Dimensional Cloth

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Dimensional Cloth

Author : Andra F. Stanton
ISBN : 0764355368
Genre : Art
File Size : 79.68 MB
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Sculpture is no longer limited to materials like stone or metal. Sculpting in fabric is shown in ingenious detail here, with more than 350lavish photographs of 3-D cloth configurations along with insightful profiles of the 78artists who created them. The images and text capture the currents that are powering these works, like the do-it-yourself (DIY) movement established in the 1990s and the current revival of the revolutionary sculptural cloth of the 1960s. Works are approached through five themes: investigating nature, capturing the ephemeral, playing with space, telling a story, and "Take Heed." In her foreword, renowned fiber art expert Josephine Stealey helps us put this art form in context, from its origins in 1880 England's arts and craft movement to today. This is essential reading and inspiration for collectors, students, home artists, and anyone who appreciates innovative artwork.
Category: Art

Collapse Weave

Author : Anne Field
ISBN : 1869537920
Genre : Hand weaving
File Size : 22.91 MB
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Collapse weave can be created by contrasting yarn factors, or combining weave structures that react with each other to create ridges and hollows. The book is fully illustrated with examples of the kinds of cloth produced, and clear, easy-to-follow diagrams.
Category: Hand weaving

Computer Vision Accv 98

Author : Roland T. Chin
ISBN : 3540639306
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86.23 MB
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These two volumes constitute the refereed proceedings of the Third Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV'98, held in Hong Kong, China, in January 1998. The volumes present together a total of 58 revised full papers and 112 revised posters selected from over 300 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on biometry, physics-based vision, color vision, robot vision and navigation, OCR and applications, low-level processing, active vision, face and hand posture recognition, segmentation and grouping, computer vision and virtual reality, motion analysis, and object recognition and modeling.
Category: Computers

Seeing Through Clothes

Author : Anne Hollander
ISBN : 0520082311
Genre : Art
File Size : 34.49 MB
Format : PDF
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In this generously illustrated book, Anne Hollander examines the representation of the body and clothing in Western art, from Greek sculpture and vase painting through medieval and renaissance portraits, to contemporary films and fashion photography. First published ahead of its time, this book has become a classic.
Category: Art

Analyticity In Infinite Dimensional Spaces

Author : Michel Hervé
ISBN : 9783110856941
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.15 MB
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The series is devoted to the publication of monographs and high-level textbooks in mathematics, mathematical methods and their applications. Apart from covering important areas of current interest, a major aim is to make topics of an interdisciplinary nature accessible to the non-specialist. The works in this series are addressed to advanced students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. In addition, it can serve as a guide for lectures and seminars on a graduate level. The series de Gruyter Studies in Mathematics was founded ca. 30 years ago by the late Professor Heinz Bauer and Professor Peter Gabriel with the aim to establish a series of monographs and textbooks of high standard, written by scholars with an international reputation presenting current fields of research in pure and applied mathematics. While the editorial board of the Studies has changed with the years, the aspirations of the Studies are unchanged. In times of rapid growth of mathematical knowledge carefully written monographs and textbooks written by experts are needed more than ever, not least to pave the way for the next generation of mathematicians. In this sense the editorial board and the publisher of the Studies are devoted to continue the Studies as a service to the mathematical community. Please submit any book proposals to Niels Jacob.
Category: Mathematics

Computer Vision Computer Graphics Collaboration Techniques

Author : André Gagalowicz
ISBN : 9783642018114
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37.55 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Vision/Computer Graphics Collaboration Techniques, MIRAGE 2009, held in Rocquencourt, France, in May 2009. The 41 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 83 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics with focus on Computer Vision/Computer Graphics collaboration techniques involving image analysis/synthesis approaches especially concerning theoretical, computational, experimental or industrial aspects of model-based image analysis and image-based model synthesis.
Category: Computers

Cleanrooms

Author : Michael Kozicki
ISBN : 9789401179508
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 55.86 MB
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In writing this book, our goal was to produce a much needed teaching and reference text with a fresh approach to c1eanroom technology. The most obvious technological reason for bringing this book into being is that c1ean rooms have become vital to the manufacture and development of high technology products in both the commercial and military sectors, and there fore people have to develop an understanding of them. Examples of c1ean room applications include the manufacture of integrated circuits and other electronic components, preciSion mechanical assemblies, computer disks and drives, compact disks, optical components, medical implants and prostheses, pharmaceuticals and biochemicals, and so on. The book is written for anyone who is currently involved, or intends to become involved, with c1eanrooms. We intend it to be used by a wide range of professional groups including process engineers, production engineers, plant mechanical and electrical engineers, research engineers and scientists, managers, and so on. In addition, we believe it will be beneficial to those who design, build, service, and supply c1eanrooms, and may be used as a training aid for students who intend to pursue a career involving controlled environments and others such as c1eanroom operators and maintenance staff. We have attempted to steer clear of complex theory, which may be pursued in many other specialist texts, and keep the book as understandable and applicable as possible.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

When Clothes Become Fashion

Author : Ingrid Loschek
ISBN : 9781847887467
Genre : Design
File Size : 73.62 MB
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When, how and why do clothes become fashion? Fashion is more than mere clothing. It is a moment of invention, a distillation of desire, a reflection of a zeitgeist. It is also a business relying on an intricate network of manufacture, marketing and retail. Fashion is both medium and message but it does not explain itself. It requires language and images for its global mediation. It develops from the prescience of the designer and is dependent on acceptance by observers and wearers alike. When Clothes Become Fashion explores the structures and strategies which underlie fashion innovation, how fashion is perceived and the point at which clothing is accepted or rejected as fashion. The book provides a clear theoretical framework for understanding the world of fashion - its aesthetic premises, plurality of styles, performative impulses, social qualities and economic conditions.
Category: Design

Cloth Modeling And Animation

Author : Donald House
ISBN : 1568810903
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.21 MB
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Review: "This book not only gives current methods for simulating cloth's look and behavior, it also provides a solid introduction to the construction and characteristics of cloth and even offers helpful hints on character costuming." "With sections on woven and knit fabrics, behavior modeling, dynamic simulation, cloth appearance models, and current techniques and applications of cloth animation, readers will have in this single volume a comprehensive guide to cloth modeling and animation."
Category: Business & Economics

Memory On Cloth

Author : Yoshiko Iwamoto Wada
ISBN : 477002777X
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 35.32 MB
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A sequel to the best-selling Shibori', this text provides a modern perspective on shaped-resist dyeing techniques in textile design. Japan's top fashion designers are examined, including Yohji Yamamoto and Issey Miyake and a 96-page section features the work of 24 international artists. A sequel to the best-selling 'Shibori', this text provides a modern perspective on shaped-resist dyeing techniques in textile design. Japan's top fashion designers are examined, including Yohji Yamamoto and Issey Miyake and a 96-page section features the work of 24 international artists.'
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Ceramic Fibers And Coatings

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309059961
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79.60 MB
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High-temperature ceramic fibers are the key components of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). Ceramic fiber properties (strength, temperature and creep resistance, for example)-along with the debonding characteristics of their coatings-determine the properties of CMCs. This report outlines the state of the art in high-temperature ceramic fibers and coatings, assesses fibers and coatings in terms of future needs, and recommends promising avenues of research. CMCs are also discussed in this report to provide a context for discussing high-temperature ceramic fibers and coatings.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Camera Clues

Author : Joe Nickell
ISBN : 9780813138282
Genre : Law
File Size : 84.85 MB
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In Camera Clues, Joe Nickell shares his methods of identifying and dating old photos and demonstrates how to distinguish originals from copies and fakes. Particularly intriguing are his discussions of camera tricks, darkroom manipulations, retouching techniques, and uses of computer technology to deceive the eye. Camera Clues concludes with a look at allegedly "paranormal" photography, from nineteenth-century "spirit photographs" to UFO snapshots.
Category: Law

Low Dimensional Solids

Author : Duncan W. Bruce
ISBN : 1119972930
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.99 MB
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With physical properties that often may not be described by the transposition of physical laws from 3D space across to 2D or even 1D space, low-dimensional solids exhibit a high degree of anisotropy in the spatial distribution of their chemical bonds. This means that they can demonstrate new phenomena such as charge-density waves and can display nanoparticulate (0D), fibrous (1D) and lamellar (2D) morphologies. This text presents some of the most recent research into the synthesis and properties of these solids and covers: Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Inorganic Nanotubes and Nanowires Biomedical Applications of Layered Double Hydroxides Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures Superconducting Borides Introducing topics such as novel layered superconductors, inorganic-DNA delivery systems and the chemistry and physics of inorganic nanotubes and nanosheets, this book discusses some of the most exciting concepts in this developing field. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Book Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Energy Materials All volumes are sold individually or as comprehensive 5 Volume Set.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Legacy In Cloth

Author : S. A. Niessen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215385134
Genre : Design
File Size : 62.25 MB
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Weaving in the Batak region of North Sumatra is an ancient art practised by women, and exhibits some of the oldest design and technical features in the Indonesian archipelago. Since colonial annexation at the turn of the twentieth century, innovative Batak weavers from the Lake Toba region in northern Sumatra have successfully adapted their art to new economic and social circumstances—but at great cost. In recent decades, weaving has fallen into decline and the tradition is threatened, while at the same time Batak textiles are highly prized in museum collections around the world. Legacy in cloth offers the first definitive study of the woven heritage of the Toba, Simalungun, and Karo Batak. The most complete analysis of Batak textiles ever published, it provides a record of more than 100 different design types, including archival and contemporary photographs showing how the textiles are woven and how they are used in Batak culture.
Category: Design

Introduction To The Dimensional Stability Of Composite Materials

Author : Ernest G. Wolff
ISBN : 1932078223
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.45 MB
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Comprehensive numerical presentation of dimensional instability in composites Quantitative analyses for predicting deformations in all types of composite materials Evaluation of mechanical, thermophysical, environmental stresses over time Unique aid in design of composites for specific application conditions--------------------------------------------------------------------------------This book is a comprehensive introduction to the quantitative analysis of dimensional instability in composite materials. It will aid in predicting deformations in a wide range of composite materials products and parts, under mechanical, thermophysical, and environmental stresses over time. Written by an internationally known expert on the analysis of composites, this new work brings together the best quantitative methods and currently known data for understanding how composites become unstable over time. The technical insights and information in this book offer a practical foundation for engineering composite materials with better stability and increased performance. From The Author''s Preface "Dimensional stability predictions [in composites] require knowledge of not only mechanical behavior but also thermophysical properties and the response to environmental conditions and time. This book attempts to aid in the numerical prediction of dimensional stability properties. It is necessary to quantify the behavior of composites for many reasons. Composites compete with plastics, metals, and ceramics in numerous applications, and designers must be able to justify increase in cost or complexity in terms of precisely defined performance benefits...Only a quantitative understanding of potential deformations [in composites] will lead to confidence in their use...This book combines a judicious use of experimental data, together with current theoretical models. It summarizes the scope of potential sources of instability in composites to help the engineer estimate the magnitude of possible deformations. The book also contributes to outlining methods for dealing with deformations. Experimental methods are offered and reviewed for those who (wisely) do not rely solely on existing data and theory." --------------------------------------------------------------------------------TABLE OF CONTENTS PrefaceAcknowledgments Chapter I: INTRODUCTION· What is Dimensional Stability? · Historical Notes· Magnitude: Units, Range, Engineering vs. True Strain, Dependence on Measurement Chapter II: DIMENSIONALLY STABLE MATERIALS· Introduction · Metals and Alloys · Glasses and Ceramics· Polymers· General Composites · Composite Constituents· Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Polymer Matrix Composites· Carbon Matrix Composites· Natural Composites· Hybrid Composites· Shape Memory Materials · Functionally Graded Materials· Nanomaterials· "In situ" Composites Chapter III: MECHANICAL EFFECTS· Introduction · Composite Notation· Micromechanics· Macromechanics of Laminates· Orthotropic Materials· Curvature · Thickness Effects· Poisson''s Ratio· Edge/End Effects· Residual Stresses· Plastic Deformation · Microyield Stress· References Chapter IV: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TEMPERATURE· Introduction · CTE of Constituents · Micromechanics· Macromechanics· Volumetric Expansion· Resin Matrix Composites · Metal Matrix Composites· Ceramic Matrix Composites· Uniformity of CTE· Structural Forms· References Chapter V: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-MASS ABSORPTION· Introduction· Moisture Content· Moisture Distribution· Moisture Induced Strain · Coatings · CME Data Chapter VI: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-RADIATION · Introduction· Space Radiation· Radiation Effects on Micromechanical Properties· Radiation Effects on Thermophysical Properties· Nuclear Radiation · UV and Miscellaneous Radiation Chapter VII: ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS-TIME · Introduction · Temporal Stability · Relaxation of Residual Stresses· Physical Aging· Chemical Aging · Thermal Aging· Post Curing Chapter VIII: CREEP· Introduction· General Creep Behavior· Creep of Composite Constituents· Microstructure· Loading Conditions· Creep Mechanisms· Recovery and Relaxation· Damage Development· Prediction of Creep Strains Chapter IX: INTERNAL DAMAGE· Introduction· Thermally Induced Microcracking in FRPL· Mechanical (Stress) Cycling in PMC· Dimensional Changes due to Microcracking· Effects of Microcracking on Dimensional Stability, Effect on CTE, Thermal Cycling of PMC, Effects on Micromechanical Properties · Methods to Minimize Microcracking· Thermal Spikes· Reverse Thermal Effect· Thermal Cycling of MMC· Thermal Cycling of CMC· Microcracking and Moisture· Role of Fiber/Matrix Interface· Surface Damage Chapter X: COMBINED EFFECTS· Introduction · Thermoelasticity· Effect of Stress on Thermal Expansion· Hygrothermoelasticity · Effects of Stress on Mass Diffusivity· Stress and Moisture Effects· The Mechanosorptive Effect· Moisture Cycling· Combined Stress-Moisture-Damage Chapter XI: MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES · Introduction· General Metrology· Microyield Strength (MYS)· Thermal Expansion (CTE)· Moisture Expansion (CME)· Temporal Stability· Creep· Damage Induced Dimensional Changes· Techniques for Combined Effects· Related Techniques Chapter XII: APPLICATIONS· Introduction · Dimensionally Stable Requirements· Selected Applications: Aircraft, Antenna Structures, Automotive, Biomedical, Cryogenics, Electronics, Fabrication, Flywheels, High Temperature, Instrument Components, Large Space Structures, Metering Functions, Microwave Components, Mirrors, Optical Support Structures, Radiation Environments, Radomes, Smart Materials Technology, Spacecraft Components, Structural/Infrastructure, Wind Turbines, General Design Methodology Index
Category: Technology & Engineering

Woollen Spinning Weaving Knitting Dyeing Bleaching And Printing Technology Handbook

Author : NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
ISBN : 9788178331171
Genre : Textile machinery
File Size : 80.46 MB
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Spinning is a major industry; it is part of the textile manufacturing process where three types of fibre are converted into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. The textiles are then fabricated into clothes or other artifacts. The fundamental operations for the stocks of fibers from which a woollen yarn is made are opening, cleaning, mixing, forming a slubbing or roving and finally thinning the roving to the required yarn number and twisting it to produce a yarn possessing the requirements for subsequent processing such as warping, winding, weaving, finishing and dyeing. These demands vary with the different conditions confronted in manufacturing but include the following features: strength, elasticity, uniformity in weight per unit length and even distribution of twist. Woollen spinning involves three principal operations, irrespective of whether the mule or the frame or ring spinner is used, namely: Drafting, final drawing out, Twisting, or insertion of twist, Winding on, or packaging. Weaving constitutes the actual production of cloth or fabric, i.e., to combine the essentially one dimensional textile structure thread or yarn in such a way as to result in an essentially two dimensional structure of cloth of certain appearance, hand and strength. Knitting is the art and science of constructing a fabric by inter lacing loops, there are two types of knitting: warp and weft knitting. In recent years whole new classes of dyes such as fiber reactive, disperse, cationic basic, neutral dying premetalized have been discovered and produced for the dyeing of the natural and new synthetic, hydrophobic fibers. Bleaching improves whiteness by removing natural coloration and remaining trace impurities from the cotton; the degree of bleaching necessary is determined by the required whiteness and absorbency. Cotton being a vegetable fibre will be bleached using an oxidizing agent, such as dilute sodium hypochlorite or dilute hydrogen peroxide. If the fabric is to be dyed a deep shade, then lower levels of bleaching are acceptable, for example. However, for white bed sheetings and medical applications, the highest levels of whiteness and absorbency are essential. Wool fiber production technology necessitates full understanding of its growth, pristine structure, physical, chemical and functional properties as well as processes involving manufacture of textile fibers. Some of the fundamentals of the book are woollen spinning, atmospheric conditions in wool manufacturing, Bradford system top gilling or top finishing, the principle of weaving, woollen and worsted weaves, knitting, the changing outlook of the knitting industry, influence of fiber fineness on quantity of dye required, altering the affinity of the wool fiber for dyes, dyeing of yarn according to the packing system, special wool finishes, water repellent, stain resistant treatments for worsted and woollen fabrics, the printing of wool piece goods, lustering of wool fabrics, fluorochemicals, mothproofing etc. The present book is of its own kind which covers woollen spinning; knitting, dyeing, bleaching and printing, special wool finishes etc. This is an important reference book for wool technologists, scientists, new entrepreneurs, research scholars and all others related to this field.
Category: Textile machinery