EXPLOSION HAZARDS IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRIES

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Explosion Hazards In The Process Industries

Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
ISBN : 9780127999722
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.34 MB
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Explosions in the process industries injure or kill hundreds, if not thousands, of workers every year. They occur in process plants, refineries, platforms and pipelines all over the world. Millions of dollars are spent repairing damages, replacing equipment and rebuilding facilities in the wake of this destruction. This book explores different types of explosions that can occur in a facility and the necessary steps to guard against them. A clear set of preventative measures, rules and standards combine to make this book a convenient guide to real-world applications. Additional theoretical issues in the use of probabilistic equations and scenarios make this book an absolute necessity for process industry safety.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Explosions In The Process Industries

Author :
ISBN : 0852953151
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.70 MB
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This booklet provides a summary of the information on which estimation of the injuries and damage caused by the blast and consequent missile effects of large explosions can be made for planning and design purposes.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dust Explosions In The Process Industries

Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
ISBN : 0080488749
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.27 MB
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Unfortunately, dust explosions are common and costly in a wide array of industries such as petrochemical, food, paper and pharmaceutical. It is imperative that practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions is imparted to the responsible safety manager. The material in this book offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques. Also provided is a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the hazard and control of a dust explosion. An invaluable reference work for industry, safety consultants and students. A completely new chapter on design of electrical equipment to be used in areas containing combustible/explosible dust A substantially extended and re-organized final review chapter, containing nearly 400 new literature references from the years 1997-2002 Extensive cross-referencing from the original chapters 1-7 to the corresponding sections of the expanded review chapter
Category: Technology & Engineering

Lees Loss Prevention In The Process Industries

Author : Sam Mannan
ISBN : 9780750675550
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70.30 MB
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Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world's chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. - A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals - The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety - Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field
Category: Business & Economics

Dust Explosions In The Process Industries

Author : Sanjay Khanwelkar
ISBN : 1681173573
Genre :
File Size : 31.61 MB
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Dust explosions are common and costly in a wide array of industries such as petrochemical, food, paper and pharmaceutical. It is imperative that practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions is imparted to the responsible safety manager. The material in this book offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques. Also provided is a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the hazard and control of a dust explosion.
Category:

Risk Assessment In The Process Industries

Author : Robin Turney
ISBN : 0852953232
Genre : Chemical engineering
File Size : 20.23 MB
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In this updated and amplified edition, Dr Pitblado answers the crucial questions of risk analysis: what can go wrong?; what are the effects and consequences?; and how often will it happen'.
Category: Chemical engineering

Safety In The Process Industries

Author : Ralph King
ISBN : 9781483102184
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.14 MB
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Safety in the Process Industries aims to ensure the safety of people involved in process plants, especially those who face its immediate hazards and dangers. The book is divided into four parts. Part I covers topics such as the history of process hazards and attitudes in health and safety; laws concerned with the health and safety in the process industry; and the definitions of different terms related to health and safety. Part II discusses the electrical, chemical, and physical hazards in the process industries, as well as the dangers of flammability and corrosion. Part III talks about hazard control design; protective instrumentation; and maintenance and inspection. Part IV tackles topics related to the management of health and safety in industry processes such as emergency planning; safety training; and protection the working environment. The text is recommended for people concerned in the management, development, planning, design, construction, operation, inspection and maintenance of process plants, as well as those who oversee its safety.
Category: Science

Evaluation Of The Effects And Consequences Of Major Accidents In Industrial Plants

Author : Joaquim Casal
ISBN : 008055461X
Genre : Science
File Size : 59.77 MB
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Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants analyzes the different major accidents which can occur in process plants and during the transportation of hazardous materials. The main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases are discussed, and a set of mathematical models allowing the prediction of their effects and consequences are explained. With a practical approach, the models are applied to simple illustrative examples, as well as to more complex real cases. The use of these calculations in the frame of Quantitative Risk Analysis is also treated. Evaluation of the effects of major accidents in industrial installations covers the following topics: general introduction, source term, fire accidents, vapour cloud explosions, BLEVEs and vessel explosions, atmospheric dispersion of toxic or flammable clouds, vulnerability, and quantitative risk analysis. This book is a useful tool for engineering professionals, as well as an interesting reference for teaching at graduate and post-graduate levels. Both the essential aspects and the calculations related to the diverse accidents are discussed The prediction of effects and consequences is performed with a practical approach Recent contributions from literature have been included Subjects of increasing importance have been included: an extense analysis of BLEVEs, for example, or the atmospheric dispersion of pathogenic agents
Category: Science

Dust Explosions

Author : Jean Cross
ISBN : 9781461568698
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.32 MB
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The interest of the media in dust explosions increased considerably following two major grain-elevator disasters in the United States in 1979. However, these were not isolated incidents and were statistically unusual only in the high loss of life involved. Any oxidizable material that is dispersed in fine powder form may be explosive, and ignition sources with sufficient energy to ignite a dust cloud are easily produced in normal industrial processing. Dust fires and minor incidents are not uncommon in many industries, but fortunately the combination of events and circumstances that must coincide for a large-scale explosion arise only rarely. Nevertheless, this is often more by luck than by good management and many potentially hazardous situations are common in industry. An explosive dust cloud and the circumstances in which it can ignite are not as simple to define as the equivalent situation in gases or flammable vapors. A large number of definitions and experimental tests have been devised to characterize the explosibility of dusts and ignition sources. The aim of this book is to provide a guide describing conditions in industry that could lead to dust explosions and the means to avoid them. Ignition sources and the way in which they can arise in powder processing are discussed and illustrated by case histories of reported incidents. The methods by which the potential hazards of a process or product can be evaluated are described, with special attention paid to the interpretation of the results of the different experimental methods.
Category: Technology & Engineering