Fossil Fuel Hydrogen

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Fossil Fuel Hydrogen

Author : William J. Nuttall
ISBN : 9783030309084
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.19 MB
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As the case for Climate Change mitigation becomes ever more pressing, hydrogen has the potential to play a major role in a low-carbon energy future. Hydrogen can drive the vehicles of tomorrow and also heat homes and supply energy to businesses. Much recent discussion in energy policy circles has considered ways in which greatly expanded electrification can meet the demand for low-carbon mobility and heating. Such narratives centre on the widespread use of renewable energy sources with occasionally surplus renewable electricity being used to produce hydrogen, for example by electrolysis. While such developments have a beneficial role to play, this book focuses on an alternative paradigm. This book considers a more evolutionary path involving the continued extraction and use of fossil fuels, most notably natural gas, but in ways that greatly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this way much established industrial capacity and know how might be transitioned to help deliver the low carbon future that the world so desperately requires. Presenting up-to-date energy policy recommendations with a focus on hydrogen from fossil fuels, the book will be of considerable interest to policymakers and energy researchers in academia, industry and government labs, while also offering a valuable reference guide for business developers in low-carbon energy, and for oil and gas industry analysts.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Hydrogen Energy

Author : T. Veziroglu
ISBN : 9781468426076
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 39.35 MB
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There are three important problems facing the world: deple tion of fossil fUels, demand for more energy, and the pollution of our environment. The world contains limited amounts of fossil fuels. They are being depleted, at an ever-growing rate. Peoples of the world are demanding more and more energy. This is due to the desires of peoples to improve their standard of living--and the standard of living is directly proportional to the energy con sumed. In addition, the world is demanding a cleaner environment to live in. Many of us, scientists and engineers, believe that replacing fossil fuels with the inexhaustible and clean synthetic fuel, hydrogen (produced from non-fossil primary sources of energy) will answer the above problems. Hydrogen, as the fUel of the post-fossil-fUel era, was pre dicted more than a hundred years ago by that great forecaster of the future, Jules Verne, in his novel The Mysterious Island: Water decomposed into its primitive elements, and decom posed doubtless by electricity, which will then have become a powerful and manageable force. • • . Yes, my friends, I believe that water will one day be employed as fuel, that hydrogen and oxygen, which constitute it, used singly or together, will furnish an inexhaustible source of heat and light of an intensity, of which coal is not capable •. •. I believe, then, that when the deposits of coal are exhausted, we shall heat and warm ourselves with water. Water will be the coal of the future.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Solar Hydrogen

Author : Joan M. Ogden
ISBN : STANFORD:36105034244777
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.88 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

The Hydrogen Economy

Author : Michael Ball
ISBN : 9781139480956
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.26 MB
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Responding to the sustained interest in and controversial discussion of the prospects of hydrogen, this book strives to reflect on the perspectives of a hydrogen economy in light of the global energy challenge, in particular the question of how to meet the growing demand for transport energy in the long term and how to secure sustainable energy for transportation. This book stands out from other publications by its emphasis on setting the scene for hydrogen, and the comprehensive coverage of all aspects related to the hydrogen subject. It aims to provide a reference and compendium about hydrogen that should be of interest to anyone who wants to catch up on the status of the hydrogen discussion, look up a specific aspect related to hydrogen, or understand how hydrogen comes off compared to other mobility solutions. The book should appeal to a fairly broad readership: academia, policy makers and industry.
Category: Science

Biohydrogen

Author : Ayhan Demirbas
ISBN : 9781848825116
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.42 MB
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Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced using technologies for thermochemically and biologically converting biomass. Hydrogen fuel production technologies can make use of either non-renewable sources, or renewable sources such as wind, solar, and biorenewable resources. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands reviews all of the modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and fuel cells. The book also discusses issues of biohydrogen economy, policy and environmental impact. Biohydrogen looks set to be the fuel of choice in the future, replacing both fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Hydrogen Economy

Author : P K Pahwa
ISBN : 9788179935040
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.1 MB
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As the dependence on the depleting fossils fuels continues and global warming increases, we need to find an energy system that is renewable and sustainable, efficient and cost-effective, convenient and safe. Hydrogen has been proposed as the perfect fuel to sustain the energy system. The availability of a reliable and cost-effective supply, safe and efficient storage, and convenient end use of hydrogen will be essential for a transition to a hydrogen economy. Research is being conducted throughout the world for the development of safe, cost-effective hydrogen production, storage, and end-use technologies that support and foster this transition. Hydrogen Economy discusses the strategies and roadmaps of introducing hydrogen as the alternate source of fuel for sustainable development. The book examines the link between development and energy, prospects of sustainable development, significance of hydrogen energy economy. It provides an authoritative and up-to-date scientific account of hydrogen generation, storage, transportation, and safety. Key Features: · Explains the significance of hydrogen economy · Examines the feasibility of transporting, distributing and utilizing hydrogen · Assesses the safety of using hydrogen and potential hazards Contents: Preface 1. Energy and Development · How Energy is Measured? · Fossil Fuels · Contribution of Non-fossil Energy Sources to Global Primary Energy Mix 2. Significance of Hydrogen Economy · Energy Crisis · Environmental Effects of Using Fossil Fuels · Energy and Environment · Sustainable Development · Transition to the Hydrogen Economy 3. Hydrogen Production 4. Hydrogen Storage · Fundamentals of Hydrogen · Hydrogen Embrittlement · Introduction to Packaging and Storage of Hydrogen · Standardization for Hydrogen Gas Cylinders · ASME Code Symbol Stamp · Hydrogen Liquefaction · Liquid Hydrogen Storage · Hydrogen Storage in Metal Hydrides · Developing Hydrogen Storage Media · On-board Hydrogen Storage · Choice of Storage Method 5. Transportation, Distribution, and Utilization of Hydrogen · Transportation of Hydrogen · Compressed Gas Transport · Transfer of Hydrogen Gas 6. Hydrogen Hazards Assessment and Safety · Terms and Definitions · Hazard Analysis · Choosing a Methodology · Hydrogen Hazards · Mandated Requirements · Hydrogen Safety Appendix 1: Liquid Hydrogen Handler’s Qualification Training 2: Scaling Laws, Explosions, Blast Effects, and Fragmentation 3: Hydrogen Sensing and Detection 4: Relief Devices Bibliography Index About the Authors
Category: Science

Fossil Energy Update

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112087480635
Genre : Fossil fuels
File Size : 39.13 MB
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Category: Fossil fuels

Assessment Of Hydrogen Energy For Sustainable Development

Author : John W. Sheffield
ISBN : 9781402064425
Genre : Science
File Size : 28.24 MB
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Fossil fuel prices continue to rise and, at the same time, environmental policies are demanding a reduction in greenhouse gases and toxic emissions. A coherent energy strategy is needed: one that addresses both energy supply and demand and takes into account the whole energy lifecycle, from fuel production to the end-users of energy systems. This book examines hydrogen energy technologies and infrastructure development.
Category: Science

Hydrogen And Fuel Cells

Author : Bent Sørensen
ISBN : 9780123877093
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.8 MB
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A hydrogen economy, in which this one gas provides the source of all energy needs, is often touted as the long-term solution to the environmental and security problems associated with fossil fuels. However, before hydrogen can be used as fuel on a global scale we must establish cost effective means of producing, storing, and distributing the gas, develop cost efficient technologies for converting hydrogen to electricity (e.g. fuel cells), and creating the infrastructure to support all this. Sorensen is the only text available that provides up to date coverage of all these issues at a level appropriate for the technical reader. The book not only describes the "how" and "where" aspects of hydrogen fuels cells usage, but also the obstacles and benefits of its use, as well as the social implications (both economically and environmental). Written by a world-renowned researcher in energy systems, this thoroughly illustrated and cross-referenced book is an excellent reference for researchers, professionals and students in the field of renewable energy. Updated sections on PEM fuel cells, Molten carbonate cells, Solid Oxide cells and Biofuel cells Updated material to reflect the growing commercial acceptance of stationary and portable fuel cell systems, while also recognizing the ongoing research in automotive fuel cell systems A new example of a regional system based on renewable energy sources reflects the growing international attention to uses of renewable energy as part of the energy grid Examples of life cycle analysis of environmental and social impacts
Category: Science

1977 Erda Authorization Fossil Fuels

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration (Fossil Fuels)
ISBN : LOC:00183669205
Genre : Power resources
File Size : 46.6 MB
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Category: Power resources

Project Independence

Author : United States. Federal Energy Administration
ISBN : UOM:39015084840183
Genre : Energy policy
File Size : 61.64 MB
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Category: Energy policy

Hydrogen Fuel

Author : Ram B. Gupta
ISBN : 9781420045772
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.63 MB
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From Methane to Hydrogen-Making the Switch to a Cleaner Fuel Source The world's overdependence on fossil fuels has created environmental problems, such as air pollution and global warming, as well as political and economic unrest. With water as its only by-product and its availability in all parts of the world, hydrogen promises to be the next grea
Category: Science

Alternative Fuels

Author : Michael F. Hordeski
ISBN : 9780881735963
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.45 MB
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Annotation Newly revised, the second edition of this pioneering work addresses emerging factors affecting energy production and use, including the availability and desirability of various fuels. The text provides extensive discussion on hydrogen sources, both solar and nuclear, and fuel cell technology, as well as other alternative fuels such as biomass, and wind power. It delves into cost analysis, regulatory issues, barriers to implementation, conversion and storage systems, thermodynamic efficiency, fuel chain efficiency, air emission issues, and safety. The book also covers natural gas hydrogen gas, methanol, ethanol, and steam reforming.
Category: Business & Economics

Advances In Hydrogen Production Storage And Distribution

Author : Adolfo Iulianelli
ISBN : 9780857097736
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47.38 MB
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Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods
Category: Technology & Engineering

Power To Hydrogen In The German Industry Sector Potential And Impact On The Energy System

Author : Anna Szujo
ISBN : 9783346388018
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.98 MB
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Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Engineering - Power Engineering, grade: 1,3, Technical University of Munich (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering), language: English, abstract: This paper is about the Power-to-Hydrogen in the German industry sector. In addition to the decarbonization of the electricity, heat and transport sectors, the nonenergetic consumption of fossil fuels in the industry sector can also be replaced by renewable resources and therefore holds great potential for decarbonization. In the larger concept of Power-to-X, Power-to-Hydrogen plays an important role: Power-to-Hydrogen can accelerate cross-sectoral electrification via electrolysis as conversion technology and via hydrogen as chemical storage. The annual hydrogen demand for ammonia and methanol production, refining processes, steelmaking and float glass production in Germany is above 50 TWh. Today, this demand is largely covered by conventional reforming processes based on fossil fuels and associated with considerable CO2 emissions. Power-to-Hydrogen has the potential to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, while advancing the linkage between the energy and the industry sector. From an environmental perspective, a necessary condition for the decarbonization of nonenergetic fossil fuel use is an energy mix that is already primarily based on renewable energy sources. Even though this requirement will only be fulfilled in 2030 at earliest, a combination of conventional and power-based hydrogen production can be viable earlier through additional flexibilities including hydrogen storage in salt caverns. With increasing rates of renewable electricity generation, Power-to-Hydrogen gets more competitive as well. However, a hydrogen production entirely based on Power-to-Hydrogen increases the electricity demand of the energy system substantially, bringing about new challenges in terms of costs, grid stability and reliability of supply. Nevertheless, on-site solutions that combine power-based hydrogen production with renewable energy production on industry sites are first valid applications of Power-to-Hydrogen allowing to cut costs and CO2 emissions, and ensuring a decarbonization of both energetic and non-energetic consumption of resources. Another concept that has an even wider range of possible applications than Power-to-Hydrogen is Power-to-Syngas. It has the potential to further intensify the decarbonization of the non-energetic consumption of resources via the enhanced coupling of industry, energy and transport sectors.
Category: Science

The Forever Fuel

Author : Peter Hoffmann
ISBN : 9781000301540
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.25 MB
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In a world increasingly plagued by pollution, where limited availability of fossil fuels creates international tensions, and where global disaster from proliferating technology lurks on the horizon, the search for alternative synthetic fuels is no longer an idle scientist's dream—it is necessity. Hydrogen—with its vast and ready availability from water, its nearly universal utility, and its inherently benign characteristics—is one of several attractive synthetic fuels being considered for a "post-fossil-fuel" world, and it may well be the miracle fuel of the future. It is of special interest because, technically at least, it is so easily produced and because it produces simple water vapor in the combustion process rather than loading an already burdened environment with more hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide and monoxide, sulfur, particulate matter, and even more exotic pollutants. Journalist Peter Hoffmann describes worldwide scientific work toward a future hydrogen economy, looking at the auspicious prospects of this potential fuel, at its applicability to powering everything from automobiles to airplanes, and at the principles and technologies involved in making hydrogen a viable energy alternative. He examines how—and how soon—nature's simplest element may become available as an energy carrier, as well as the economic conditions that will accompany its introduction and the social impact of "clean" hydrogen energy. The picture he paints of the fuel future is a welcome alternative to the now-common prognostications of impending doom.
Category: Political Science