Gas Separation Membranes

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Membrane Gas Separation

Author : Benny Freeman
ISBN : 9781119956587
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.16 MB
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Gas separation membranes offer a number of benefits over other separation technologies, and they play an increasingly important role in reducing the environmental impacts and costs of many industrial processes. This book describes recent and emerging results in membrane gas separation, including highlights of nanoscience and technology, novel polymeric and inorganic membrane materials, new membrane approaches to solve environmental problems e.g. greenhouse gases, aspects of membrane engineering, and recent achievements in industrial gas separation. It includes: Hyperbranched polyimides, amorphous glassy polymers and perfluorinated copolymers Nanocomposite (mixed matrix) membranes Polymeric magnetic membranes Sequestration of CO2 to reduce global warming Industrial applications of gas separation Developed from sessions of the most recent International Congress on Membranes and Membrane Processes, Membrane Gas Separation gives a snapshot of the current situation, and presents both fundamental results and applied achievements.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Gas Separation Membranes

Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
ISBN : 9783319010953
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.97 MB
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This book describes the tremendous progress that has been made in the development of gas separation membranes based both on inorganic and polymeric materials. Materials discussed include polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs), metal organic frameworks (MOFs), carbon based materials, zeolites, as well as other materials, and mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) in which the above novel materials are incorporated. This broad survey of gas membranes covers material, theory, modeling, preparation, characterization (for example, by AFM, IR, XRD, ESR, Positron annihilation spectroscopy), tailoring of membranes, membrane module and system design, and applications. The book is concluded with some perspectives about the future direction of the field.
Category: Science

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes

Author : Robert E. Kesting
ISBN : UOM:39015026874399
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.33 MB
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Also treated are membrane configurations (hollow fiber versus flat sheet), packaging (tube-in-shell, plate and frame), engineering/system design, and commercial applications, including several hybrid systems in which various membrane processes are combined with one another or with some other separation mode.
Category: Science

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes

Author : D.R. Paul
ISBN : 9781351092784
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.89 MB
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Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes is an outstanding reference devoted to discussing the separation of gases by membranes. An international team of contributors examines the latest findings of membrane science and practical applications and explores the complete spectrum of relevant topics from fundamentals of gas sorption and diffusion in polymers to vapor separation from air. They also compare membrane processes with other separation technologies. This essential book will be valuable to all practitioners and students in membrane science and technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Membrane Engineering For The Treatment Of Gases

Author : Enrico Drioli
ISBN : 9781849731713
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.57 MB
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This two volume set presents the state-of-the-art, and potential for future developments, in membrane engineering for the separation of gases.
Category: Science

Membrane Engineering For The Treatment Of Gases Volume 1

Author : Enrico Drioli
ISBN : 9781782628743
Genre :
File Size : 29.52 MB
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Elaborating on recent and future developments in the field of membrane engineering, Volume 1 focuses on new membrane materials which have recently emerged in gas separation. Covering graphene/graphene oxide based membranes, PIMs, thermally rearranged membranes, and new mixed matrix membranes, alongside membrane pilot plant trials of gas separation, such as CO2 from flue gas and biogas, as well as a cost analysis of competitive membrane and hybrid systems, this book provides a comprehensive account. Together with Volume 2, these books form an innovative reference work on membrane engineering and technology in the field of gas separation and gaseous phase membrane reactors.
Category:

Materials Science Of Membranes For Gas And Vapor Separation

Author : Benny Freeman
ISBN : 0470029048
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.47 MB
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Materials Science of Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separation is a one-stop reference for the latest advances in membrane-based separation and technology. Put together by an international team of contributors and academia, the book focuses on the advances in both theoretical and experimental materials science and engineering, as well as progress in membrane technology. Special attention is given to comparing polymer and inorganic/organic separation and other emerging applications such as sensors. This book aims to give a balanced treatment of the subject area, allowing the reader an excellent overall perspective of new theoretical results that can be applied to advanced materials, as well as the separation of polymers. The contributions will provide a compact source of relevant and timely information and will be of interest to government, industrial and academic polymer chemists, chemical engineers and materials scientists, as well as an ideal introduction to students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanocomposite Membranes For Gas Separation

Author : Pei Sean Goh
ISBN : 9780128194072
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.42 MB
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The development of a new class of nanocomposite membranes has served as one of the most prominent strategies to address the intrinsic limitations of conventionally used polymeric and inorganic membranes. Nanocomposite membranes consist of nanosized inorganic nanomaterials that are incorporated into the structure of continuous polymer matrices. Owing to the exceptional properties exhibited by the nanomaterials, the resultant nanocomposite membranes demonstrate higher selectivity and permeability that surpass the Robeson upper boundary limit. Nanocomposite Membranes for Gas Separation provides a comprehensive review of the advances made in the development and application of gas separation nanocomposite membranes. In particular, the book covers the focuses on the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation. It is an important reference source both for materials scientists, environmental engineers and chemical engineers who are looking to understand how nanocomposite membranes are being used to create better techniques for gas separation. Provides detailed insights in the fabrication, modification, characterization and applications of nanocomposite membranes for gas separation Shows how nanotechnology is being used to address current limitations of the development of polymeric and inorganic membranes for gas separation, including low separation performance in terms of permeability and selectivity Explores the potential of nanocomposite membranes to help create more effective gas separation techniques
Category: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances In Gas Separation By Microporous Ceramic Membranes

Author : N.K. Kanellopoulos
ISBN : 0080540325
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.85 MB
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This book is dedicated to the rapidly growing field of microporous ceramic membranes with separating layers of pore diameter less than 2nm. The chapters of this book bring forward a wide range of issues, namely fundamentals of complex sorption and transport processes in micropore structures, highly innovative methods of preparation of microporous membranes and examples of their possible commercial applications. This book presents insights by distinguished investigators, who have contributed significantly to the advance of research efforts in the diverse topics described herein. Recently, significant progress has been made with respect to the development of novel microporous asymmetric membranes, mainly involving modification by means of deposition of additional material within the pores of the substrates. Most state-of-the-art technologies aiming in the development of microporous ceramic membrane are presented in the third section of the book. These include several material deposition methods and techniques on macroporous or mesoporous supports and substrates from the liquid or vapour phase, namely those involving sol-gel, zeolite and chemical vapour deposition techniques. In addition to the above-mentioned methods, the classical technique of carbonizing polymeric deposits along with one of the novel techniques of plasma-treating, organically deposited Langmuir-Blodgett films, are also presented. Nanophase mixed ionic-electron membranes for enhanced oxygen transport are described, which pose a strong candidacy for a number of significant commercial applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Polymers For Gas Separation

Author : Naoki Toshima
ISBN : 1560810939
Genre : Gas separation membranes
File Size : 57.85 MB
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Category: Gas separation membranes

Membrane Materials For Gas And Separation

Author : Yuri Yampolskii
ISBN : 9781119112716
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.57 MB
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Si containing polymers have been instrumental in the development of membrane gas separation practices since the early 1970s. Their function is to provide a selective barrier for different molecular species, where selection takes place either on the basis of size or on the basis of physical interactions or both. Combines membrane science, organosilicon chemistry, polymer science, materials science, and physical chemistry Only book to consider polymerization chemistry and synthesis of Si-containing polymers (both glassy and rubbery), and their role as membrane materials Membrane operations present environmental benefits such as reduced waste, and recovered/recycled valuable raw materials that are currently lost to fuel or to flares
Category: Technology & Engineering

Development Of High Performance Gas Separation Membranes Through Intelligent Catalyst And Monomer Design

Author : Kevin Richard Gmernicki
ISBN : OCLC:1104496674
Genre : Catalysts
File Size : 64.15 MB
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Polymer membranes are a valuable tool for separating components of liquid and gas mixtures. Heavily inspired by biological systems, the idea of using the intrinsic properties of polymers to perform otherwise energy-intensive tasks is attractive for applications such as water desalination, natural gas sweetening, and post-combustion carbon capture. Of particular interest to our research group, post-combustion carbon capture is a promising potential solution aimed at reducing the carbon footprint involved with production, transportation, and storage of electrical energy generation. Every year, the United States produces close to seven billion metric tons of carbon dioxide, of which a significant portion is generated by coal-fired power plants. With a lack of significant research breakthroughs in renewable energy sources, the continued use of coal is necessary to maintain current energy demands. To consume this resource responsibly, researchers continue to develop methods to minimize the release of greenhouse gas emissions from the combustion of coal and other fossil fuels. Polymer membranes offer an industrially scalable solution that can be easily implemented into existing infrastructure and operate at a fraction of the cost of other possible carbon sequestration solutions. However, implementing membrane solutions for this particular gas separation is extremely demanding in terms of chemical stability, thermal stability, and raw membrane performance, which requires materials designed specifically for this application. Described herein, is a body of work directed towards the synthesis of new materials that have not been investigated for the separation of carbon dioxide and nitrogen previously. Throughout the membrane design, we chose to emphasize polymer structures with rigid backbones, significant mechanical integrity, and polar functionality that will be attracted towards carbon dioxide more so than nitrogen. These macromolecules were made via different polymerization techniques and required specific catalyst design in order to obtain the desired functionality. The results are polymer membranes that have some of the highest performance for the separation of carbon dioxide and nitrogen while maintaining a unique combination of excellent processability, mechanical strength, thermal stability, and optical transparency that could be useful in other engineering applications.
Category: Catalysts

Membrane Separations Technology

Author : R.D. Noble
ISBN : 0080536182
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.29 MB
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The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Microporous Materials For Separation Membranes

Author : Xiaoqin Zou
ISBN : 9783527343973
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.87 MB
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A guide to membrane separation based on a variety of porous materials with promising separation applications Microporous Materials for Separation Membranes offers an in-depth guide that explores microporous materials? potential for membrane applications. The authors?two experts on the topic?examine a wide range of porous materials that have application potential including: microporous silica, porous carbons, zeolites, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and porous organic frameworks (POFs). Comprehensive in scope, the book covers a broad range of topics on membrane separations such as: hydrogen recovery, carbon dioxide capture, air purification, hydrocarbon separation, pervaporation, and water treatment. In addition, this up-to-date resource explores the most recent materials for preparing microporous membranes and explores the most promising applications for industrial use. This important book: -Examines the use of microporous materials as membranes to perform with different gases and liquids -Offers an overview of the basic knowledge of membrane separation and an intense examination of separations -Describes the state-of-the-art of membrane separation with porous materials -Highlights the most promising applications of industrial interest Written for scientists working in the fields of membranes, gas and liquid, Microporous Materials for Separation Membranes offers a valuable guide to the potential of microporous materials for membrane applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanocomposite Membranes For Water And Gas Separation

Author : Mohtada Sadrzadeh
ISBN : 0128167106
Genre :
File Size : 65.68 MB
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Nanocomposite membranes, comprising a host polymer material and the embedded functional nanofillers, have demonstrated to provide a marked improvement in the permeability, selectivity, thermomechanical stability and antifouling propensity, compared to conventional membranes. This new generation of nanocomposite membranes combines the superior advantages of multifunctional nanomaterials with the low cost and easy processability of commodity polymers for water and gas treatment. However, themanufacturing of defect-free nanocomposite membranes, along with the availability and environmental friendliness of handing the nanomaterials create serious challenges for scaling up the manufacturing process for industrial applications. This book addresses the recent development in the material development, synthesis protocols, and numerical simulation of nanocomposite membranes, as well as, their current challenges and future trends in the areas of water and gas separation. Nanocomposite Membranes for Water and Gas Separation presents an introduction to the application of nanocomposite membranes in both water and gas separation processes. The in-depth literature review and discussion on the recent development of state-of-the-art nanocomposite membranes, current challenges, and future progress serve as helpful guidelines for further improvements of these materials for water and gas separation processes. Explains the development of nanocomposite membranes through bio-mimicking nanomaterials Discusses the surface modification of nanomaterials to fabricate robust nanocomposite membranes Outlines the environmental and operational challenges for the application of nanocomposite membranes
Category:

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Author : K. Scott
ISBN : 0751403385
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 61.96 MB
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Although membrane separations can now routinely replace traditional separations, there is a need for the new developments in the applications and theories of membrane separation to be transmitted to industry to continue the drive forward in membrane development. This book presents new developments in the context of industrial technology and relates the principles of design to plant set-up and equipment selection.
Category: Gardening

Advanced Membrane Technology And Applications

Author : Norman N Li
ISBN : 9781118211540
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56.51 MB
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Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.
Category: Technology & Engineering