FORCES OF LABOR WORKERS MOVEMENTS AND GLOBALIZATION SINCE 1870 CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS

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Forces Of Labor

Author : Beverly J. Silver
ISBN : 9781316582923
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.86 MB
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Recasting labor studies in a long-term and global framework, this 2003 book draws on a major database on world labor unrest to show how local labor movements have been related to world-scale political, economic and social processes since the late-nineteenth century. Through an in-depth empirical analysis of select global industries it demonstrates how the main locations of labor unrest have shifted from country to country together with shifts in the geographical location of production. It shows how the main sites of labor unrest have shifted over time together with the rise/decline of new leading sectors of capitalist development, and demonstrates that labor movements have been deeply embedded (as both cause and effect) in world political dynamics. The book concludes by exploring the likely forms that emergent labor movements will take in the twenty-first century.
Category: Political Science

Authoritarian Legality In China

Author : Mary E. Gallagher
ISBN : 9781107083776
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.86 MB
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Can authoritarian regimes use democratic institutions to strengthen and solidify their rule? The Chinese government has legislated some of the most protective workplace laws in the world and opened up the judicial system to adjudicate workplace conflict, emboldening China's workers to use these laws. This book examines these patterns of legal mobilization, showing which workers are likely to avail themselves of these new protections and find them effective. Gallagher finds that workers with high levels of education are far more likely to claim these new rights and be satisfied with the results. However, many others, left disappointed with the large gap between law on the books and law in reality, reject the courtroom for the streets. Using workers' narratives, surveys, and case studies of protests, Gallagher argues that China's half-hearted attempt at rule of law construction undermines the stability of authoritarian rule. New workplace rights fuel workers' rising expectations, but a dysfunctional legal system drives many workers to more extreme options, including strikes, demonstrations and violence.
Category: Political Science

When Good Jobs Go Bad

Author : Jeffrey S. Rothstein
ISBN : 9780813576084
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25.4 MB
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From Chinese factories making cheap toys for export, to sweatshops in Bangladesh where name-brand garments are sewn—studies on the impact of globalization on workers have tended to focus on the worst jobs and the worst conditions. But in When Good Jobs Go Bad, Jeffrey Rothstein looks at the impact of globalization on a major industry—the North American auto industry—to reveal that globalization has had a deleterious effect on even the most valued of blue-collar jobs. Rothstein argues that the consolidation of the Mexican and U.S.-Canadian auto industries, the expanding number of foreign automakers in North America, and the spread of lean production have all undermined organized labor and harmed workers. Focusing on three General Motors plants assembling SUVs—an older plant in Janesville, Wisconsin; a newer and more viable plant in Arlington, Texas; and a “greenfield site” (a brand-new, state-of-the-art facility) in Silao, Mexico—When Good Jobs Go Bad shows how global competition has made nonstop, monotonous, standardized routines crucial for the survival of a plant, and it explains why workers and their local unions struggle to resist. For instance, in the United States, General Motors forced workers to accept intensified labor by threatening to close plants, which led local unions to adopt “keep the plant open” as their main goal. At its new factory in Silao, GM had hand-picked the union—one opposed to strikes and committed to labor-management cooperation—before it hired the first worker. Rothstein’s engaging comparative analysis, which incorporates the viewpoints of workers, union officials, and management, sheds new light on labor’s loss of bargaining power in recent decades, and highlights the negative impact of globalization on all jobs, both good and bad, from the sweatshop to the assembly line.
Category: Business & Economics

Beyond Neoliberalism

Author : Marian Burchardt
ISBN : 9783319455907
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.63 MB
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This book explores how changes that occurred around 1989 shaped the study of the social sciences, and scrutinizes the impact of the paradigm of neoliberalism in different disciplinary fields. The contributors examine the ways in which capitalism has transmuted into a seemingly unquestionable, triumphant framework that globally articulates economics with epistemology and social ontology. The volume also investigates how new narratives of capitalism are being developed by social scientists in order to better understand capitalism’s ramifications in various domains of knowledge. At its heart, Beyond Neoliberalism seeks to unpack and disaggregate neoliberalism, and to take readers beyond the analytical limitations that a traditional framework of neoliberalism entails. This book is a result of discussions at and support from the Irmgard Coninx Fundation.
Category: Social Science

Protest With Chinese Characteristics

Author : Ho-fung Hung
ISBN : 9780231525459
Genre : History
File Size : 54.94 MB
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The origin of political modernity has long been tied to the Western history of protest and revolution, the currents of which many believe sparked popular dissent worldwide. Reviewing nearly one thousand instances of protest in China from the eighteenth to the early-nineteenth centuries, Ho-fung Hung charts an evolution of Chinese dissent that stands apart from Western trends. Hung samples from mid-Qing petitions and humble plaints to the emperor. He revisits rallies, riots, market strikes, and other forms of contention rarely considered in previous studies. Drawing on new world history, which accommodates parallels and divergences between political-economic and cultural developments East and West, Hung shows how the centralization of political power and an expanding market, coupled with a persistent Confucianist orthodoxy, shaped protesters' strategies and appeals in Qing China. This unique form of mid-Qing protest combined a quest for justice and autonomy with a filial-loyal respect for the imperial center, and Hung's careful research ties this distinct characteristic to popular protest in China today. As Hung makes clear, the nature of these protests prove late imperial China was anything but a stagnant and tranquil empire before the West cracked it open. In fact, the origins of modern popular politics in China predate the 1911 Revolution. Hung's work ultimately establishes a framework others can use to compare popular protest among different cultural fabrics. His book fundamentally recasts the evolution of such acts worldwide.
Category: History

Nowtopia

Author : Chris Carlsson
ISBN : 1904859771
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 25.78 MB
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Working people are taking back their time and technological know-how from the deadening jobs in small, under-the-radar ways, making life better right now. They reclaim the streets at Critical Mass cycle rides; they reclaim the urban landscape with guerrilla gardening and make common cause in virtual worlds with networks, freeware and hacking. This is a discourse on work, on what we do to make it bearable and the creativity of all those people who subvert the normal order of things. The DIY future is now.
Category: Political Science

Korean Workers And Neoliberal Globalization

Author : Kevin Gray
ISBN : 0415419093
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.5 MB
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Kevin Gray places the Korean labour movement in the context of the debate on the 'global uprising of labour'. He argues that due to Korea's status as an industrialising and democratising country, the Korean labour movement has gone from a militant and revolutionary movement to one that is increasingly bureaucratised.
Category: Political Science

State And Society In Post Socialist Economies

Author : John Pickles
ISBN : 0230522149
Genre : History
File Size : 57.1 MB
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This book provides detailed examinations of a range of state-society relations in post-socialism.
Category: History