Evolution

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Evolution Woher Und Wohin

Author : Helmut A. Müller
ISBN : 9783525569849
Genre : Religion
File Size : 20.37 MB
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English summary: Scholars in the natural sciences, theology and the arts discuss fundamental questions about the evolution of life and culture and the creation on an endeavour to explain life and faith. German text. German description: Sobald sich der Mensch seiner selbst bewusst wird, will er wissen, wer er ist, wo er herkommt und was nach ihm sein wird. Antworten findet er in den Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften und in der Religion. Sein Fragehorizont hat sich weit uber die in den Schopfungsmythen erkennbaren ersten Ansatze ordnender und zahlender Welterklarung hinaus entwickelt. Erforscht werden heute die Rander des erkennbaren Universums ebenso wie die Ubergangsfelder von der unbelebten zur belebten Materie und die Bedingungen der Evolution des Erkennens. Wie die Rede von einer sich entwickelnden Schopfung so mag auch die Rede von der Evolution der Physik uberraschen. Sie vollzieht sich im Horizont einer Welt, deren Entwicklungspotentiale ihrem Anfang eingeschrieben sind. Ob sich Evolution unter dem Druck des schon Erreichten oder als Annaherung an ein absolutes Ziel vollzieht, bleibt im interdisziplinaren Diskurs kontrovers. Verhandelt werden weiter die Grundlinien einer evolutionaren Asthetik, evolutionare Entwicklungen in der Musik, die kulturelle Evolution der Natur und schliealich die Frage, ob sich die friedvolle Koexistenz von christlichem Schopfungsglauben und naturwissenschaftlicher Welterklarung konfliktreich zuspitzt, wenn das Urknallmodell von der Theorie eines ewigen Multiversums abgelost wird.
Category: Religion

Evolution

Author : Mohinder Singh Jus
ISBN : 3906407063
Genre :
File Size : 38.60 MB
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The Evolution Of Cultural Entities

Author : Michael Wheeler
ISBN : 0197262627
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.82 MB
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Ever since Darwin, scholars have noted that cultural entities such as languages, laws and theories seem to evolve through variation, selection and replication. These essays consider whether this comparison is just a metaphor.
Category: Social Science

Genesis

Author : Jan Sapp
ISBN : 0195156196
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.72 MB
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Genesis: The Evolution of Biology presents a history of the past two centuries of biology, suitable for use in courses, but of interest more broadly to evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biomedical scientists, as well as general readers interested in the history of science. The book covers the early evolutionary biologists-Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin and Wallace through Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis, in much the same way as other histories of evolution have done, bringing in also the social implications, the struggles with our religious understanding, and the interweaving of genetics into evolutionary theory. What is novel about Sapp's account is a real integration of the cytological tradition, from Schwann, Boveri, and the other early cell biologists and embryologists, and the coverage of symbiosis, microbial evolutionary phylogenies, and the new understanding of the diversification of life coming from comparative analyses of complete microbial genomes. The book is a history of theories about evolution, genes and organisms from Lamarck and Darwin to the present day. This is the first book on the general history of evolutionary biology to include the history of research and theories about symbiosis in evolution, and first to include research on microbial evolution which were excluded from the classical neo-Darwinian synthesis. Bacterial evolution, and symbiosis in evolution are also excluded from virtually every book on the history of biology.
Category: Science

Memesis The Future Of Evolution

Author : Gerfried Stocker
ISBN : UOM:39015041532931
Genre : Art
File Size : 52.18 MB
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"Meme" beschreiben in Analogie zum biologischen Grundelement "Gen", kulturelle Informationseinheiten, die sich durch Kommunikation verbreiten und replizieren. Die "Ars Electronica" probt in diesem Jahr eine kritische Beobachtung lang prophezeiter Zukunftsvisionen: Ist eine postbiologische, cyberorganische Evolutionslinie denkbar? Externalisieren informationelle Clone und "media memories" die kollektive Erinnerung und Erfahrung der Menschheit in weltweiten Netzwerken? Vor dem Hintergrund der Idee einer "kulturbasierten Schöpfungsgeschichte" setzen sich die Beiträge mit spezifischen Segmenten dieses techno-kulturellen Wandels auseinander.
Category: Art

The Gsm Evolution

Author : Peter Stuckmann
ISBN : 0470848553
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.48 MB
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In the context of the evolution towards 3rd Generation (3G) mobile radio networks, packet switched data services like the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and the Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS) are currently being introduced into GSM and TDMA/136 systems world-wide. For network operators, equipment vendors and system integrators dimensioning rules have to be developed to plan and estimate the needed radio capacity that is needed for the predicted amount of user data. The GSM Evolution comprehensively provides the basics of GPRS and EGPRS comprising the radio interface and the system and protocol architecture will be described in detail. Besides the introduction of WCDMA and UMTS as 3rd Generation Mobile Radio Networks, the further developed GSM networks, including GPRS and EDGE capabilities will be able to provide 3G services as well. Such enhanced GSM networks will be introduced in the next few years world-wide and will stay operational beyond 2010. * Presents the basics of GPRS and EGPRS - the radio interface and system and protocol architecture * Provides an in-depth description of GPRS, EDGE and GERAN networks * Describes the evolution of GSM/GPRS networks towards GSM/EDGE Radio Access Networks (GERAN) and the GERAN standard * Highlights the modulation and coding techniques for EDGE and network architecture for GERAN * Discusses the traffic performance of GSM/GPRS and GERAN and the suitability of the performance results for radio network dimensioning Ideal for all practitioners in the area of mobile radio and networking, network operators, planners, system integrators, vendors and application developers, researchers in the area of mobile radio and networking and also electrical engineering and computer science students, content providers, technical managers, regulators and sales personnel.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Evolution Of The Vertebrate Auditory System

Author : Geoffrey A. Manley
ISBN : 038721089X
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.16 MB
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The function of vertebrate hearing is served by a surprising variety of sensory structures in the different groups of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. This book discusses the origin, specialization, and functional properties of sensory hair cells, beginning with environmental constraints on acoustic systems and addressing in detail the evolutionary history behind modern structure and function in the vertebrate ear. Taking a comparative approach, chapters are devoted to each of the vertebrate groups, outlining the transition to land existence and the further parallel and independent adaptations of amniotic groups living in air. The volume explores in depth the specific properties of hair cells that allowed them to become sensitive to sound and capable of analyzing sounds into their respective frequency components. Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System is directed to a broad audience of biologists and clinicians, from the level of advanced undergraduate students to professionals interested in learning more about the evolution, structure, and function of the ear.
Category: Science

Evolution

Author : Edward J. Larson
ISBN : 1588365387
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.48 MB
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“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.
Category: Science

Evolution And Human Behavior

Author : John Cartwright
ISBN : 0262531704
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80.8 MB
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The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.
Category: Psychology

Evolution

Author : Peter J. Bowler
ISBN : 0520236939
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.94 MB
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The comprehensive and authoritative source on the development and impact on one of the most controversial of scientific theories.
Category: Science

The Evolution Of The Grand Tour

Author : Edward Chaney
ISBN : 0714644749
Genre : History
File Size : 80.79 MB
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The Grand Tour has emerged as a subject of importance for those interested in exploring the historic connections between nations and their intellectual and artistic production. Although traditionally associated with the 18th century, when it became de rigueur for wealthy Englishmen to complete their education on the continent, the Grand Tour is here investigated in a wider context, from the decline of the Roman Empire to recent times. Travel to Italy was undertaken for many reasons. Pilgrimage to Rome was encouraged by the religious rulers who succeeded the emperors. Authors from Chaucer to Erasmus eventually mocked this custom, and the Reformation sealed its fate where their co-nationals were concerned, but the urge to travel proved too strong to be extinguished by a mere change of religion. From the mid-16th century, northern Europeans justified travel to the south in terms of education. The English has previously travelled to Italy to study classics; now they travelled to learn Ital.
Category: History

Evolution Of The Insects

Author : David Grimaldi
ISBN : 0521821495
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.1 MB
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A comprehensive analysis of insect evolution examines the relationships and evolution of each order of hexapods, as well as major episodes in the evolutionary history of insects, their living diversity, evolutionary relationships, major fossil deposits, and key episodes in insect evolution, all enhanced by hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and diagrams.
Category: Science

Human Evolution

Author : Bernard Grant Campbell
ISBN : 0202366626
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.35 MB
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In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.
Category: Social Science

Human Gene Evolution

Author : David Neil Cooper
ISBN : 0121878708
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.38 MB
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Presents the principles of human gene evolution in a concise and easy to understand fashion. Uses examples of how evolutionary processes have molded present day genes, drawn from the evolution of humans and other primates, as well as from more primitive organisms. With increasing attention in this expanding area, this review forms a timely publication of our current knowledge of this important field. Structure and function in the human genome The evolution of gene structure Mutational mechanisms in evolution
Category: Science

Why Evolution Is True

Author : Jerry A. Coyne
ISBN : 9780199230846
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.24 MB
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Weaves together the many threads of modern work in genetics, palaeontology, geology, molecular biology, anatomy and development that demonstrate the processes first proposed by Darwin and to present them in a crisp, lucid, account accessible to a wide audience.
Category: Science

Environmental Stress Adaptation And Evolution

Author : K. Bijlsma
ISBN : 3764356952
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.33 MB
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Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and affects life histories, how organisms cope with thermal stress through acclimation, and how environmental and genetic stress induce fluctuating asymmetry, shape selection pressure and cause extinction of populations. Finally, it discusses the role of stress in evolutionary change, from stress induced mutations and selection to speciation and evolution at the geological time scale. The book contains reviews and novel scientific results on the subject. It will be of interest to both researchers and graduate students and may serve as a text for graduate courses.
Category: Medical

Evolution The Grand Experiment

Author : Carl Werner
ISBN : 0892216816
Genre : Religion
File Size : 83.97 MB
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"Darwin's book on evolution admitted that "intermediate links" were "perhaps the most obvious and serious objection to the theory" of evolution. Darwin recognized that the fossils collected by scientists prior to 1859 did not correspond with his theory of evolution, but he predicted that his theory would be confirmed as more and more fossils were found. One hundred and fifty years later, Evolution: The Grand Experiment critically examines the viability of Darwin's theory"--
Category: Religion

Language Evolution

Author : Morten H. Christiansen
ISBN : 9780191581663
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.50 MB
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What is it that makes us human? This is one of the most challenging and important questions we face. Our species' defining characteristic is language - we appear to be unique in the natural world in having such an incredibly open-ended system for putting thoughts into words. If we are to truly understand ourselves as a species we must understand the origins of this strange and unique ability. To do so, we need to answer some of the most intriguing questions in contemporary scientific research: Where did language come from? How did it evolve? Why are we unique in possessing it? This book, for the first time, brings together the leading thinkers who are trying to unlock the puzzle of language evolution. Here we see the latest ideas and theories from fields as diverse as anthropology, archaeology, artificial life, biology, cognitive science, linguistics, neuroscience, and psychology. In a series of seventeen well-written and accessible chapters we get an unrivalled view of the state of the art in this exciting area. Current controversies are revealed and new perspectives uncovered, in a clear and readable guide to the latest theories. This collection marks a major step forward in our quest to understand the origins and evolution of human language. In doing so it sheds new light on the process of evolution, the workings of the brain, the structure of language, and - most importantly - what it means to be human. Language Evolution is essential reading for researchers and students working in the areas covered, and has been used as a textbook for courses in the field. It will also attract the general reader who wants to know more about this fascinating subject.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines