Environmental Research At The Leading Edge

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Environmental Research At The Leading Edge

Author : Alfred B. Gore
ISBN : 1600214312
Genre : Law
File Size : 24.5 MB
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The environment is considered the surroundings in which an organism operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation. It is this environment which is both so valuable, on the one hand, and so endangered on the other. And it is people who are by and large ruining the environment both for themselves and for all other organisms. This book reviews the latest research in this field which is vital for everyone.
Category: Law

Leading Edge Environmental Biodegradation Research

Author : Lyman E. Pawley
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124045993
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.82 MB
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This volume presents new leading-edge research on environmental biodegradation which is the destruction of organic compounds by micro-organisms. Micro-organisms, particularly bacteria, are responsible for the decomposition of both natural and synthetic organic compounds in nature. Mineralisation results in complete conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral constituents (for example, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulphate or sulphide from organic sulfur, nitrate or ammonium from organic nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine). Since carbon comprises the greatest mass of organic compounds, mineralisation can be considered in terms of CO2 evolution. Radioactive carbon-14 (14C) isotopes enable scientists to distinguish between mineralisation arising from contaminants and soil organic matter. However, mineralisation of any compound is never 100% because some of it (1040% of the total amount degraded) is incorporated into the cell mass or products that become part of the amorphous soil organic matter, commonly referred to as humus. Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralisation and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus. Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product. Compounds that are readily biodegradable are generally utilised as growth substrates by single micro-organisms. Many of the components of petroleum products (and frequent ground-water contaminants), such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, are utilised by many genera of bacteria as sole carbon sources for growth and energy.
Category: Science

Advances In Environmental Research

Author : Max Haider
ISBN : 1607417936
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.32 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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The environment consists of the surroundings in which an organism operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation. It is this environment which is both so valuable, on the one hand, and so endangered on the other. It is people which are by and large ruining the environment both for themselves and for other organisms. This series covers leading-edge research in a cross-section of fields centring on the environment.
Category: Science

Advances In Environmental Research

Author : Charles V. Rades
ISBN : 160456413X
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.45 MB
Format : PDF
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The environment consists of the surroundings in which an organism operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation. It is this environment which is both so valuable, on the one hand, and so endangered on the other. And it is people which are by and large ruining the environment both for themselves and for all other organisms. This series covers leading-edge research in a cross-section of fields centring on the environment.
Category: Science

Leading Edge Research In Solar Energy

Author : Patrick N. Rivers
ISBN : UVA:X030255844
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.81 MB
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Solar energy can be divided into direct and indirect categories. Most energy sources on Earth are forms of indirect solar energy. Coal, oil and natural gas derive from ancient biological material which took its energy from the sun (via plant photosynthesis) millions of years ago. All the energy in wood and foodstuffs also comes from the sun. Movement of the wind (which causes waves at sea), and the evaporation of water to form rainfall which accumulates in rivers and lakes, are also powered by the sun. Therefore, hydroelectric power and wind and wave power are forms of indirect solar energy. Solar energy research and applications have been receiving increasing attention throughout the world as solar energy must play a much greater role in the energy mix in upcoming years. This book examines new research in this frontier field.
Category: Science

Life

Author : Mr. John Brockman
ISBN : 9780062296061
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.7 MB
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The newest addition to John Brockman’s Edge.org series explores life itself, bringing together the world’s leading biologists, geneticists, and evolutionary theorists—including Richard Dawkins, Edward O. Wilson, J. Craig Venter, and Freeman Dyson. Scientists’ understanding of life is progressing more rapidly than at any point in human history, from the extraordinary decoding of DNA to the controversial emergence of biotechnology. Featuring pioneering biologists, geneticists, physicists, and science writers, Life explains just how far we’ve come—and takes a brilliantly educated guess at where we’re heading. Richard Dawkins and J. Craig Venter compare genes to digital information, and sketch the frontiers of genomic research. Edward O. Wilson reveals what ants can teach us about building a superorganism—and, in turn, about how cells build an organism. Elsewhere, David Haig reports new findings on how mothers and fathers individually influence the human genome, while Kary Mullis covers cutting edge treatments for dangerous viruses. And there’s much more in this fascinating volume. We may never have all the answers. But the thinkers collected in Life are asking questions that will keep us dreaming for generations.
Category: Science

2nd Iwa Leading Edge On Water And Wastewater Treatment Technologies

Author : Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht
ISBN : 9781843395089
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.38 MB
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Wastewater and drinking water treatment are essential elements of urban infrastructure. In the course of the last century there has been enormous technical development, so successful that for the general public in industrialized countries this infrastructure is hardly noticed. Nevertheless there is ongoing activity to further improve the existing processes. The IWA Leading Edge Technology conference held in Prague helped to stimulate this development and this book helps disseminate the results. A selection of presentations from the conference are included in this volume. Wastewater and drinking-water treatment are normally considered as two separate fields due to the very different boundary conditions that apply. Nevertheless several issues such as membrane processes, removal of micropollutants and water reuse are of crucial importance to both. This potential for cross-fertilization further enhances the value of this collection of high-quality articles that delineate the leading edge of research and development in water and wastewater treatment.
Category: Science

2nd Iwa Leading Edge Conference On Sustainability

Author : M. Bruce Beck
ISBN : 9781843395072
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.96 MB
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Summary: "This book represents the outcome of the Second IWA Leading-Edge Conference held in Sydney, Australia in November 2004. The papers presented here provide insight into the innovative thinking and practical projects undertaken across the globe that move us from patently unsustainable conditions to those in which our economic activity, impact on ecosystems and desire for positive social outcomes are in better balance."--Publisher description.
Category: Nature

Sustainable Development

Author : Sime Curkovic
ISBN : 9789535106821
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.42 MB
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In recent years the topic of environmental management has become very common. In sustainable development conditions, central and local governments much more often notice the need of acting in ways that diminish negative impact on environment. Environmental management may take place on many different levels - starting from global level, e.g. climate changes, through national and regional level (environmental policy) and ending on micro level. This publication shows many examples of environmental management. The diversity of presented aspects within environmental management and approaching the subject from the perspective of various countries contributes greatly to the development of environmental management field of research.
Category: Science

Leading Edge Of Micro Nano Science And Technology

Author : Hai Lin Cong
ISBN : 9783038260103
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.3 MB
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 11th China International Nanoscience and Technology Symposium (CINST 2012), October 21–25, 2012, Kunming, China. This symposium was held in order to promote the technology for the development of micro- and nano-scale, cross-scale integration, to share new micro/nano technologies, to exchange information and knowledge over all fields and promote the industrialization and development of nanotechnology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advances In Environmental Research

Author : Justin A. Daniels
ISBN : 1634827856
Genre :
File Size : 23.42 MB
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This series covers leading-edge research focusing on the environment, including current research data on sustainable agricultural development and the environment: new perspectives and policy proposals; impacts assessment of success stories in natural resources management in Togo; cultural predictors of perceived environmental responsibility and sustainable behavior; degraded karst relief; erosion dynamics in lateritic santiniketan badland, west Bengal, India; study of oil recovery in naturally fractured reservoirs considering impact of parameters included in performance of spontaneous imbibition mechanism; prevalence of vibrio parahaemolyticus in Chile and potential use of antagonistic bacterial strains for its control in aquaculture; the environmental perception amongst the inhabitants of Taperoá, an urban area in the state of Paraiba; ecosystems role in empowering communities to face global environmental change: community-based ecological mangrove restoration in Thailand; bowalisation; and evaluation of comfort in indoor spaces.
Category:

Nutrition Research At The Leading Edge

Author : Russell E. Cassady
ISBN : 1604560533
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53.67 MB
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Nutraceuticals are established food components widely consumed as supplements to the diet, either as formulated products or for fortification of foods, particularly functional foods. Over the last two decades there has been a steady growth in research into the possible health benefits. Both the general public and the media have become increasingly interested, and this has coincided with a general interest in health issues. This has resulted in increasing usage of commercially available products, as well as their food sources. It is now well understood that modern pharmaceuticals cannot successfully treat all diseases, coupled with their lack of effectiveness in certain disease states, and the possibility of marked side effects. There is logical use of a number of nutraceuticals which are endogenous nutrients from a range of food sources, as many diseases maybe caused by deficiency states.
Category: Medical

New Ecoinformatics Tools In Environmental Science

Author : Vladimir F. Krapivin
ISBN : 9783319139784
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.43 MB
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This book provides new insights on the study of global environmental changes using the ecoinformatics tools and the adaptive-evolutionary technology of geoinformation monitoring. The main advantage of this book is that it gathers and presents extensive interdisciplinary expertise in the parameterization of global biogeochemical cycles and other environmental processes in the context of globalization and sustainable development. In this regard, the crucial global problems concerning the dynamics of the nature-society system are considered and the key problems of ensuring the system’s sustainable development are studied. A new approach to the numerical modeling of the nature-society system is proposed and results are provided on modeling the dynamics of the system’s characteristics with regard to scenarios of anthropogenic impacts on biogeochemical cycles, land ecosystems and oceans. The main purpose of this book is to develop a universal guide to information-modeling technologies for assessing the function of environmental subsystems under various climatic and anthropogenic conditions.
Category: Science

The Leading Edge

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132739843
Genre : Geophysics
File Size : 54.37 MB
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Category: Geophysics

Understanding The Geological And Medical Interface Of Arsenic As 2012

Author : Jack C. Ng
ISBN : 9780203078808
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.7 MB
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The congress "Arsenic in the Environment" offers an international, multi- and interdisciplinary discussion platform for arsenic research aimed at practical solutions of problems with considerable social impact, as well as focusing on cutting edge and breakthrough research in physical, chemical, toxicological, medical and other specific issues on ar
Category: Science

Environmental Biodegradation Research Focus

Author : B. Y. Wang
ISBN : 1600219047
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.72 MB
Format : PDF
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This new book is devoted to leading-edge research on environmental biodegradation which is the destruction of organic compounds by microorganisms. Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, are responsible for the decomposition of both natural and synthetic organic compounds in nature. Mineralisation results in complete conversion of a compound to its inorganic mineral constituents (for example, carbon dioxide from carbon, sulphate or sulphide from organic sulphur, nitrate or ammonium from organic nitrogen, phosphate from organophosphates, or chloride from organochlorine). Since carbon comprises the greatest mass of organic compounds, mineralisation can be considered in terms of CO2 evolution. Radioactive carbon-14 (14C) isotopes enable scientists to distinguish between mineralisation arising from contaminants and soil organic matter. However, mineralisation of any compound is never 100% because some of it (10-40% of the total amount degraded) is incorporated into the cell mass or products that become part of the amorphous soil organic matter, commonly referred to as humus. Thus, biodegradation comprises mineralisation and conversion to innocuous products, namely biomass and humus. Primary biodegradation is more limited in scope and refers to the disappearance of the compound as a result of its biotransformation to another product. Compounds that are readily biodegradable are generally utilised as growth substrates by single microorganisms. Many of the components of petroleum products (and frequent ground-water contaminants), such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene, are utilised by many genera of bacteria as sole carbon sources for growth and energy.
Category: Science

Leading Edge Applied Mathematical Modeling Research

Author : Matías P. Álvarez
ISBN : 1600219772
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.61 MB
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This book covers new and significant research related to the mathematical modelling of engineering and environmental processes, manufacturing, and industrial systems. It includes heat transfer, fluid mechanics, CFD, and transport phenomena; solid mechanics and mechanics of metals; electromagnets and MHD; reliability modelling and system optimisation; finite volume, finite element, and boundary element procedures; decision sciences in an industrial and manufacturing context; civil engineering systems and structures; mineral and energy resources; relevant software engineering issues associated with CAD and CAE; and materials and metallurgical engineering.
Category: Mathematics

Leading Edge Immunology Research

Author : Barbara A. Veskler
ISBN : 1594547777
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46.6 MB
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Immunology is the study of the body's protection from foreign macromolecules or invading organisms and the responses to them. These invaders include viruses, bacteria, protozoa or even larger parasites. In addition, immune responses are developed against our own proteins (and other molecules) in auto-immunity and against our own aberrant cells in tumour immunity. The first line of defence against foreign organisms are barrier tissues such as the skin that stop the entry of organism into our bodies. A second line of defence is the specific or adaptive immune system which may take days to respond to a primary invasion (that is infection by an organism that has not hitherto been seen). This book brings together new research from around the globe dealing with this extremely important subject.
Category: Medical