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The Institutional Framework Of Russian Serfdom

Author : Tracy Dennison
ISBN : 9781139496070
Genre : History
File Size : 22.76 MB
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Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.
Category: History

Social Framework Of Agriculture

Author : Harold Hart Mann
ISBN : 9781135153403
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.2 MB
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First Published in 1968. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Business & Economics

The National Planning Policy Framework

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Communities and Local Government Committee
ISBN : 0215040120
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 89.22 MB
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This report recommends that a default answer of 'yes' to development should be removed from the National Planning Policy Framework (NPFF). The phrase 'significantly and demonstrably' must also be removed from the presumption that all planning applications should be approved unless the adverse effects 'significantly and demonstrably' outweigh the benefits, because it adds a further barrier to the achievement of truly sustainable development. The definition of 'sustainable development' is inadequate and often conflated with 'sustainable economic growth'. The framework gives the impression that greater emphasis should be given in planning decisions to economic growth, undermining the equally important environmental and social elements of the planning system. The NPPF should require local planning decisions to be taken in accordance with the presumption in favour of sustainable development consistent with Local Plans. It is unacceptable that so many parts of England have yet to develop and adopt a new Local Plan. Clarity within the NPPF has suffered in the pursuit of brevity. Inconsistent drafting could create gaps in planning policy or guidance that could lead to a huge expansion in the size of Local Plans - as local authorities attempt to plug those gaps. The test for 'viability', as currently worded, risks allowing unsustainable developments to go ahead if measures to make them sustainable are deemed to make them unviable for the developer. MPs also call for a sensible transition period to give local authorities time to put Local Plans in place where they have not already done so.
Category: Architecture

Framework For Industrialization In Africa

Author : Thomas A. Taku
ISBN : 0275964981
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.92 MB
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Provides a detailed overview of the steps needed for African industrialization and development, including lessons from the developed world and descriptions of key facets of Africa's current environment.
Category: Business & Economics

Hc 190 Operation Of The National Planning Policy Framework

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Communities and Local Government Committee
ISBN : 9780215080806
Genre : Planning
File Size : 89.24 MB
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The Committee invited submissions on how the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) has worked in practice since it came into operation in April 2012. The evidence to this inquiry has highlighted a number of emerging concerns: that the NPPF is not preventing unsustainable development in some places; that inappropriate housing is being imposed upon some communities as a result of speculative planning applications; and that town centres are being given insufficient protection against the threat of out of town development. These issues do not, however, point to the need to tear up or withdrawn the NPPF; rather they suggest a need to reinforce its provisions and ensure it does the job it was intended to do.
Category: Planning

Indigenous Peoples Of North America

Author : Robert J. Muckle
ISBN : 9781442604162
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.18 MB
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Most books dealing with North American Indigenous peoples are exhaustive in coverage. They provide in-depth discussion of various culture areas which, while valuable, sometimes means that the big picture context is lost. This book offers a corrective to that trend by providing a concise, thematic overview of the key issues facing Indigenous peoples in North America, from prehistory to the present. It integrates a culture area analysis within a thematic approach, covering archaeology, traditional lifeways, the colonial era, and contemporary Indigenous culture. Muckle also explores the history of the relationship between Indigenous peoples and anthropologists with rigor and honesty. The result is a remarkably comprehensive book that provides a strong grounding for understanding Indigenous cultures in North America.
Category: Social Science