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Fortress Malta

Author : James Holland
ISBN : 9781780225975
Genre : History
File Size : 20.94 MB
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The extraordinary drama of Malta's WWII victory against impossible odds told through the eyes of the people who were there. In March and April 1942, more explosives were dropped on the tiny Mediterranean island of Malta - smaller than the Isle of Wight - than on the whole of Britain during the first year of the Blitz. Malta had become one of the most strategically important places in the world. From there, the Allies could attack Axis supply lines to North Africa; without it, Rommel would be able to march unchecked into Egypt, Suez and the Middle East. For the Allies this would have been catastrophic. As Churchill said, Malta had to be held 'at all costs'. FORTRESS MALTA follows the story through the eyes of those who were there: young men such as twenty-year-old fighter pilot Raoul Daddo-Langlois, anti-aircraft gunner Ken Griffiths, American Art Roscoe and submariner Tubby Crawford - who served on the most successful Allied submarine of the Second World War; cabaret dancer-turned RAF plotter Christina Ratcliffe, and her lover, the brilliant and irrepressible reconnaissance pilot, Adrian Warburton. Their stories and others provide extraordinary first-hand accounts of heroism, resilience, love, and loss, highlighting one of the most remarkable stories of World War II.
Category: History

Fortress Islands Malta

Author : Peter Jacobs
ISBN : 9781473882553
Genre : History
File Size : 37.84 MB
Format : PDF
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The introduction of Italy into the Second World War on 10 June 1940 signalled the start of the siege of Malta, and for the next two and a half years the Axis powers did all they could to batter the small island into submission. Malta’s defences were initially verging on non-existent but the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, could not give up on the island. Laying at the crossroads of the Mediterranean, where the supply route between Italy and the Axis armies in Libya crossed the Allied sea route between Gibraltar and Alexandria, almost exactly at its mid-point, Malta was strategically too important and held the key to the door of the desert war being fought in North Africa. If Malta could be held then it would allow British forces to maintain an offensive capability in the Mediterranean and prevent Axis supplies from reaching North Africa. But everything needed to fight a campaign – people, food, fuel, ammunition, medical stores, aircraft and spares – would have to be delivered to Malta in sufficient numbers and on a regular basis. It would take a monumental air and maritime effort just to survive, let alone hit back, and to manage both would require those in command to carefully balance Malta’s precious and limited resources. Otherwise, it meant surrender and who knows what the outcome of the Second World War might have been had the island fallen. Here, the accomplished military author Peter Jacobs tells the extraordinary story of the heroic defence and re-supply of the Fortress Island of Malta during the longest siege in British history. Links End Links Author
Category: History


Author : Juliet Rix
ISBN : 9781841624525
Genre : Travel
File Size : 84.17 MB
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A new edition of the most comprehensive guide to Malta in English.
Category: Travel

Siegecraft No Fortress Impregnable

Author : Harold A. Skaarup
ISBN : 9781462047505
Genre : History
File Size : 42.22 MB
Format : PDF
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It has been said that the taking of a fortress depends primarily on the making of a good plan to take it, and the proper implementation and application of the resources to make the plan work. Long before a fortress has been besieged and conquered, it has to have been outthought before it can be outfought. This book outlines some of the more successfully thought out sieges, and demonstrates why it is that no fortress is impregnable. A siege can be described as an assault on an opposing force attempting to defend itself from behind a position of some strength. Whenever the pendulum of technology swings against the "status quo," the defenders of a fortification have usually been compelled to surrender. We must stay ahead of the pendulum, and not be out-thought long before we are out-fought, for, as it will be shown in this book, "no fortress is impregnable."
Category: History

The Bombing War

Author : Richard Overy
ISBN : 9780141927824
Genre : History
File Size : 33.78 MB
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The ultimate history of the Blitz and bombing in the Second World War, from Wolfson Prize-winning historian and author Richard Overy The use of massive fleets of bombers to kill and terrorize civilians was an aspect of the Second World War which continues to challenge the idea that Allies specifically fought a 'moral' war. For Britain, bombing became perhaps its principal contribution to the fighting as, night after night, exceptionally brave men flew over occupied Europe destroying its cities. The Bombing War radically overhauls our understanding of the War. It is the first book to examine seriously not just the most well-known parts of the campaign, but the significance of bombing on many other fronts - the German use of bombers on the Eastern Front for example (as well as much newly discovered material on the more familiar 'Blitz' on Britain), or the Allied campaigns against Italian cities. The result is the author's masterpiece - a rich, gripping, picture of the Second World War and the terrible military, technological and ethical issues that relentlessly drove all its participants into an abyss. Reviews: 'Magnificent ... must now be regarded as the standard work on the bombing war ... It is probably the most important book published on the history of he second world war this century' Richard J Evans, Guardian 'Monumental ... this is a major contribution to one of the most controversial aspects of the Second World War ... full of new detail and perspectives ... hugely impressive' James Holland, Literary Review 'This tremendous book does what the war it describes signally failed to do. With a well-thought-out strategy and precision, it delivers maximum force on its objectives ... The result is a masterpiece of the historian's art' The Times 'It is unlikely that a work of this scale, scope and merit will be surpassed' Times Higher Education 'What distinguishes Mr Overy's account of the bombing war from lesser efforts is the wealth of narrative detail and analytical rigour that he brings to bear' Economist 'Excellent ... Overy is never less than an erudite and clear-eyed guide whose research is impeccable and whose conclusions appear sensible and convincing even when they run against the established trends' Financial Times 'Hard to surpass. If you want to know how bombing worked, what it did and what it meant, this is the book to read' Times Literary Supplement About the author: Richard Overy is the author of a series of remarkable books on the Second World War and the wider disasters of the twentieth century. The Dictators: Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Russia won both the Wolfson Prize for History and the Hessell-Tiltman Prize. He is Professor of History at the University of Exeter. Penguin publishes 1939: Countdown to War, The Morbid Age, Russia's War, Interrogations, The Battle of Britain and The Dictators. He lives in London.
Category: History

Party Politics In A Fortress Colony

Author : Henry Frendo
ISBN : 9993274275
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.58 MB
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Writing in History of European Ideas, Jan-Erik Lane from the University of Oslo noted that Frendo's 'excellent study' showed how Maltese politics had always been 'conflict ridden'. 'And, amazingly, the cleavages have a strong cultural undercurrent making the notion of a nation-state in the tiny island of Malta far from self-evident. What Frendo penetrates is a complex adversarial game where Malta repeatedly challenges imperial prerogatives, but at the same time there are sharp dissents between indigenous camps.' Party Politics is 'a lesson in the embryology of national idenitity, from which modern Malta has emerged as a small, independent, democratic, European state in the central Medfiterranean, capable of acting as interlocutor between north and south, and east and west', noted Barry Collet (University of Melbourne) in The Australian Journal of Political Science. Frendo's 'scholarly and lucid analysis', he added, shows that by virtue of its experience Malta 'has much to offer the internationl community in understanding nationalism, and in handling its consequences.' According to Frank Coppa in New York, writing for the Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, in the emergence of party rivalry and national sentiment in Malta 'the historical and sociological dimensions complement the political one, as Frendo examines the interaction of society and politics.' Thus, Party Politics in a Fortress Colony 'is of interest not only as one of political conflict within the former British Empire and the development of a two-party system, but it is also important as a study of Mediterranean life in general, and the formation of national character in Malta in particular.''Here, at long last, was a book exploring the national reality with an absolute respect for the truth', observed Geoffrey Hull (University of Sydney) in The Sunday Times. 'None of the well-known flaws of history writing in Malta - tribal or national chauvinism, cultural cringes and politically motivated parti pris - has a place in Party Politics. It is so reassuring to discover in Henry Frendo the historian a truly European polymath who can foray intelligently and fruitfully into the related disciplines of literature, linguistics, anthropology, economics and sociology... a Maltese scholar with a sharp eye constantly on the rest of the world.'In Melita Historica Victor Mallia-Milanes from the University of Malta described it as 'a book of such high calibre' with 'a wealth of new insights' that could 'serve as a model both for undergraduates and for fellow scholars'.
Category: Political Science

Maltese In Detroit

Author : Diane Gale Andreassi
ISBN : 9781439640814
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.23 MB
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Most Maltese immigrants came to the United States during the first decades of the 20th century after the discharge of skilled workers from the Royal British Dockyard in 1919 following the end of World War I. More than 1,300 Maltese came to the United States in the first quarter of 1920. Many people found work in the automobile industry, and with about 5,000 residents, Detroit had the largest Maltese population in the United States. Maltese in Detroit focuses on the many people of Maltese descent who made their homes in Detroit’s Corktown area. By the mid-1920s, it is believed that more than 15,000 Maltese had settled in the United States. After World War II , the Maltese government launched a program to pay passage for Maltese willing to immigrate and remain abroad for at least two years. By the mid-1990s, an estimated more than 70,000 Maltese immigrants and descendants were living in the United States, with the largest single community in Detroit and its surrounding suburbs.
Category: Social Science