Evidence Based Investigative Interviewing

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Evidence Based Investigative Interviewing

Author : Jason J. Dickinson
ISBN : 9781351662017
Genre : Law
File Size : 78.57 MB
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For as long as we have been researching human memory, psychologists have been investigating how people remember and forget. This research is regularly drawn upon in our legal systems. Historically, we have relied upon eyewitness memory to help judge responsibility and adjudicate truth, but memory is malleable, prone to error, and susceptible to bias. Even confident eyewitnesses make mistakes, and even accurate witnesses sometimes find their testimony subjected to harsh scrutiny. Emerging from this environment, the Cognitive Interview (CI) became a means of assisting cooperative witnesses with recalling more information without sacrificing accuracy. First used by police interviewing adult witnesses, it is now used with many populations in many contexts, including public health, accident reconstruction, and the interrogation of terror suspects. Evidence-Based Investigative Interviewing reviews the application of cognitive research to investigative interviewing, revealing how principles of cognition, memory, and social dynamics may increase the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. It provides evidence-based applications for investigators beyond the forensic domain in areas such as eyewitness identification, detecting deception, and interviewing children. Drawing together the work of thirty-three authors across both the academic and practice communities, this comprehensive collection is essential reading for researchers in psychology, forensics, and disciplines such as epidemiology and gerontology.
Category: Law

Investigative Interviewing

Author : Ray Bull
ISBN : 9781461496427
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74.79 MB
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This edited volume reviews the latest research on investigative interviewing in order to provide insights on the psychological processes of the person being interviewed as well as to offer guidelines for conducting credible and useful interviews. Critical and controversial areas are highlighted (eg. false confessions, child interviewing) in order to bring clarity to how these interrogations are to be conducted. Chapters focus on these areas to provide comprehensive views of theoretical, evidence-based background, as well as practical considerations of interrogation settings and procedures. The contributors are internationally respected scholars in the field of psychology and law with particular expertise in the interviews that are critical to legal proceedings. And attention is given to the criminal justice system in international perspective.
Category: Psychology

International Developments And Practices In Investigative Interviewing And Interrogation

Author : David Walsh
ISBN : 9781317670148
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.63 MB
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Techniques in the investigative interviewing and interrogation of victims, witnesses and suspects of crime vary around the world, according to a country’s individual legal system, religion and culture. Whereas some countries have developed certain interview protocols for witnesses (such as the ABE Guidelines and the NICHD protocol when interviewing children) and the PEACE model of interviewing suspects, other countries continue to use physical coercion and other questionable tactics to elicit information. Until now, there has been very little empirical information about the overall interview and interrogation practices in non-western countries, especially the Middle and Far East. This book addresses this gap, bringing together international experts from over 25 countries and providing in-depth coverage of the various interview and interrogation techniques used across the globe. Volume 1 focuses on the interviewing of victims and witnesses, aiming to provide the necessary information for an understanding of how law enforcement agencies around the world gain valuable information from victims and witnesses in criminal cases. Together, the chapters that make up this volume and the accompanying volume on interviewing suspects, draw on specific national case studies and practices, examine contemporary challenges and identify best practice to enable readers to develop an international, as well as a comparative, perspective of developments worldwide in this important area of criminal investigation. This book will be an essential resource for academics and students engaged in the study of policing, criminal investigation, forensic psychology and criminal law. It will also be of great interest to practitioners, legal professionals and policymakers around the world.
Category: Social Science

Australian Policing

Author : Philip Birch
ISBN : 9781000258172
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.11 MB
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This edited collection brings together leading academics, researchers, and police personnel to provide a comprehensive body of literature that informs Australian police education, training, research, policy, and practice. There is a strong history and growth in police education, both in Australia and globally. Recognising and reflecting on the Australian and New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency (ANZPAA) education and training framework, the range of chapters within the book address a range of 21st-century issues modern police forces face. This book discusses four key themes: Education, training, and professional practice: topics include police education, ethics, wellbeing, and leadership Organisational approaches and techniques: topics include police discretion, use of force, investigative interviewing, and forensic science Operational practices and procedures: topics include police and the media, emergency management, cybercrime, terrorism, and community management Working with individuals and groups: topics include mental health, Indigenous communities, young people, hate crime, domestic violence, and working with victims Australian Policing: Critical Issues in 21st Century Police Practice draws together theoretical and practice debates to ensure this book will be of interest to those who want to join the police, those who are currently training to become a police officer, and those who are currently serving. This book is essential reading for all students, scholars, and researchers engaged with policing and the criminal justice sector.
Category: Law

Investigative Interviewing Explained

Author : Brian Ord
ISBN : 0409338117
Genre : Interviewing in law enforcement
File Size : 82.79 MB
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Invest Interview Explain 4e
Category: Interviewing in law enforcement

Applied Issues In Investigative Interviewing Eyewitness Memory And Credibility Assessment

Author : Barry S. Cooper
ISBN : 9781461455479
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 57.34 MB
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Contingent on funding being available, a Festschrift will be held in honor of Dr. John Yuille’s career as a Forensic Psychologist. He has become one of the most visible and respected Canadian psychologists worldwide. In light of his upcoming retirement in December 2006, the Festschrift will recognize Dr. Yuille’s achievements in the areas of eyewitness memory research (i.e., pioneering a new research paradigm that grants better validity), investigative interviewing (i.e., the development and use of the Step Wise Interview Protocol), and credibility assessment (i.e., introducing Statement Validity Analysis to North America). New directions for future work will be explored at the workshop. The focus of this Festschrift will be three-fold: 1. International. Dr. Yuille’s work has influenced law enforcement practices and stimulated research in and outside of Canada. The international and multicultural aspects of the work that Dr. Yuille has inspired will be reflected and promoted by this workshop. 2. Interdisciplinary. Dr. Yuille is internationally known as an expert, consultant and trainer to law enforcement. As such, Dr. Yuille’s work has also influenced other disciplines, e.g., the law, social work, oral history. The participants of this Festschrift will gain insight into other professionals’ perspectives and foster potential collaborations on future projects. 3. Emphasis on applied research. A hallmark of Dr. Yuille’s research has been the application of field and archival methods, which made his work directly applicable to forensically relevant contexts. The potential future directions of applied forensic research will be discussed at this Festschrift. The importance of the subject at this time: - A lack of integrative models in the literatures of eyewitness memory and the assessment of truthfulness and deception. Presenters of the Festschrift have recently developed such models and will discuss them at the Festschrift. Publishing these models and their discussions will spark further research to validate or modify them. - New, pioneering field research based on such integrative models has recently been conducted. This book would be one of the first publications of the results.
Category: Psychology

Investigative Interviewing

Author : Tom Williamson
ISBN : 9781134039555
Genre : LAW
File Size : 87.56 MB
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The objective of this book is to review the position of investigative interviewing in a variety of different countries, with different types of criminal justice systems, and consists of chapters written by leading authorities in the field, both academics and practitioners. A wide range of often controversial questions are addressed, including issues raised by the treatment of detainees at Guantanamo Bay, The Reid model for interviewing and miscarriages of justice, the role of legislation in preventing bad practice, the effectiveness of ethical interviewing, investigative interviewing and human rights, responses to miscarriages of justice, and the likely future of investigative interviewing. The book also makes comparisons between British and American approaches to detention without trial, and the role of confession evidence within adversarial legal systems. It also develops a set of proposals to minimise the risks of miscarriages of justice, irrespective of jurisdiction.
Category: LAW

Investigative Interviewing

Author : Rebecca Milne
ISBN : 9780471987291
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35.52 MB
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Well-informed and skilled interviewing is a key factor in dealingwith suspects, victims and witnesses. Experienced police andinvestigators know this from their own practice, and there is now asubstantial body of research and theory in psychology whichsupports this practice and can guide both training and thedevelopment of investigative work. The purpose of this book is toprovide a concise and clearly written guide to the psychologicalconcepts and research-based knowledge that can support and guideinvestigative interviewing. It deals in particular with: * good basic practice and methods for investigativeinterviewing * how to deal with false confessions and unreliable or incompletewitness information * the special problems of interviewing children and othervulnerable people * the process of interviewing suspects, victims, witnesses,complainants and colleagues This book will be of interest and value to a wide range ofprofessionals involved in training and practice in the police orother agencies, as well as social workers,lawyers, psychologistsand psychiatrists involved in forensic work. "The strength of thisbook lies in its relevance for both practice and research ininvestigative interviewing, not only in Britain butinternationally. Based on psychological theory and research, itprovides practitioners with a wealth of information and specificguidelines to help improve their interviewing skills. Researchersare challenged to address some of the, as yet, unansweredquestions." Janet Jackson, Netherlands Institute for the Study ofCriminality and Law Enforcement, Leiden, The Netherlands This bookis published in the Wiley Series in the Psychology of Crime,Policing and Law Series Editors: professor Professor Graham DaviesUniversity of Leicester, UK, and Professor Ray Bull University ofPortsmouth, UK
Category: Psychology

Communication In Investigative And Legal Contexts

Author : Gavin Oxburgh
ISBN : 9781118769225
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73.39 MB
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Communication in Forensic Contexts provides in-depth coverage of the complex area of communication in forensic situations. Drawing on expertise from forensic psychology, linguistics and law enforcement worldwide, the text bridges the gap between these fields in a definitive guide to best practice. Offers best practice for understanding and improving communication in forensic contexts, including interviewing of victims, witnesses and suspects, discourse in courtrooms, and discourse via interpreters Bridges the knowledge gaps between forensic psychology, forensic linguistics and law enforcement, with chapters written by teams bringing together expertise from each field Published in collaboration with the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group, dedicated to furthering evidence-based practice and practice-based research amongst researchers and practitioners International, cross-disciplinary team includes contributors from North America, Europe and Asia Pacific, and from psychology, linguistics and forensic practice
Category: Psychology

The Psychology Of Criminal Investigation

Author : Andy Griffiths
ISBN : 9781317267355
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88.55 MB
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The contribution of psychological research to the prevention of miscarriages of justice and the development of effective investigative techniques is now established to a point where law enforcement agencies in numerous countries either employ psychologists as part of their staff, or work in cooperation with academic institutions. The application of psychology to investigation is particularly effective when academics and practitioners work together. This book brings together leading experts to discuss the application of psychology to criminal investigation. This book offers an overview of models of investigation from a psychological and practical view point, covering topics such as investigative decision making, the presentation of evidence, witness testimony, the detection of deception, interviewing suspects and evidence-based police training. It is essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners engaged with police practice, investigation and forensic psychology.
Category: Psychology

Investigative Interviewing

Author : Eugene F. Ferraro (CPP, SPHR)
ISBN : 9781466590861
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.44 MB
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There are few skills more important to the modern fact finder than the ability to obtain information through effective interviewing. While most interviewing books are intended for law enforcement, they often present harsh and accusatory techniques that can be counterproductive in private sector investigations. Investigative Interviewing: Psychology, Method and Practice covers modern techniques for private sector investigative interviews. It outlines a highly structured and process-driven technique that takes a non-accusatory approach, uses no intimidation or coercion, and has been proven to achieve admission rates above 90 percent. This time-tested methodology is easy to learn and replicate and will help you to significantly diminish the likelihood of false confessions. Illustrates the process of investigation Identifies the differences between the public and private sectors Reviews the fundamentals of interviewing Covers the investigative interview method Explains how to overcome objections Considers legal challenges and litigation avoidance Sharing insights garnered over the author’s 30 years of experience in investigations and interviewing, the book includes case studies based on actual investigations that illustrate industry best practices. Although the text focuses on private sector investigations, the methods presented are also applicable in law enforcement settings. This book presents the tools and methods required to produce investigative results that are legal and admissible in court. It will help you develop the skills to ensure ethical interviewing practice while investigating a range of situations and protecting against those who intend to cause the organization harm.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook Of Eyewitness Psychology Memory For Events

Author : Michael P. Toglia
ISBN : 0805851518
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27.42 MB
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The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology presents a survey of research and legal opinions from international experts on the rapidly expanding scientific literature addressing the accuracy and limitations of eyewitnesses as a source of evidence for the courts. For the first time, extensive reviews of factors influencing witnesses of all ages—children, adults, and the elderly—are compiled in a single pair of volumes. The disparate research currently being conducted in eyewitness memory in psychology, criminal justice, and legal studies is coherently presented in this work. Controversial topics such as the use of hypnosis, false and recovered memories, the impact of stress, and the accuracy of psychologically impaired witnesses are expertly examined. Leading eyewitness researchers also discuss the subjects of conversational memory, alibi evidence, witness credibility, facial memory, earwitness testimony, lineup theory, and expert testimony. The impact of witness testimony in court is considered, and each volume concludes with a legal commentary chapter. The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology is an invaluable aid to researchers, legal scholars, and practicing lawyers who need access to the most recent research in the field, accompanied by the interpretations and commentary of many of the world's leading authorities on these topics.
Category: Psychology

Suggestibility In Legal Contexts

Author : Anne M. Ridley
ISBN : 9780470663691
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31.9 MB
Format : PDF
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A comprehensive survey of the theory, research and forensic implications related to suggestibility in legal contexts that includes the latest research. Provides a useful digest for academics and a trusted text for students of forensic and applied psychology A vital resource for legal practitioners who need to familiarize themselves with the subject Includes practical suggestions for minimizing witness suggestibility in interviews Features topics that focus on suggestibility at each stage - from witnessing a crime through to trial
Category: Psychology

The Evidence Of Children

Author : John R. Spencer
ISBN : OSU:32437010056121
Genre : Law
File Size : 49.80 MB
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This is an account of the civil and criminal rules affecting children in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland reviewing them in the light of the findings of psychologists and social scientists and makes proposals for reform. There have been many important developments which include hearsay evidence which has become freely available in civil proceedings involving children in both England and Scotland; videotapes of earlier interviews which have become admissible in criminal proceedings in England; in Scotland the law has been changed to allow the whole of a child's evidence in a criminal case to be taken ahead of trial on commission; there has been a wave of popular concern about "ritual abuse" and among psychologists there is increasing concern about both "repressed" and "implanted" memories.
Category: Law

Security And Loyalty Reporter

Author : Bureau of National Affairs (Arlington, Va.)
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063259928
Genre : Industries
File Size : 63.36 MB
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Category: Industries

Police Investigative Interviews And Interpreting

Author : Sedat Mulayim
ISBN : 9781482242553
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64.71 MB
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Police interviews with suspects and witnesses provide some of the most significant evidence in criminal investigations. Frequently challenging, they require special training and skills. This interaction process is further complicated when the suspect or witness does not speak the same language as the interviewer. A professional reference that can be used in police training or in any venue where an interpreter is used, Police Investigative Interviews and Interpreting: Context, Challenges, and Strategies provides solutions for the range of interview demands found in today’s multilingual environments. Topics include: What interpreting is, the skills required, and the role of interpreters in any job context Investigative interviewing in law enforcement Concerns about interpreter intervention and its impact on interview outcomes The value of word-based over meaning-based interpretation in police and legal contexts Nonlinguistic factors that can have an impact on the interpreting process The book explores the multi-faceted dynamics of conducting investigative interviews via interpreters and examines current investigative interviewing paradigms. It offers strategies to help interpreters and law enforcement officers and provides examples of interpreted interview excerpts to enable understanding. Although the subject matter and the examples in this book are largely limited to police interview settings, the underlying rationale applies to other professional areas that rely on interviews to collect information, including customs procedures, employer-employee interviews, and insurance claim investigations. This book is part of the CRC Press Advances in Police Theory and Practice Series.
Category: Computers

Police Reform Forces For Change

Author : Stephen Savage
ISBN : UVA:X030276368
Genre : Law
File Size : 60.38 MB
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A study of the topical subject of UK police reform. This text examines the current agenda for reform in its historical context and debates the crucial driving forces for reform. Key issues covered include system failure, public order policing, international influences, economic issues and value for money, internal influences and political agendas.
Category: Law