Ethics Essential Readings In Moral Theory

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Ethics Essential Readings In Moral Theory

Author : George Sher
ISBN : 9781135764593
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 24.76 MB
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Ethics: Essential Readings in Moral Theory is an outstanding anthology of the most important topics, theories and debates in ethics, compiled by one of the leading experts in the field. It includes sixty-six extracts covering the central domains of ethics: why be moral? the meaning of moral language morality and objectivity consequentialism deontology virtue and character value and well-being moral psychology applications: including abortion, famine relief and consent. Included are both classical extracts from Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant and Mill, as well as contemporary classics from philosophers such as Thomas Nagel, Thomas Scanlon, Martha Nussbaum, Derek Parfit, and Peter Singer. A key feature of the anthology is that it covers the perennial topics in ethics as well as very recent ones, such as moral psychology, responsibility and experimental philosophy. Each section is introduced and placed in context by the editor, making this an ideal anthology for anyone studying ethics or ethical theory.
Category: Philosophy

Climate Ethics

Author : Stephen Gardiner
ISBN : 9780199889709
Genre : Nature
File Size : 73.76 MB
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This collection gathers a set of seminal papers from the emerging area of ethics and climate change. Topics covered include human rights, international justice, intergenerational ethics, individual responsibility, climate economics, and the ethics of geoengineering. Climate Ethics is intended to serve as a source book for general reference, and for university courses that include a focus on the human dimensions of climate change. It should be of broad interest to all those concerned with global justice, environmental science and policy, and the future of humanity.
Category: Nature

Stakeholder Theory

Author : Abe J. Zakhem
ISBN : UCSC:32106019409397
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.90 MB
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This valuable collection of essential articles from the most prominent authors in the field serves as the standard reference source for research into stakeholder theory--the dominant framework for analyzing ethical issues within the field of business ethics.
Category: Business & Economics

History Of Ethics

Author : Daniel Star
ISBN : 9781405193887
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54.75 MB
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Is there an objective moral standard that applies to all our actions? To what extent should I sacrifice my own interests for the sake of others? How might philosophers of the past help us think about contemporary ethical problems? As the most recent addition to the Blackwell Readings in Philosophy series, History of Ethics: Essential Readings with Commentary brings together rich and varied excerpts of canonical work and contemporary scholarship to span the history of Western moral philosophy in one volume. Editors Star and Crisp, noted scholars in their fields, expertly introduce the readings to illuminate the main philosophical ideas and arguments in each selection, and connect them to broader themes. These detailed and incisive editorial commentaries make the primary source texts accessible to students while guiding them chronologically through the history of Western ethics. Structured around a thematic table of contents divided into three distinct sections, History of Ethics charts patterns in the development of ethical thought across time to highlight connections between intellectual movements. Selections range from the work of well-known figures such as Plato, Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Mill to the work of philosophers often overlooked by such anthologies, including Butler, Smith, Sidgwick, Anscombe, Foot, and Frankena. Star and Crisp skillfully arrange the collection to connect readings to contemporary issues and interests by featuring examples such as Aquinas on self-defense and the doctrine of double effect, Kant on virtue, and Mill’s The Subjection of Women. Written for students and scholars of ethics, History of Ethics is a comprehensive collection of readings with expert editorial commentary that curates the most important and influential work in the history of ethics in the Western world.
Category: Philosophy

Technology And Values

Author : Craig Hanks
ISBN : 9781405149006
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.91 MB
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This anthology features essays and book excerpts on technology and values written by preeminent figures in the field from the early 20th century to the present. It offers an in-depth range of readings on important applied issues in technology as well. Useful in addressing questions on philosophy, sociology, and theory of technology Includes wide-ranging coverage on metaphysics, ethics, and politics, as well as issues relating to gender, biotechnology, everyday artifacts, and architecture A good supplemental text for courses on moral or political problems in which contemporary technology is a unit of focus An accessible and thought-provoking book for beginning and advanced undergraduates; yet also a helpful resource for graduate students and academics
Category: Science

Seven Moralities Of Human Resource Management

Author : T. Klikauer
ISBN : 9781137455789
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.75 MB
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Seven Moralities of Human Resource Management analyses morality of HRM from the perspective of American psychologist Laurence Kohlberg. This book examines and makes value judgements on whether or not HRM is moral from the viewpoint of Kohlberg's seven stages of morality as a follow-up study of the author's 2012 book, Seven Management Moralities.
Category: Business & Economics

Buddhist Philosophy

Author : William Edelglass
ISBN : 0199716552
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90.5 MB
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The Buddhist philosophical tradition is vast, internally diverse, and comprises texts written in a variety of canonical languages. It is hence often difficult for those with training in Western philosophy who wish to approach this tradition for the first time to know where to start, and difficult for those who wish to introduce and teach courses in Buddhist philosophy to find suitable textbooks that adequately represent the diversity of the tradition, expose students to important primary texts in reliable translations, that contextualize those texts, and that foreground specifically philosophical issues. Buddhist Philosophy fills that lacuna. It collects important philosophical texts from each major Buddhist tradition. Each text is translated and introduced by a recognized authority in Buddhist studies. Each introduction sets the text in context and introduces the philosophical issues it addresses and arguments it presents, providing a useful and authoritative guide to reading and to teaching the text. The volume is organized into topical sections that reflect the way that Western philosophers think about the structure of the discipline, and each section is introduced by an essay explaining Buddhist approaches to that subject matter, and the place of the texts collected in that section in the enterprise. This volume is an ideal single text for an intermediate or advanced course in Buddhist philosophy, and makes this tradition immediately accessible to the philosopher or student versed in Western philosophy coming to Buddhism for the first time. It is also ideal for the scholar or student of Buddhist studies who is interested specifically in the philosophical dimensions of the Buddhist tradition.
Category: Philosophy

Justice And Care

Author : Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Virginia Held
ISBN : 0367316471
Genre :
File Size : 57.47 MB
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This compact anthology traces the exploration of the relationship between the ideals of justice and carea discussion at the core of contemporary feminist ethics. In addition to compiling the most influential previously published work, "Justice and Care" offers two important new chapters by Alison Jaggar and Sara Ruddick."
Category:

The Philosophy Of Free Will

Author : Paul Russell
ISBN : 9780199875849
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74.8 MB
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The problem of free will is one of the great perennial issues of philosophy and has been discussed and debated over many centuries. The issues that arise in this sphere cover both metaphysics and morals and concern matters of central importance not only for philosophy but also for law, theology, psychology and the social sciences. What is at stake here is nothing less than our self-image as responsible moral agents who are in control of our own destiny and fate. The investigations and findings of modern science are judged by many to put skeptical pressure on this self-image and may challenge its credibility. During the past few decades the free will controversy has developed and evolved in exciting and significant ways. All the major parties involved in this debate have had to revise and amend their core positions with a view to responding to the sophisticated and searching arguments put forward by their critics and opponents. The papers collected in this volume represent the most essential and indispensable contributions to the contemporary debate. The specific topics covered include: moral luck, skepticism and naturalism, the consequence argument, alternate possibilities, libertarian metaphysics, compatibilism and reason-responsive theories, illusionism and revisionism, optimism and pessimism, and the phenomenology of agency, as well as contributions relating to neuroscience and experimental philosophy. The collection is arranged in a way that presents the topics covered in a structured and organized manner. The general aim is to provide an effective guide for students and readers who are new to the field, as well as a useful collection for those who are already familiar with the topics and contributions. The contributors include many of the leading and most distinguished figures in the field, along with a number of younger scholars who have already had an impact and produced significant work.
Category: Philosophy

Law And Morality

Author : David Dyzenhaus
ISBN : 9780802094896
Genre : Law
File Size : 77.17 MB
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Since its first publication in 1996, Law and Morality has filled a long-standing need for a contemporary Canadian textbook in the philosophy of law. Now in its third edition, this anthology has been thoroughly revised and updated, and includes new chapters on equality, judicial review, and terrorism and the rule of law. The volume begins with essays that explore general questions about morality and law, surveying the traditional literature on legal positivism and contemporary debates about the connection between law and morality. These essays explore the tensions between law as a protector of individual liberty and as a tool of democratic self-rule, and introduce debates about adjudication and the contribution of feminist approaches to the philosophy of law. New material on the Chinese Canadian head tax case is also featured. The second part of Law and Morality deals with philosophical questions as they apply to contemporary issues. Excerpts from judicial decisions as well as essays by practicing lawyers are included to provide theoretically informed legal analyses of the issues. Striking a balance between practical and more analytic, philosophical approaches, the volume's treatment of the philosophy of law as a branch of political philosophy enables students to understand law in its function as a social institution. Law and Morality has proved to be an essential text in both departments of philosophy and faculties of law and this latest edition brings the debates fully up to date, filling gaps in the previous editions and adding to the array of contemporary issues previously covered.
Category: Law

Defining Right And Wrong In Brain Science

Author : Walter Glannon
ISBN : 1932594256
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90.9 MB
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Where is the line between instinct and free will in humans? How far can technology and medicine go to manipulate the brain? With every new discovery about the human mind, more and more questions emerge about the boundaries of consciousness, responsibility, and how far neuroscience research can go. The fledgling field of neuroethics has sought answers to these questions since the first formal neuroethics conference was held in 2002. This groundbreaking volume collects the expert and authoritative writings published since then that have laid the groundwork for this rapidly expanding debate. Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science traverses the breadth of neuroethics, exploring six broad areas—including free will, moral responsibility, and legal responsibility; psychopharmacology; and brain injury and brain death—in thirty provocative articles. The scientific and ethical consequences of neuroscience research and technology are plumbed by leading thinkers and scientists, from Antonio Damasio’s “The Neural Basics of Social Behavior: Ethical Implications” to “Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function” by Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe. These and other in-depth chapters articulate the thought-provoking questions that emerge with every new scientific discovery and propose solutions that mediate between the freedom of scientific endeavor and the boundaries of ethical responsibility. As science races toward a future that is marked by startling new possibilities for our bodies and minds, Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science is the definitive assessment of the ethical criteria guiding neuroscientists today.
Category: Medical

Rationing And Resource Allocation In Healthcare

Author : Ezekiel Emanuel
ISBN : 9780190200763
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80.81 MB
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You have one liver but three patients awaiting a liver transplant. Who should get the liver? How should we decide? Is it fair to give it to an alcoholic? These are some of the questions that arise in rationing scarce health care resources among particular individuals. Tough resource allocationdecisions need to be made at the level of health policy. Budgets of governments and private insurances are limited. Not all drugs and services that appear beneficial to patients or physicians can be covered. Is there a core set of benefits that everyone should be entitled to? If so, how should thisset be determined? Are fair decisions just impossible, if we know from the outset than not all needs can be met?Bioethics is entering a new era. Its early work has been dominated by a focus on clinical issues and a narrow set of principles. But in recent years, there has been a marked shift towards addressing broader population-level issues, requiring consideration of more demanding theories in philosophy,political science, economics and further disciplines. At the heart of bioethics' new orientation is achieving clarity on a complex set of questions in rationing and resource allocation. This Anthology comprises 15 original introductions to discrete case studies and issues, followed by excerpts ofseminal or otherwise pertinent texts and will be divided into three broad sections - Conceptual Distinctions and Ethical Theory; Rationing; and Resource Allocation. The collection aims to assist all those wanting to be a part of bioethics' 21st century shift, including students in health sciences,philosophy, law and medical ethics; teachers, looking for salient cases and authoritative analyses from multiple perspectives; and practitioners and policy makers interested in reflecting on their daily work, or engaged in shaping future policy and practice.This volume is a reader containing the most important classic articles surrounding the theoretical and practical issues related to rationing and how to allocate scare medical resources. They will be drawn from various places including academic journals, government reports, and popular media. Thebook will be divided into three broad sections - Conceptual Distinctions and Ethical Theory; Rationing; and Resource Allocation. Each section begins with an introduction and some case studies. Within those three sections will be 16 chapters, with each chapter containing an introduction by theeditors, followed by excerpts from the relevant articles, and then questions for discussion and a list of further reading.
Category: Medical

Moral Theory And Climate Change

Author : Dale E. Miller
ISBN : 9781351792899
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.26 MB
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Climate change has become the most pressing moral and political problem of our time. Ethical theories help us think clearly and more fully about important moral and political issues. And yet, to date, there have been no books that have brought together a broad range of ethical theories to apply them systematically to the problems of climate change. This volume fills that deep need. Two preliminary chapters—an up-to-date synopsis of climate science and an overview of the ethical issues raised by climate change—set the stage. After this, ten leading ethicists in ten separate chapters each present a major ethical theory (or, more broadly, perspective) and discuss the implications of that view for how we decide to respond to a rapidly warming planet. Each chapter first provides a brief exposition of the view before working out what that theory “has to say” about climate change and our response to the problems it poses. Key features: • Up-to-date synopsis of climate science • Clear overviews of a wide range of ethical theories and perspectives by leading experts • Insightful discussions of the implications of these theories and perspectives for our response to climate change • A unique opportunity to assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of various ethical viewpoints.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Ethical Theory

Author : David Copp
ISBN : 9780190208202
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21.8 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.
Category: Philosophy

Deontology

Author : Stephen Darwell
ISBN : 0631231129
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.54 MB
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Deontology brings together some of the most significant philosophical work on ethics, presenting canonical essays on core questions in moral philosophy. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative theory. With a helpful introduction by Stephen Darwall, examines key topics in deontological moral theory. Includes seven essays which respond to the classic sources. Includes classic excerpts by key figures such Kant, Richard Price and W. D. Ross; and recent reactions to this work by philosophers, including Robert Nozick, Thomas Nagel, Stephen Darwall, Judith Thomson, Frances Kamm, Warren Quinn, and Christine Korsgaard.
Category: Philosophy

A Perfect Moral Storm

Author : Stephen M. Gardiner
ISBN : 9780195379440
Genre : Nature
File Size : 42.90 MB
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Climate change is a global problem that is predominantly an intergenerational conflict, and which takes place in a setting where our ethical impulses are weak. This "perfect moral storm" poses a profound challenge to humanity. This book explains how the "perfect storm" metaphor makes sense of our current malaise, and why a better ethics can help see our way out.
Category: Nature

The Animal Ethics Reader

Author : Susan Jean Armstrong
ISBN : 041527589X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.45 MB
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The Animal Ethics Reader is the first comprehensive, state-of-the-art anthology of readings on this substantial area of study and interest. A subject that regularly captures the headlines, the book is designed to appeal to anyone interested in tracing the history of the subject, as well as providing a powerful insight into the debate as it has developed. The recent wealth of material published in this area has not, until now, been collected in one volume. Readings are arranged thematically, carefully presenting a balanced representation of the subject as it stands. It will be essential reading for students taking a course in the subject as well as being of considerable interest to the general reader. Articles are arranged under the following headings: Theories of Animal Ethics Animal Capacities Animals for Food Animal Experimentation Genetic Engineering of Animals Ethics and Wildlife Zoos, Aquaria, and Animals in Entertainment Companion Animals Legal Rights for Animals Readings from leading experts in the field including Peter Singer, Mary Midgely and Bernard Rollin are featured as well as selections from Donald Griffin, Mark Bekoff, Jane Goodall, Raymond Frey, Barbara Orlans, Tom Regan, and Baird Callicott. There is an emphasis on balancing classic and contemporary readings with a view to presenting debates as they stand at this point in time. Each chapter is introduced by the editors and study questions feature at the end. The foreword has been written by Bernard Rollin. This will be appropriate reading for students taking courses in philosophy, ethics, zoology, animal science, psychology, veterinary medicine, law, environmental science and religion.
Category: Philosophy

Ethical Issues In E Business Models And Frameworks

Author : Palmer, Daniel E.
ISBN : 9781615206162
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.32 MB
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"This book provides a comprehensive overview of the most important ethical issues associated with the expanding world of e-business, and offers relevant theoretical frameworks to ethical issues in all significant areas of e-business"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Living Ethics

Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
ISBN : 0190272198
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54.47 MB
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Living Ethics is an ideal all-in-one resource for courses in introduction to ethics and contemporary moral problems. In this hybrid textbook/reader, moral theory and contemporary moral issues are brought to life with a comprehensive and balanced set of readings, uniquely engaging explanations,and clear analysis of arguments.
Category: Philosophy

The Fundamentals Of Ethics

Author : Russ Shafer-Landau
ISBN : 0190631392
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23.65 MB
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In The Fundamentals of Ethics, Fourth Edition, author Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely engaging writing style to introduce students to the essential ideas of moral philosophy. Offering more comprehensive coverage of the good life, normative ethics, and metaethics than any other text of its kind, this book also addresses issues that are often omitted from other texts, such as the doctrine of doing and allowing, the doctrine of double effect, ethical particularism, the desire-satisfaction theory of well-being, moral error theory, and Ross's theory of prima facie duties. Shafer-Landau carefully reconstructs and analyzes dozens of arguments in depth, at a level that is understandable to students with no prior philosophical background. Ideal for courses in introductory ethics and contemporary moral problems, this book can be used as a stand-alone text or with the author's companion reader, The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems, Fourth Edition.
Category: Philosophy