From Marshall Plan To Debt Crisis

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From Marshall Plan To Debt Crisis

Author : Robert E. Wood
ISBN : 9780520301153
Genre : History
File Size : 27.4 MB
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This book traces the evolution of concessional financing to Third World countries from its postwar origins in the Marshall Plan to the debt crisis that engulfed virtually the entire Third World in the early 1980s. It documents the evolution of a system of aid provision, of structured access to concessional external financing. The central focus is on how this structure of access to aid has changed over time and shaped development options an choices in the Third World. From this perspective, the emergence of the debt crisis is closely connected to the role of aid in the world economy. Although the debt crisis had other roots as well, this book elucidates an important set of determinants, generally overlooked, within the systems of aid provision itself. It further seeks to show that the debt crisis defines a new era, not simply a set of discrete and extraordinary events beween, say, Mexico's request for rescheduling in August 1982 and Argentina's coming to terms with the International Monetary Fund in September 1984. The debt crisis has profoundly altered the international environment tha Third Wold countries face, and the legacy of debt will continue to be a central focus of international relations and development choices for years to come. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1987.
Category: History

The Marshall Plan Today

Author : John Agnew
ISBN : 9781135770303
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.68 MB
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This volume has as its focus the role of the Marshall Plan as both a force in the transformation of European Economic practices and a stimulus to political integration in Europe. This organizing theme is framed in terms of two other issues that are central to contemporary debates in international political economy and geopolitical studies: the origins and development of the Cold War, and the growing globalisation of the world economy. In relating the Marshall Plan to these issues, this book goes beyond the typical diplomatic history approach to place the Plan in the context of both the political economy of late twentieth-century Europe, and the impact of American models of business and government that came with the Plan.
Category: Business & Economics

Belt And Road Initiative Chinese Version Of Marshall Plan

Author : Feng Da-hsuan
ISBN : 9789811200526
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.14 MB
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This book views the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a bold and all-encompassing 21st century global effort by China, with unprecedented perspectives. The BRI could be summarised as a 'revitalization' of China's ancient land-based and maritime silk roads, but it should be noted that its impact on China and the world stands on the foundation of omnipresent economics and how China transforms its mindset in the 21st century.Though initiated by China, the BRI's implementation has been a many-to-many effort from the start. This multi-regional and multi-national effort is distinctly different from the one-to-many effort of the Marshall Plan. The two meaning-defining chapters of this book, 'Omnipresent Economics: The Belt and Road Initiative Underpinning' and 'Supercontinent, Neo-Renaissance and Cultural Communications: The Millennium Mindset Transformations Induced by the Belt and Road Initiative', have made it abundantly clear that the BRI discussions presented are unique.The discussions of this book could shed new light on the BRI, a long-term and profound initiative by China, which in today's global discussions and debates, are entirely confined to geopolitical and economics arenas.
Category: Political Science

Ireland And The Marshall Plan 1947 57

Author : Bernadette Whelan
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025148847
Genre : History
File Size : 62.81 MB
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Ireland presented a special case for the US when it came to what was formally titled the European Recovery Programme to help rebuild the combatants of World War II in that it had remained neutral. Whelan (modern history, U. of Limerick) explores such questions as why it received aid, what form it ca
Category: History

The Democracy Makers

Author : Nicolas Guilhot
ISBN : 9780231504195
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21.71 MB
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Has the international movement for democracy and human rights gone from being a weapon against power to part of the arsenal of power itself? Nicolas Guilhot explores this question in his penetrating look at how the U.S. government, the World Bank, political scientists, NGOs, think tanks, and various international organizations have appropriated the movement for democracy and human rights to export neoliberal policies throughout the world. His work charts the various symbolic, ideological, and political meanings that have developed around human rights and democracy movements. Guilhot suggests that these shifting meanings reflect the transformation of a progressive, emancipatory movement into an industry, dominated by "experts," ensconced in positions of power. Guilhot's story begins in the 1950s when U.S. foreign policy experts promoted human rights and democracy as part of a "democratic international" to fight the spread of communism. Later, the unlikely convergence of anti-Stalinist leftists and the nascent neoconservative movement found a place in the Reagan administration. These "State Department Socialists," as they were known, created policies and organizations that provided financial and technical expertise to democratic movements, but also supported authoritarian, anti-communist regimes, particularly in Latin America. Guilhot also traces the intellectual and social trajectories of key academics, policymakers, and institutions, including Seymour M. Lipset, Jeane Kirkpatrick, the "Chicago Boys," including Milton Friedman, the National Endowment for Democracy, and the Ford Foundation. He examines the ways in which various individuals, or "double agents," were able to occupy pivotal positions at the junction of academe, national, and international institutions, and activist movements. He also pays particular attention to the role of the social sciences in transforming the old anti-Communist crusades into respectable international organizations that promoted progressive and democratic ideals, but did not threaten the strategic and economic goals of Western governments and businesses. Guilhot's purpose is not to disqualify democracy promotion as a conspiratorial activity. Rather he offers new perspectives on the roles of various transnational human rights institutions and the policies they promote. Ultimately, his work proposes a new model for understanding the international politics of legitimate democratic order and the relation between popular resistance to globalization and the "Washington Consensus."
Category: Political Science

Idrc

Author : Bruce Muirhead
ISBN : 9781554587575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.71 MB
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The book focuses on the International Development Research Centre as a unique institution that has funded research in the developing South—research proposed and undertaken by Southern researchers—and how, as a result, it has had tremendous impact despite a relatively small budget. The IDRC is much better known in the developing South than in Canada; in many of the roughly 150 countries in which it has provided research funding it has contributed to creating a very positive image of Canada. The centre’s arms-length relationship with Canadian government assistance provides it with enormous freedom and flexibility—it was established in 1970 with its own act under the Trudeau government. The IDRC board is one-half international and one-half Canadian and is the only governmental agency in the world that has this structure, giving them unique insight into Southern development issues. One of the IDRC’s founding principles was its insistence on having Southern researchers decide which projects would be put forward for possible funding, and much care has been taken to avoid “research imperialism” or “colonialism.” An analysis of the path less travelled, but which IDRC found amenable, is fundamental to this history of the centre, and the book highlights the decisions, ideas, and practices that flow from this basic premise.
Category: Political Science

The European Productivity Agency And Transatlantic Relations 1953 1961

Author : Bent Boel
ISBN : 8772896736
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77.73 MB
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The European Productivity Agency (EPA) was initially designed as a means to "Americanize" Western Europe through the transfer of American techniques, know-how and ideas to the Old Continent. It increasingly became a framework within which the member countries sought "European" solutions to their problems. This study of the EPA sheds new light on the nature of European cooperation and transatlantic relations in the 1950s as well as on the changes these relations underwent during the early postwar period.
Category: Business & Economics

Promised Land Crusader State

Author : Walter A. McDougall
ISBN : 0395830850
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44.30 MB
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A look at America's foreign policy over the past two hundred years posits the theory that America is struggling with two visions of itself as reflected in its foreign policy, from its early version as a diplomatic state to today's version as a crusader state.
Category: Political Science

Development Cooperation In Times Of Crisis

Author : José Antonio Alonso
ISBN : 9780231504393
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.73 MB
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Leading governments undertook extraordinary measures to offset the 2008 economic crisis, shoring up financial institutions, stimulating demand to reverse recession, and rebalancing budgets to alleviate sovereign debt. While productive in and of themselves, these solutions were effective because they were coordinated internationally and were matched with sweeping global financial reforms. Unfortunately, coordination has weakened after these initial steps, indicating one of the crisis's adverse effects will be a significant reduction in development cooperation. Urging advanced nations to improve their support for development, the contributors to this volume revisit the causes of the 2008 collapse and the ongoing effects of recession on global and developing economies. They reevaluate the international response to crisis and suggest more effective approaches to development cooperation. Experts on international aid join together to redesign the cooperation system and its governance, so it can accept new actors and better achieve the Millennial Development Goals of 2015 within the context of severe global crisis. In their introduction, José Antonio Alonso and José Antonio Ocampo summarize different chapters and the implications of their analyses, concluding with a frank assessment of global economic imbalance and the ability of increased cooperation to rectify these inequalities.
Category: Business & Economics

The Cumulative Book Index

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105117840772
Genre : American literature
File Size : 31.17 MB
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A world list of books in the English language.
Category: American literature

Exodus From Empire

Author : Terrence E. Paupp
ISBN : UOM:39015066838866
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27.20 MB
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Unique behind-the-scenes account of the Camp David peace talks.
Category: Political Science

Global Political Economy

Author : Theodore H. Cohn
ISBN : UCSD:31822033466442
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.47 MB
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. Preface. . Pt. I. Introduction and Overview. 1. Ch. 1. Introduction. 3. Ch. 2. Managing the Global Economy Since World War II: The Institutional Framework. 23. Pt. II. The Theoretical Perspectives. 57. Ch. 3. The Realist Perspective. 59. Ch. 4. The Liberal Perspective. 81. Ch. 5. The Historical Structuralist Perspective. 106. Pt. III. The Issue Areas. 131. Ch. 6. International Monetary Relations. 133. Ch. 7. Foreign Debt. 165. Ch. 8. Global Trade Relations. 199. Ch. 9. Regionalism and the Global Trade Regime. 238. Ch. 10. Multinational Corporations and Global Production. 274. Ch. 11. International Development. 317. Pt. IV. Concluding Comments. 353. Ch. 12. Current Trends in the Global Political Economy. 355. . App.: Acronyms and Abbreviations. 377. . Glossary. 379. . Selected Bibliography. 389. . Index. 413.
Category: Political Science

Bibliographie Mensuelle

Author : United Nations Library (Geneva, Switzerland)
ISBN : UIUC:30112119967377
Genre : International relations
File Size : 34.46 MB
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Category: International relations