EIGHT LITTLE PIGGIES REFLECTIONS IN NATURAL HISTORY

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Eight Little Piggies

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 9781473521834
Genre : Nature
File Size : 23.29 MB
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No one illuminates the wonderful workings of the natural world as perceptively and enjoyably as Stephen Jay Gould. In this volume of reflections on biology, history and culture, Gould addresses the burning issues of ecological crisis and contemporary species extinctions as well as giving us fascinating insights into evolution - such as the fact that the first land vertebrates had up to eight toes on each foot, and that the ichthyosaur had a very significant kink in its tail.
Category: Nature

Eight Little Piggies

Author : Steven James Gold
ISBN : 039303416X
Genre : Nature
File Size : 44.23 MB
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The author offers his insights on the disappearance of the Tahitian snail, the ecological crisis, the bent tail of an ichthyosaur, the evolution of the hearing bones, and more
Category: Nature

Paleontology

Author : Derek Turner
ISBN : 9781139497787
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.4 MB
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In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader to exciting recent work in the philosophy of paleontology and to theoretical issues including punctuated equilibria and species selection. He also critically examines some of the major accomplishments and arguments of paleontologists of the last 40 years.
Category: Science

Ireland S First Settlers

Author : Peter Woodman
ISBN : 9781782977797
Genre : History
File Size : 46.89 MB
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Ireland’s First Settlers tells the story of the archaeology and history of the first continuous phase of Ireland’s human settlement. It combines centuries of search and speculation about human antiquity in Ireland with a review of what is known today about the Irish Mesolithic. This is, in part, provided in the context of the author’s 50 years of personal experience searching to make sense of what initially appeared to be little more than a collection of beach rolled and battered flint tools. The story is embedded in how the island of Ireland, its position, distinct landscape and ecology impacted on when and how Ireland was colonized. It also explores how these first settlers evolved their technologies and lifeways to suit the narrow range of abundant resources that were available. The volume concludes with discussions on how the landscape should be searched for the often ephemeral traces of these early settlers and how sites should be excavated. It asks what we really know about the thoughts and life of the people themselves and what happened to them as farming began to be introduced.
Category: History

A Short History Of Nearly Everything

Author : Bill Bryson
ISBN : 9781409095484
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.86 MB
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Bill Bryson describes himself as a reluctant traveller, but even when he stays safely at home he can't contain his curiosity about the world around him. A Short History of Nearly Everything is his quest to understand everything that has happened from the Big Bang to the rise of civilization - how we got from there, being nothing at all, to here, being us. Bill Bryson's challenge is to take subjects that normally bore the pants off most of us, like geology, chemistry and particle physics, and see if there isn't some way to render them comprehensible to people who have never thought they could be interested in science. The ultimate eye-opening journey through time and space, A Short History of Nearly Everything is the biggest-selling popular science book of the 21st century, and reveals the world in a way most of us have never seen it before.
Category: Science

Constructivism In Science Education

Author : Michael R. Matthews
ISBN : 0792350332
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.73 MB
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Constructivism is one of the most influential theories in contemporary education and learning theory. It has had great influence in science education. The papers in this collection represent, arguably, the most sustained examination of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of constructivism yet published. Topics covered include: orthodox epistemology and the philosophical traditions of constructivism; the relationship of epistemology to learning theory; the connection between philosophy and pedagogy in constructivist practice; the difference between radical and social constructivism, and an appraisal of their epistemology; the strengths and weaknesses of the Strong Programme in the sociology of science and implications for science education. The book contains an extensive bibliography. Contributors include philosophers of science, philosophers of education, science educators, and cognitive scientists. The book is noteworthy for bringing this diverse range of disciplines together in the examination of a central educational topic.
Category: Science

The Lying Stones Of Marrakech

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 9781409000341
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.64 MB
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Stephen Jay Gould's writing remains the modern standard by which popular science writing is judged. Ever since the late 1970s up until till his death in 2002, his monthly essay in Natural History and his full-length books bridged the yawning gap between science and wider culture. In this fascinating new collection of essays from Natural History, Gould applied biographical perspectives to the illumination of key scientific concepts and their history, ranging from the origins of palaeontology to modern eugenics and genetic engineering. The essays brilliantly illuminate and elucidate the puzzles and paradoxes great and small that have fuelled the enterprise of science and opened our eyes to a world of unexpected wonders.
Category: Science

How Do You Know

Author : Russell Hardin
ISBN : 9781400830664
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 51.29 MB
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How do ordinary people come to know or believe what they do? We need an account of this process to help explain why people act as they do. You might think I am acting irrationally--against my interest or my purpose--until you realize that what you know and what I know differ significantly. My actions, given my knowledge, might make eminently good sense. Of course, this pushes our problem back one stage to assess why someone knows or believes what they do. That is the focus of this book. Russell Hardin supposes that people are not usually going to act knowingly against their interests or other purposes. To try to understand how they have come to their knowledge or beliefs is therefore to be charitable in assessing their rationality. Hardin insists on such a charitable stance in the effort to understand others and their sometimes objectively perverse actions. Hardin presents an essentially economic account of what an individual can come to know and then applies this account to many areas of ordinary life: political participation, religious beliefs, popular knowledge of science, liberalism, culture, extremism, moral beliefs, and institutional knowledge. All of these can be enlightened by the supposition that people are attempting reasonable actions under the severe constraints of acquiring better knowledge when they face demands that far outstretch their possibilities.
Category: Philosophy

Hidden Assets

Author : Charles Ehin
ISBN : 1402080816
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 55.86 MB
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Provides insights in cutting-edge models to put to practical use in order to increase an organaization's intellectual capital and new knowledge. Softcover version of the original that published in August 2004. Testimonials "Finally, a real breakthrough in management theory and philosophy. In Hidden Assets Ehin breaks the mold of current management thinking and presents a comprehensive and practical framework specifically designed for the knowledge economy." (Chris Tomecek, President, Bank of New York Separate Accounts Division) "Where was all of this when I needed it??? Over 40 years of management knowledge, experience, and tools packed into one book! What an incredible jump-start into a management career found in one quick-read work!" (Peter F. Gerity, Ph.D., Vice President for Academic Affairs, New Mexico Tech)
Category: Business & Economics

Environmental Literature

Author : Patricia D. Netzley
ISBN : UOM:39015047558104
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 46.44 MB
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Describes the main points and influence of such environmental writings as "Origin of Species," "Descent of Man," and "Silent Spring" which discuss animal ecology, biodiversity, forest management, and nature.
Category: Literary Collections