English Verb Classes And Alternations

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English Verb Classes And Alternations

Author : Beth Levin
ISBN : 0226475336
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 66.40 MB
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In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a verb's meaning influences its syntactic behavior and develops it into a powerful tool for studying the English verb lexicon. She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning. The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments. The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning and explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part. Levin's discussion of each class and alternation includes lists of relevant verbs, illustrative examples, comments on noteworthy properties, and bibliographic references. The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory. Easy to use, English Verb Classes and Alternations sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax. It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Beth Levin S English Verbs Classes And Alternations

Author : Katrin Shams-Eddien
ISBN : 9783638173544
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 37.87 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2002 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, Free University of Berlin (Anglistics), course: Seminar Verb classes and alternations, 1 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: [...] “This work is guided by the assumption that the behaviour of verb, particularly with respect to the expression and interpretation of its arguments, is to a large extent determined by its meaning.” (Levin 1993) [Levin tries to develop a system which enables the speaker to determine the behaviour of a verb by its meaning] Levin points out that a native speaker is able to make subtle judgements about the syntactic behaviour of a verb. She hypothesises that it is the meaning of the verb which enables the speaker to make such judgements about a verb’s syntactic behaviour. //In particular, the ability of a verb to exist in certain syntactic frames or constructions (see examples below) is sensitive to certain components of meaning. The book aims to establish the relevant components of meaning, and thereby classify the English verbs into classes of shared behaviour and meaning. Levin (1993:.. following ... 1987) uses the verb “gally” - a nearly obsolete whaling term little-known to native speakers - to illustrate this relationship between a verb’s meaning and its syntactic behaviour. [...]
Category: Literary Collections

Morphosyntactic Alternations In English

Author : Pilar Guerrero Medina
ISBN : 1845537440
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68.61 MB
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This volume brings together fourteen papers which explore the discourse-pragmatic, semantic, morphological and syntactic factors involved in English morphosyntactic alternations. The contributors to this volume deal with different types of diathesis alternations -broadly defined by Levin (English Verb Classes and Alternations. A Preliminary Investigation, 1993) as alternations in the expressions of arguments, sometimes accompanied by changes of meaning -i.e. transitivity alternations (such as the causative/inchoative alternation and the conative alternation), alternations involving arguments within the VP (such as the Swarm-alternation, and the dative or benefactive alternations), etc. The volume will also include some contributions dealing more generally with the issues of morphological relatedness and verb-specific alternations within functionalist, cognitive and/or constructionist frameworks. The book features a wide range of theoretical approaches, ranging from functionalist models such as Functional Discourse Grammar or the Cardiff Grammar version of Systemic Functional Linguistics to more cognitively-oriented approaches such as Goldberg's Construction Grammar or Fillmore's Frame Semantics. This attempt to describe morphosyntactic alternations within different contemporary theories -derivational and non-derivational- will hopefully contribute to a better understanding of the linguistic phenomena traditionally subsumed under the rubric of morphosyntactic alternation. The book will be of interest to experienced linguists and researchers of a functionalist, cognitivist or even functional-typological persuasion.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hindi Verb Classes And Their Argument Structure Alternations

Author : Richa Srishti
ISBN : 9781443832236
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 64.27 MB
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This book is an endeavour to probe into the areas of Hindi syntax which have been rather under-explored in generative literature. It investigates the syntax and semantics of Hindi verbs and their argument structure alternations within the minimalist framework. In the course of this exploration it examines unaccusativity, unergativity, transitive, causative alternations and passives in Hindi. The book will be of interest to theoretical linguists and computational linguists, as well as to Hindi syntax specialists.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Language

Author : George Melville Bolling
ISBN : UOM:39015067436967
Genre : Comparative linguistics
File Size : 54.76 MB
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Category: Comparative linguistics

Computational Science Iccs 2007

Author : Yong Shi
ISBN : 9783540725862
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81.17 MB
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Part of a four-volume set, this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2007, held in Beijing, China in May 2007. The papers cover a large volume of topics in computational science and related areas, from multiscale physics to wireless networks, and from graph theory to tools for program development.
Category: Computers

Introducing The Framework And Case Studies From Africa And Eurasia

Author : Andrej Malchukov
ISBN : 9783110338812
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34.46 MB
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Earlier empirical studies on valency have looked at the phenomenon either in individual languages or a small range of languages, or have concerned themselves with only small subparts of valency (e.g. transitivity, ditransitive constructions), leaving a lacuna that the present volume aims to fill by considering a wide range of valency phenomena across 30 languages from different parts of the world. The individual-language studies, each written by a specialist or group of specialists on that language and covering both valency patterns and valency alternations, are based on a questionnaire (reproduced in the volume) and an on-line freely accessible database, thus guaranteeing comparability of cross-linguistic results. In addition, introductory chapters provide the background to the project and discuss its main characteristics and selected results, while a series of featured articles by leading scholars who helped shape the field provide an outside perspective on the volume’s approach. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in valency and argument structure, irrespective of theoretical persuasion, and will serve as a model for future descriptive studies of valency in individual languages.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Locative Alternation

Author : Seizi Iwata
ISBN : 9027218285
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 85.67 MB
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The aim of the present volume is two-fold: to give a coherent account of the locative alternation in English, and to develop a constructional theory that overcomes a number of problems in earlier constructional accounts. The lexical-constructional account proposed here is characterized by two main features. On the one hand, it emphasizes the need for a detailed examination of verb meanings. On the other, it introduces lower-level constructions such as verb-class-specific constructions and verb-specific constructions, and makes full use of these lower-level constructions in accounting for alternation phenomena. Rather than being a completely new version of construction grammar, the proposed lexical-constructional account is an automatic consequence of the basic tenet of constructional approaches as being usage-based.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Strategien Der Integration Und Isolation Nicht Nativer Einheiten Und Strukturen

Author : Anke Holler
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132456315
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 65.96 MB
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Die Entlehnung sprachlicher Einheiten ist ein Phänomen, das in Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit auf ein breites Interesse stößt. Die Diskussion beschränkt sich jedoch häufig auf die lexikalische Ebene und die Schwierigkeiten bei der Verwendung von sog. Fremdwörtern. Übersehen wird dabei, dass Entlehnungsprozesse nicht auf die Wortebene beschränkt sind und dass es nicht-native Einheiten gibt, die Sprechern trotz ihrer fremden Herkunft keinerlei Probleme bereiten, da sie nativen Mustern entsprechen oder leicht an diese angepasst werden können. Der Band beleuchtet aus unterschiedlicher theoretischer und methodischer Perspektive die Prozesse, die für die Übernahme sprachlichen Materials relevant sind. Ziel ist es zu klären, auf welche Weise nicht-native Einheiten und Strukturen in eine Nehmersprache integriert werden bzw. unter welchen Bedingungen sie isoliert bleiben. In insgesamt zwölf Beiträgen zu verschiedenen Sprachen werden Integrations- bzw. Isolationsprozesse von lexikalischen Einheiten sowie von Einheiten unterhalb und oberhalb der Wortebene untersucht. Neben phonologischen, graphematischen und morphologischen Aspekten nicht-nativer Einheiten wird insbesondere die Integration syntaktischer und semantischer Strukturen thematisiert.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Eacl 2003

Author : Association for Computational Linguistics. European Chapter. Conference
ISBN : 1932432000
Genre : Budapest, Hungary
File Size : 71.98 MB
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Category: Budapest, Hungary

Papers And Studies In Contrastive Linguistics

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X030265695
Genre : Contrastive linguistics
File Size : 64.63 MB
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Vol. 1 contains papers delivered at the 2d Karpacz Conference on Contrastive Linguistics, 1971.
Category: Contrastive linguistics

Linguistische Berichte

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106019708921
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 21.80 MB
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Category: Language and languages

Proceedings Of Coling

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924077946741
Genre : Applied linguistics
File Size : 80.4 MB
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Category: Applied linguistics

Meeting Handbook

Author : Linguistic Society of America
ISBN : IND:30000081086708
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 42.61 MB
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Category: Linguistics

Transitivit T Und Diathese In Romanischen Sprachen

Author : Hans Geisler
ISBN : UOM:39015043275919
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 76.37 MB
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The book series Linguistische Arbeiten (LA) publishes high-quality work in linguistics that addresses current issues in synchrony and diachrony, theoretically or empirically oriented.
Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Functions Of Language

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111268467
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 55.23 MB
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Category: Language and languages