Download Dutch Armies Of The 80 Years War 1568 1648 2 ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Dutch Armies Of The 80 Years War 1568 1648 2 book pdf for free now.

Dutch Armies Of The 80 Years War 1568 1648 2

Author : Bouko de Groot
ISBN : 9781472819161
Genre : History
File Size : 33.41 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 802
Read : 957

Throughout the 16th Century, the Spanish had an aura of invincibility. They controlled a vast colonial empire that stretched across the Americas and the Pacific, and held considerable territories in Europe, centring on the so-called 'Spanish Road'. The Dutch War of Independence (also known as the 80 Years' War) was a major challenge to their dominance. The Dutch army created by Maurice of Nassau used innovative new tactics and training to take the fight to Spain and in so doing created a model that would be followed by European armies for generations to come. The second in a two-part series on the Dutch armies of the 80 Years' War, focuses on the cavalry, artillery and engineers of the evolving armies created by Maurice of Nassau. Using specially commissioned artwork and photographs of historical artefacts, it shows how the Dutch cavalry arm, artillery, and conduct of siege warfare contributed to the long struggle against the might of the Spanish Empire.
Category: History

Dutch Navies Of The 80 Years War 1568 1648

Author : Bouko de Groot
ISBN : 9781472831668
Genre : History
File Size : 28.10 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 528
Read : 434

The tiny new state of the United Provinces of the Netherlands won its independence from the mighty Spanish empire by fighting and winning the Eighty Years' War, from 1568 and 1648. In this long conflict, warfare on water played a much bigger role in determining the ultimate victor. On the high seas the fleet carved out a new empire, growing national income to such levels that it could continue the costly war for independence. Yet it was in coastal and inland waters that the most decisive battles were fought. Arguably the most decisive Spanish siege (Leiden, 1574) was broken by a fleet sailing to the rescue across flooded polders, and the battle of Nieuwpoort in 1600, the largest successful invasion fleet before World War II, was one of the most decisive battle in western history. Using detailed full colour artwork, this book shows how the Dutch navies fought worldwide in their war of independence, from Brazil to Indonesia, and from the Low Countries to Angola.
Category: History

The Origins Of The Telescope

Author : Albert Van Helden
ISBN : 9789069846156
Genre : Science
File Size : 57.62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 206
Read : 599

The origins of the telescope have been discussed and debated since shortly after the instrument's appearance in The Hague in 1608. Civic and national pride have led local dignitaries, popular writers, and numerous scholars to search the archives and to construct sharply divergent histories. Did the honor of the invention belong to the Dutch, to the Italians, to the English, or to the Spanish? And if the city of Middelburg in the Netherlands was, in fact, the cradle of the instrument, was the "true inventor" Hans Lipperhey or his rival Zacharias Jansen? Or was the instrument there before anyone knew it? Over the past several decades, a group of historians and scientists have sought out new documents, re-examined familiar ones, and tested early lenses and telescopes. This volume contains the proceedings of a symposium held in Middelburg in September 2008 to mark 400 years of the telescope. The essays in it, taken as a whole, present a new and convincing account of the origins of the instrument that changed mankind's vision of the universe.
Category: Science

Mary Ward

Author : Henriette Peters
ISBN : 0852442688
Genre : Religion
File Size : 49.67 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 367
Read : 984

Category: Religion

From Criminal To Courtier

Author : David Kunzle
ISBN : 9004123695
Genre : History
File Size : 41.40 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 246
Read : 656

At once military, social and art history, this book elucidates various visual media, much of it little known, that denounce military cruelty in the Netherlands of the 16th and 17th century. This unique Netherlands specialty contrasts with Rubens' glorification of war, and its justification in patriotic siege prints, Scipio Africanus, and the "courtiers" of the civic guard groups and Ter Borch.
Category: History

Renaissance Literatures And Postcolonial Studies

Author : Shankar Raman
ISBN : 9780748688692
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 61.17 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 107
Read : 469

Shows how Renaissance writers and artists struggled to reconcile past traditions with experiences of 'discovery'.
Category: Literary Criticism

War Entrepreneurs And The State In Europe And The Mediterranean 1300 1800

Author :
ISBN : 9789004271302
Genre : History
File Size : 80.5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 330
Read : 970

In War, Entrepreneurs and the State, leading authors on the topic of military logistics provide cutting-edge insights into the role of the entrepreneur in making war and building states in Europe and the Mediterranean between 1300 and 1800.
Category: History

Simon Stevin

Author : E.J. Dijksterhuis
ISBN : 9789401032070
Genre : History
File Size : 61.96 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 859
Read : 1214

The works of Simon Stevin are most interesting for the history of science, because they have such a wide scope and reflect so clearly the development of scientific knowledge around 1600 in central Europe. The recent publi cation of his Principal Works, with an English translation, has again attracted attention to his fascinating personality. The book on Stevin by Professor E. J. Dijksterhuis, originally published in the Dutch language, is an excellent introduction to the life and works of this remarkable Netherlander. Dijksterhuis prepared a somewhat condensed English edition, adapted to the foreign reader. Because of his untimely death, publication had to be deferred until the undersigned were able to undertake the editorial work. The Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam, allowed a grant, through which a linguistic revision of the text was made possible. We are very grateful to Miss C. Dikshoorn for the care with which she carried out this task and prepared the text for the press. A few supplementary notes have been added, for which we are personally responsible and which have been marked with our initials (R.H. or M.M.). Messrs Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, who published the original Dutch edition, have kindly agreed to bring out also the English version and have given all their attention to this publication. R. HOOYKAAS M. G. J. MINNAERT INTRODUCTION Modern science was born in the period beginning with Copernicus's work De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium (l543) and ending with Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687).
Category: History

Democracies And The Shock Of War

Author : Professor Marc Cogen
ISBN : 9781409483151
Genre : History
File Size : 40.47 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 460
Read : 455

Over the course of the twentieth century, democracies demonstrated an uncanny ability to win wars when their survival was at stake. As this book makes clear, this success cannot be explained merely by superior military equipment or a particular geographical advantage. Instead, it is argued that the legal frameworks imbedded in democratic societies offered them a fundamental advantage over their more politically restricted rivals. For democracies fight wars aided by codes of behaviour shaped by their laws, customs and treaties that reflect the wider values of their society. This means that voters and the public can influence the decision to wage and sustain war. Thus, a precarious balance between government, parliament and military leadership is the backbone of any democracy at war, and the key to success or failure. Beginning with the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century writings of Alberico Gentili and Hugo Grotius, this book traces the rise of legal concepts of war between states. It argues that the ideas and theories set out by the likes of Gentili and Grotius were to provide the bedrock of western democratic thinking in wartime. The book then moves on to look in detail at the two World Wars of the twentieth century and how legal thinking adapted itself to the realities of industrial and total war. In particular it focuses upon the impact of differing political ideologies on the conduct of war, and how combatant nations were frequently forced to challenge core beliefs and values in order to win. Through a combination of history and legal philosophy, this book contributes to a better understanding of democratic government when it is most severely tested at war. The ideas and concepts addressed will resonate, both with those studying the past, and current events.
Category: History

Wars Involving The Dutch Republic

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230830936
Genre :
File Size : 77.44 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 916
Read : 571

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 76. Chapters: Dano-Swedish War (1658-1660), Dutch-Portuguese War, Eighty Years' War, Franco-Dutch War, Kettle War, Khoikhoi-Dutch Wars, Malayan-Portuguese War, Nine Years' War, Portuguese Restoration War, Scanian War, Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War, War of the Julich Succession, War of the Quadruple Alliance, War of the Spanish Succession. Excerpt: The Eighty Years' War, or Dutch War of Independence, (1568-1648), began as a revolt of the Seventeen Provinces against Philip II of Spain, the sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands. After the initial stages, Philip II deployed his armies and regained control over most of the rebelling provinces. However, under the leadership of the exiled William of Orange, the northern provinces continued their resistance and managed to oust the Habsburg armies, and established the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. The subsequent war continued, although the heartland of the republic was no longer threatened. The war ended in 1648 with the Peace of Munster, when the Dutch Republic was recognised as an independent country. In the decades leading to the war, the Dutch had become increasingly discontented with Habsburg rule. A major cause of Dutch discontent was the heavy level of taxation the population was required to pay, while support and guidance from the government was hampered by the size of the empire. At that time the Seventeen Provinces were known in the Habsburg empire as De landen van herwaarts over, and in French Les pays de par deca ("those lands around there"). In practice this meant that the Dutch provinces were being continually criticized for acting without permission from the throne, while the latter was not practical since any request for permission sent to the throne would take at least four weeks for a response to return. This unrest was further amplified...