepts, the author sequentially addresses the components of GIS systems. A final chapter spotlights the process of designing and implementing a GIS system.
Category: Science

Geographical Information Systems In Urban Archaeology And Urban Planning

Author : Helene Simoni
ISBN : 1407314777
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.68 MB
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Thebook focuses on the implications of discovering archaeological layers duringconstruction works in modern cities for both urban archaeology and urbanplanning. The research methodology uses qualitative and quantitative data.Patras, Greece was selected as the case study. Archivalresearch and existing unused data have contributed to the compilation of adatabase. G.I.S. and statistics are used to process it digitally, and todemonstrate the statistical relationship between data from urban planning andurban archaeology. This enables the prediction of the existence of antiquitiesand their depth by recording and processing data from five years ofexcavations, without considering the city's history. The procedure highlights the importance of a city's archaeology forits functioning and proposes the introduction of a new building regulation.This study can be used in the monitoring of construction and the investigationof the role of cultural heritage in the planning of the contemporary city.
Category: Social Science

Landscape Archaeology And Gis

Author : Henry Chapman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122932085
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.84 MB
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Landscape Archaeology and GIS examines the ways in which Geographical Information Systems can be used to explore archaeological landscapes, and summarizes the most appropriate methods to use. It is structured around principal themes in landscape archaeology, and integrates desk-based assessment, data collection, data modeling, and landscape analysis, right through to archiving and publication. This is the first book on GIS to focus specifically on landscape archaeology that is accessible to a wide archaeological readership. It explores the applications of GIS to a wide variety of archaeological evidence including maps, aerial photographs, and earthworks. The work is well-illustrated throughout with digital maps and models being used to support case studies, as well as for suggesting new hypotheses relevant to this discipline.
Category: Social Science

Re Mapping Archaeology

Author : Mark Gillings
ISBN : 9781351267700
Genre : History
File Size : 73.3 MB
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Maps have always been a fundamental tool in archaeological practice, and their prominence and variety have increased along with a growing range of digital technologies used to collect, visualise, query and analyse spatial data. However, unlike in other disciplines, the development of archaeological cartographical critique has been surprisingly slow; a missed opportunity given that archaeology, with its vast and multifaceted experience with space and maps, can significantly contribute to the field of critical mapping. Re-mapping Archaeology thinks through cartographic challenges in archaeology and critiques the existing mapping traditions used in the social sciences and humanities, especially since the 1990s. It provides a unique archaeological perspective on cartographic theory and innovatively pulls together a wide range of mapping practices applicable to archaeology and other disciplines. This volume will be suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for established researchers in archaeology, geography, anthropology, history, landscape studies, ethnology and sociology.
Category: History

Industrial Archaeology

Author : Emory L. Kemp
ISBN : UOM:39015034906431
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.27 MB
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Industrial archaeology is a flourishing discipline which seeks to document America's rich industrial heritage through measured drawings, archival photographs and contextual site histories. With increasing interest in historic industrial sites, a shortage exists of those capable of undertaking site documentation. Thus, the purpose of this book is to provide information for historians, archaeologists, architects, engineers, and other professionals. It is also intended for graduate courses and for professionals in public and private service wishing to gain a basic understanding of the discipline.
Category: Social Science

Research Methods For History

Author : Simon Gunn
ISBN : 9780748654048
Genre : Reference
File Size : 25.52 MB
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Providing a lively critical survey of methods for historical research at all levels, this textbook covers well-established sources and methods together with those that are less widely known. It reflects current theoretical and technical approaches to hist
Category: Reference

Computational Intelligence In Archaeology

Author : Barcelo, Juan A.
ISBN : 9781599044910
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.32 MB
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Provides analytical theories offered by innovative artificial intelligence computing methods in the archaeological domain.
Category: Computers

Computer Applications And Quantitative Methods In Archaeology 1991

Author : Gary R. Lock
ISBN : UVA:X002204846
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.48 MB
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The nineteenth consecutive conference, CAA91, held at the University of Oxford, 25-27th March 1991. More than thirty papers are presented here, organised into four major groups: databases, GIS, statistics, images and graphics. Contributors include: Nick Ryan, Michael Heyworth, Neil Lang, Steve Stead, John Castleford, Clive Ruggles, Clive Orton, and many others.
Category: Social Science

Pottery In Archaeology

Author : Clive Orton
ISBN : 9781107433939
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.29 MB
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This revised edition provides an up-to-date account of the many different kinds of information that can be obtained through the archaeological study of pottery. It describes the scientific and quantitative techniques that are now available to the archaeologist, and assesses their value for answering a range of archaeological questions. It provides a manual for the basic handling and archiving of excavated pottery so that it can be used as a basis for further studies. The whole is set in the historical context of the ways in which archaeologists have sought to gain evidence from pottery and continue to do so. There are case studies of several approaches and techniques, backed up by an extensive bibliography.
Category: Social Science

Spatially Integrated Social Science

Author : Michael F. Goodchild
ISBN : 019534846X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42.89 MB
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Spatial analysis assists theoretical understanding and empirical testing in the social sciences, and rapidly expanding applications of geographic information technologies have advanced the spatial data-gathering needed for spatial analysis and model making. This much-needed volume covers outstanding examples of spatial thinking in the social sciences, with each chapter showing some aspect of how certain social processes can be understood by analyzing their spatial context. The audience for this work is as trans-disciplinary as its authorship because it contains approaches and methodologies useful to geography, anthropology, history, political science, economics, criminology, sociology, and statistics.
Category: Social Science

Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Author : Michael Goodchild
ISBN : 0792384369
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.55 MB
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Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change. Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.
Category: Computers

Gis Guide To Good Practice

Author : Archaeology Data Service
ISBN : UCSC:32106012271331
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.10 MB
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This guide provides advice on good practice in GIS.
Category: Social Science