Distillation Principles And Processes

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Distillation Principles And Processes

Author : Sydney Young
ISBN : 9354004121
Genre :
File Size : 26.16 MB
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This book has been considered by academicians and scholars of great significance and value to literature. This forms a part of the knowledge base for future generations. So that the book is never forgotten we have represented this book in a print format as the same form as it was originally first published. Hence any marks or annotations seen are left intentionally to preserve its true nature.
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Distillation Fundamentals And Principles

Author : Andrzej Gorak
ISBN : 9780123865489
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.74 MB
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Distillation: Fundamentals and Principles — winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics — is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the theory and practice of modern distillation, suitable for advanced students and professionals working in a laboratory, industrial plants, or a managerial capacity. It addresses the most important and current research on industrial distillation, including all steps in process design (feasibility study, modeling, and experimental validation), together with operation and control aspects. This volume features an extra focus on the conceptual design of distillation. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers Practical information on the newest development written by recognized experts Coverage of a huge range of laboratory and industrial distillation approaches Extensive references for each chapter facilitates further study
Category: Science

Membrane Distillation

Author : Mohamed Khayet
ISBN : 9780444531261
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.15 MB
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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes
Category: Science

Distillation

Author : Johann G. Stichlmair
ISBN : UOM:39015045634303
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.82 MB
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A completely thorough and up-to-date guide to modern distillation methods and their applications Distillation has been used for separating liquid mixtures for more than two thousand years, and it continues to be the most widely used separation technique in key industries throughout the industrialized world. Although the basic principles have remained the same since the days of the ancient Egyptians, new distillation and distillation control methods continue to be developed to satisfy a variety of highly specialized requirements. Encyclopedic in scope, this book provides distillation technicians with a uniquely comprehensive, up-to-date account of distillation methods currently employed in the oil, petrochemical, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. The authors begin by acquainting readers with the principles of vapor-liquid equilibrium and the essential calculations for determining phase equilibria and equilibrium curves. Subsequent chapters are devoted to practical discussions of virtually all modern distillation methods, including batch, single stage, multistage continuous, multistage batch, and others. A wide array of industrial applications are described, including everything from crude oil distillation and argon recovery from air to water purification and ammonia recovery from wastewater. Special sections deal with the separation of azeotropic mixtures and the energy demand of distillation processes. Concluding chapters are devoted to detailed, extremely well illustrated descriptions of practical equipment design and modern distillation control methods. Distillation: Principles and Practice is an indispensable working resource for distillation technicians working in the oil, petrochemical, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries.
Category: Science

Instrument Engineers Handbook Volume Two

Author : Bela G. Liptak
ISBN : 1420064002
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.26 MB
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The latest update to Bela Liptak's acclaimed "bible" of instrument engineering is now available. Retaining the format that made the previous editions bestsellers in their own right, the fourth edition of Process Control and Optimization continues the tradition of providing quick and easy access to highly practical information. The authors are practicing engineers, not theoretical people from academia, and their from-the-trenches advice has been repeatedly tested in real-life applications. Expanded coverage includes descriptions of overseas manufacturer's products and concepts, model-based optimization in control theory, new major inventions and innovations in control valves, and a full chapter devoted to safety. With more than 2000 graphs, figures, and tables, this all-inclusive encyclopedic volume replaces an entire library with one authoritative reference. The fourth edition brings the content of the previous editions completely up to date, incorporates the developments of the last decade, and broadens the horizons of the work from an American to a global perspective. Béla G. Lipták speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Special Distillation Processes

Author : Zhigang Lei
ISBN : 0080455751
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.20 MB
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Special distillation processes are required for separation of mixtures close to boiling point or for forming azeotrope mixtures into their pure components. In Special Distillation Processes, the authors focus on latest developments in the field, such as separation methods that may prove useful for solving problems encountered during research. Topics include extraction, membrane and adsorption distillation involving the separation principle, process design and experimental techniques. The relationship between the processes and the techniques are also presented. Comprehensive and easy-to-read, this book provides key information needed to understand the processes and is a valuable reference source for chemical engineers as well as students wishing to branch out in chemical engineering. * The only comprehensive book available on special distillation processes * Contains a thorough introduction to recent developments in the field * A valuable reference for students and engineers in chemical engineering
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distillation Control

Author : Cecil L. Smith
ISBN : 9781118259696
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.7 MB
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Learn to Design the Best Control Configuration for AnyDistillation Column Today, distillation is by far the most common separationtechnique used in the chemical and petroleum industries. Alldistillation columns need to be carefully controlled in order tomeet specified production and quality levels. DistillationControl enables readers to do this by approaching the subjectfrom a process to develop, analyze, and troubleshoot all aspects ofcolumn controls. Readers are efficiency and effectiveness andminimizing coats. Distillation Control begins with a chapter dedicated tounderlying principles, including separation processes, reflux andboilup ratios, and composition dynamics. Next, the author coverssuch critical topics as: Composition control Pressure control and condensers Reboilers and feed preheaters Application of feedforward Unit optimization Complex towers As readers progress through the text, they’ll discoverthat the best control configuration for a distillation column islargely determined using steady-state process characteristics. Thestage-by-stage separation models that the author sets forth forcolumn design, therefore, provide information that is essential indeveloping the optimal control configuration. In addition to its clear explanations, DistillationControl is filled with clear diagrams and illustrations thatclarify complex concepts and guide readers through multi-stepprocedures. Engineers as well as other professionals working in processfacilities that use distillation to separate materials will finthat this book enables them to implement the latest tested andproven distillation control methods to meet their particularprocessing needs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Pervaporation Vapour Permeation And Membrane Distillation

Author : Angelo Basile
ISBN : 9781782422563
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.98 MB
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Vapour permeation and membrane distillation are two emerging membrane technologies for the production of vapour as permeate, which, in addition to well-established pervaporation technology, are of increasing interest to academia and industry. As efficient separation and concentration processes, they have high potential for use in the energy, water, chemical, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Part One begins by covering the fundamentals, preparation and characterization of pervaporation, before going on to outline the associated systems and applications. State of the art uses, future trends and next generation pervaporation are then discussed. Part Two then explores the preparation, characterization, systems and applications of membranes for vapour permeation, followed by modelling and the new generation of vapour permeation membranes. Finally, Part Three outlines the fundamentals of membrane distillation and its applications in integrated systems, before the book concludes with a view of the next generation. Explores three emerging membrane technologies that produce vapour as a permeate. Looks at the fundamentals, applications, state of the art uses and next generation of each technology. Provides an authoritative guide for chemical engineers and academic researchers interested in membrane technologies for desalination, process water/steam treatment, water purification, VOCs removal and other aspects of pollution control, industrial process chemistry, renewable energy production or separation and concentration in the food/pharmaceutical industries.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distillation Equipment And Processes

Author : Andrzej Gorak
ISBN : 9780123868794
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.8 MB
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Distillation: Equipment and Processes—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers—is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the theory and practice of modern distillation, suitable for advanced students and professionals working in a laboratory, industrial plants, or a managerial capacity. It addresses the most important and current research on industrial distillation, including all steps in process design (feasibility study, modeling, and experimental validation), together with operation and control aspects. This volume features an extra focus on distillation equipment and processes. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers Practical information on the newest development written by recognized experts Coverage of a huge range of laboratory and industrial distillation approaches Extensive references for each chapter facilitates further study
Category: Science

Principles Of Mass Transfer And Seperation Processes

Author : BINAY K. DUTTA
ISBN : 9788120329904
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.1 MB
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This textbook is targetted to undergraduate students in chemical engineering, chemical technology, and biochemical engineering for courses in mass transfer, separation processes, transport processes, and unit operations. The principles of mass transfer, both diffusional and convective have been comprehensively discussed. The application of these principles to separation processes is explained. The more common separation processes used in the chemical industries are individually described in separate chapters. The book also provides a good understanding of the construction, the operating principles, and the selection criteria of separation equipment. Recent developments in equipment have been included as far as possible. The procedure of equipment design and sizing has been illustrated by simple examples. An overview of different applications and aspects of membrane separation has also been provided. ‘Humidification and water cooling’, necessary in every process indus-try, is also described. Finally, elementary principles of ‘unsteady state diffusion’ and mass transfer accompanied by a chemical reaction are covered. SALIENT FEATURES : • A balanced coverage of theoretical principles and applications. • Important recent developments in mass transfer equipment and practice are included. • A large number of solved problems of varying levels of complexities showing the applications of the theory are included. • Many end-chapter exercises. • Chapter-wise multiple choice questions. • An Instructors manual for the teachers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multistage Separation Processes

Author : Fouad M. Khoury
ISBN : 9781482230574
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21.20 MB
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The latest edition of a perennial bestseller, Multistage Separation Processes, Fourth Edition provides a clear and thorough presentation of the theoretical foundation, and understanding of the development, evaluation, design, and optimization steps of these processes, from both an academic and industrial perspective. The book's emphasis on starting
Category: Mathematics

Separation Process Engineering

Author : Phillip C. Wankat
ISBN : 9780132440912
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.71 MB
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The Comprehensive Introduction to Standard and Advanced Separation for Every Chemical Engineer Separation Process Engineering, Second Edition helps readers thoroughly master both standard equilibrium staged separations and the latest new processes. The author explains key separation process with exceptional clarity, realistic examples, and end-of-chapter simulation exercises using Aspen Plus. The book starts by reviewing core concepts, such as equilibrium and unit operations; then introduces a step-by-step process for solving separation problems. Next, it introduces each leading processes, including advanced processes such as membrane separation, adsorption, and chromatography. For each process, the author presents essential principles, techniques, and equations, as well as detailed examples. Separation Process Engineering is the new, thoroughly updated edition of the author's previous book, Equilibrium Staged Separations. Enhancements include improved organization, extensive new coverage, and more than 75% new homework problems, all tested in the author's Purdue University classes. Coverage includes Detailed problems with real data, organized in a common format for easier understanding Modular simulation exercises that support courses taught with simulators without creating confusion in courses that do not use them Extensive new coverage of membrane separations, including gas permeation, reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, and key applications A detailed introduction to adsorption, chromatography and ion exchange: everything students need to understand advanced work in these areas Discussions of standard equilibrium stage processes, including flash distillation, continuous column distillation, batch distillation, absorption, stripping, and extraction
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dynamics And Control Of Chemical Reactors Distillation Columns And Batch Processes Dycord 92

Author : J.G. Balchen
ISBN : 9781483298771
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.74 MB
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In addition to the three main themes: chemical reactors, distillation columns, and batch processes this volume also addresses some of the new trends in dynamics and control methodology such as model based predictive control, new methods for identification of dynamic models, nonlinear control theory and the application of neural networks to identification and control. Provides a useful reference source of the major advances in the field.
Category: Science

Principles Of Desalination

Author : K Spiegler
ISBN : 9780323145251
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.25 MB
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Principles of Desalination focuses on the principles of the developing technology of large-scale desalting. This book presents the principal desalting methods and explores the process of hyperfiltration or reverse osmosis. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the water use and the problem of a potential water shortage. This text then discusses the fundamentals of the major desalting methods in use and explores the basic scientific and design principles that underlie the methods. Other chapters consider the method of vapor reheat distillation, which incorporates the liquid–liquid heat exchange principle. This book discusses as well the various aspects of ion exchange and explores the mechanisms in dual-purpose plants producing both distilled water and steam-turbine raised power. The final chapter considers the cost of conventional water supplies. This book is a valuable resource for technologists and scientists. Students in the graduate courses of engineering will also find this book useful.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distillation Principles

Author : Cyril Elliot
ISBN : UCAL:$B276599
Genre : Distillation
File Size : 66.58 MB
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Category: Distillation

European Symposium On Computer Aided Process Engineering 10

Author : S. Pierucci
ISBN : 008053130X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.4 MB
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This book includes papers presented at ESCAPE-10, the 10th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process -Engineering, held in Florence, Italy, 7-10th May, 2000. The scientific program reflected two complementary strategic objectives of the 'Computer Aided Process Engineering' (CAPE) Working Party: one checked the status of historically consolidated topics by means of their industrial application and their emerging issues, while the other was addressed to opening new windows to the CAPE audience by inviting adjacent Working Parties to co-operate in the creation of the technical program. The former CAPE strategic objective was covered by the topics: Numerical Methods, Process Design and Synthesis, Dynamics & Control, Process Modeling, Simulation and Optimization. The latter CAPE strategic objective derived from the European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE) promotion of scientific activities which autonomously and transversely work across the Working Parties' terms of references. These activities enhance the exchange of the know-how and knowledge acquired by different Working Parties in homologous fields. They also aim to discover complementary facets useful to the dissemination of tools and of novel procedures. As a consequence, the Working Parties 'Environmental Protection', 'Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion' and 'Multiphase Fluid Flow' were invited to assist in the organization of sessions in the area of: A Process Integrated Approach for: Environmental Benefit, Loss Prevention and Safety, Computational Fluid Dynamics. A total of 473 abstracts from all over the world were evaluated by the International Scientific Committee. Out of them 197 have been finally selected for the presentation and reported into this book. Their authors come from thirty different countries. The selection of the papers was carried out by twenty-eight international reviewers. These proceedings will be a major reference document to the scientific and industrial community and will contribute to the progress in Computer Aided Process Engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Distillation Hydrocarbon Processing Practices

Author : Ashis Nag
ISBN : 9781593703431
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.54 MB
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Distillation & Hydrocarbon Processing Practices is a practical reference guide to the design and operations of hydrocarbon processing plants (refineries, petrochemical plants, and gas processing plants). Ashis Nag illustrates advanced practices in distillation with examples of process simulation and basic principles. Nag’s extensive knowledge and more than 35 years of experience as an engineer supply the practical examples and design guidelines contained in this text. Its many case studies will assist engineering students as well as practicing engineers in understanding the inner workings at these complex facilities.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thermal Separation Processes

Author : Klaus Sattler
ISBN : 9783527615469
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.78 MB
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This much-needed book presents a clear and very practice-oriented overview of thermal separation processes. An extensive introduction elucidates the physical and physicochemical fundamentals of different unit operations used to separate homogenous mixtures. This is followed by a concise text with numerous explanatory figures and tables referring to process and design, flowsheets, basic engineering and examples of separation process applications. Very helpful guidance in the form of process descriptions, calculation models and operation data is presented in an easy-to- understand manner thereby assisting the practicing engineer in the choosing and evaluation of separation processes and facilitating the modeling and design of innovative equipment. A comprehensive reference list provides further opportunity for the following up of special separation problems. Chemical and mechanical engineers, chemists, physicists and biotechnologists in research and development, plant design and environmental protection, as well as students in chemical engineering and natural sciences will find this all-embracing reference guide of tremendous value and practical use.
Category: Science