Engineering Principles In Biotechnology

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Engineering Principles In Biotechnology

Author : Wei-Shou Hu
ISBN : 9781119159025
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69.50 MB
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This book is a short introduction to the engineering principles of harnessing the vast potential of microorganisms, and animal and plant cells in making biochemical products. It was written for scientists who have no background in engineering, and for engineers with minimal background in biology. The overall subject dealt with is process, but the coverage goes beyond the process of biomanufacturing in the bioreactor, and extends to the factory of cell's biosynthetic machinery. Starting with an overview of biotechnology and organism, engineers are eased into biochemical reactions and life scientists are exposed to the technology of production using cells. Subsequent chapters allow engineers to be acquainted with biochemical pathways, while life scientist learn about stoichiometric and kinetic principles of reactions and cell growth. This leads to the coverage of reactors, oxygen transfer and scale up. Following three chapters on biomanufacturing of current and future importance, i.e. cell culture, stem cells and synthetic biology, the topic switches to product purification, first with a conceptual coverage of operations used in bioseparation, and then a more detailed analysis to provide a conceptual understanding of chromatography, the modern workhorse of bioseparation. Drawing on principles from engineering and life sciences, this book is for practitioners in biotechnology and bioengineering. The author has used the material within this book for a course for advanced students in both engineering and life sciences. To this end, problems are provided at the end of each chapter.
Category: Medical

Bioprocess Engineering Principles

Author : Pauline M. Doran
ISBN : 0080528120
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.70 MB
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The emergence and refinement of techniques in molecular biology has changed our perceptions of medicine, agriculture and environmental management. Scientific breakthroughs in gene expression, protein engineering and cell fusion are being translated by a strengthening biotechnology industry into revolutionary new products and services. Many a student has been enticed by the promise of biotechnology and the excitement of being near the cutting edge of scientific advancement. However, graduates trained in molecular biology and cell manipulation soon realise that these techniques are only part of the picture. Reaping the full benefits of biotechnology requires manufacturing capability involving the large-scale processing of biological material. Increasingly, biotechnologists are being employed by companies to work in co-operation with chemical engineers to achieve pragmatic commercial goals. For many years aspects of biochemistry and molecular genetics have been included in chemical engineering curricula, yet there has been little attempt until recently to teach aspects of engineering applicable to process design to biotechnologists. This textbook is the first to present the principles of bioprocess engineering in a way that is accessible to biological scientists. Other texts on bioprocess engineering currently available assume that the reader already has engineering training. On the other hand, chemical engineering textbooks do not consider examples from bioprocessing, and are written almost exclusively with the petroleum and chemical industries in mind. This publication explains process analysis from an engineering point of view, but refers exclusively to the treatment of biological systems. Over 170 problems and worked examples encompass a wide range of applications, including recombinant cells, plant and animal cell cultures, immobilised catalysts as well as traditional fermentation systems. * * First book to present the principles of bioprocess engineering in a way that is accessible to biological scientists * Explains process analysis from an engineering point of view, but uses worked examples relating to biological systems * Comprehensive, single-authored * 170 problems and worked examples encompass a wide range of applications, involving recombinant plant and animal cell cultures, immobilized catalysts, and traditional fermentation systems * 13 chapters, organized according to engineering sub-disciplines, are groupled in four sections - Introduction, Material and Energy Balances, Physical Processes, and Reactions and Reactors * Each chapter includes a set of problems and exercises for the student, key references, and a list of suggestions for further reading * Includes useful appendices, detailing conversion factors, physical and chemical property data, steam tables, mathematical rules, and a list of symbols used * Suitable for course adoption - follows closely curricula used on most bioprocessing and process biotechnology courses at senior undergraduate and graduate levels.
Category: Science

Bioreaction Engineering Principles

Author : Jens Nielsen
ISBN : 9781475746457
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.12 MB
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Integrating recent research on the physiology and modelling of bioreactions and bioreactors, the authors present a comprehensive, unified introduction to the principles and practices of the field. The work features nearly 100 detailed design examples and problems, many of which are suitable for hands-on demonstrations on a personal computer or for expanded research. The text will serve as a highly instructive guide for students in bioengineering and biotechnology, as well as biochemical, chemical, and environmental engineering.
Category: Science

Principles Of Bioseparations Engineering

Author : Raja Ghosh
ISBN : 9789813106765
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.7 MB
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Bioseparations engineering deals with the scientific and engineering principles involved in large-scale separation and purification of biological products. It is a key component of most chemical engineering/biotechnology/bioprocess engineering programmes. This book discusses the underlying principles of bioseparations engineering written from the perspective of an undergraduate course. It covers membrane based bioseparations in much more detail than some of the other books on bioseparations engineering. Based largely on the lecture notes the author developed to teach the course, this book is especially suitable for use as an undergraduate level textbook, as most other textbooks are targeted at graduate students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biotechnology And Bioengineering

Author : William G. Flynne
ISBN : 1604560673
Genre : Science
File Size : 78.11 MB
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Biotechnology is a popular term for the generic technology of the 21st century. Although it has been utilised for centuries in traditional production processes, modern biotechnology is only 50 years old and in the last decades it has been witnessing tremendous developments. Bioengineering is the science upon which all Biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems. Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. It is a broad-based engineering discipline that also may involve product design, sustainability and analysis of biological systems. In other words, Bioengineering is a discipline that applies engineering principles to biological systems for the purpose of developing new technologies of services to improve the living standards of societies. It exploits the new developments in molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, cell metabolism and engineering principles and applies them in order to understand living systems and to bring solutions various problems associated with these systems. This book presents leading research in both areas.
Category: Science

Biochemical Engineering

Author : MUKESH DOBLE
ISBN : 8120330528
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.47 MB
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This text is intended to provide students with a solid grounding in basic principles of biochemical engineering. Beginning with a historical review and essential concepts of biochemical engineering in part I, the next three parts are devoted to a comprehensive discussion of various topics in the areas of life sciences, kinetics of biological reactions and engineering principles. Having described the different building blocks of life, microbes, metabolism and bioenergetics, the book proceeds to explain enzymatic kinetics and kinetics of cell growth and product formation. The engineering principles cover transport phenomena in bioprocess systems and various bioreactors, downstream processing and environmental technology. Finally, the book concludes with an introduction to recombinant DNA technology. This textbook is designed for B.Tech. courses in biotechnology, B.Tech. courses in chemical engineering and other allied disciplines, and M.Sc. courses in biotechnology.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical Engineering Principles Second Edition

Author : Arthur B. Ritter
ISBN : 9781439812327
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36.22 MB
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Current demand in biomedical sciences emphasizes the understanding of basic mechanisms and problem solving rather than rigid empiricism and factual recall. Knowledge of the basic laws of mass and momentum transport as well as model development and validation, biomedical signal processing, biomechanics, and capstone design have indispensable roles in the engineering analysis of physiological processes. To this end, an introductory, multidisciplinary text is a must to provide the necessary foundation for beginning biomedical students. Assuming no more than a passing acquaintance with molecular biology, physiology, biochemistry, and signal processing, Biomedical Engineering Principles, Second Edition provides just such a solid, accessible grounding to this rapidly advancing field. Acknowledging the vast range of backgrounds and prior education from which the biomedical field draws, the organization of this book lends itself to a tailored course specific to the experience and interests of the student. Divided into four sections, the book begins with systems physiology, transport processes, cell physiology, and the cardiovascular system. Part I covers systems analysis, biological data, and modeling and simulation in experimental design, applying concepts of diffusion, and facilitated and active transport. Part II presents biomedical signal processing, reviewing frequency, periodic functions, and Fourier series as well as signal acquisition and processing techniques. Part III presents the practical applications of biomechanics, focusing on the mechanical and structural properties of bone, musculoskeletal, and connective tissue with respect to joint range, load bearing capacity, and electrical stimulation. The final part highlights capstone design, discussing design perspectives for living and nonliving systems, the role of the FDA, and the project timeline from inception to proof of concept. Cutting across many disciplines, Biomedical Engineering Principles, Second Edition offers illustrative examples as well as problems and discussion questions designed specifically for this book to provide a readily accessible, widely applicable introductory text.
Category: Medical

Genetic Engineering

Author : Jane K. Setlow
ISBN : 0306472805
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.30 MB
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Genetic Engineering, Volume 24 contains discussions of contemporary and relevant topics in genetics, including: -Gene silencing: principles and applications, -Integrins and the myocardium, -Plant virus gene vectors: biotechnology and applications in agriculture and medicine, -Novel approaches to controlling transcription, -Use of DNA polymorphisms in genetic mapping, -Application of FLP/FRT site-specific DNA recombination system in plants. This principles and methods approach to genetics and genetic engineering is essential reading for all academics, bench scientists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest and greatest in this continuously emerging field.
Category: Science

Metabolic Engineering

Author : Jens Nielsen
ISBN : 9783540453000
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.27 MB
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Metabolic engineering is a rapidly evolving field that is being applied for the optimization of many different industrial processes. In this issue of Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology, developments in different areas of metabolic engineering are reviewed. The contributions discuss the application of metabolic engineering in the improvement of yield and productivity - illustrated by amino acid production and the production of novel compounds - in the production of polyketides and extension of the substrate range - and in the engineering of S. cerevisiae for xylose metabolism, and the improvement of a complex biotransformation process.
Category: Science

Scientific And Engineering Principles

Author : Murray Moo-Young
ISBN : 9781483148458
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.11 MB
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Advances in Biotechnology, Volume I: Scientific and Engineering Principles is the first of a series of three volumes and is based on the proceedings of the Sixth International Fermentation Symposium (IFS-6) held in London, Ontario, Canada, 20-25 July 1980. This volume is organized into 13 sections and contains 111 papers which represent about 80% of the total submitted. Section I contains papers on microbial cultures. Section II presents studies on recombinant DNA and microbial genetics. The papers in Section III deal with plant and animal cell and tissue culture. Section IV examines the microbial oxidation of hydrocarbons. Sections V and VI focus on continuous cultures and free-cell fermentation, respectively. Section VII examines process dynamics and control. Section VIII takes up computer applications in biotechnology, while Section IX covers process instrumentation and analytical methods. Section X contains papers on transport phenomena, mixing and scale-up. Section XI examines the design and operation of unconventional bioreactors. Sections XII covers fixed-, fluidized- and semi-fluidized bed bioreactors, while Section XIII presents studies on immobilization bioreactors. The volume also includes invited keynote addresses of Nobel Laureate, Professor Joshua Lederberg, and Professor Elmer L. Gaden, Jr. Abstracts of the round-table discussion on Technology Transfer and Economics, and on Biotechnology Training Programs are presented as appendices.
Category: Science

Cell Culture Bioprocess Engineering Second Edition

Author : Wei-Shou Hu
ISBN : 9780429531897
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.59 MB
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This book is the culmination of three decades of accumulated experience in teaching biotechnology professionals. It distills the fundamental principles and essential knowledge of cell culture processes from across many different disciplines and presents them in a series of easy-to-follow, comprehensive chapters. Practicality, including technological advances and best practices, is emphasized. This second edition consists of major updates to all relevant topics contained within this work. The previous edition has been successfully used in training courses on cell culture bioprocessing over the past seven years. The format of the book is well-suited to fast-paced learning, such as is found in the intensive short course, since the key take-home messages are prominently highlighted in panels. The book is also well-suited to act as a reference guide for experienced industrial practitioners of mammalian cell cultivation for the production of biologics.
Category: Medical

Comprehensive Biotechnology The Principles Of Biotechnology

Author : Murray Moo-Young
ISBN : 0080325106
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.14 MB
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Biotechnology is defined as the evaluation and use of biological agents and materials in the production of goods and services for industry, trade and commerce. In this four-volume set there are two main divisions of the subject matter: an academic coverage of the disciplinary underpinnings of the field in Volumes 1 and 2, followed by a practical view of the various processes and products in Volumes 3 and 4. In the integration of these two areas, other common factors dealing with product quality, process economics and government policies are introduced at appropriate points throughout all four volumes. Volume 2 specifically delineates and integrates the unifying multidisciplinary principles of biotechnology in terms of relevant engineering fundamentals. As in the other volumes, a glossary of terms and nomenclature guidelines is included to assist both the beginner and the non-specialist.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biotechnology And Biochemical Engineering

Author : Prasanna B. D.
ISBN : 9789811019203
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.5 MB
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This book serves to highlight the seamless integration of the sciences leading to sustainable technologies. Chemical engineering is one of the major disciplines catering to the societal needs in the fields of energy, environment and materials. The chapters of this book have been selected to encompass the latest in industrial biotechnology and biochemical engineering principles and applications. The chapters are included here after careful review for content and depth. The book focuses on the relatively new areas of molecular biotechnology and nanotechnology which have a strong impact at the fundamental and process levels in chemical engineering. The book also covers analytical procedures, experimental techniques and process analysis in bioprocessing, bioremediation, green separation methods, and emerging nanoparticle applications. It should be useful to students, academicians, and practitioners alike.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Plant Biotechnology Principles And Applications

Author : Malik Zainul Abdin
ISBN : 9789811029615
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.9 MB
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The book traces the roots of plant biotechnology from the basic sciences to current applications in the biological and agricultural sciences, industry, and medicine. Providing intriguing opportunities to manipulate plant genetic and metabolic systems, plant biotechnology has now become an exciting area of research. The book vividly describes the processes and methods used to genetically engineer plants for agricultural, environmental and industrial purposes, while also discussing related bioethical and biosafety issues. It also highlights important factors that are often overlooked by methodologies used to develop plants’ tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses and in the development of special foods, bio-chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The topics discussed will be of considerable interest to both graduate and postgraduate students. Further, the book offers an ideal reference guide for teachers and researcher alike, bridging the gap between fundamental and advanced approaches.
Category: Science