Environmental Sensing

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Environmental Sensing

Author : James K. Lein
ISBN : 9781461401438
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84.73 MB
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Remote sensing has witnessed a renaissance as new sensor systems, data collection capabilities and image processing methodologies have expanded the technological capabilities of this science into new and important applications areas. Perhaps nowhere has this trend been more evident than in the study of earth environments. Within this broad application area remote sensing has proven to be an invaluable asset supporting timely data gathering at a range of synoptic scales, facilitating the mapping of complex landscapes and promoting the analysis of environmental process. Yet remote sensing’s contribution to the study of human/environmental interaction is scattered throughout a rich and diverse literature spanning the social and physical sciences, which frustrates access to, and the sharing of the knowledge gained through, these recent advances, and inhibits the operational use of these methods and techniques in day to day environmental practice, a recognized gap that reduces the effectiveness of environmental management programs. The objective of this book is to address this gap and provide the synthesis of method and application that is currently missing in the environmental science, re-introducing remote sensing as an important decision-support technology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Intelligent Environmental Sensing

Author : Henry Leung
ISBN : 9783319128924
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.51 MB
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Developing environmental sensing and monitoring technologies become essential especially for industries that may cause severe contamination. Intelligent environmental sensing uses novel sensor techniques, intelligent signal and data processing algorithms, and wireless sensor networks to enhance environmental sensing and monitoring. It finds applications in many environmental problems such as oil and gas, water quality, and agriculture. This book addresses issues related to three main approaches to intelligent environmental sensing and discusses their latest technological developments. Key contents of the book include: Agricultural monitoring Classification, detection, and estimation Data fusion Geological monitoring Motor monitoring Multi-sensor systems Oil reservoirs monitoring Sensor motes Water quality monitoring Wireless sensor network protocol.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical And Environmental Sensing

Author : J. I. Agbinya
ISBN : 9788792329288
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.28 MB
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At a time when the applications of sensors are in high demand and environmental issues are international priorities, this book on biomedical and environmental sensing provides the technical basis for researchers and students to understand the requirements for biomedical computing and also environmental sensing and to develop solutions in their areas of interests. The book deals with key techniques that need to be understood and also examples of applications of the techniques. Biomedical and environmental sensing are helping to extend the life span of human beings and infrastructures as it has become more and more sensible to understand what is happening for example inside a person, an aircraft, a road network or a bridge and to provide quick response.Several chapters of the book have dealt with the state of the art in biomedical decision support systems in therapeutic medicine. A data driven decision support system and a prototype support system for anaesthetics are major enablers for doctors and nurses to provide efficient and timely response not only to diagnose ailments but also to decide on the preferred approach for solving the problems. The analyses in the chapters are coherently detailed and easy to comprehend. There is a chapter on hypothermia therapy and a hardware probe was also developed and described. Classification of chromosomes is a major aid in DNA analysis and recognition. This valuable insight into a DNA analysis method is provided. Information on heart diseases, onset of heart attacks and failure can be detected through reconstructing electrophysiological information about the surface of the heart. A reconstruction method is described in this book and provides strong foundation for research and training in this life determining area. The remaining chapters on sensing of driver conditions including fatigue peeks into tools and methodologies for understanding both the onset of fatigue and its forms for prevention of accidents in vehicles. The rest of the book gives techniques for planning biomedical and environmental sensor networks and their security. The book will no doubt greatly serve the needs of health professionals, researchers in the health and environmental industry and policy makers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Optical Fiber Sensor Technology

Author : L.S. Grattan
ISBN : 0412844206
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.93 MB
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Environmental and chemical sensors in optical fiber sensor technology The nature of the environment in which we live and work, and the precarious state of many aspects of the natural environment, has been a major lesson for scientists over the last few decades. Public awareness of the issues involved is high, and often coupled with a scepticism of the ability of the scientist and engineer to provide an adequate, or even rapid solution to the preservation of the environment before further damage is done, and to achieve this with a mini mum of expenditure. Monitoring of the various aspects of the environment, whether it be external or internal to ourselves and involving chemical, physical or biomedical parameters is an essential process for the well-being of mankind and of the individual. Legis lative requirements set new standards for measurement and control all around us, which must be met by the most appropriate of the technologies available, commensurate with the costs involved. Optical fiber sensor technology has a major part to play in this process, both to complement existing technologies and to promote new solutions to difficult measurement issues. The developments in new sources and detectors covering wider ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum, with higher sensitivity, allow the use of techniques that some time ago would have been considered inappropriate or lacking in sufficient sensitivity.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Sensing And Monitoring Using Digital Camera Penerbit Usm

Author : Lim Hwee San
ISBN : 9789838618977
Genre : Environmental monitoring
File Size : 64.99 MB
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This monograph is the outcome of 15 years experience of working with satellite images with the funding from IRPA RM7, ESCAP NASDA, Science Fund and several short term grants. It introduces a new methodology and algorithms for water and air quality monitoring by using conventional digital camera as a sensor to provide multi-spectral remote sensing data. The image is either captured by a digital camera mounted in an unman aircraft vehicle (UAV) or directly captured from a light air-craft. New algorithms were developed to correlate the pollutant concentration with the digital images. The algorithms can also generate a map of the pollutant concentration of the studied area. Pollutant information is very important for survey information, tourism information, development assessment, coastal preservation and area development planning. This new methodology allows images to be captured below the cloud level. Thus, with this method and the algorithms, cloud cover problem of satellite and airborne images can be overcome. They also overcome the problems of time, money, and resources wasted in collecting in-situ data for algorithm calibration of cloud cover satellite images. Furthermore, they provide real-time, high accuracy information. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
Category: Environmental monitoring

Gnss Environmental Sensing

Author : Joseph Awange
ISBN : 9783319584188
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37.1 MB
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This book is the second edition of Environmental Monitoring using GNSS and highlights the latest developments in global navigation satellite systems (GNSS). It features a completely new title and additional chapters that present emerging challenges to environmental monitoring—“climate variability/change and food insecurity.” Since the publication of the first edition, much has changed in both the development and applications of GNSS, a satellite microwave remote sensing technique. It is the first tool to span all four dimensions of relevance to humans (position, navigation, timing and the environment), and it has widely been used for positioning (both by military and civilians), navigation and timing. Its increasing use is leading to a new era of remote sensing that is now revolutionizing the art of monitoring our environment in ways never imagined before. On the one hand, nearly all GNSS satellites (Global Positioning System (GPS), Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), Galileo and Beidou) have become operational, thereby providing high-precision, continuous, all-weather and near real- time remote sensing multi-signals beneficial to environmental monitoring. On the other hand, the emerging challenges of precisely monitoring climate change and the demand for the production of sufficient food for ever-increasing populations are pushing traditional monitoring methods to their limits. In this regard, refracted GNSS signals (i.e., occulted GNSS signals or GNSS meteorology) are now emerging as sensors of climate variability, while the reflected signals (GNSS reflectometry or GNSS-R) are increasingly finding applications in determining, e.g., soil moisture content, ice and snow thickness, ocean heights, and wind speed and direction, among others. Furthermore, the increasing recognition and application of GNSS-supported unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAV)/drones in agriculture (e.g., through the determination of water holding capacity of soil) highlights the new challenges facing GNSS. As such, this new edition three new chapters address GNSS reflectometry and applications; GNSS sensing of climate variability; and the applications in UAV/drones. Moreover, it explores the application of GNSS to support integrated coastal zone management.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multisensor Data Fusion And Machine Learning For Environmental Remote Sensing

Author : Ni-Bin Chang
ISBN : 9781498774345
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57.56 MB
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In the last few years the scientific community has realized that obtaining a better understanding of interactions between natural systems and the man-made environment across different scales demands more research efforts in remote sensing. An integrated Earth system observatory that merges surface-based, air-borne, space-borne, and even underground sensors with comprehensive and predictive capabilities indicates promise for revolutionizing the study of global water, energy, and carbon cycles as well as land use and land cover changes. The aim of this book is to present a suite of relevant concepts, tools, and methods of integrated multisensor data fusion and machine learning technologies to promote environmental sustainability. The process of machine learning for intelligent feature extraction consists of regular, deep, and fast learning algorithms. The niche for integrating data fusion and machine learning for remote sensing rests upon the creation of a new scientific architecture in remote sensing science that is designed to support numerical as well as symbolic feature extraction managed by several cognitively oriented machine learning tasks at finer scales. By grouping a suite of satellites with similar nature in platform design, data merging may come to help for cloudy pixel reconstruction over the space domain or concatenation of time series images over the time domain, or even both simultaneously. Organized in 5 parts, from Fundamental Principles of Remote Sensing; Feature Extraction for Remote Sensing; Image and Data Fusion for Remote Sensing; Integrated Data Merging, Data Reconstruction, Data Fusion, and Machine Learning; to Remote Sensing for Environmental Decision Analysis, the book will be a useful reference for graduate students, academic scholars, and working professionals who are involved in the study of Earth systems and the environment for a sustainable future. The new knowledge in this book can be applied successfully in many areas of environmental science and engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Environmental Remote Sensing And Systems Analysis

Author : Ni-Bin Chang
ISBN : 9781439877449
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.29 MB
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Using a systems analysis approach and extensive case studies, Environmental Remote Sensing and Systems Analysis shows how remote sensing can be used to support environmental decision making. It presents a multidisciplinary framework and the latest remote sensing tools to understand environmental impacts, management complexity, and policy implicatio
Category: Science

Ubiquitous Computing And Ambient Intelligence Sensing Processing And Using Environmental Information

Author : Juan M. García-Chamizo
ISBN : 9783319264011
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37.88 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence, UCAmI 2015, held in Puerto Varas, Chile, in December 2015. The 36 full papers presented together with 11 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. The papers are grouped in topical sections on adding intelligence for environment adaption; ambient intelligence for transport; human interaction and ambient intelligence; and ambient intelligence for urban areas.
Category: Computers

Remote Sensing And Global Environmental Change

Author : Sam J. Purkis
ISBN : 1444340255
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.14 MB
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Remote Sensing plays a key role in monitoring the various manifestations of global climate change. It is used routinely in the assessment and mapping of biodiversity over large areas, in the monitoring of changes to the physical environment, in assessing threats to various components of natural systems, and in the identification of priority areas for conservation. This book presents the fundamentals of remote sensing technology, but rather than containing lengthy explanations of sensor specifications and operation, it concentrates instead on the application of the technology to key environmental systems. Each system forms the basis of a separate chapter, and each is illustrated by real world case studies and examples. Readership The book is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in earth science, environmental science, or physical geography taking a course in environmental remote sensing. It will also be an invaluable reference for environmental scientists and managers who require an overview of the use of remote sensing in monitoring and mapping environmental change at regional and global scales. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/purkis/remote.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Program Earth

Author : Jennifer Gabrys
ISBN : 9781452950174
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.48 MB
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Sensors are everywhere. Small, flexible, economical, and computationally powerful, they operate ubiquitously in environments. They compile massive amounts of data, including information about air, water, and climate. Never before has such a volume of environmental data been so broadly collected or so widely available. Grappling with the consequences of wiring our world, Program Earth examines how sensor technologies are programming our environments. As Jennifer Gabrys points out, sensors do not merely record information about an environment. Rather, they generate new environments and environmental relations. At the same time, they give a voice to the entities they monitor: to animals, plants, people, and inanimate objects. This book looks at the ways in which sensors converge with environments to map ecological processes, to track the migration of animals, to check pollutants, to facilitate citizen participation, and to program infrastructure. Through discussing particular instances where sensors are deployed for environmental study and citizen engagement across three areas of environmental sensing, from wild sensing to pollution sensing and urban sensing, Program Earth asks how sensor technologies specifically contribute to new environmental conditions. What are the implications for wiring up environments? How do sensor applications not only program environments, but also program the sorts of citizens and collectives we might become? Program Earth suggests that the sensor-based monitoring of Earth offers the prospect of making new environments not simply as an extension of the human but rather as new “technogeographies” that connect technology, nature, and people.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing Applications In Environmental Research

Author : Prashant K. Srivastava
ISBN : 9783319059068
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.33 MB
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Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research is the basis for advanced Earth Observation (EO) datasets used in environmental monitoring and research. Now that there are a number of satellites in orbit, EO has become imperative in today’s sciences, weather and natural disaster prediction. This highly interdisciplinary reference work brings together diverse studies on remote sensing and GIS, from a theoretical background to its applications, represented through various case studies and the findings of new models. The book offers a comprehensive range of contributions by well-known scientists from around the world and opens a new window for students in presenting interdisciplinary and methodological resources on the latest research. It explores various key aspects and offers state-of-the-art research in a simplified form, describing remote sensing and GIS studies for those who are new to the field, as well as for established researchers.
Category: Science

Advances In Environmental Remote Sensing

Author : Qihao Weng
ISBN : 9781420091816
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.18 MB
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Generating a satisfactory classification image from remote sensing data is not a straightforward task. Many factors contribute to this difficulty including the characteristics of a study area, availability of suitable remote sensing data, ancillary and ground reference data, proper use of variables and classification algorithms, and the analyst's e
Category: Technology & Engineering

Land Remote Sensing And Global Environmental Change

Author : Bhaskar Ramachandran
ISBN : 1441967494
Genre : Science
File Size : 23.85 MB
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Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: The Science of ASTER and MODIS is an edited compendium of contributions dealing with ASTER and MODIS satellite sensors aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua platforms launched as part of the Earth Observing System fleet in 1999 and 2002 respectively. This volume is divided into six sections. The first three sections provide insights into the history, philosophy, and evolution of the EOS, ASTER and MODIS instrument designs and calibration mechanisms, and the data systems components used to manage and provide the science data and derived products. The latter three sections exclusively deal with ASTER and MODIS data products and their applications, and the future of these two classes of remotely sensed observations.
Category: Science

Remote Sensing And Gis For Site Characterization

Author : Vernon Singhroy
ISBN : 0803120273
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.43 MB
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Contains selected papers from the title international symposium, held in January 1994 in San Francisco, CA. Sections on remote sensing applications, geographic information system (GIS), site characterization, and standards detail the latest findings in areas such as digital elevation data; Landsat T
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Environmental Remote Sensing

Author : Eric C. Barrett
ISBN : 9781134982523
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.73 MB
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Taking a detailed, non-mathematical approach to the principles on which remote sensing is based, this book progresses from the physical principles to the application of remote sensing.
Category: Science