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Floral Dimensions

Author : Pauline Ineson
ISBN : 1446301818
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 20.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Flowers are perennial favourites in patchwork, applique and quilting. Pauline Ineson shows you how to create amazing three-dimensional flowers with machine quilting, patchwork and applique techniques. This garden of 20 irresistible fabric flowers includes pretty little marigolds, intricate fuchsias, stately foxgloves and elegant tulips. A wide variety of techniques are used to make the flowers, including ruching fabric, gathering and coiling fabric and many applique techniques. Detailed step-by-step artwork and gorgeous photography beautifully illustrate Pauline's innovative designs, which are accompanied by full-size templates. There are also instructions for making stems and various leaf shapes. Variations for each flower show how you can adapt the colours and styles to create your own unique versions. The book also includes examples of stunning quilt blocks incorporating the flower designs for added inspiration. Floral Dimensions is a beautiful book that will inspire you to create your own delightful bouquet of flowers that you can use to adorn all sorts of lovely sewing projects.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Floral Biology

Author : David G. Lloyd
ISBN : 9781461311652
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Studies in floral biology are largely concerned with how flowers function to promote pollination and mating. The role of pollination in governing mating patterns in plant populations inextricably links the evolution of pollination and mating systems. Despite the close functional link between pollination and mating, research conducted for most of this century on these two fundamental aspects of plant reproduction has taken quite separate courses. This has resulted in suprisingly little cross-fertilization between the fields of pollination biology on the one hand and plant mating-system studies on the other. The separation of the two areas has largely resulted from the different backgrounds and approaches adopted by workers in these fields. Most pollination studies have been ecological in nature with a strong emphasis on field research and until recently few workers considered how the mechanics of pollen dispersal might influence mating patterns and individual plant fitness. In contrast, work on plant mating patterns has often been conducted in an ecological vacuum largely devoid of information on the environmental and demographic context in which mating occurs. Mating-system research has been dominated by population genetic and theoretical perspectives with surprisingly little consideration given to the proximate ecological factors responsible for causing a particular pattern of mating to occur.
Category: Science

Multiplicity In Unity

Author : Carlos M. Herrera
ISBN : 9780226327952
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.59 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Plants produce a considerable number of structures of one kind, like leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds, and this reiteration is a quintessential feature of the body plan of higher plants. But since not all structures of the same kind produced by a plant are identical—for instance, different branches on a plant may be male or female, leaf sizes in the sun differ from those in the shade, and fruit sizes can vary depending on patterns of physiological allocation among branches—a single plant genotype generally produces a multiplicity of phenotypic versions of the same organ. Multiplicity in Unity uses this subindividual variation to deepen our understanding of the ecological and evolutionary factors involved in plant-animal interactions. On one hand, phenotypic variation at the subindividual scale has diverse ecological implications for animals that eat plants. On the other hand, by choosing which plants to consume, these animals may constrain or modify plant ontogenetic patterns, developmental stability, and the extent to which feasible phenotypic variants are expressed by individuals. An innovative study of the ecology, morphology, and evolution of modular organisms, Multiplicity in Unity addresses a topic central to our understanding of the diversity of life and the ways in which organisms have coevolved to cope with variable environments.
Category: Science

Principles Of Pollination Ecology

Author : K. Faegri
ISBN : 9781483293035
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.7 MB
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A completely revised and rewritten edition of this comprehensive survey of the botanical problems of pollination ecology approached from both a theoretical and a practical viewpoint. Examples are drawn from all geographical areas where pollination has been studied and general principles are illustrated by a number of concrete examples. Introductory chapters survey the technical problems and draw comparisons with spore dissemination in cryptogams and pollination in gymnosperms. The following chapters deal with angiosperm pollination and are divided into three parts: organs involved in pollination, flower types and pollinator activities
Category: Science

Major Evolutionary Transitions In Flowering Plant Reproduction

Author : Spencer Charles Hilton Barrett
ISBN : 9780226038162
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.71 MB
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The first volume to address the study of evolutionary transitions in plants, Major Evolutionary Transitions in Flowering Plant Reproduction brings together compelling work from the three areas of significant innovation in plant biology: evolution and adaptation in flowers and pollination, mating patterns and gender strategies, and asexual reproduction and polyploidy. Spencer C. H. Barrett assembles here a distinguished group of authors who address evolutionary transitions using comparative and phylogenetic approaches, the tools of genomics, population genetics, and theoretical modeling, and through studies in development and field experiments in ecology. With special focus on evolutionary transitions and shifts in reproductive characters—key elements of biological diversification and research in evolutionary biology—Major Evolutionary Transitions in Flowering Plant Reproduction is the most up-to-date treatment of a fast-moving area of evolutionary biology and ecology.
Category: Science

The Art Of Floral Design

Author : Norah Hunter
ISBN : 0827386273
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.75 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Since its first appearance, The Art of Floral Design has become the definitive standard in teaching design techniques. In-depth and illustrated in full color, it offers comprehensive information on the principles and mechanics of flower arranging, basic flower anatomy, and arrangement styles for all occasions. This well-written text combines theory and practice to familiarize readers with the basics and guide them through more advanced floral techniques. This book is sure to remain on your reference shelf throughout your career in floral design. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Science