Gaas High Speed Devices

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Gaas High Speed Devices

Author : C. Y. Chang
ISBN : 047185641X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.1 MB
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The performance of high-speed semiconductor devices—the genius driving digital computers, advanced electronic systems for digital signal processing, telecommunication systems, and optoelectronics—is inextricably linked to the unique physical and electrical properties of gallium arsenide. Once viewed as a novel alternative to silicon, gallium arsenide has swiftly moved into the forefront of the leading high-tech industries as an irreplaceable material in component fabrication. GaAs High-Speed Devices provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-science look at the phenomenally expansive range of engineering devices gallium arsenide has made possible—as well as the fabrication methods, operating principles, device models, novel device designs, and the material properties and physics of GaAs that are so keenly integral to their success. In a clear five-part format, the book systematically examines each of these aspects of GaAs device technology, forming the first authoritative study to consider so many important aspects at once and in such detail. Beginning with chapter 2 of part one, the book discusses such basic subjects as gallium arsenide materials and crystal properties, electron energy band structures, hole and electron transport, crystal growth of GaAs from the melt and defect density analysis. Part two describes the fabrication process of gallium arsenide devices and integrated circuits, shedding light, in chapter 3, on epitaxial growth processes, molecular beam epitaxy, and metal organic chemical vapor deposition techniques. Chapter 4 provides an introduction to wafer cleaning techniques and environment control, wet etching methods and chemicals, and dry etching systems, including reactive ion etching, focused ion beam, and laser assisted methods. Chapter 5 provides a clear overview of photolithography and nonoptical lithography techniques that include electron beam, x-ray, and ion beam lithography systems. The advances in fabrication techniques described in previous chapters necessitate an examination of low-dimension device physics, which is carried on in detail in chapter 6 of part three. Part four includes a discussion of innovative device design and operating principles which deepens and elaborates the ideas introduced in chapter 1. Key areas such as metal-semiconductor contact systems, Schottky Barrier and ohmic contact formation and reliability studies are examined in chapter 7. A detailed discussion of metal semiconductor field-effect transistors, the fabrication technology, and models and parameter extraction for device analyses occurs in chapter 8. The fifth part of the book progresses to an up-to-date discussion of heterostructure field-effect (HEMT in chapter 9), potential-effect (HBT in chapter 10), and quantum-effect devices (chapters 11 and 12), all of which are certain to have a major impact on high-speed integrated circuits and optoelectronic integrated circuit (OEIC) applications. Every facet of GaAs device technology is placed firmly in a historical context, allowing readers to see instantly the significant developmental changes that have shaped it. Featuring a look at devices still under development and device structures not yet found in the literature, GaAs High-Speed Devices also provides a valuable glimpse into the newest innovations at the center of the latest GaAs technology. An essential text for electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists, and students, GaAs High-Speed Devices offers the first comprehensive and up-to-date look at these formidable 21st century tools. The unique physical and electrical properties of gallium arsenide has revolutionized the hardware essential to digital computers, advanced electronic systems for digital signal processing, telecommunication systems, and optoelectronics. GaAs High-Speed Devices provides the first fully comprehensive look at the enormous range of engineering devices gallium arsenide has made possible as well as the backbone of the technology—ication methods, operating principles, and the materials properties and physics of GaAs—device models and novel device designs. Featuring a clear, six-part format, the book covers: GaAs materials and crystal properties Fabrication processes of GaAs devices and integrated circuits Electron beam, x-ray, and ion beam lithography systems Metal-semiconductor contact systems Heterostructure field-effect, potential-effect, and quantum-effect devices GaAs Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuits and Digital Integrated Circuits In addition, this comprehensive volume places every facet of the technology in an historical context and gives readers an unusual glimpse at devices still under development and device structures not yet found in the literature.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Current Research And Development In Optical Fiber Communications In China

Author : Qiming Wang
ISBN : 981022706X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.86 MB
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In the last decade, China has experienced one of the fastest economic growth in the world. Leading this enormous growth is the development of telecommunications that has a growth rate far exceeding that of its GNP. With such fast growth, China will have the largest telecommunication network with 420 million lines by 2010. The backbone of the national telecom network in China is primarily optical fiber cables today.This book contains a selection of reports reviewing the progress of the research and development in optoelectronics and optical fiber communications in China. The first four papers focus on the current development in optical fiber communications with particular interest in studies of soliton transmission and optical WDM transmission experiments. The next four papers describe the research results on quantum well lasers, bi-stable lasers, electro-absorption modulators and SEED, and photonic integrated devices. Fiber ring lasers using EDFA and the ASE noise in the PIN receiver due to EDFA are discussed in the next two papers, respectively. The last two papers describe the research activities and results of the development of the GaAs ICs for high speed lighwave systems, and their characterization using optical sampling techniques. The contents included in this book may be regarded as the epitome of the current status of research in this field in mainland China.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Compound And Josephson High Speed Devices

Author : Takahiko Misugi
ISBN : 9781475797749
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.4 MB
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In recent years, III-V devices, integrated circuits, and superconducting integrated circuits have emerged as leading contenders for high-frequency and ultrahigh speed applications. GaAs MESFETs have been applied in microwave systems as low-noise and high-power amplifiers since the early 1970s, replacing silicon devices. The heterojunction high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT), invented in 1980, has become a key component for satellite broadcasting receiver systems, serving as the ultra-low-noise device at 12 GHz. Furthermore, the heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) has been considered as having the highest switching speed and cutoff frequency in the semiconductor device field. Initially most of these devices were used for analog high-frequency applications, but there is also a strong need to develop high-speed III-V digital devices for computer, telecom munication, and instrumentation systems, to replace silicon high-speed devices, because of the switching-speed and power-dissipation limitations of silicon. The potential high speed and low power dissipation of digital integrated circuits using GaAs MESFET, HEMT, HBT, and superconducting Josephson junction devices has evoked tremendous competition in the race to develop such technology. A technology review shows that Japanese research institutes and companies have taken the lead in the development of these devices, and some integrated circuits have already been applied to supercomputers in Japan. The activities of Japanese research institutes and companies in the III-V and superconducting device fields have been superior for three reasons. First, bulk crystal growth, epitaxial growth, process, and design technology were developed at the same time.
Category: Science

High Speed Electronics

Author : Bengt Källbäck
ISBN : 9783642829796
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.34 MB
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In the past, a number of Satellite Conferences have been held in con nection with the International Conference on Physics of Semiconductors, covering selected fields of interest. In 1986, when the main conference was held in Stockholm, Sweden, new. phenomena had to be discussed: super lattices, hot 'electron phenomena and new device structures for high-speed applications. The aim was to select topics which would be of interest to physicists as well as to electronics engineers. Therefore a Satellite Con ference on H!gh-Speed Electronics, Basic Physical Phenomena and Device Principles, was arranged at Saltjobaden, a coastal resort near Stockholm. An organizing committee was established after the first suggestion made by Professor Grimmeiss from the University of Lund, Sweden, and some preliminary discussions on the Conference format. A Program Committee was established to be responsible for the further selection of the invited talks, the regular papers and poster presentation. The aim was to have a broad spectrum of contributions to attract physicists as well as device oriented engineers and to stimulate discussions among the participants. These Proceedings contain all oral and poster presentations, with em phasis on the invited talks, which give a competent overview of the field. The fast publication by Springer-Verlag has permitted the presentation of an up-to-date survey of the principles of high-speed electronics. Incorpo ration in the Springer Series in Electronics and Photonics will enable the book to be distributed worldwide and to reach all interested scientists.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Semiconductor Physical Electronics

Author : Sheng S. Li
ISBN : 9780387377667
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.11 MB
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The updated edition of this book provides comprehensive coverage of fundamental semiconductor physics. This subject is essential to an understanding of the physical and operational principles of a wide variety of semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices. It has been revised to reflect advances in semiconductor technologies over the past decade, including many new semiconductor devices that have emerged and entered into the marketplace.
Category: Technology & Engineering

High Speed Heterostructure Devices

Author :
ISBN : 0080864384
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.39 MB
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Volume 41 includes an in-depth review of the most important, high-speed switches made with heterojunction technology. This volume is aimed at the graduate student or working researcher who needs a broad overview andan introduction to current literature. The first complete review of InP-based HFETs and complementary HFETs, which promise very low power and high speed Offers a complete, three-chapter review of resonant tunneling Provides an emphasis on circuits as well as devices
Category: Technology & Engineering

Acetamides Advances In Research And Application 2013 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781481693585
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.82 MB
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Acetamides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Iodoacetamide in a concise format. The editors have built Acetamides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Iodoacetamide in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Acetamides—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Category: Science

High Speed Compound Semiconductor Devices For Wireless Applications And State Of The Art Program On Compound Semiconductors Xxxiii

Author : A. G. Baca
ISBN : 1566772850
Genre : Cell phones
File Size : 24.75 MB
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The proceedings were published before the two symposia actually took place, and some of the papers presented were not received in time. The 21 that did make it discuss compound semiconductors from perspectives of recent developments in materials, growth, characterization, processing, device fabrication, and reliability. Among the specific topics are the non-crystallographic wet etching of gallium arsenide, fabricating an integrated optics One to Two optical switch, and the fabrication and materials characterization of pulsed laser deposited nickel silicide ohmic contacts to 4H n-SiC. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Category: Cell phones

Technology Computer Aided Design For Si Sige And Gaas Integrated Circuits

Author : G.A. Armstrong
ISBN : 9780863417436
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.44 MB
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Technology Computer Aided Design for Si, SiGe and GaAs Integrated Circuits is the first book that deals with a broad spectrum of process and device design, and modelling issues related to various semiconductor devices. This monograph attempts to bridge the gap between device modelling and process design using TCAD. Many simulation examples for different types of Si-, SiGe-, GaAs- and InP-based heterostructure MOS and bipolar transistors are given and compared with experimental data from state-of-the-art devices. Bringing various aspects of silicon heterostructures into one resource, this book also presents a comprehensive perspective of the emerging field and covers topics ranging from materials to fabrication, devices, modelling and applications. The monograph is aimed at research and development engineers and scientists who are actively involved in microelectronics technology and device design via Technology CAD. It will also serve as a reference for postgraduate and research students in the field of electrical engineering and solid-state physics, and for TCAD engineers and developers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

High Speed Integrated Circuit Technology

Author : Mark J. W. Rodwell
ISBN : 9812810013
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.79 MB
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This book reviews the state of the art of very high speed digital integrated circuits. Commercial applications are in fiber optic transmission systems operating at 10, 40, and 100 Gb/s, while the military application is ADCs and DACs for microwave radar. The book contains detailed descriptions of the design, fabrication, and performance of wideband Si/SiGe-, GaAs-, and InP-based bipolar transistors. The analysis, design, and performance of high speed CMOS, silicon bipolar, and III-V digital ICs are presented in detail, with emphasis on application in optical fiber transmission and mixed signal ICs. The underlying physics and circuit design of rapid single flux quantum (RSFQ) superconducting logic circuits are reviewed, and there is extensive coverage of recent integrated circuit results in this technology. Contents: Preface (M J W Rodwell); High-Speed and High-Data-Bandwidth Transmitter and Receiver for Multi-Channel Serial Data Communication with CMOS Technology (M Fukaishi et al.); High-Performance Si and SiGe Bipolar Technologies and Circuits (M Wurzer et al.); Self-Aligned Si BJT/SiGe HBT Technology and Its Application to High-Speed Circuits (K Washio); Small-Scale InGaP/GaAs Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors for High-Speed and Low-Power Integrated-Circuit Applications (T Oka et al.); Prospects of InP-Based IC Technologies for 100-Gbit/S-Class Lightwave Communications Systems (T Enoki et al.); Scaling of InGaAs/InAlAs HBTs for High Speed Mixed-Signal and mm-Wave ICs (M J W Rodwell); Progress Toward 100 GHz Logic in InP HBT IC Technology (C H Fields et al.); Cantilevered Base InP DHBT for High Speed Digital Applications (A L Gutierrez-Aitken et al.); RSFQ Technology: Physics and Devices (P Bunyk et al.); RSFQ Technology: Circuits and Systems (D K Brock). Readership: Researchers, industrialists and academics in electrical and electronic engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Semiconductor Device Physics And Simulation

Author : J.S. Yuan
ISBN : 0306457245
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49.47 MB
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The advent of the microelectronics technology has made ever-increasing numbers of small devices on a same chip. The rapid emergence of ultra-large-scaled-integrated (ULSI) technology has moved device dimension into the sub-quarter-micron regime and put more than 10 million transistors on a single chip. While traditional closed-form analytical models furnish useful intuition into how semiconductor devices behave, they no longer provide consistently accurate results for all modes of operation of these very small devices. The reason is that, in such devices, various physical mechanisms affect the device performance in a complex manner, and the conventional assumptions (i. e. , one-dimensional treatment, low-level injection, quasi-static approximation, etc. ) em ployed in developing analytical models become questionable. Thus, the use of numerical device simulation becomes important in device modeling. Researchers and engineers will rely even more on device simulation for device design and analysis in the future. This book provides comprehensive coverage of device simulation and analysis for various modem semiconductor devices. It will serve as a reference for researchers, engineers, and students who require in-depth, up-to-date information and understanding of semiconductor device physics and characteristics. The materials of the book are limited to conventional and mainstream semiconductor devices; photonic devices such as light emitting and laser diodes are not included, nor does the book cover device modeling, device fabrication, and circuit applications.
Category: Technology & Engineering