Family Life In The Ottoman Mediterranean

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Family Life In The Ottoman Mediterranean

Author : Beshara B. Doumani
ISBN : 9780521766609
Genre : History
File Size : 80.4 MB
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In writings about Islam, women and modernity in the Middle East, family and religion are frequently invoked but rarely historicized. Accessibly written and based on a wide range of local sources, this book shows that there is no such thing as a typical Muslim or Arab family type. Rather, it reveals dramatic differences, even within the same cultural zone, in the ways that family was understood, organized and reproduced. By concentrating on family life in the Ottoman Empire, in particular in what is now Lebanon and Palestine, Beshara B. Doumani skilfully uses examples of family waqf endowments, lawsuits between kin, and other cases from the shari'a courts to reconstruct the stories and priorities of ordinary individuals. Through his examination of the transformations of family, property and gender regimes, Doumani offers a groundbreaking examination of the lives of ordinary people. By doing so, he challenges prevailing assumptions about modern Middle Eastern societies.
Category: History

Life After The Harem

Author : Betül Ipsirli Argit
ISBN : 9781108488365
Genre : History
File Size : 84.74 MB
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The first study exploring the lives of female slaves of the Ottoman imperial court, drawing from hitherto unexplored primary sources
Category: History

Palestinian Women And Muslim Family Law In The Mandate Period

Author : Elizabeth Brownson
ISBN : 9780815654742
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.77 MB
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In this volume, Brownson sheds new light on Palestinian Muslim women’s agency in shari‘a courts from the British Mandate period to the present. Her extensive archival research on wife-initiated maintenance claims, divorce, and child custody cases deepens our understanding of women’s position in the courts, demonstrating that Muslim women were and are active participants in their legal affairs. Using court registers and interviews, Brownson uncovers a variety of ways women have manipulated the system to their benefit despite its patriarchal bias. She also finds that few reforms were implemented during the Mandate period. The British were uninterested in improving colonized women’s legal status and sought to avoid further antagonizing Palestinians. At the same time, Palestinians wished to uphold the one indigenous institution they still controlled while both British rule and Zionism threatened their nationalist aspirations. Although Palestinian women have had few alternatives to using this male privileged system to redress grievances with their husbands and in-laws, they continue to resist its injustices every day. Brownson finds that women’s understanding of family law fundamentals has enabled some to deftly navigate the system; however, a unified, reformed law reflecting society's current needs is required so women can have full access to their rights.
Category: Social Science

The Global Bourgeoisie

Author : David Motadel
ISBN : 9780691177342
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.41 MB
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The first global history of the middle class While the nineteenth century has been described as the golden age of the European bourgeoisie, the emergence of the middle class and bourgeois culture was by no means exclusive to Europe. The Global Bourgeoisie explores the rise of the middle classes around the world during the age of empire. Bringing together eminent scholars, this landmark essay collection compares middle-class formation in various regions, highlighting differences and similarities, and assesses the extent to which bourgeois growth was tied to the increasing exchange of ideas and goods. The contributors indicate that the middle class was from its very beginning, even in Europe, the result of international connections and entanglements. Essays are grouped into six thematic sections: the political history of middle-class formation, the impact of imperial rule on the colonial middle class, the role of capitalism, the influence of religion, the obstacles to the middle class beyond the Western and colonial world, and, lastly, reflections on the creation of bourgeois cultures and global social history. Placing the establishment of middle-class society into historical context, this book shows how the triumph or destabilization of bourgeois values can shape the liberal world order. The Global Bourgeoisie irrevocably changes the understanding of how an important social class came to be.
Category: Business & Economics

Christians And Muslims In Ottoman Cyprus And The Mediterranean World 1571 1640

Author : Ronald Jennings
ISBN : 9780814743188
Genre : History
File Size : 57.11 MB
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Wrested from the rule of the Venetians, the island of Cyprus took on cultural shadings of enormous complexity as a new province of the Ottoman empire, involving the compulsory migration of hundreds of Muslim Turks to the island from the nearby Karamna province, the conversion of large numbers of native Greek Orthodox Christians to Islam, an abortive plan to settle Jews there, and the circumstances of islanders who had formerly been held by the venetians. Delving into contemporary archival records of the lte sixteenth and early seventeenth conturies, particularly judicial refisters, Professor Jennings uncovers the island society as seen through local law courts, public works, and charitable institutions.
Category: History

Sephardi Family Life In The Early Modern Diaspora

Author : Julia Rebollo Lieberman
ISBN : 9781584659433
Genre : History
File Size : 46.57 MB
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Groundbreaking essays on Sephardic Jewish families in the Ottoman Empire and Western Sephardic communities
Category: History

Lonely Planet Mediterranean Europe

Author : Duncan Garwood
ISBN : 1740597788
Genre : Travel
File Size : 38.93 MB
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Who can resist the lure of the Mediterranean? The brilliant hues of sun, sea and sand in the Ionians, sangria sipped under the stars in Barcelona or the gastronomic delights of the Côte d’Azur. Sample the Mediterranean lifestyle with this inspirational guide to southern Europe. Covers - France, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Croatia, Albania, Montenegro, Cyprus, Malta, Turkey and Morocco.
Category: Travel

The Making Of The Modern Greek Family

Author : Paul Sant Cassia
ISBN : 0521400813
Genre : History
File Size : 86.3 MB
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This 1991 study deals with a specific set of institutions in nineteenth-century Athens. Relying on matrimonial contracts, travellers' accounts, memoirs and popular literature, the authors show how distinctive forms of marriage, kinship and property transmission evolved in Athens in the nineteenth century. These forms then became a feature of wider Greek society which continued into the twentieth century. Greece was the first post-colonial modern nation state in Europe whose national identity was created largely by peasants who had migrated to the city. As Athenian society became less agrarian, a new mercantile group superseded and incorporated previous elites and went on to dominate and control the new resources of the nation state. Such groups developed their own, more mobile, systems of property transmission, mostly in response to external pressures of a political and economic character. This is a persuasive piece of detective work which has advanced our knowledge of modern Greece. It is a model for scholarship on the development of family and other 'intimate' ideologies where nation states encroach upon local consciousness.
Category: History

Thrice A Stranger

Author : William Mallinson
ISBN : 9781443887915
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 43.53 MB
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A Greek grandfather born a citizen of the Ottoman Empire who became an Italian national provides the starting point for this book, which, by focusing on the real story of a family against a background of historical events, shows how what the author calls the ‘minotaurs of fear and greed’ can be overcome and the pseudo-theories of many a pundit of so-called international relations can be demolished. It is not every day that the son of a Cumbrian who fought in the Great War meets the daughter of his Ottoman enemy, following the next war, and then marries her. The author’s grandfathers were on opposing sides in the Great War, one with the British at Gallipoli, the other in the Ottoman Army; in the next war, his father and uncle were on opposing sides to his aunt’s husband. His aunt was thrice a refugee, from Ottoman Turkey, Italian Rhodes, and then again from modern Turkey. This forms the rich backcloth to this historical account of the family vicissitudes engendered by the behaviour of Greece’s controversial Eleftherios Venizelos and Turkey’s bombastic Kemal Ataturk. Written and spoken accounts by family members and diplomatic documents are skilfully woven into a rich tapestry of that geohistorical toilet, the Eastern Mediterranean. The book brings to life some vital aspects of modern European history, ending with a trenchant critique of Greece and Turkey today, warts and all.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Women In The Ottoman Balkans

Author : Amila Buturovic
ISBN : UVA:X030276176
Genre : History
File Size : 35.54 MB
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Women in the Ottoman Balkans were founders of pious endowments, organizers of labour and conspicuous consumers of western luxury goods; they were lovers, wives, castaways, divorcees, widows, the subjects of ballads and the narrators of folk tales, victims of communal oppression and protectors of their communities against supernatural forces. In their daily lives, they experienced oppression and self-denial in the face of frequently unsympathetic local customs, but also empowerment, self-affirmation, and acculturation. This volume not only deepens our understanding of the distinctive contributions that women have made to Balkan history but also re-evaluates this through a more inclusive and interdisciplinary analysis in which gender takes its place alongside other categories such as class, culture, religion, ethnicity and nationhood. This original and stimulating examination of the lives of Muslim, Christian and Jewish women in southeastern Europe during the centuries of Ottoman rule focuses especially on those social relations that crossed ethnic and confessional intercommunal boundaries.
Category: History

The Ottoman House

Author : S. Ireland
ISBN : UOM:39015050737439
Genre : History
File Size : 29.64 MB
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Seemingly contradictory ideas of privacy and community dominate Ottoman cities. While houses are internally divided to guard female modesty behind a frontage studded with peep-holes, streets in cities like Amasya are often bridged by first-floor passageways between different houses. This book contains 17 papers by architects and archaeologists looking at how the Ottoman house was structured, how it has varied over time and space, and how surviving examples are faring in a world of breeze-block construction. Although the examples discussed are all Near Eastern, and mostly from Turkey, the revelations this book contains about structuring principles will make it a valuable companion to understanding architectural relics from all over the Ottoman Empire.
Category: History

The Ottoman World The Mediterranean And North Africa 1660 1760

Author : Colin Heywood
ISBN : 1409464822
Genre : History
File Size : 64.82 MB
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Dr Heywood's second volume of collected papers in the Variorum series brings together fourteen studies published between 2000 and 2010. They represent two of the main strands of his interests during the past decade: the era of Ottoman history dominated by the ministerial family of Köprülü; and the maritime history of the 'post-Braudelian' Mediterranean in the later 17th and early 18th centuries, with a particular focus on the English maritime and commercial presence in Algiers.
Category: History

The Family

Author : Mary Jo Maynes
ISBN : 9780199929993
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 33.43 MB
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People have always lived in families, but what that means has varied dramatically across time and cultures. The family is not a "natural" phenomenon but an institution with a dynamic history stretching 10,000 years into the past. Mary Jo Maynes and Ann Waltner tell the story of this fundamental unit from the beginnings of domestication and human settlement. They consider the codification of rules governing marriage in societies around the ancient world, the changing conceptions of family wrought by the heightened pace of colonialism and globalization in the modern world, and how state policies shape families today. The authors illustrate ways in which differences in gender and generation have affected family relations over the millennia. Cooperation between family members--by birth or marriage--has driven expansions of power and fusions of culture in times and places as different as ancient Mesopotamia, where kings' daughters became priestesses who mediated among the various cultures and religions of their fathers' kingdom, and sixteenth-century Mexico, in which alliances between Spanish men and indigenous women variously allowed for consolidation of colonial power or empowered resistance to colonial rule. But family discord has also driven - and been driven by - historical events such as China's 1919 May Fourth Movement, in which young people seeking an end to patriarchal authority were key participants. Maynes's and Waltner's view of the family as a force of history brings to light processes of human development and patterns of social life and allows for new insights into the human past and present.
Category: Social Science

Sephardic And Mizrahi Jewry

Author : Zion Zohar
ISBN : 0814797059
Genre : History
File Size : 84.63 MB
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Sephardic Jews have contributed some of the most important Jewish philosophers, poets, biblical commentators, Talmudic and Halachic scholars, and scientists, and have had a significant impact on the development of Jewish mysticism. Sephardic and Mizrahi Jewry brings together original work from the world's leading scholars to present a deep introductory overview of their history and culture over the past 1500 years.
Category: History

Mediterranean Passages

Author : Miriam Cooke
ISBN : UOM:39015082751374
Genre : History
File Size : 77.93 MB
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Mediterranean Passages: Readings from Dido to Derrida
Category: History

Arab Cities In The Ottoman Period

Author : André Raymond
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025801791
Genre : History
File Size : 61.24 MB
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Professor Raymond deals here with the evolution of the great Arab cities of the Ottoman period (1516-1800) - with questions of organisation, social life and the built space - looking in particular at Aleppo, Algiers, Constantine and, above all, at Cairo. These studies form part of a movement, in which the author's work has played a significant role, aiming to re-examine the traditional Orientalist view of 'Muslim cities'. Contrary to the negative perception one so often finds, of decadent and chaotic towns, it can be seen that they had a coherent internal structure and that, far from being in decline, they enjoyed renewed prosperity in the Ottoman era, benefiting from the strength of the empire and flourishing Mediterranean trade. This in turn was reflected in the important and original architectural activity of the period.
Category: History