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Freezing And Melting Heat Transfer In Engineering

Author : K. C. Cheng
ISBN : 0891169857
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.23 MB
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This volume of papers has been produced in memory of Professor R.R. Gilpin, who was a pioneer in the field of freezing phenomena in ice-water systems. The subject has applications in ice formation in industrial plants, technologies for manufacturing crystals in space for semiconductors and computer chips and atmospheric physics and geophysics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Freezing Effects On Food Quality

Author : Jeremiah
ISBN : 0824793501
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.3 MB
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This work presents a comprehensive overview of existing knowledge regarding the influence of freezing, frozen storage and thawing of specific food-stuffs. It delineates how freezing processes alter the colour, appearance, palatability, nutritional value, intrinsic chemical reactions, microbiological safety and consumer acceptance of foods. The fundamental concepts upon which food-freezing technologies are based, are reviewed.
Category: Technology & Engineering


Author : Peter Wilson
ISBN : 9789535101130
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.39 MB
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Supercooled liquids are found in the atmosphere, in cold hardy organisms, in metallurgy, and in many industrial systems today. Stabilizing the metastable, supercooled state, or encouraging the associated process of nucleation have both been the subject of scientific interest for several hundred years. This book is an invaluable starting point for researchers interested in the supercooling of water and aqueous solutions in biology and industry. The book also deals with modeling and the formation subsequent dendritic growth of supercooled solutions, as well as glass transitions and interface stability.
Category: Science

Science And Technology Of Rapid Solidification And Processing

Author : M.A. Otooni
ISBN : 9789401102230
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.53 MB
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This book represents a collection of papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (NATO/ARW) on "Science and Technology of Rapid Solidification and Processing", held at Hotel Thayer, West Point Military Academy, New York, N. Y. , during June 21-24, 1994. The workshop was attended by over forty scientists representing several NATO member countries as well as representatives from Japan, China (PRC), Taiwan and India. The purpose of this NATO/ARW conference was to review the major advances made in most recent years in both the theoretical and experimental areas of rapid solidification technology and processing. In accordance with the NATO/ARW format, the agenda for the conference was so arranged to offer in depth presentation of the latest developments in the subject area as well as to encourage follow-up discussions by the participants. There was seven sessions each opened with a lecture by an invited guest speaker. Sessions 1-4, covered two days of the conference and focused mainly on Processing Technologies of Rapid Solidification and Thermodynamic Properties (Practical Applications). Sessions 4-6 concentrated on Thermodynamics of Metastable Alloys, Relaxation, Diffusion, Magnetic and Electric Properties (Fundamentals). Session 6 was devoted to the Structural Characterization of Supercooled Melts, Ultra Fine Polycrystalline Materials (New Innovations and Techniques). There were two equally important aspects of this NATO/ARW conference which must be mentioned. Firstly, this is the first NATO/ARW conference on Science and Technology of Rapid Solidification and Processing held in the United States.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Freeze Drying Of Pharmaceuticals And Biopharmaceuticals

Author : Felix Franks
ISBN : 9781847557704
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77.37 MB
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Freeze-drying, in the past popular in the food industry, has more recently been adopted by the pharmaceutical industry as a standard method for the production of stable solid preparations. Freeze-drying of Pharmaceuticals and Biopharmaceuticals is the first book to specifically describe this process, as related to the pharmaceutical industry. The emphasis of this book is on the properties of the materials processed, how effective formulations are arrived at, and how they are stored and marketed. Beginning with a historical overview of the process, Freeze-drying of Pharmaceuticals and Biopharmaceuticals briefly describes the processes and equipment involved, including: the physics, chemistry and biochemistry associated with freezing, aspects of formulation development, primary and secondary drying; the economics and engineering of scaling up; and, most importantly, attributes of the dried product. It also discusses in detail the science behind freeze-drying, such as the properties of crystalline and amorphous solids. The book concludes with selected case studies and discusses the future of freeze-drying, advances in alternative drying methods, and concludes with an extensive bibliography. This book, written by a leading expert in the field, is aimed primarily at product and process developers in the biopharmaceutical industry and academia.
Category: Medical

Science Of Synthesis Houben Weyl Methods Of Molecular Transformations Vol 40a

Author :
ISBN : 9783131783615
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.6 MB
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Science of Synthesis provides a critical review of the synthetic methodology developed from the early 1800s to date for the entire field of organic and organometallic chemistry. As the only resource providing full-text descriptions of organic transformations and synthetic methods as well as experimental procedures, Science of Synthesis is therefore a unique chemical information tool. Over 1000 world-renowned experts have chosen the most important molecular transformations for a class of organic compounds and elaborated on their scope and limitations. The systematic, logical and consistent organization of the synthetic methods for each functional group enables users to quickly find out which methods are useful for a particular synthesis and which are not. Effective and practical experimental procedures can be implemented quickly and easily in the lab.// The content of this e-book was originally published in November 2008.
Category: Science