Gene Conservation And Exploitation

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Gene Conservation And Exploitation

Author : J. Perry Gustafson
ISBN : UOM:39015033138598
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79.22 MB
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Proceedings of the Twentieth Stadler Genetics Symposium held in Columbia, Missouri, September 30-October 1, 1991
Category: Medical

Conservation Of Exploited Species

Author : John D. Reynolds
ISBN : 0521787335
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.73 MB
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The use of wildlife for food and other human needs poses one of the greatest threats to the conservation of biodiversity. Wildlife exploitation is also critically important to many people from a variety of cultures for subsistence and commerce. This book brings together international experts to examine interactions between the biology of wildlife and the divergent goals of people involved in hunting, fishing, gathering and culling wildlife. Reviews of theory show how sustainable exploitation is tied to the study of population dynamics, with direct links to reproductive rates, life histories, behaviour, and ecology. As such theory is rarely put into practice to achieve sustainable use and effective conservation, Conservation of Exploited Species explores the many reasons for this failure and considers remedies to tackle them, including scientific issues such as how to incorporate uncertainty into estimations, as well as social and political problems that stem from conflicting goals in exploitation.
Category: Nature

The Ex Situ Conservation Of Plant Genetic Resources

Author : J. G. Hawkes
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028640345
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.74 MB
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It is a distressing truism that the human race during the last millennium has caused the exponential loss of plant genetic diversity throughout the world. This has had direct and negative economic, political and social consequences for the human race, which at the same time has failed to exploit fully the positive benefits that might result from conserving and exploiting the world's plant genetic resources. However, a strong movement to halt this loss of plant diversity and enhance its utilisation for the benefit of all humanity has been underway since the 1960's (Frankel and Bennett, 1970; Frankel and Hawkes, 1975). This initiative was taken up by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992) that not only expounds the need to conserve biological diversity but links conservation to exploitation and development for the benefit of all. Article 8 of the Convention clearly states the need to develop more effective and efficient guidelines to conserve biological diversity, while Article 9, along with the FAO International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, promotes the adoption of a complementary approach to conservation that incorporates both ex situ and in situ techniques.
Category: Medical

The Ex Situ Conservation Of Plant Genetic Resources

Author : J.G. Hawkes
ISBN : 9789401141369
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.61 MB
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It is a distressing truism that the human race during the last millennium has caused the exponential loss of plant genetic diversity throughout the world. This has had direct and negative economic, political and social consequences for the human race, which at the same time has failed to exploit fully the positive benefits that might result from conserving and exploiting the world's plant genetic resources. However, a strong movement to halt this loss of plant diversity and enhance its utilisation for the benefit of all humanity has been underway since the 1960's (Frankel and Bennett, 1970; Frankel and Hawkes, 1975). This initiative was taken up by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD, 1992) that not only expounds the need to conserve biological diversity but links conservation to exploitation and development for the benefit of all. Article 8 of the Convention clearly states the need to develop more effective and efficient guidelines to conserve biological diversity, while Article 9, along with the FAO International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources, promotes the adoption of a complementary approach to conservation that incorporates both ex situ and in situ techniques.
Category: Science

The Ecology Exploitation And Conservation Of River Turtles

Author : Don Moll
ISBN : 0198026250
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.47 MB
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The underlying theme of this book is that a widespread, taxonomically diverse group of animals, important both from ecological and human resource perspectives, remains poorly understood and in delcine, while receiving scant attention from the ecological and conservation community. This volume proposes a comprehensive overview of the world's river turtles' ecology, conservation, and management. It begins with a categorization of taxa which inhabit flowing water habitats followed by information on their evolutionary and physical diversity and biogeography. Within the framework of ecology, the authors discuss the composition of river turtle communities in different types of lotic habitats and regions, population dynamics, movements, reproductive characteristics and behavior, predators, and feeding relationships. In a conservation and management section, the authors identify and evaluate the nature and intensity of factors which threaten river turtle survival--almost all of which involve direct human exploitation or indirect effects of human induced habitat alteration and degradation. They then list and evaluate the various schemes which have been proposed or employed to halt declines and restore populations, and make recommendations for future management plans for specific species and regions. In closing, they state their viewpoint concerning future research directions and priorities, and an evaluation of future prospects for survival of the world's river turtle species.
Category: Science

Environment And Agriculture

Author : Robert D. Havener
ISBN : UCAL:B4173604
Genre : Agricultural conservation
File Size : 44.20 MB
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Category: Agricultural conservation

Human Exploitation And Biodiversity Conservation

Author : David L. Hawksworth
ISBN : 9781402052835
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.22 MB
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This book presents a wide range of contributions addressing diverse aspects of biodiversity exploitation and conservation. These collectively provide a snapshot of ongoing action and state-of-the-art research, rather than a series of necessarily more superficial overviews. Examples presented here derive from studies in 17 countries including Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America. These reports will stimulate future work toward attaining a sustainable balance between the conservation and exploitation of biodiversity.
Category: Science

Genetic Resources In Agriculture

Author : European Commission
ISBN : UOM:39015069117516
Genre : Agriculture and state
File Size : 63.71 MB
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Recoge: 1.Abbreviations - 2.Introduction - 3.Projects summaries - 4.Conclusion and perspective - 5.Terms and definitions - 6.Annex 1: Proyect inplementation: organisation of the work - 7.Annex 2: Mayor fields of activities covered by each project.
Category: Agriculture and state

The Exploitation Of Plant Genetic Information

Author : Robin Pistorius
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028658719
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62.58 MB
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Controversies on the use and conservation of plant genetic information have become major obstacles in international negotiations on trade, agriculture and biodiversity conservation. This book examines the origins of these controversies. It stresses the importance of agricultural politics in directing developments in conservation and intellectual property protection. Evidence for this argument is derived from historical and contemporary data on Europe and the USA, as well as fieldwork in Latin America.
Category: Medical

Plant Genetic Conservation

Author : Nigel Maxted
ISBN : 9789400914377
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.81 MB
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The recent development of ideas on biodiversity conservation was already being considered almost three-quarters of a century ago for crop plants and the wild species related to them, by the Russian geneticist N.!. Vavilov. He was undoubtedly the first scientist to understand the impor tance for humankind of conserving for utilization the genetic diversity of our ancient crop plants and their wild relatives from their centres of diversity. His collections showed various traits of adaptation to environ mental extremes and biotypes of crop diseases and pests which were unknown to most plant breeders in the first quarter of the twentieth cen tury. Later, in the 1940s-1960s scientists began to realize that the pool of genetic diversity known to Vavilov and his colleagues was beginning to disappear. Through the replacement of the old, primitive and highly diverse land races by uniform modem varieties created by plant breed ers, the crop gene pool was being eroded. The genetic diversity of wild species was equally being threatened by human activities: over-exploita tion, habitat destruction or fragmentation, competition resulting from the introduction of alien species or varieties, changes and intensification of land use, environmental pollution and possible climate change.
Category: Science

Philosophical Transactions

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924089492957
Genre : Biology
File Size : 86.7 MB
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Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.
Category: Biology

Fao Documentation

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000132582242
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 86.5 MB
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Category: Agriculture