General System Theory

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General System Theory

Author : Ludwig Von Bertalanffy
ISBN : 0807600156
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63.48 MB
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The classic book on a major modern theory
Category: Philosophy

General Systems Theory

Author : Lars Skyttner
ISBN : 9810241763
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.35 MB
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The world in which classical positivistic science and technology obtained great success has vanished. However, the way of thinking promoted by that epoch still lingers in our social consciousness, sometimes as a burden. To conquer the short-comings of classical analytical science in the modern, ever more complex world, systems theory and its applications within systems science present an alternative to old paradigms. Systems theorists see common principles in the structure and operation of systems of all kinds and sizes. They promote an interdisciplinary science adapted for a universal application with a common language and area of concepts. This approach is seen as a means of not only overcoming the fragmentation of knowledge and the isolation of the specialist, but also finding new solutions to problems created by the earlier "solution of problems". This book introduces the systemic alternative. It is divided into two parts. The first is devoted to the historical background of the systems movement, and presents pioneering thoughts and theories of the area. Basic concepts of general systems theory with well-known laws and principles are discussed, as well as related topics like cybernetics and information theory. The second part deals with some of the common applications of systems theory within systems science, such as artificial intelligence, management information systems and informatics. An attempt is made to predict the future of systems theory in a world apparently becoming fragmented and integrated at the same time. To engage oneself in systems theory and its striving towards an applied universal science is a highly cross-scientific occupation. The reader will come intocontact with many different academic disciplines, and consequently the possibility of an all-round education -- something particularly needed in our over-specialized world.
Category: Science

Creativity And General Systems Theory

Author : William G. Covington
ISBN : 158112872X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83.30 MB
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Creativity is viewed within the context of systems theory. A system is any living organism, from an individual to an organization. This book looks at the connections between the various components of a system in the creative process. Learning about this process helps enhance future creative work. An organization can establish and maintain an environment which is conducive to creativity. In a straighforward manner, this book describes the elements contributing to creativity in an open system.
Category: Psychology

General Systems Theory

Author : Jeffrey Yi-Lin Forrest
ISBN : 9783030045586
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.8 MB
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This book demonstrates the theoretical value and practical significance of systems science and its logic of thinking by presenting a rigorously developed foundation—a tool for intuitive reasoning, which is supported by both theory and empirical evidence, as well as practical applications in business decision making. Following a foundation of general systems theory, the book presents an applied method to intuitively learn system-sciences fundamentals. The third and final part examines applications of the yoyo model and the theoretical results developed earlier within the context of problems facing business decision makers by organically combining methods of traditional science, the first dimension of science, with those of systems science, the second dimension, as argued by George Klir in the 1990s. This text would benefit graduate students, researchers, or practitioners in the areas of mathematics, systems science or engineering, economics, and business decision science.
Category: Science

General System Theory

Author : Anatol Rapoport
ISBN : 0856261726
Genre : Análisis de sistemas
File Size : 79.63 MB
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Category: Análisis de sistemas

General Systems Theory Mathematical Foundations

Author :
ISBN : 008095622X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54.75 MB
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In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation; methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; and methods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particular branches, such as optimal filtering and information compression. - Best operator approximation, - Non-Lagrange interpolation, - Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform - Generalised low-rank matrix approximation - Optimal data compression - Optimal nonlinear filtering
Category: Mathematics

General Systems Theory Beginning With Wholes

Author : Barbara G. Hanson
ISBN : 9781317763581
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90.66 MB
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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Psychology

General Systems Theory A Focus On Computer Science Engineering

Author : Dougglas Hurtado Carmona
ISBN : 9781257782246
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74.53 MB
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Second Edition of the Treaty on general systems theory, and is targeted towards the engineering of computer science. It is a work-quality teaching materials that today are not the common domain, but will become increasingly indispensable as a necessary complement to the upper basic education and its outreach to community life, ie to the professional, banking, business and, of course, university. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. BASES ON THE GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS (the reductionist approach. THE FOCUS OF THE GENERAL THEORY OF SYSTEMS. APPROACHES THE ART OF PROBLEM SOLVING.) 2. BASICS OF SYSTEMS (DEFINITIONS. ELEMENTS OF A SYSTEM. ENTROPY IN SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CONTROL SYSTEMS) 3. SYSTEM DYNAMICS 4. CONSTRUCTION OF COMPUTER MODELS 5. CONSTRUCTION of CONCURRENT COMPUTER MODELS 6. CONSTRUCTION OF COMPUTER MODELS CLIENT SERVER 7. DYNAMICS OF
Category: Technology & Engineering

General Systems

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015002085366
Genre : Cybernetics
File Size : 87.83 MB
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Category: Cybernetics

Trends In General Systems Theory

Author : George J. Klir
ISBN : WISC:89033939281
Genre : System theory
File Size : 39.66 MB
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Historical and general aspects; Contemporary systems problems: the social context; Formal theories of general systems: a description of some inductive and deductive approaches; Various aspects of formal systems theories.
Category: System theory

General Systems Theory

Author : Lars Skyttner
ISBN : 9789814493819
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.44 MB
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The world in which classical positivistic science and technology obtained great success has vanished. However, the way of thinking promoted by that epoch still lingers in our social consciousness, sometimes as a burden. To conquer the shortcomings of classical analytical science in the modern, ever more complex world, systems theory and its applications within systems science present an alternative to old paradigms. Systems theorists see common principles in the structure and operation of systems of all kinds and sizes. They promote an interdisciplinary science adapted for a universal application with a common language and area of concepts. This approach is seen as a means of not only overcoming the fragmentation of knowledge and the isolation of the specialist, but also finding new solutions to problems created by the earlier “solution of problems”. This book introduces the systemic alternative. It is divided into two parts. The first is devoted to the historical background of the systems movement, and presents pioneering thoughts and theories of the area. Basic concepts of general systems theory with well-known laws and principles are discussed, as well as related topics like cybernetics and information theory. The second part deals with some of the common applications of systems theory within systems science, such as artificial intelligence, management information systems and informatics. An attempt is made to predict the future of systems theory in a world apparently becoming fragmented and integrated at the same time. To engage oneself in systems theory and its striving towards an applied universal science is a highly cross-scientific occupation. The reader will come into contact with many different academic disciplines, and consequently the possibility of an all-round education — something particularly needed in our over-specialized world. Contents: The Theories and Why:The Emergence of Holistic ThinkingBasic Ideas of General Systems TheoryA Selection of Systems TheoriesCommunication and Information TheorySome Theories of Brain and MindThe Applications and How:Artificial Intelligence and LifeOrganization Theory and Management CyberneticsDecision Making and Decision AidsInformaticsSome of the Systems MethodologiesThe Future of Systems Theory Readership: Computer specialists, architects, businessmen, teachers and holistic thinkers. Keywords:Holism;Generalist;Cybernetics;Synthesis;Systems Thinking;Metadiscipline;Complexity;Informatics;Systems Analysis;ComputersReviews:“This book covers a great deal of important and useful material in an enthusiastic and readable style and it is clearly based on much study and acquaintance with the literature, to which is a valuable addition.”The International Journal of Systems and Cybernetics “For beginners, the book is an easy introduction to systems science; for others, it is a useful overview, supplemented with many interesting and thought provoking personal commentaries by the author … it has many positive features and I fully recommend it to readers of this journal.”International Journal of General Systems
Category: Business & Economics

The Science Of Synthesis

Author : Debora Hammond
ISBN : 9780870817229
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.73 MB
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This book explores the development of general systems theory and the individuals who gathered together around that idea to form the Society for General Systems Research. In examining the life and work of the SGSR's five founding members -- Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Kenneth Boulding, Ralph Gerard, James Grier Miller, and Anatol Rapoport -- Hammond traces the emergence of systems ideas across a broad range of disciplines in the mid-twentieth century. A metaphor and a framework, the systems concept as articulated by its earliest proponents highlights relationship and interconnectedness among the biological, ecological, social, psychological, and technological dimensions of our increasingly complex lives. Seeking to transcend the reductionism and mechanism of classical science -- which they saw as limited by its focus on the discrete, component parts of reality -- the general systems community hoped to complement this analytic approach with a more holistic approach. As one of many systems traditions, the general systems group was specifically interested in fostering collaboration and integration between different disciplinary perspectives. The book documents a unique episode in the history of modern thought, one that remains relevant today. This book will be of interest to historians of science, system theorists, and scholars in such fields as cybernetics and system dynamics.
Category: Science

An Introduction To General Systems Thinking

Author : Gerald M. Weinberg
ISBN : 0932633498
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.17 MB
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For more than twenty-five years, An Introduction to General Systems Thinking has been hailed as an innovative introduction to systems theory, with applications in computer science and beyond. Used in university courses and professional seminars all over the world, the text has proven its ability to open minds and sharpen thinking.Originally published in 1975 and reprinted more than twenty times over a quarter century-and now available for the first time from Dorset House Publishing-the text uses clear writing and basic algebraic principles to explore new approaches to projects, products, organizations, and virtually any kind of system.Scientists, engineers, organization leaders, managers, doctors, students, and thinkers of all disciplines can use this book to dispel the mental fog that clouds problem-solving. As author Gerald M. Weinberg writes in the new Preface to the Silver Anniversary Edition, "I haven't changed my conviction that most people don't think nearly as well as they could had they been taught some principles of thinking."Now an award-winning author of nearly forty books spanning the entire software development life cycle-including The Psychology of Computer Programming: Silver Anniversary Edition and Exploring Requirements (with Donald C. Gause)-Weinberg had already acquired extensive experience as a programmer, manager, university professor, and consultant when this book was originally published.With helpful illustrations, numerous end-of-chapter exercises, and an appendix on a mathematical notation used in problem-solving, An Introduction to General Systems Thinking may be your most powerful tool in working with problems, systems, and solutions.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Mutual Causality In Buddhism And General Systems Theory

Author : Joanna Macy
ISBN : 9781438411637
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 28.18 MB
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This book brings important new dimensions to the interface between contemporary Western science and ancient Eastern wisdom. Here for the first time the concepts and insights of general systems theory are presented in tandem with those of the Buddha. Remarkable convergences appear between core Buddhist teachings and the systems view of reality, arising in our century from biology and extending into the social and cognitive sciences. Giving a cogent introduction to both bodies of thought, and a fresh interpretation of the Buddha’s core teaching of dependent co-arising, this book shows how their common perspective on causality can inform our lives. The interdependence of all beings provides the context for clarifying both the role of meditative practice and guidelines for effective action on behalf of the common good.
Category: Philosophy