Genetically Engineered Crops Proposed Oversight

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Genetically Engineered Crops And Proposed Oversight

Author : Brandon C. Vaughn
ISBN : 1608760677
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.98 MB
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The genetic engineering of agricultural crops is seen as both promising and controversial, with potentially significant implications for the United States and other countries' food security and economic well-being, the environment, and international relations and trade. Proponents cite the potential for enhanced crop yields; more environmentally friendly food production; more nutritious foods; and the increased use of plants to inexpensively produce pharmaceutical compounds, such as human or veterinary drugs, or industrial compounds, such as substances used in paper production or detergent manufacturing. This book examines genetically engineered crops ten years after the first generation of major crops became commercially available and explores issues relating to their economic and environmental impacts as well as consumer acceptance.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Genetically Engineered Crops

Author : Lisa Shames
ISBN : 1437912184
Genre :
File Size : 59.34 MB
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Genetically engineered (GE) crops -- including crops engineered to resist pests or tolerate herbicides -- are widespread in the U.S. and around the world. Taking direction from the 1986 Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology, the USDA, EPA, and FDA regulate GE crops to ensure that they are safe. The unauthorized mixing of some GE crops with non-GE crops has caused controversy and financial harm. This report examined: (1) unauthorized releases of GE crops; (2) coordination among the three agencies; and (3) additional actions they have proposed to improve oversight. The author gathered data from agencies and stakeholders; used criteria from prior reports to assess coordination; and reviewed agency proposals.
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Genetically Engineered Crops

Author : United States. Government Accountability Office
ISBN : OCLC:277143995
Genre : Agricultural biotechnology
File Size : 81.15 MB
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Genetically engineered (GE) crops--including crops engineered to resist pests or tolerate herbicides--are widespread in the United States and around the world. Taking direction from the 1986 Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulate GE crops to ensure that they are safe. The unauthorized mixing of some GE crops with non-GE crops has caused controversy and financial harm. GAO examined (1) unauthorized releases of GE crops, (2) coordination among the three agencies, and (3) additional actions they have proposed to improve oversight. GAO gathered data from agencies and stakeholders; used criteria from prior GAO work to assess coordination; and reviewed agency proposals.
Category: Agricultural biotechnology

Genetically Engineered Crops

Author : United States Government Accountability Office
ISBN : 1984167758
Genre :
File Size : 90.31 MB
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Genetically Engineered Crops: Agencies Are Proposing Changes to Improve Oversight, but Could Take Additional Steps to Enhance Coordination and Monitoring
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Harmonisation Of Regulatory Oversight In Biotechnology Safety Assessment Of Transgenic Organisms In The Environment Volume 7 Oecd Consensus Documents

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264279728
Genre :
File Size : 43.89 MB
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Volume 7 describes the biology of two major crops: TOMATO and SORGHUM (centres of origin, genetics, hybridisation, production, uses, ecology) and an animal species: ATLANTIC SALMON (ecology, rearing and genetics for 'wild' and 'farmed' forms). It contains useful information for biosafety assessment.
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Genetically Engineered Crops

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309437387
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.15 MB
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Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.
Category: Science

First Decade Of Genetically Engineered Crops In The United States

Author : Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo
ISBN : 9781437911039
Genre :
File Size : 22.10 MB
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Ten years after the first generation of genetically engineered (GE) varieties became commercially available, adoption of these varieties by U.S. farmers is widespread for major crops. Despite the benefits, however, environmental and consumer concerns may have limited acceptance of GE crops, especially in Europe. This report focuses on GE crops and their adoption in the U.S. over the past 10 years. It finds that: (1) the pace of R&D activity by producers of GE seed has been rapid; (2) farmers have adopted some GE varieties widely and at a rapid rate and benefited from such adoption; and (3) the level of consumer concerns about foods that contain GE ingred. varies by country, with European consumers being most concerned. Illustrations.
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Harmonisation Of Regulatory Oversight In Biotechnology Safety Assessment Of Transgenic Organisms In The Environment Volume 8 Oecd Consensus Document Of The Biology Of Mosquito Aedes Aegypti

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264302235
Genre :
File Size : 81.35 MB
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Volume 8 of the Series contains the first biosafety ‘consensus document’ to deal with the biology of an insect, the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Issued by the OECD Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology, the science-based consensus documents...
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Tending The Fields

Author : Michael R. Taylor
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123576220
Genre : Agricultural biotechnology
File Size : 20.80 MB
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Category: Agricultural biotechnology

Innovative Governance Models For Emerging Technologies

Author : Gary E Marchant
ISBN : 9781782545644
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.10 MB
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The unique characteristics of emerging technologies _ their diverse applications, the myriad concerns raised by new technologies, the need for public engagement, and the issue of effective coordination between governance players _ create the need for n
Category: Technology & Engineering

Appropriate Oversight For Plants With Inherited Traits For Resistance To Pests

Author : Calvin O. Qualset
ISBN : 0788142070
Genre :
File Size : 50.40 MB
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A report from a coalition of 11 scientific societies regarding the EPA's policy on genetically engineered plants and a proposal to regulate "plant-pesticides". Considers that pending federal regulations threaten to stifle the development of alternatives to chemical pesticides. Urges the EPA to reconsider its policy before it becomes final. The Agency wants to expand its federal regulatory powers over the characteristics of plants that help plants resist diseases and pests. Emphasizes that all plants are able to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate pests or diseases. Illustrated.
Category:

Ag Professional

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924101483711
Genre : Agricultural consultants
File Size : 55.97 MB
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Category: Agricultural consultants

Genetically Engineered Crops

Author : United States Government Accountability Office
ISBN : 1977578977
Genre :
File Size : 75.26 MB
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241 United States Government Accountability Office United States Government Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-16-241, a report to the Honorable Jon Tester, U.S. Senate March 2016 GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CROPS USDA Needs to Enhance Oversight and Better Understand Impacts of Unintended Mixing with Other Crops Why GAO Did This Study Three agencies have primary responsibility for regulating GE crops and food in the United States: USDA, EPA, and FDA. USDA and industry groups estimate that at least 90 percent of many major commercial crops, such as corn and soybeans, are GE varieties. Proponents say GE crops offer greater pest resistance, use less
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Genetically Modified Crops

Author : Keith T. Atherton
ISBN : 0203212355
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.66 MB
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Biotechnology has a significant impact on both medicine and agriculture. With the introduction of new products to the marketplace, the safety of those products is of paramount importance. New safety evaluation strategies are now employed to ensure that the consumer is adequately protected. This book describes those strategies and addresses some of
Category: Science

Genetically Engineered Organisms Wildlife And Habitat

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309178401
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.7 MB
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Since the first commercial introduction of transgenic corn plants in 1995, biotechnology has provided enormous benefits to agricultural crop production. Research is underway to develop a much broader range of genetically engineered organisms (GEOs), including fish, trees, microbes, and insects, that could have the potential to transform fields such as aquaculture, biofuels production, bioremediation, biocontrol, and even the production of pharmaceuticals . However, biotechnology is not without risk and continues to be an extremely controversial topic. Chief among the concerns is the potential ecological effects of GEOs that interact with wildlife and habitats. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is charged with providing scientific advice to inform federal agencies that manage wildlife and their habitats. USGS has identified biotechnology as one of its major challenges for future research. Seeing an opportunity to initiate a dialogue between ecologists and developers of GEOs about this challenge, the USGS and the National Research Council (NRC) held a two-day workshop in November of 2007, to identify research activities with the greatest potential to provide the information needed to assess the ecological effects of GEOs on wildlife and habitats. The workshop, designed to approach the research questions from a habitat, rather than transgenic organism, perspective, is summarized in this book.
Category: Technology & Engineering