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Author : Richard P. Stanley
ISBN : 9781139810999
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53.1 MB
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This second volume of a two-volume basic introduction to enumerative combinatorics covers the composition of generating functions, trees, algebraic generating functions, D-finite generating functions, noncommutative generating functions, and symmetric functions. The chapter on symmetric functions provides the only available treatment of this subject suitable for an introductory graduate course on combinatorics, and includes the important Robinson-Schensted-Knuth algorithm. Also covered are connections between symmetric functions and representation theory. An appendix by Sergey Fomin covers some deeper aspects of symmetric function theory, including jeu de taquin and the Littlewood-Richardson rule. As in Volume 1, the exercises play a vital role in developing the material. There are over 250 exercises, all with solutions or references to solutions, many of which concern previously unpublished results. Graduate students and research mathematicians who wish to apply combinatorics to their work will find this an authoritative reference.

Author : Robin Wilson
ISBN : 9780191630637
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75.10 MB
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Who first presented Pascal's triangle? (It was not Pascal.) Who first presented Hamiltonian graphs? (It was not Hamilton.) Who first presented Steiner triple systems? (It was not Steiner.) The history of mathematics is a well-studied and vibrant area of research, with books and scholarly articles published on various aspects of the subject. Yet, the history of combinatorics seems to have been largely overlooked. This book goes some way to redress this and serves two main purposes: 1) it constitutes the first book-length survey of the history of combinatorics; and 2) it assembles, for the first time in a single source, researches on the history of combinatorics that would otherwise be inaccessible to the general reader. Individual chapters have been contributed by sixteen experts. The book opens with an introduction by Donald E. Knuth to two thousand years of combinatorics. This is followed by seven chapters on early combinatorics, leading from Indian and Chinese writings on permutations to late-Renaissance publications on the arithmetical triangle. The next seven chapters trace the subsequent story, from Euler's contributions to such wide-ranging topics as partitions, polyhedra, and latin squares to the 20th century advances in combinatorial set theory, enumeration, and graph theory. The book concludes with some combinatorial reflections by the distinguished combinatorialist, Peter J. Cameron. This book is not expected to be read from cover to cover, although it can be. Rather, it aims to serve as a valuable resource to a variety of audiences. Combinatorialists with little or no knowledge about the development of their subject will find the historical treatment stimulating. A historian of mathematics will view its assorted surveys as an encouragement for further research in combinatorics. The more general reader will discover an introduction to a fascinating and too little known subject that continues to stimulate and inspire the work of scholars today.

Author : Martin Aigner
ISBN : 9783540390350
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48.9 MB
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Combinatorial enumeration is a readily accessible subject full of easily stated, but sometimes tantalizingly difficult problems. This book leads the reader in a leisurely way from basic notions of combinatorial enumeration to a variety of topics, ranging from algebra to statistical physics. The book is organized in three parts: Basics, Methods, and Topics. The aim is to introduce readers to a fascinating field, and to offer a sophisticated source of information for professional mathematicians desiring to learn more. There are 666 exercises, and every chapter ends with a highlight section, discussing in detail a particularly beautiful or famous result.

Author : Linfan Mao
ISBN : 9781599731865
Genre :
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Papers on Non-Solvable Spaces of Linear Equation Systems, Roman Domination in Complementary Prism Graphs, On Pathos Total Semitotal and Entire Total Block Graph of a Tree, Distance Two Labeling of Generalized Cacti, Degree Splitting Graph on Graceful, Felicitous and Elegant Labeling, and other topics. Contributors: Agboola A.A.A., Adeleke E.O. Akinleye S.A., B.Chaluvaraju, V.Chaitra, P.Selvaraju, P.Balaganesan, J.Renuka, V.Balaj, Suhua Ye, Yizhi Chen, Hui Luo, and others.

Author : Thomas Koshy
ISBN : 019971519X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39.2 MB
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Like the intriguing Fibonacci and Lucas numbers, Catalan numbers are also ubiquitous. "They have the same delightful propensity for popping up unexpectedly, particularly in combinatorial problems," Martin Gardner wrote in Scientific American. "Indeed, the Catalan sequence is probably the most frequently encountered sequence that is still obscure enough to cause mathematicians lacking access to Sloane's Handbook of Integer Sequences to expend inordinate amounts of energy re-discovering formulas that were worked out long ago," he continued. As Gardner noted, many mathematicians may know the abc's of Catalan sequence, but not many are familiar with the myriad of their unexpected occurrences, applications, and properties; they crop up in chess boards, computer programming, and even train tracks. This book presents a clear and comprehensive introduction to one of the truly fascinating topics in mathematics. Catalan numbers are named after the Belgian mathematician Eugene Charles Catalan (1814-1894), who "discovered" them in 1838, though he was not the first person to discover them. The great Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler (1707-1763) "discovered" them around 1756, but even before then and though his work was not known to the outside world, Chinese mathematician Antu Ming (1692?-1763) first discovered Catalan numbers about 1730. Catalan numbers can be used by teachers and professors to generate excitement among students for exploration and intellectual curiosity and to sharpen a variety of mathematical skills and tools, such as pattern recognition, conjecturing, proof-techniques, and problem-solving techniques. This book is not only intended for mathematicians but for a much larger audience, including high school students, math and science teachers, computer scientists, and those amateurs with a modicum of mathematical curiosity. An invaluable resource book, it contains an intriguing array of applications to computer science, abstract algebra, combinatorics, geometry, graph theory, chess, and World Series.

The 2003 second volume of this account of Kaehlerian geometry and Hodge theory starts with the topology of families of algebraic varieties. Proofs of the Lefschetz theorem on hyperplane sections, the Picard–Lefschetz study of Lefschetz pencils, and Deligne theorems on the degeneration of the Leray spectral sequence and the global invariant cycles follow. The main results of the second part are the generalized Noether–Lefschetz theorems, the generic triviality of the Abel–Jacobi maps, and most importantly Nori's connectivity theorem, which generalizes the above. The last part of the book is devoted to the relationships between Hodge theory and algebraic cycles. The book concludes with the example of cycles on abelian varieties, where some results of Bloch and Beauville, for example, are expounded. The text is complemented by exercises giving useful results in complex algebraic geometry. It will be welcomed by researchers in both algebraic and differential geometry.

Author : International Mathematical Union
ISBN : UOM:39015047708113
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 43.83 MB
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This volume is a celebration of the state of mathematics at the end of the millennium. Produced under the auspices of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), the book was born as part of the activities of World Mathematical Year 2000. It consists of 28 articles written by influential mathematicians. Authors of 14 contributions were recognized in various years by the IMU as recipients of the Fields Medal, from K.F. Roth (Fields Medalist, 1958) to W.T. Gowers (Fields Medalist, 1998).

Once considered an “unimportant” branch of topology, graph theory has come into its own through many important contributions to a wide range of fields – and is now one of the fastest-growing areas in discrete mathematics and computer science. This practical, intuitive book introduces basic concepts, definitions, theorems, and examples from graph theory.Presents a collection of interesting results from mathematics that involve key concepts and proof techniques. Covers design and analysis of computer algorithms for solving problems in graph theory. Discusses applications of graph theory to the sciences. Includes a collection of graph algorithms, written in Java, that are ready for compiling and running.For anyone interested in learning graph theory, discrete structures, or algorithmic design for graph problems.