Fundamentals Of Interfacial Engineering

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Fundamentals Of Interfacial Engineering

Author : Robert J. Stokes
ISBN : 0471186473
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.58 MB
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"Fundamentals of Interfacial Engineering" provides chemical, electronic, mechanical, and biomedical engineers with a coherent, integrated introduction to the fundamental concepts that relate to interfacial phenomena with applications to different processes and product situations. This book emphasizes the importance of intermolecular forces in holding materials together within a bulk phase or across an interface. It outlines the fundamental intermolecular interactions that occur in all interfacial systems. The work also describes the properties, processing, and behavior of fluid interfacial systems and treats solid surfaces and interfaces. In addition to being of direct industrial relevance, this book will provide engineering instructors with an excellent starting point for planning curriculum development in this important area.
Category: Science

Interfacial Engineering In Functional Materials For Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar
ISBN : 9781119557395
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.51 MB
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Offers an Interdisciplinary approach to the engineering of functional materials for efficient solar cell technology Written by a collection of experts in the field of solar cell technology, this book focuses on the engineering of a variety of functional materials for improving photoanode efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The first two chapters describe operation principles of DSSC, charge transfer dynamics, as well as challenges and solutions for improving DSSCs. The remaining chapters focus on interfacial engineering of functional materials at the photoanode surface to create greater output efficiency. Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells begins by introducing readers to the history, configuration, components, and working principles of DSSC It then goes on to cover both nanoarchitectures and light scattering materials as photoanode. Function of compact (blocking) layer in the photoanode and of TiCl4 post-treatment in the photoanode are examined at next. Next two chapters look at photoanode function of doped semiconductors and binary semiconductor metal oxides. Other chapters consider nanocomposites, namely, plasmonic nanocomposites, carbon nanotube based nanocomposites, graphene based nanocomposites, and graphite carbon nitride based nanocompositesas photoanodes. The book: Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals through the applications of DSSC Encompasses topics on various functional materials for DSSC technology Focuses on the novel design and application of materials in DSSC, to develop more efficient renewable energy sources Is useful for material scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists interested in functional materials for the design of efficient solar cells Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells will be of great benefit to graduate students, researchers and engineers, who work in the multi-disciplinary areas of material science, engineering, physics, and chemistry.
Category: Science

Fundamentals Of Interface And Colloid Science

Author : J. Lyklema
ISBN : 0080507123
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.99 MB
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Interface and colloid science is an important, though often under-valued, branch of science. It has applications and ramifications in domains as disparate as agriculture, mineral dressing, oil recovery, chemical industry, biotechnology, medical science, and many more. Proper application of interface and colloid science requires factual knowledge and insight into the many basic laws of physics and chemistry upon which it is based. Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science is the first book to cover this field in the depth neccessary to be a valuable reference and an excellent textbook. From the beginning to the end of the book, systems of growing complexity are treated gradually. The presentation is particularly suited to emphasize that interfaces are not autonomous phases. As a rule, interfacial properties can be varied only by changing the adjoining phases, so that the properties of these bulk phases must be understood first. The text also recognizes common principles behind a variety of phenomena, and helps the reader to understand them and to develop and improve processes. The systematic treatment of the material in the book makes this clear, and makes the text itself an important contribution to the field. Systematic treatment of information An excellent addition to volume I Two chapters contributed by other experts in the field Uses a deductive approach to increase the order of complexity Written by a leading expert in the field Two chapters contributed by other outstanding scientists Uses a systematic and deductive approach First comprehensive review of the topic
Category: Technology & Engineering

Interfacial Phenomena

Author : Mustafa Akbulut
ISBN : 0444633170
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.3 MB
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An interface is defined as a surface that forms the boundary between two bodies, liquids, or chemical phases. Interfacial Phenomena is a topic that deals with an understanding of the physical and chemical properties of interfaces in natural and engineered systems and how such interfaces interact with each other and other entities. Interfacial phenomena is a critical element of a variety of chemical engineering research and processes such as chemical reactions and catalysis, colloids, drug delivery, emulsions and foams, energy conversion and storage, environmental protection and remediation, sensors, and separation and purification. The book seeks to provide a fundamental background on the sub-topics of interfacial phenomena that are relevant to the chemical and biological engineering research and processes. There is no textbook available on the market focusing on the fundamentals of interfacial phenomena primarily from a perspective of research in chemical and biological engineering. Interfacial phenomenon is a topic that has exponentially been evolving over the past two decades. To stay informed, updated, and abreast of current and emerging topics of interfacial phenomena; students, researchers, and academicians need a new book that specifically aims at having a critical balance among classical, contemporary, and emerging topics in interfacial phenomena. For the laymen (non scientist-Why should he/she buy this book?) Interfacial phenomena play an essential role in various contemporary and emerging industrial technologies for energy conversion and storage, heath care, and environmental protection and remediation. Fundamentals of Interfacial Phenomena provides an intuitive explanation of the concepts in interfacial phenomena with the aid of easy-to-follow illustrations and real-life worked examples. Accessible and easy to read throughout, the book offers a robust foundation on the physicochemical properties of interfaces and how these interfaces interact with each other and other entities. For the user (scientist/expert-why should he/she buy the book?) Fundamentals of Interfacial Phenomena provides a physicochemical background to interfacial phenomena with a specific goal of acquainting the reader with relevant concepts, laws and issues that are significant in the context of academic and industrial research in chemical and biological engineering. Due to its comprehensive presentation, the book can also be easily tailored to advance undergraduate and graduate courses in a variety of other disciplines. The book includes the latest in-depth and high-impact research regarding interfacial phenomena from around the world. Some of the topics covered in the text include thermodynamics of interfaces; intermolecular and interparticle interactions; surface forces; electrostatic and electrokinetic phenomena at interfaces; contact angle phenomena and wetting; liquid surfaces; adsorption and desorption; surface modification; self- and directed- assembly; emulsions, micelles, and foams; thin films; biological interfaces; and interfacial mass transfer.
Category: Science

Colloid Polymer Interactions

Author : Raymond S. Farinato
ISBN : UOM:39015043780322
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.66 MB
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This study of colloid-polymer interactions combines coverage of the basic principles, analytical techniques and major applications, with surveys and reviews of recent advances. It also addresses the fundamental problems in the field.
Category: Science

Interfacial Engineering For Optimized Properties

Author : C. L. Briant
ISBN : UCSD:31822024031650
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.85 MB
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The study of interfaces is one of the oldest areas of research in materials science. The presence of grain boundaries in materials has long been recognized, as has its crucial role in determining mechanical properties. Another long-recognized concept is that the properties of a surface are quite different from those of the bulk. Researchers have been able to study these interfaces, both internal and external, with a detail not before possible. These advances have stemmed from the ability to obtain atomic resolution images of interfaces, to measure accurate chemical compositions of interfaces, and to model these interfaces and their properties. This book goes a step further to explore how all of this information can be used. Significant attention is given to the crystallographic nature of grain boundaries and interfaces, and the relationship between this nature and the performance of a material. The EBSP in solving a number of interface-related problems is also featured. Topics include: introductory concepts and modelling; characterization - orientation and interfacial films; characterization - microscopy and chemistry; mechanical properties; general interfaces; composites, laminates and coatings and thin films.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Surface And Interfacial Forces From Fundamentals To Applications

Author : Günter Auernhammer
ISBN : 9783540680185
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.52 MB
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© Springer-Verlag 2008 rd 43 Biennial Meeting of the German Colloid Society rd This volume containsselected paperspresented at the 43 Biennial Meeting of the German Colloid Society held at the Schloß Waldthausen near Mainz, October 8–10, 2007. The meeting’s emphasis was given to “Surface and Interfacial Forces – From Fundamentals to Applications” but also provided a general overview on current aspects of colloid and polymer science in fundamental research and applications. The contributions in this volume are representative of the richness of research topics in colloid and polymer science. They cover a broad eld including the application of scanning probe techniques to colloid and interface science, surface induced ordering, novel developments in amphiphilic systems as well as the synthesis and applications of nano-colloids. The meeting brought together people from different elds of colloid, polymer, and materials science and provided the platform for dialogue between scientists from universities, industry, and research institutions.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Luminous Chemical Vapor Deposition And Interface Engineering

Author : Hirotsugu Yasuda
ISBN : 9781420030297
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.72 MB
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Providing in-depth coverage of the technologies and various approaches, Luminous Chemical Vapor Deposition and Interface Engineering showcases the development and utilization of LCVD procedures in industrial scale applications. It offers a wide range of examples, case studies, and recommendations for clear understanding of this innovative science. The book comprises four parts. Part 1 describes the fundamental difference between glow discharge of an inert gas and that of an organic vapor, from which the concepts of Luminous Gas Phase derive. Part 2 explores the various ways of practicing Luminous Vapor Disposition and Treatment depending on the type and nature of substrates. Part 3 covers some very important aspects of surface and interface that could not have been seen clearly without results obtained by application of LCVD. Part 4 offers some examples of interface engineering that show very unique aspects of LCVD interface engineering in composite materials, biomaterial surface and corrosion protection by the environmentally benign process. Timely and up-to-date, the book provides broad coverage of the complex relationships involved in the interface between a gas/solid, liquid/solid, and a solid/solid. The author presents a new perspective on low-pressure plasma and describes key aspects of the surface and interface that could not be shown without the results obtained by LCVD technologies. Features Provides broad coverage of complex relationships involved in interface between a gas/solid, a liquid/solid, and a solid/solid Addresses the importance of the initial step of creating electrical glow discharge Describes the principles of creating chemically reactive species and their growth in the luminous gas phase Focuses on the nature of surface-state of solid and on the creation of imperturbable surface-state by the contacting phase or environment, which is vitally important in creating biocompatible surface, providing super corrosion protection of metals by environmentally benign processes, etc. Offers examples on how to use LCVD in the interface engineering process Presents a new view on low-pressure (low-temperature) plasma and emphasizes the importance of luminous gas phase and chemical reactions that occur in the phase About the author: Dr. Yasuda is one of the pioneers who explored low-pressure plasma for surface modification of materials and deposition of nano films as barrier and perm-selective membranes in the late 1960s. He obtained his PhD in physical and polymer chemistry working on transport properties of gases and vapors in polymers at State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry at Syracuse, NY. He has over 300 publications in refereed journals and books, and is currently a Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering, and Director, Center for Surface Science & Plasma Technology, University of Missouri-Columbia, and is actively engaged in research on the subjects covered by this book.
Category: Science

Research Teams And Partnerships

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309068277
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.54 MB
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The third workshop of the Chemical Sciences Roundtable, Research Teams and Partnerships was held in Irvine, California, on May 2-3, 1999. The presentations and discussions at the workshop considered the current status of research partnerships in the chemical sciences and methods to improve the ability to form and maximize such collaborations. This volume presents the results of that workshop.
Category: Science

Proceedings

Author : American Society for Engineering Education
ISBN : UOM:39015030249687
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 24.71 MB
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Category: Engineering

Interface Engineering Of Natural Fibre Composites For Maximum Performance

Author : Nikolaos E Zafeiropoulos
ISBN : 9780857092281
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84.97 MB
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One of the major reasons for composite failure is a breakdown of the bond between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and fails. By engineering the interface between the natural fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be manipulated to give maximum performance. Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance looks at natural (sustainable) fibre composites and the growing trend towards their use as reinforcements in composites. Part one focuses on processing and surface treatments to engineer the interface in natural fibre composites and looks in detail at modifying cellulose fibre surfaces in the manufacture of natural fibre composites, interface tuning through matrix modification and preparation of cellulose nanocomposites. It also looks at the characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment on the interfacial adhesion and mechanical properties of natural fibre composites. Testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites is the topic of part two which discusses the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres, assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites before finishing with a look at Raman spectroscopy and x-ray scattering for assessing the interface in natural fibre composites With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance is an invaluable resource to composite manufacturers and developers, materials scientists and engineers and anyone involved in designing and formulating composites or in industries that use natural fibre composites. Examines characterisation of fibre surface treatments by infrared and raman spectroscopy and the effects of processing and surface treatment Reviews testing interfacial properties in natural fibre composites including the electrochemical characterisation of the interfacial properties of natural fibres Assesses the mechanical and thermochemical properties and moisture uptake behaviour of natural fibres and studies the fatigue and delamination of natural fibre composites
Category: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings

Author : American Society for Engineering Education. Conference
ISBN : STANFORD:36105010827991
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 83.33 MB
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Category: Engineering

Annual Conference Proceedings

Author : American Society for Engineering Education. Conference
ISBN : UOM:39076001610703
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 34.26 MB
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Category: Engineering

Directory Of Federal Laboratory And Technology Resources

Author :
ISBN : 9780788101915
Genre :
File Size : 33.40 MB
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Describes the individual capabilities of each of 1,900 unique resources in the federal laboratory system, and provides the name and phone number of each contact. Includes government laboratories, research centers, testing facilities, and special technology information centers. Also includes a list of all federal laboratory technology transfer offices. Organized into 72 subject areas. Detailed indices.
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Interfacial Phenomena

Author : Clarence A. Miller
ISBN : 1420044435
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.29 MB
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Since the publication of the first edition of Interfacial Phenomena, the interest in interfaces and surfactants has multiplied, along with their applications. Experimental and theoretical advances have provided scientists with greater insight into the structure, properties, and behavior of surfactant and colloid systems. Emphasizing equilibrium phenomena, flow, transport, and stability, Interfacial Phenomena: Equilibrium and Dynamic Effects, Second Edition presents a concise and current summary of the fundamental principles governing interfacial interactions. This new edition features updated and expanded topics in every chapter. It highlights key experimental techniques that have expanded the scope of our understanding, such as in mass transfer, microstructure determination in colloidal dispersions, and surfactant–polymer interactions. Interfacial Phenomena, Second Edition reflects the progress scientists have made in understanding the surface chemistry and interfacial dynamics of colloid and surfactant systems. The book also illustrates the growing applicability of these systems in a variety of fields including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, paints, agricultural chemicals, and foods.
Category: Science

The Colloidal Domain

Author : D. Fennell Evans
ISBN : UOM:39015046473511
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.90 MB
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From reviews of the first edition: "Very well written and brings a focus and a perspective that are not currently available in one convenient volume, especially one that is suitable for self-study or as a teaching tool." -Colloid and Interface Science "A revolutionary approach [to] writing an up-to-date text on 'The Colloidal Domain' and its origin in and impact on physics, chemistry, biology, and technology." -Advanced Materials "The authors should be congratulated for producing such a well-written text that is full of illustrations and formulas." -Chemistry and Industry This new edition of Evans and Wennerström's critically acclaimed text provides students and professionals with a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of colloid science theory, methods, and applications. Emphasizing the molecular interactions that determine the properties of colloidal systems, the authors provide an authoritative account of critical developments in colloid science that have occurred over the past several decades. Combining all of the best features of a professional reference and a student text, The Colloidal Domain, Second Edition features: * Concept maps preceding each chapter that put subject matter into perspective * Numerous worked examples-many new to this edition-illustrating key concepts * More than 250 high-quality illustrations that help clarify processes described * A new chapter that integrates the development of colloid science and technology in the twentieth century with challenges facing the field today The Colloidal Domain, Second Edition is an indispensable professional resource for chemists and chemical engineers working in a range of areas, including the petrochemical, food, agricultural, ceramic, coatings, forestry, and paper industries. It is also a superb educational tool for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level students of physical chemistry and chemical engineering.
Category: Science