ENERGY APPLICATIONS OF BIOMASS

Download Energy Applications Of Biomass ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to ENERGY APPLICATIONS OF BIOMASS book pdf for free now.

Biomass As Energy Source

Author : Erik Dahlquist
ISBN : 9780203120255
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 829
Read : 317

Global energy use is approximately 140 000 TWh per year. Interestingly, biomass production amounts to approximately 270 000 TWh per year, or roughly twice as much, whereas the official figure of biomass use for energy applications is 10-13% of the global energy use. This shows that biomass is not a marginal energy resource but more than capable of meeting all our energy and food needs, provided it is used efficiently. The use of food in generating energy has been extensively debated, but there is actually no need for it given the comprehensive resources available from agriculture and forestry waste. This book discusses the biomass resources available and aspects like efficient energy use. One way of using energy efficiently is to use waste biomass or cellulosic materials in biorefineries, where production of fibers and products from fibers is combined with production of most chemicals we need in our daily life. Such products include clothes, soap, perfume, medicines etc. Conventional pulp and paper applications, bio-fuel for vehicles and even fuel for aviation as well as heat and power production are covered. The problem with biomass is not availability, but the difficulty to use the resources efficiently without harming the long-term productivity. This book covers all types of resources on a global scale, making it unique. Many researchers from all over the world have contributed to give a good coverage of all the different international perspectives. This book will provide facts and inspiration to professionals, engineers, researchers, and students as well as to those working for various authorities and organizations.
Category: Science

Biomass And Bioenergy

Author : Khalid Rehman Hakeem
ISBN : 9783319075785
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.13 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 456
Read : 869

Biomass obtained from agricultural residues or forest can be used to produce different materials and bioenergy required in a modern society. As compared to other resources available, biomass is one of the most common and widespread resources in the world. Thus, biomass has the potential to provide a renewable energy source, both locally and across large areas of the world. It is estimated that the total investment in the biomass sector between 2008 and 2021 will reach the large sum of $104 billion. Presently bioenergy is the most important renewable energy option and will remain so the near and medium-term future. Previously several countries try to explore the utilization of biomass in bioenergy and composite sector. Biomass has the potential to become the world’s largest and most sustainable energy source and will be very much in demand. Bioenergy is based on resources that can be utilized on a sustainable basis all around the world and can thus serve as an effective option for the provision of energy services. In addition, the benefits accrued go beyond energy provision, creating unique opportunities for regional development. The present book will provide an up-to-date account of non-wood, forest residues, agricultural biomass (natural fibers), and energy crops together with processing, properties, and its applications to ensure biomass utilization and reuse. All aspects of biomass and bioenergy and their properties and applications will be critically re-examined. The book consists of three sections, presenting Non wood and forest products from forestry, arboriculture activities or from wood processing, agricultural biomass (natural fibers) from agricultural harvesting or processing and finally energy crops: high yield crops and grasses grown especially for energy production.​
Category: Science

Torrefaction Of Biomass For Energy Applications

Author : Leonel JR Nunes
ISBN : 9780128096970
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.18 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 694
Read : 153

Torrefaction of Biomass for Energy Applications: From Fundamentals to Industrial Scale explores the processes, technology, end-use, and economics involved in torrefaction at the industrial scale for heat and power generation. Its authors combine their industry experience with their academic expertise to provide a thorough overview of the topic. Starting at feedstock pretreatment, followed by torrefaction processes, the book includes plant design and operation, safety aspects, and case studies focusing on the needs and challenges of the industrial scale. Commercially available technologies are examined and compared, and their economical evaluation and life cycle assessment are covered as well. Attention is also given to non-woody feedstock, alternative applications, derived fuels, recent advances, and expected future developments. For its practical approach, this book is ideal for professionals in the biomass industry, including those in heat and power generation. It is also a useful reference for researchers and graduate students in the area of biomass and biofuels, and for decision makers, policy makers, and analysts in the energy field. Compares efficiency and performance of different commercially available technologies from the practical aspects of daily operation in an industrial scale plant Presents a cost analysis of the production, logistics, and storage of torrefied biomass Includes case studies addressing challenges that may occur in the daily operation in an industrial scale plant Covers other associated technologies, the densification of torrefied biomass, and non-woody feedstock
Category: Technology & Engineering

Direct Thermochemical Liquefaction For Energy Applications

Author : Lasse Rosendahl
ISBN : 9780081010259
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 580
Read : 1006

Direct Thermochemical Liquefaction for Energy Applications presents the state-of-the-art of the value chains associated with these biomass conversion technologies. It covers multiple feedstock availability and feedstock composition impact on process chemistry and product quality and composition. Expert authors from around the world explore co-processing benefits, process parameters, implementation and scaling, upgrading to drop-in liquid biofuels or integration into existing petrochemical refinery infrastructure. Finally, these topics are put into a sustainability perspective by establishing an LCA framework for this type of process. Its focus on implementation based on the most comprehensive knowledge makes this book particularly useful for researchers and graduate students from all sorts of background working in the field of biomass and biofuels. It is also a valuable reference for engineers working to commercialize DTL technologies, engineering specialists designing process equipment, refinery professionals and developers. Focuses on implementation and scaling of direct thermochemical liquefaction technologies for biomass conversion into biofuels Covers the state-of-the-art of the technologies, as well as technical and sustainability implementation aspects Includes new approaches and concepts developed around the world within the different DTL technologies
Category: Technology & Engineering

Forest Based Biomass Energy

Author : Frank Spellman
ISBN : 9781439860205
Genre : Nature
File Size : 51.14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 806
Read : 936

What is forest-based biomass energy and why should we care? Written by environmental expert Frank Spellman, Forest-Based Biomass Energy: Concepts and Applications details how forest biomass can be converted to energy and energy products, including direct combustion, pellets, gasification, and co-firing. It explores the possibilities of forest-based biomass energy for producing a reliable energy renewable energy source that will not destroy or pollute our fragile environment. Carefully avoiding the influence of media hype and political ideology, Spellman points out that every problem has a solution, we simply need to find sources and develop them. He delineates common-sense approaches and practical, sometimes poetic, examples. And he does all this while adhering to scientific principles, models, and observations. However, you need not be a scientist to understand the principles and concepts. Spellman goes easy on the hard math and science and presents the material in a user-friendly manner, weaving real-life situations throughout the fabric of the text. Features: Offers complete coverage of forest biomass, rather than simply touching on one source Includes several basic and practical mathematical operations illustrated with example problems and explained solutions Examines numerous types of tree stocks Contains information on silviculture Addresses growing transportation energy needs and limited petroleum resources Offers information on the benefits of Agroforestry This is not merely an answer book; it is designed to stimulate thought and new ideas. Although the author answers specific renewable energy and forest-derived feedstock questions, he also points out the disadvantages that need to be overcome to make forest-based renewable energy a viable alternative to fossil fuels. He provides a framework of principles you can use to understand the complexity of the situation of substituting a renewable energy source, such as forest-based biomass, for fossil fuels.
Category: Nature

Artificial Intelligence In Energy And Renewable Energy Systems

Author : Soteris Kalogirou
ISBN : 1600212611
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.86 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 382
Read : 762

Presents state of the art applications of artificial intelligence in energy and renewable energy systems design and modelling. This title covers such topics as solar energy, wind energy, biomass and hydrogen as well as building services systems, power generation systems, combustion processes and refrigeration.
Category: Science

Biomass Power For The World

Author : Wim P. M. van Swaaij
ISBN : 9789814613897
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.90 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 818
Read : 546

Energy from solar radiation, fixated by self-assembling plant structures, creates biomass that is converted to energy carriers fit for application in today’s and tomorrow’s energy-generating equipment. The central theme of this book is the development of the current largest renewable energy source for efficient applications in modern and developing society—biomass. The book is presented in an easy-to-understand manner for non-experts, nevertheless revealing the true challenges of this extremely broad area. Through this book, passionate pioneers and (ex-)EU officials tell the interesting history of the use of biomass by mankind in general and how the future of its modern use was shaped by active support of the European Union. The book mainly emphasizes specific technologies, both biological and thermo-chemical, from simple to extremely complex. Recognized experts explain these technologies in a clear way along with their future prospects. Climb on the shoulders of all 35 authors of the book and look into the close and distant future where interaction with other renewable sources will occur, and discover a renewable energy future in which an important role will be played by the oldest one—bioenergy.
Category: Science

Biomass In Small Scale Energy Applications

Author : Mateusz Szubel
ISBN : 0367251051
Genre :
File Size : 60.48 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 751
Read : 419

The book presents the current trends in the development of selected biomass-based technologies for distributed energy generation. It describes the methodology, experimental results and computer simulations with a focus on pilot systems and devices crucial in multiple applications with related environmental/economic issues. It describes which stages of design, development and application of advanced biomass-based energy devices are critical from success point of view of a given technology. It includes both technical/practical information and theoretical background related to combustion kinetics, thermodynamics in energy systems and properties of selected types of biomass with case studies.
Category: