Directed Drug Delivery

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Directed Drug Delivery

Author : Ronald T. Borchardt
ISBN : 9781461251866
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42.15 MB
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This book is based on the proceedings of the symposium entitled "Di rected Drug Delivery: A Multidisciplinary Problem," which was held in Lawrence, Kansas on October 17-19, 1984. The purpose of the sym posium and this book is to focus on the multidisciplinary nature of drug delivery. Development of a successful drug delivery system re quires contributions from various scientific disciplines, including pharmaceutical chemistry, analytical chemistry, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, and clinical medicine. The contents of this volume illustrate the importance of the various disci plines in identifying the problems and approaches for the develop ment of a rational and effective drug delivery system. Thus the infor mation provided herein will be of value not only to the pharmaceutical chemists who are responsible for dosage form design, but also to the pharmacokineticists, pharmacologists, and clinicians involved in bio logical evaluation of drug delivery systems. The volume should also be of interest to the analytical chemists who must provide technology to quantitcltively evaluate drug delivery. Additionally, this work will also interest the biochemists and medicinal chemists involved in drug dis covery, since the drug delivery system often plays a major role in determining the success or failure of a new drug entity. Each speaker at the symposium was requested to contribute a chapter reviewing the contribution of their major discipline to the de velopment of a successful drug delivery system.
Category: Medical

Drug Delivery

Author : Binghe Wang
ISBN : 9780471475712
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.13 MB
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An indispensable tool for those working at the front lines of new drug development Written for busy professionals at the forefront of new drug development, Drug Delivery gets readers quickly up to speed on both the principles and latest applications in the increasingly important field of drug delivery. Recent developments in such areas as combinatorial chemistry, proteomics, and genomics have revolutionized researchers' ability to rapidly identify and synthesize new pharmacological compounds. However, delivery-related properties remain a significant reason for clinical trial failures. Bringing together contributions by leading international experts, Drug Delivery covers the entire field in a systematic but concise way. It begins with an in-depth review of key fundamentals, such as physiochemical and biological barriers; drug delivery pathways; metabolism; drug formulation; pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic issues; and more. The remainder of the book is devoted to the systematic examination-including overviews, timely examples, and extensive references-of a host of specific subjects, including: * Receptor-mediated drug delivery * Prodrug delivery approaches * Oral protein and peptide drug delivery * Gene therapy and gene delivery * Ultrasound-mediated drug delivery * Polycationic peptides and proteins in drug delivery * Pulmonary drug delivery * Antibody-directed drug delivery * Efflux transporters in drug excretion * Intellectual property issues in drug delivery
Category: Science

Textbook Of Drug Design And Discovery Third Edition

Author : Tommy Liljefors
ISBN : 0415282888
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86.67 MB
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Building on the success of the previous editions, Textbook of Drug Design and Discovery has been thoroughly revised and updated to provide a complete source of information on all facets of drug design and discovery for students of chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology, biochemistry, and medicine. The book follows drug design from the initial lead identification through optimization and structure-activity relationship with reference to the final processes of clinical evaluation and registration. Chapters investigate the design of enzyme inhibitors and drugs for particular cellular targets such as ion channels and receptors, and also explore specific classes of drug such as peptidomimetics, antivirals and anticancer agents. The use of gene technology in pharmaceutical research, computer modeling techniques, and combinatorial approaches are also included.
Category: Medical

Bio Targets And Drug Delivery Approaches

Author : Sabyasachi Maiti
ISBN : 9781315353074
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35.95 MB
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The advances in drug delivery systems over recent years have resulted in a large number of novel delivery systems with the potential to revolutionize the treatment and prevention of diseases. Bio-Targets and Drug Delivery Approaches is an easy-to-read book for students, researchers and pharmaceutical scientists providing a comprehensive introduction to the principles of advanced drug delivery and targeting their current applications and potential future developments.
Category: Medical

Prodrugs And Targeted Delivery

Author : Jarkko Rautio
ISBN : 9783527633180
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23.72 MB
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This topical reference and handbook addresses the chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and the patentability of prodrugs, perfectly mirroring the integrated approach prevalent in today's drug design. It summarizes current experiences and strategies for the rational design of prodrugs, beginning at the early stages of the development process, as well as discussing organ- and site-selective prodrugs. Every company employing medicinal chemists will be interested in this practice-oriented overview of a key strategy in modern drug discovery and development.
Category: Medical

Modified Release Drug Delivery Technology

Author : Michael J. Rathbone
ISBN : 9780824708696
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20.27 MB
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Describing formulation challenges and their solutions in the design, development, and commercialization of modified-release drugs delivery systems, this book contains eighty papers that review recent developments in design and manufacturing techniques. It includes detailed descriptions of extended release drug products for the oral, nasal, ophthalmic, pulmonary, vaginal, dermal and transdermal pathways. With the exception of the final section addressing regulatory issues, each section covers a particular route for drug delivery and opens with an overview of the anatomical, physiological, and pharmaceutical basics of each route before moving on to cover specific technologies.
Category: Medical

Drug Delivery

Author : Monika Schäfer-Korting
ISBN : 3642004776
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40.43 MB
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In the view of most experts pharmacology is on drugs, targets, and actions. In the context the drug as a rule is seen as an active pharmaceutical ingredient and not as a complex mixture of chemical entities of a well defined structure. Today, we are becoming more and more aware of the fact that delivery of the active compound to the target site is a key. The present volume gives a topical overview on various modern approaches to drug targeting covering today’s options for specific carrier systems allowing successful drug treatment at various sites of the body difficult to address and allowing to increase the benefit-risk-ratio to the optimum possible.
Category: Medical

Organ Directed Toxicities Of Anticancer Drugs

Author : Miles P. Hacker
ISBN : 9781461320234
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53.33 MB
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The addition of chemotherapy as an effective means to treat cancer has had a major impact on selected human malignancies. Due to a general inability to dif ferentiate between normal and neoplastic cells, little selectivity exists in currently used oncolytic drugs. Consequently, significant toxicity to the patient is expected when systemic cancer chemotherapy is chosen as an appropriate therapeutic in tervention. Much of this toxicity, such as damage to the bone marrow, gastroin testinal tract, or hair follicles, is predictable based upon the fact that anticancer drugs kill actively dividing cells. These types of toxicities, while serious, are usually manageable and reversible and are, therefore, not often considered to be dose limiting. Unfortunately, several of the most important anticancer drugs also damage tissues in which the growth fraction is relatively small. Such toxicities can not be predicted based on the chemical structure of the drugs, are often not detected in preclinical studies, and are encountered frequently for the first time in clinical studies. Further, unlike most of the proliferative-dependent toxicities, the unpre dicted toxicities are usually irreversible or only partially reversible upon cessation of drug administration. Because of this, the unpredicted toxicities are referred to as dose limiting. They represent a significant barrier to the ultimate efficacy of several of our most important anticancer drugs.
Category: Medical

Drug Delivery In Oncology

Author : Felix Kratz
ISBN : 9783527647750
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47.85 MB
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In this first authoritative overview on modern cancer chemotherapy 121 international specialists have contributed their experience and recent data for what is likely to become the gold standard in the field. The authors summarize knowledge gained over the past decade, from basic concepts to successful applications in the clinic, covering active and passive targeting strategies as well as tissue-specific approaches. All current and future targeted delivery systems are discussed, from ligand-based to antibody-based polymer-based systems, right up to micro- and nanoparticulate systems. A special section covers the delivery of nucleic acid therapeutics, such as siRNA, miRNA and antisense nucleotides. In each case, a description of the basic technique is followed by a discussion of the latest preclinical and clinical developments in the field. By virtue of its clear and didactic structure, rich illustrative material and summary chapters, this handbook and ready reference enables the efficient transfer of knowledge between different disciplines, from basic research to the clinician and vice versa. It is equally well suited for professionals, researchers and students in medical oncology and cancer biology, and is also excellent for teaching medical students the foundations of 21st century cancer chemotherapy.
Category: Medical

Multiphase Biomedical Materials

Author : Teiji Tsuruta
ISBN : 906764109X
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.52 MB
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Following many reports that were published in the last two decades on correlations of multiphase structures of the surface of materials with their antithrombogenicity or biocompatibility a research project ''Design of Multiphase Biomedical Materials'' was carried out in Japan between 1982 and 1986. The objective of this research project was to elucidate various aspects of biomedical behaviour of multiphase systems at the interface with living bodies at the molecular, cellular and tissue levels. Multiphase materials studied cover polymers having microphase-separated structures, hydrogels, immobilized enzymes (or cells), ceramics and metallic materials. The research project was carried out by the following subgroups: -- Multiphase biomedical materials with microdomain structures -- Multiphase biomedical materials containing liquid components -- Hybrid-type multiphase biomedical materials with biological components -- Inorganic and metallic multiphase biomedical materials -- Methods for analysis and evaluation of multiphase biomedical materials This book contains the results of the research project in an edited form and aims to provoke a better understanding about various aspects of cell--material interactions in which the multiphase systems play a crucial role.
Category: Science

Drug Delivery In Oncology 3 Volume Set

Author : Felix Kratz
ISBN : 9783527328239
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 441
Read : 1159

In this first authoritative overview on modern cancer chemotherapy 121 international specialists have contributed their experience and recent data for what is likely to become the gold standard in the field. The authors summarize knowledge gained over the past decade, from basic concepts to successful applications in the clinic, covering active and passive targeting strategies as well as tissue-specific approaches. All current and future targeted delivery systems are discussed, from ligand-based to antibody-based polymer-based systems, right up to micro- and nanoparticulate systems. A special section covers the delivery of nucleic acid therapeutics, such as siRNA, miRNA and antisense nucleotides. In each case, a description of the basic technique is followed by a discussion of the latest preclinical and clinical developments in the field. By virtue of its clear and didactic structure, rich illustrative material and summary chapters, this handbook and ready reference enables the efficient transfer of knowledge between different disciplines, from basic research to the clinician and vice versa. It is equally well suited for professionals, researchers and students in medical oncology and cancer biology, and is also excellent for teaching medical students the foundations of 21st century cancer chemotherapy.
Category: Medical

Gibaldi S Drug Delivery Systems In Pharmaceutical Care

Author : Mary Lee
ISBN : 9781585281367
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.5 MB
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It is important to make therapeutics a critical component of teaching about dosage forms and to make dosage forms and drug delivery systems an integral part of therapeutics. This book will be the first to focus on the therapeutic impact of drug dosage forms.Tying together concepts of traditional pharmaceutics with therapeutics, Drug Delivery Systemsin Pharmaceutical Care demonstrates how the modern clinical pharmacist can integrate knowledge in pharmaceutical sciences and therapeutics with appreciation of patient needs and nuances to advise on preferable and optimal product choices.Each chapter represents a collaboration of a clinical pharmacist practitioner and a pharmaceutical scientist. This unique perspective takes the science of dosage form design and helps translate the theory into the pragmatic.Special Features: Case studies and problems to help students get a better understanding of concepts Well-organized chapters with outlines and objectives Summary tables and helpful figures, along with reasonable compilations of original references Final sections with 'Learning Points' that reinforce essential material. Foreword by William J. Jusko, PhD, Professor and Chair, University of Buffalo, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Category: Medical

Adler S Physiology Of The Eye E Book

Author : Leonard A Levin
ISBN : 9780323081160
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.34 MB
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Drs. Paul L. Kaufman, Albert Alm, Leonard A Levin, Siv F. E. Nilsson, James Ver Hoeve, and Samuel Wu present the 11th Edition of the classic text Adler’s Physiology of the Eye, updated to enhance your understanding of ocular function. This full-color, user-friendly edition captures the latest molecular, genetic, and biochemical discoveries and offers you unparalleled knowledge and insight into the physiology of the eye and its structures. A new organization by function, rather than anatomy, helps you make a stronger connection between physiological principles and clinical practice; and more than 1,000 great new full-color illustrations help clarify complex concepts. Deepen your grasp of the physiological principles that underlie visual acuity, color vision, ocular circulation, the extraocular muscle, and much more. Glean the latest knowledge in the field, including the most recent molecular, genetic, and biochemical discoveries. Make a stronger connection between physiology and clinical practice with the aid of an enhanced clinical emphasis throughout, as well as a new organization by function rather than by anatomy. Better visualize all concepts by viewing 1,000 clear, full-color illustrations.
Category: Medical

Nuclear Imaging In Drug Discovery Development And Approval

Author : BURNS
ISBN : 9781468468083
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 49.86 MB
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It is the purpose and business of the pharmaceutical industry to dis cover, develop, and make available drugs for the care of the sick. The purpose of universities and national laboratories is to provide people and scientific knowledge that can help in the process. This book presents the combined efforts of scientists from the drug in dustry, academic laboratories and national laboratories to describe advances in radiotracer technology in studies on experimental ani mals and living human beings. The authors believe that the technol ogy is now ready for widespread application in the pharmaceutical industry. The goal of this book is to help bring this about. The field of Nuclear Medicine is based on the concept that, if treatment of disease is chemical, the patient's diagnosis should be chemical. Anatomy and histopathology have been the principle ba sis for making a diagnosis. Histopathologic data suffer from being descriptive, subjective, not quantifiable, and based on the study of dead tissue. The era of histopathology as the dominant concept in medical practice is coming to an end. Histopathologic findings are often heterogeneous and a single biopsy will at times not reveal the true nature of the disease, such as the grading of malignancy. Far greater accuracy of staging of disease and in the planning of treat ment is possible through chemistry, as well as by making possible a more suitable selection of a histological biopsy site.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Drug Delivery Systems

Author : Peter Johnson
ISBN : 3527265589
Genre : Controlled release preparations
File Size : 83.89 MB
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New drug delivery systems have been the focus of attention for the past 20 years. With a range of international contributions, this book summarizes current knowledge of site-specific, implantable, oral and other noninvasive (i.e. transdermal, nasal and ocular) systems, providing a comprehensive overview of the latest approaches to controlled release technology from both academic and industrial viewpoints. The authors not only present clear and concise accounts of current thinking, but additionally offer the reader some appropriate glimpses into the future, where the combination of drug delivery technology and advancing techniques in molecular biology and genetic engineering holds particular promise.
Category: Controlled release preparations

Models For Assessing Drug Absorption And Metabolism

Author : Ronald T. Borchardt
ISBN : 030645243X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46.96 MB
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Pharmaceutical scientists in industry and academia will appreciate this single reference for its detailed experimental procedures for conducting biopharmaceutical studies. This well-illustrated guide allows them to establish, validate, and implement commonly used in situ and in vitro model systems. Chapters provide ready access to these methodologies for studies of the intestinal, buccal, nasal and respiratory, vaginal, ocular, and dermal epithelium as well as the endothelial and elimination barriers.
Category: Medical

Oral Mucosal Drug Delivery And Therapy

Author : Michael J. Rathbone
ISBN : 9781489975584
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.53 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the current issues facing scientists working on delivering drugs locally and systemically via the membranes that line the mouth. The book describes the anatomical and physiological challenges of this route for drug delivery and how they impact the design of oral mucosal drug delivery systems. It also provides a detailed description of current oral mucosal drug delivery technologies that overcome these challenges alongside research, development and assessment methods. In 11 authoritative chapters, the book affords an in-depth evaluation of the major issues associated with this route of administration, namely the retention of the drug/product at the site of administration and increasing drug permeability through the oral mucosa. The book provides insights into the in vitro and in vivo methods available to assess drug permeability and retention, offers solutions on how to improve the permeation of the drugs through the oral mucosa, and explores approaches to prolong drug/product retention at the site of administration. It also indicates future directions in research and product development. Oral Mucosal Drug Delivery and Therapy is a key resource for those wishing to extend their knowledge of this field.
Category: Medical

Site Specific Drug Delivery

Author : Eric Tomlinson
ISBN : UOM:39015011763946
Genre : Chemotherapy
File Size : 72.71 MB
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Recent advances in cell and molecular biology are providing exciting opportunities for the rational design of novel highly specific and effective therapeutic agents. These opportunities will often only be turned into clinical success through strategies which ensure the delivery of such agents to the desired site of action. This is achieved via processes which prevent loss of drug activity, avoid toxicity and provide cost- effective and convenient therapy. This book addresses some of the biological opportunities and scientific challenges for the site-specific delivery of drugs, and indicates the formidable obstacles which face the pharmaceutical industry and academia alike.
Category: Chemotherapy

Flow Cytometry In Drug Discovery And Development

Author : Virginia Litwin
ISBN : 9780470922781
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46.38 MB
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This book covers the unique application of flow cytometry in drug discovery and development. The first section includes two introductory chapters, one on flow cytometry and one on biomarkers, as well as a chapter on recent advances in flow cytometry. The second section focuses on the unique challenges and added benefits associated with the use of flow cytometry in the drug development process. The third section contains a single chapter presenting an in depth discussion of validation considerations and regulatory compliance issues associated with drug development.
Category: Medical

Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0123743966
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.9 MB
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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.
Category: Science